Broadband Japan Kudoh

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Published on April 22, 2008

Author: Petronilla

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Slide1:  Broadband in Japan shigetoshi.kudoh@tekes.fi Tekes Tokyo February, 2006 Index:  Index Executive summary Economic status in Japan Governmental budget request in 2006 Trend of Internet users Trend of broadband Trend of mobile phone Example use of ubiquitous network Governmental policy (e-Japan & u-Japan) Ubiquitous network infrastructure priority R&D in u-Japan policy e-Government Promoting international collaboration Possibilities for Finland Executive Summary (1/4):  Executive Summary (1/4) ● Economy In Japan, the economy is recovering at a moderate pace with 2.7 of economic growth in 2004. Corporate profits, business investment and private consumption are increasing. Japan’s ICT trade values for 2004 were 137.6 billion US dollars in export that was 16.9% increase . ICT industry contributes to almost half of Japanese economic growth. ● R&D governmental budget request for 2006 (as of August 2005) The Budget request for ICT in 2006 is under negotiation: MIC 71B¥(45% up), MEXT 62B¥ and METI 18B¥(35%). Recognizing the importance of science and technology gradually in Japan to win worldwide competitiveness, the governmental budget of science and technology increases year by year. ● Trend of Internet users The number of Internet users at the end of 2004 was estimated to be 79.48 million (2.8% up), and the penetration rate was 62.3. The overall media contents market has hit the ceiling at about 11 trillion yen (77B€) during the period from 2000 to 2003. The market for audio contents and the text contents market are shrinking, while the market for visual contents is expanding. ● Trend of broadband market The number of broadband subscribers reached 20.6 million at the end of June 2005, increasing by over 30% compared to the previous year. Among the broadband subscribers, DSL subscribers account for 68% of broadband subscribers. The number of households of broadband users will be over 35 millions in 2010. Especially, FTTH users is forecasted to be rapidly moving up over 15 million. On the other hand the number of mobile phone Internet subscribers was 75.15 million (increasing by 7.8%), accounting for 86.4% of overall cellular subscribers. The MIC internally decided release of 3-5/7-9 GHz for UWB and home appliances with UWB chip are to be commercialized by major makers, furthermore high-vision movie can be communicated wirelessly in summer 2006. Terrestrial digital broadcasting expanded its service areas. The shipment volume of receivers supporting terrestrial digital broadcasting also increased rapidly. 4.3 million units were sold as of April 2005. Executive Summary (2/4):  Executive Summary (2/4) ● Trend of mobile phone As of October 2006, the total number of cellular’s subscribers reached 89 million and the 3G’s subscriber was 39.3 million out of 89M. In WCDMA world, the NTT DoCoMo plans to offer wireless broadband environment thru HSDPA services (called Super 3G or 3.9G) in summer 2006. In 4G (100Mbps – 1Gbps), the network system and mobile phone are under field experiment and technology development will be started after 2010 aiming at miniaturizing. The KDDI au that is a formidable competitor is similar situation on the another technology of cdma2000. 26% of the 10.65 million cellular phones shipped in Japan in the April-June quarter were installed with Linux against 10% using Symbian. Four of the new third-generation of NTT DoCoMo launched at the end of 2005 use Symbian OS, while two employ Linux. Among Japanese cell phone makers, Fujitsu and Mitsubishi use Linux, and Sony Ericsson will likely join the Symbian camp. The mobile phones generally have the features of GPS, security of fingerprint sensor, terrestrial digital broadcasting, and Felica based new services such as e-Wallet, e-Credit, e-Commerce, e-Ticket, e-Travel. ● Example use of ubiquitous network As the functions of mobile phone are becoming more and more advanced, such as the Internet access function and the camera function, and contactless smart card, the mobile phone and RFID become one of the very important elements in ubiquitous network or sensor network. There are many field trials carried out such as RFID tags for safety of school children, mobile phone with GPS, food traceability services, and so on. Executive Summary (3/4):  Executive Summary (3/4) ● Governmental policy (e-Japan, e-Japan II and u-Japan) In January 2001, the Japanese government decided “e-Japan Strategy”, the first comprehensive IT policy. One of the targets was to aim to provide high-speed networks to at least 30 million households and ultra high-speed (30-100 Mbps) networks to 10 million households. As a result, the targets were achieved. In July 2003, the government decided “e-Japan Strategy II”, the second phase of the IT policy. In “e-Japan Strategy II”, broadband services will be aggressively developed by promoting the spread of ultra high speed/high speed Internet access throughout the country. In the second phase, it implemented the following policies: “Information and Telecommunications Infrastructure Development for Next Generation;” “Development of a Secure and Reliable IT Environment;” “Promotion of Technology R&D to Create Next-Generation Knowledge;” and “Promotion of IT Human Resource Development and Education for the Era of Effective IT Utilization.” Seven leading areas are improved by effective utilization of IT where the private sector takes the leading role with government support. The seven areas are: 1) medical services, 2) food, 3) lifestyle, 4) small and medium enterprises financing, 5) knowledge, 6) employment and labor, and 7) public service. “u-Japan” is what Japan will be like in 2010 when information and communications technology (ICT) will be applied toward resolving various problems in society. It is based on four principles: ubiquitous (concepts everyone and everything), universal (can be easily used by the elderly, etc), user-oriented (based on users’ viewpoints), and Unique (creative and vigorous). Ubiquitous networks are characterized by the realization of easy “person-to-person” plus “person-to-goods” and “goods-to-goods” connections. The basic concept of the u-Japan Policy stands on the following three principles. First is the development of ubiquitous networks. While conventional infrastructure development had centered on wire communications, a shift from narrowband to broadband, the u-Japan Policy aims at building seamless ubiquitous networks where users need not be conscious of whether the communication is wired or wireless. Second is advanced use of ICT. Conventionally, use of ICT was often intended for pioneering digitization. However, the u-Japan Policy focuses on using ICT to resolve social problems. Third is upgrading an enabling environment. The spread of ICT to all areas of daily life could further increase concerns and obstacles. In order to clear these problems in advance, the u-Japan Policy includes drastic measures in the area of use environment. Executive Summary (4/4):  Executive Summary (4/4) ● Upgrading network infrastructure under the u-Japan strategy The following are emphasized by governmental policy for upgrading network infrastructure; development of advanced infrastructure (full-scale spread of IPv6 as NG broadband infrastructure), management of IP addresses and domain names, study on mobile phone number portability, efforts toward upgrading mobile communication systems and Promoting Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) ● Priority R&D in u-Japan strategy With the aim of actively promoting R&D in the ICT field toward achievement of a future ubiquitous network society, the Ministries promotes the priority R&D linking with private sector and public institutes or universities: R&D Test Bed Network (JGN II), R&D on Basic Technology for Ubiquitous Networks, R&D on Ubiquitous Sensor Network, R&D on Next-Generation High-function Network Infrastructure, Connecting robots with ubiquitous networks, Study of Network Human Interface and Advances in Space Communications. ● e-Government e-Government is not well performed so far due to too much complicated to use. The government will continue the effort toward easier to use and expand the system to e-Local Government. ● Promoting International Collaborations Collaboration with Asian counties is one of the subject of e-Japan Strategy II” and “e-Japan Priority Policy Program – 2004. The MIC has been developing the Asian Broadband program with other 8 Asian countries now. Broadband in Japan in a nutshell:  Broadband in Japan in a nutshell The size of Japan’s telecommunication and broadcasting industry is around US$ 200 billion and investment is about US$ 30 billion in 2004. While NTT group is still dominating of many sectors, NTT’s business models and revenue streams are under attack by KDDI (au) and Softbank regarding voice services, broadband Internet and mobile communications. In Dec 2005, 3 new entrants got spectrum license to establish 3G mobile networks. Speed of progress of mobile communications will be accelerated and competition will increase. Japan is the cheapest country in FTTH and DSL broadband access. And 3G mobile communications, IP-telephony and broadband network are widely deployed. Japan has several competing wireless communication technologies (PDC, wCDMA, UMTS, CDMA200, PHS,...) to offer wide range of options. The battle will increase with new entrants and number portability system in 2006. The establishment of broadband related infrastructure are well supported by the government policy of e- and u-Japan led by MIC. Slide8:  Economy, ICT investment and Int’l Trade in Japan Economy recovers at a moderate pace in Japan :  Economy recovers at a moderate pace in Japan GDP growth ratio China Japan USA source: METI White Paper Corporate profits and business investment are improving and private consumption is increasing moderately International Trade in ICT in Japan:  International Trade in ICT in Japan Source: MIC, Survey on economic analysis of ICT Export increases 17% over the previous year and Import 18% in ICT field Trend in ICT Contribution to Macro-economy:  Trend in ICT Contribution to Macro-economy Source: MIC, Survey on economic analysis of ICT Trend of Investment in ICT in Japan:  Trend of Investment in ICT in Japan Investment in ICT ICT investment rate to total capital investment in private sector Source: MIC, Survey regarding ICT economic analysis The amount of ICT investment in private sector is increasing. So is the ratio of ICT investment Knock-on Effect on ICT Investment in 2003:  Knock-on Effect on ICT Investment in 2003 Investment in ICT - Purchase price - (23.4 trillion yen) Evoked production in each industry (33.4 trillion yen) Source: provisional calculation by MIC ICT Ventures Originating from Universities:  ICT Ventures Originating from Universities ICT ventures hold the largest share among university originated ventures, 24.3% 2004 means as of end of August Source: Tsukuba University Slide15:  Governmental Budget Request from 2006 - MIC (ubiquitous society) - METI (Technology Roadmap) - MEXT (Basic Research) National Budget 2006 requested (as of July 2005):  National Budget 2006 requested (as of July 2005) trillion ¥ From Aril 1, 2006 to March 31, 2007 u-Japan related Budget Request 2006 in MIC:  u-Japan related Budget Request 2006 in MIC - u-Japan related budget: 71 billion ¥ (42% up over 2005) Budget Request 2006 in METI :  Budget Request 2006 in METI Source: METI document Budget Request 2006 in MEXT:  Budget Request 2006 in MEXT - Total amount: 6,274 Billion ¥ (9% up over 2005) - Science & Technology promotion: 837 Billion ¥ (8% up over 2005) - ICT: 62 Billion ¥ (35% up over 2005) (Super Computing with peta flops, R&D for ubiquitous infrastructure) Slide20:  Trend of ICT Use by Individuals - trend in broadband & contents - Number of Internet users Trend of Internet users by age, device, access method, etc What is Internet used for Trend of online shopping Trend of contents market Increase In The Number Of Internet Users:  Increase In The Number Of Internet Users Increase of 32 million in Internet users and 25 point in penetration ration since the e-Japan strategy launch Source: MIC Document * “year” means end of each fiscal year e-Japan strategy lanced Internet Use Rate Separated By Age:  Internet Use Rate Separated By Age % Magnification (2004/2001) Source: MIC Document Especially 2.43 times more rising in elderly persons since 2001 Increase in the number of broadband households:  e-Japan strategy lanced Increase in the number of broadband households Internet access method at home Broadband: FTTH, DSL, CATV, FWA and 3G phone Source: MIC, Communications Usage Trend Survey Internet access method by terminal:  Internet access method by terminal Mobile phone/PDA PC Game/TV Both of PC + Mobile Source: MIC, Communications Usage Trend Survey Note: “Both of PC + Mobile ” users are also included in “PC” or “Mobile” Increase of parallel user by PC and mobile for Internet access as 2.3 fold in 2004 compared to 2001 Progress of ICT use in main fields:  Progress of ICT use in main fields Source: Survey on Networks and people’s Lives (Web Survey) Stimulation of communication by email :  Stimulation of communication by email Source: Survey on Networks and people’s Lives (Web Survey) Utilization rate of e-mail on PC and Mobile phone High utilization in mobile phone e-mail Diffusion of online shopping:  Diffusion of online shopping Utilization rate of online shopping in 2004 Source: Survey on Networks and people’s Lives (Web Survey) Trend of the Contents Market:  Trend of the Contents Market Overall trend of media contents market Source: Institute for Information and Communications Policy, MIC Use of Network Distributed Contents:  Network-distributed media contents Digital contents Overall contents market Source: Institute for Information and Communications Policy, MIC Use of Network Distributed Contents Proportion of network-distributed contents in contents market What Kinds of Contents? Pay or not Pay?:  What Kinds of Contents? Pay or not Pay? Status of use of contents (multiple responses possible) Source: Survey on Networks and people’s Lives (Web Survey) Reconfiguring Webcast Model ?:  Reconfiguring Webcast Model ? Source: The Nekkan Kougyou Shinbun, Dec 19,2005. Kumamoto “Usen’s GyaO” is a free broadband webcasting of VOD crossed 5 million subscribers after eight months in service free for registered subscribers but making money from sponsors differentiating Webcasting from broadcasting with targeted advertising The number of subscribers to streaming service Slide32:  Trend of broadband market The number of Broadband Users The trend of FTTH and DSL The trend of price and business model in broadband The network infrastructure and wireless BB IP telephone and IPv6 Terrestrial digital broadcasting Progress of Broadband Subscribers:  Progress of Broadband Subscribers Source: MIC document Number of BB Subscribers: 20.6 million (as of June 2005) ADSL: 68%, FTTH: 16.6%, CATV: 14.9%, FWA: 0.1% Forecast in broadband household in Japan:  Forecast in broadband household in Japan Source: MIC documents Over 35 million households in 2010 led by optic fiber Progress of Optical Fiber:  Progress of Optical Fiber Source: MIC document # of FTTH subscribers in quarterly net increase overtakes # of DSL ones at 1Q 2005 FTTH Market Share by Carriers:  FTTH Market Share by Carriers Number of FTTH (2Q/2005): 3.41 million Source: The estimation by Nikkei Sangyo Shinbun, Nov. 21, 2005 Intent to switch over to FTTH:  Intent to switch over to FTTH Source: Survey on Networks and people’s Lives (Web Survey) About 50% of non - FTTH users want to shift to FTTH Broadband Market Shares by Carriers – ADSL as of September, 2004:  Broadband Market Shares by Carriers – ADSL as of September, 2004 Source: MMRI (MM Research Institute) YAHOO! BB led the ADSL in broadband market. However, as the growth speed of ADSL slows down, YAHOO! BB shifts the priority to optical fiber market. Trend of Telephone Subscribers (end of march, 2005) :  Trend of Telephone Subscribers (end of march, 2005) * Fixed includes ISDN and mobile includes PHS Source: MIC document The number of subscribers to fixed and mobile Broadband Fee Ranking:  Broadband Fee Ranking Source: ITU, November 17, 2005 World average: 69.8$/sec,100kbps Japan: 7 cents/sec, 100kbps (1/994 compared to world average) Broadband Business Model:  Broadband Business Model One stop service by provider or carrier IP Telephone Service Movie Delivery Service Fee for provider Fee for Career Option charge Monthly Usage fee (collected by service provider packed into a bundle) } } + Monthly Charge by Broadband Provider:  Monthly Charge by Broadband Provider * 139.423 ¥/€ as of 2005.11.15 23:49:28 UTC. ** Cash back is available when transferring from other provider The Scale of Major Telecom Carriers:  The Scale of Major Telecom Carriers * sales: as of March 2005, consolidated base. ** The number of employees is the one as of March 2004 except NTT (as of March 2005) Target Area for Major Carriers and the M&A or strategic alliance:  Target Area for Major Carriers and the M&A or strategic alliance NTT East, NTT West NTT Communications NTT DoCoMo KDDI Vodafone Soft Bank BB Japan Telecom Poweredcom * Tokyo Electric Power** * KDDI merged Poweredcom, a subsidiary of Tokyo Electric Power ** KDDI and Tokyo Electric Power came to agreement to cooperate in FTTH New Entrants to mobile business:  New Entrants to mobile business The NTT Group :  The NTT Group The group has 456 companies and the consolidated revenue is over 10 trillion yen To integrate the IP network & ISP business into NTT East/West and NTT Communications respectively IP based fixed network Provider business Mobile business Broadband Key Players and the strategy:  Broadband Key Players and the strategy Key players in broadband YAHOO-BB, NTT and other several companies offer ADSL under the control of NTT-East and NTT-West NTT, KDDI, YAHOO-BB and other several companies offer FTTH NTT’s plan for national optical IP network 30 million FTTH connections until 2010 Converting the phone system to optical IP network (the timeframe and the technology is announced until 2010) Investing yen 3,000 billion for building optical IP network in 2005 - 2010 KDDI’s strategy: Triple play over FTTH (BB, Phone and TV) Based on KDDI’s national IP network with high quality voice telephony and multimedia transport, such as movie, pictures,... Offering three services combined: IP telephony, BB internet access and Multi-channel TV YAHOO-BB’s strategy: Combining with most important internet property Combining broadband access with media distribution, online auctions, information services and other YAHOO based online value added services Wireless LAN came into Wide Use at Home :  Wireless LAN came into Wide Use at Home Wireless LAN introduction rate for households Source: “survey on networks and people’s lives” (Web survey) Wireless LAN came into Wide Use in Companies :  Wireless LAN introduction rate for companies using LAN Source: “Survey on the current status of ICT use by companies” (Web survey) Wireless LAN came into Wide Use in Companies Wireless LAN came into Wide Use at Public Space :  Base stations established for public wireless LAN Source: “FY2004 Survey of supply-side and demand-side trends for telecommunications services” Wireless LAN came into Wide Use at Public Space UWB starts for commercial viability:  UWB starts for commercial viability digital camera printer DVD recorder PC TV Satellite broadcasting Optic fiber Internet - MIC internally decided release of spectrum for UWB - home appliances with UWB chip are to be commercialized by major makers like Sony, Hitachi, Toshiba, Matsushita,....... - high-vision movie can be communicated wirelessly in summer 2006 Source: Nikkei newspaper, Nov 27, 2006 Possibilities of UWB market segment:  Possibilities of UWB market segment WUSB/W1394 dongle CF card/SD card PC and its peripherals (printer, scanner, external storage,...) WUSB embedded home server Home appliances Digital Camera, PDP/LCD TV, HD recorder,.... Game computer ITS (in-car communications) possibilities WUSB/W1394 router, Wireless LCD, Wall display Under Study of Radio spectrum allocation to UWB:  Under Study of Radio spectrum allocation to UWB The committee by MIC is under study of the provisional mask plan 3.4 – 4.8 GHz with -41.3dBm/MHz, if prevention of interference technology is available 4.8 – 7.25 GHz with -70dBm/MHz, as there are many passive businesses 7.25 – 10.25 GHz with -41.3dBm/MHz The plan can be changed, but supposed to be fixed at the end of March 2006 Indoor only Provisional mask draft Source: MIC’s committee document Mask draft under discussing Progress of IP Phones in Household:  Progress of IP Phones in Household * The option “Plan to introduced” was added in the 2004 survey Source: MIC, Communications Usage Trend Survey IP phone utilization rate for households About 10% About 20% About 30% More than 30% No change Don’t know Toll-cutting effect of IP phones Progress of IP Communications in Corporate:  Progress of IP Communications in Corporate Source: MIC, Communications Usage Trend Survey Services used for trunk system of corporate communication networks Status of IPv6 Introduction in Companies:  Status of IPv6 Introduction in Companies Source: Survey on the current status of ICT use by companies (Web survey), MIC 40% have introduced or been introducing IPv6 Prospected Time of Diffusion of IPv6:  Prospected Time of Diffusion of IPv6 Source: Survey on the current status of ICT use by companies (Web survey), MIC About 60% of companies believes IPv6 diffusion within 3 years Slide58:  Terrestrial Digital Broadcasting Diffusion Target for Terrestrial Digital TV by Government:  Start in all prefectures by December 2006 Diffusion Target for Terrestrial Digital TV by Government world cup Beijing Olympics world cup Athens Olympics Year Million households Source: MIC document Started digital broadcasting in three major metropolitan areas as key stations (Dec 1, 2003) Stop analog broadcasting on July 24, 2011 Diffusion of Terrestrial Digital Broadcasting:  Diffusion of Terrestrial Digital Broadcasting Shipment volume of receivers supporting terrestrial digital TV Source: MIC, produced from Japan Electronics and Information Technology Industries Association Are you satisfied with terrestrial digital television broadcasting?:  Are you satisfied with terrestrial digital television broadcasting? Do you know stopping analog in 2011? Do you satisfied with terrestrial digital broadcasting? Source: “Survey on penetration rate of terrestrial digital TV broadcasting” Slide62:  Trend of Mobile Phone The number of subscribers What features and technologies are required in the future Super 3G and 4G Operating system Trend of latest model New services and e-Wallet by mobile Progress of Mobile Phone Internet Users:  Progress of Mobile Phone Internet Users * Mobile phone Internet subscriber means subscribers to i-mode, EZweb and Vodafone Live Source: MIC document Internet access from cellular accounts for 87% Number of Mobile Subscribers by Carrier & 3G:  Number of Mobile Subscribers by Carrier & 3G Number of 3G mobile phone subscribers - W-CDMA (Vodafone, DoCoMo) - AU (CDMA2000) Source: Telecommunications Carriers Association Milestone in the growth of DoCoMo’s subscribers:  Milestone in the growth of DoCoMo’s subscribers Announced by NTT DoCoMo on November 10, 2005 Exceed 50 million 1 million 20 million 40 million Share of Cellular by vendors (shipment units) :  Share of Cellular by vendors (shipment units) - Oversaturated market (# of subscribers increased in 2005: 4.7M over 10M/year in latter half of 90s) - Still more than 10 competitors - Too late to restructure industry % 21.96 million of units were shipped in the first half of 2005 Mobile carriers & Vendors:  Mobile carriers & Vendors DoCoMo Vodafone KDDI (au) Mobile carrier Domestic Mobile phone vendors Oversea’s 50 mil 15 mil 21 mil Alliance in product development Mobile Phone in the future:  Mobile Phone in the future Phone call Phone call digitalized IrDA USB GPS Bluetooth Felica WLAN Radio/TV Digital TV RFID SD card Memory Stick Fingerprint sensor Voice reading Voice recognition e-Paper Fuel cell HDD 3D-sound Pedometer 0.3 M pixels 1M pixels 2M pixels 3M pixels Mail Image mail movie mail Internet mail Music distribution movie distribution web Java Mobile browser Data synchronizing copyright QR code application VPN security broadcasting presence groupware Voice technology Enterprise Data service Peripheral technology 1G 2G (9.6 – 28.8Kbps) 3G (384Kbps) 3.5G (3.65 – 14.4Mbps) 4G (50 – 100Mbps) PoC 1979 Now VoIP TV phone Evolution in Network (DoCoMo’s case):  Evolution in Network (DoCoMo’s case) 2000 100K 1M 10M 100M 1G 2005 2010 WCDMA HSUPA HSDPA Super 3G New Radio system 4G Downlink data speed - Faster packet speeds up to 14Mbps - Planned for launch in 2006/1H with maximum speed of 3.6 Mbps 3G & Enhanced 3G Handset OS facing three-way warfare:  Handset OS facing three-way warfare Source: The Nikkei Business Daily 26% of 10.65 cellular phones shipped in Japan 2Q/2005 were installed with Linux against 10% using Symbian Example of Latest Model - NTT DoCoMo’s FOMA F902i -:  Example of Latest Model - NTT DoCoMo’s FOMA F902i - Main Display 2.4” QVGA 262,144 colour TFT Sub Display 1”65,536 colour STN Camera AF 4M pixel *CCD Honeycom & CMOS *recording pixel Symbian OS 3D sound stereo speaker Push to talk service (PoC) Felica implemented Infrared Port/USB connectivity MiniSD card Fingerprint recognition sensor (sweep type) 106x50x25mm, 131g 384Kbps down, 64Kbps up Mobile Phone with digital TV - Advance of Wireless Broadband Service -:  Mobile Phone with digital TV - Advance of Wireless Broadband Service - - Mobile with TV and radio functions are increasing - “One Seg” Service starts on April 2006 for terrestrial digital TV broadcasting by 45 broadcasting stations nationwide - Wider screen, clearer graphics and voices - New Interactive services, linking mobile phone functions and data broadcasting “One Seg” is a special service developed in Japan that supports digital terrestrial TV broadcasting in 6MHz band by dividing the signal into 13 segments and transmitting video and audio data thru single segment. Digital Broadcasting for Mobile Terminals:  Digital Broadcasting for Mobile Terminals ISDB-T employed in Japan, which has the capabilities to improve multipath interference and adopts advanced technology for mobile service including appropriate modulation and strong error correction. Programs for mobile would be transmitted with those for stationary device in the same spectrum. (ISDB-T has a capability of segmentation in a channel and each segment can be operated independently 1 channel bandwidth: 6 MHz Spectrum segment (divided into 13 segments) 1 segment for mobile terminal receivers Other 12 segments for HDTV receivers Mobile – WLAN – Wireless VOIP:  Mobile – WLAN – Wireless VOIP DoCoMo has taken the lead with offering 3G/WLAN dual mode mobile phone (NEC’s N900iL) The N900iL offers seamless integration of 3G/WLAN At present sold only to corporations Operate as 3G telephony outside the office Link to wireless LAN and IP phone and used as in-house extension within the corporate office While technically possible, preventing from using public WLAN hotspot at present While the trend is clearly for having many functions in Japan including camera, internet, e-Wallet, TV and so on, DoCoMo and the competitors will offer integrated services in mobile – wireless LAN/VOIP in quite near future. Kid’s Cell Phone with GPS function from DoCoMo:  Kid’s Cell Phone with GPS function from DoCoMo DoCoMo’s first handset designed for schoolchildren uses GPS technology to pinpoint the phone’s location, which it signals every 15 minutes even with the power off. au (KDDI) sells no mobile phones w/o GPS. And all mobile 3G phones sold in Japan will have GPS built-in from 2007. New services in DoCoMo 3G:  New services in DoCoMo 3G “Push to Talk” Service using mobile phone like walkie-talkie at the push of the button “Toruka” Service (new feature for wallet phone) getting info into Felica from reader/writer in shop (receipt, event info, coupon,...) “i-channel” Service automatically receive various contents such as news, weather, entertainment,... As telop text Change of ARPU :  Change of ARPU Total ARPU Voice ARPU Data ARPU Data ARPU increases while Total and Voice ARPU decrease (KDDI case) Source: KDDI, EU-Japan ICT Symposium in Oct. 21, 2005 Mean value in the quarter (ARPU: Average Revenue Per User) Felica Chip - Contactless IC Card Technology -:  Felica Chip - Contactless IC Card Technology - Antenna IC Chip Antenna Carrier Frequency: 13.56MHz IC Card Reader/ Writer Control Board Credit card Mobile phone Commuting pass Mobile applications:  Mobile applications Electric wallet e-Commerce e-trade Membership ID Identification Access control Electric ticketing Commuting pass, travel Electric Wallet by Mobile Phone - Osaifu keitai -:  Electric Wallet by Mobile Phone - Osaifu keitai - Edy Data Centre Internet mall shop, store Mobile phones can be utilized as electronic money, credit card and electronic ticket linking with Edy data center as the payment system Slide81:  Felica – growth of Electric Wallet # of shops available for e-Wallet # of e-Wallet subscribers 5 million e-wallet subscribers a year 10 million in 1.5 years (as of January 27, 2006) Slide82:  Example use of Ubiquitous networks with mobile in Japan, and what does people think of ubiquitous society? (1) Mobile Phones with contactless smart card (2) Mobile phone with GPS (3) Services using RFID - Food traceability services - Information services - Empty-handed trip services (4) Safety of schoolchildren using RFID Mobile Phone + Contactless Smart Card (1/5):  Mobile Phone + Contactless Smart Card (1/5) Paying is make easier just by holding up the mobile phone in front of the checkout counter Flight-check-in is made easier, just by holding up the mobile phone in front of the check-in machine Are you satisfied? (379 persons who use) What are you using for? Multiple response possible Source: MIC, Survey on Trends Concerning Ubiquitous Network Society (Web survey) Mobile Phone w/ GPS (2/5):  Mobile Phone w/ GPS (2/5) Degree of user satisfaction for the service What is the most dissatisfied with? Spread of the service in the future? Source: MIC, Survey on trends concerning a ubiquitous network society (Web survey) Home Security (3/5):  Home Security (3/5) Resident away from his home The network camera and censor detects an intruder coming in from the window, and inform the resident away of it network base station Degree of user satisfaction for the service Spread of the service in the future? The practical users of home security service have high satisfaction and believe the wide spread in the future (surveyed with 176 users) Source: MIC, Survey on trends concerning a ubiquitous network society (Web survey) Services using RFID tag (4/5):  Services using RFID tag (4/5) Degree of user satisfaction for the service Users’ intent to continue using the services Three services using RFID have high score on satisfaction and future spread For Safety of School Children (5/5):  For Safety of School Children (5/5) Antenna Antenna Camera e-Mail Checking school arrival and departure Schoolbag w/ RFID tag Example of schoolbag w/ RFID tag Internet Data Center Parent’s mobile phone View image Internet Image data RFID data 158 schoolchildren participated for the field trial in Nov. 2004 Source: MIC, Study Group on utilization of RFID tags in the Public sector Overall impression of the program Future need for safety programs using ICT Sensor Network Technology in Ubiquitous Network Society:  Sensor Network Technology in Ubiquitous Network Society Positioning of the sensor network technology in ubiquitous network society  Being wherever, without being conscious of the network, terminal and contents, it can utilize without stress.    The important technologies: optic, mobile, information home appliance, IP network control, agent, security and system LSI etc. Terminal Network Access Network Core Network High-level application technology of electronic tag IPv6 Space telecommunication technology (Quasi- zenith satellite) Seamless connection technology,High-level certification technology Network・Robot technology Sensor network technology Networking on the digital information home appliance High-level security technology Photonic network technology Quantum information communication technology Mobile technology (4G mobile communication system, Super high-speed wireless LAN) Information of the goods is transmitted Comfortable office The next generation core network Being convenient, comfortable life Safety and relief living Digital information home appliance group It is kind for the person Robot RFID Wireless LAN Sensor group Slide89:  Medical care・ Health Crime prevention ・security Prevention of disasters Correspondence to environment risk Various production processes of agricultural products The others Health care (Physical condition, movement ) Safety verification (Physical condition, position ) Security and building condition (Invasion, strain, temperature, lightness and vibration) Fire, earthquake, flood and building collapse (Smoke, temperature, vibration, strain and water level) Fire, landslide and liquefied conversion (Temperature, smoke and ground displacement) Wire break, bolt looseness (Vibration and elastic wave ) Air pollution and vibration (SOx, NOx, vibration) Fire, noxious gas and equipment deterioration (Smoke, gas and strain) Growth status, rearing environment (Degree of growth, temperature, humidity and soil) Circulation status and quality (Temperature, humidity and vibration) Weather and water quality (Rainfall and water quality) Various services Management center Plant, facilities and abnormality supervision Distribution management of goods Structure deterioration supervision Supervision of city and natural disaster Security, safety and improving comfort life Building management for apartment, etc ・ Dispersed installation of large numbers and various sensors ・ The sensor forming ad hoc network ・ Corporation of various circumstances and information of environment via network ・ Cost reduction by wireless environment Future utilization image of ubiquitous sensor network technology Slide90:  Government Policy Achieved Targets for “e-Japan Strategy” :  Achieved Targets for “e-Japan Strategy” (Establishment of Infrastructure) (January 2001) Main objective; “To make Japan the world’s most advanced IT nation by 2005 Creation of the world’s most advanced environment for the Internet Source; MIC Documents E-Japan Strategy Ⅱ :  E-Japan Strategy Ⅱ The first phase was successful but………… (Expansion in Actual Use) Source; MIC Documents Promotion of National ICT Strategy - e-Japan strategy till 2005 -:  Promotion of National ICT Strategy - e-Japan strategy till 2005 - e-Japan Strategy (January 2001) e-Japan Strategy II (July 2003) strategy II Acceleration Package (February 2004) e-Japan programme (Jan 2001) e-Japan programme - 2002 (June 2002) e-Japan programme- 2003 (Aug 2003) e-Japan programme - 2004 (Jun 2004) 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 ● IT Basic Law ● IT HQ headed by Prime Minister IT utilization for 7 fields (Medical Care, Food, Lifestyle, SM Finance, Labor, Employment, Public Services ) Priority Policy programme ● e-Government ● ICT for Healthcare ● ICT for Education ● Security Infrastructure Development Advanced IT Nation 2005 IT Policy Package for 2005 u-Japan Policy (from e- to u- ):  u-Japan Policy (from e- to u- ) u-Japan Value Creating Society Promotion of ICT Utilization (e-Japan II) Promotion of Infrastructure Development (e-Japan) Narrow Band Broad Band Ubiquitous network e-Commerce e-Government Solving of social problems Development of Ubiquitous networks Upgrading of enabling environment Advanced use of ICT Focused points on u-Japan Policy:  Focused points on u-Japan Policy Development of Ubiquitous Networks ● Fixed Mobile Converging (seamless access environment) ● Development of nationwide broadband platform ● Infrastructure development of collaboration network ● Establishment of network by sensors/tags/appliances/cars... Advanced use of ICT environment ● Advanced social system by ICT ● Creation/Delivery/Use promotion of contents ● Promotion of implementing universal design ● Developing human resources for ICT expertise Upgrading of enabling environment ● Solving issues in negative side of ICT (security, privacy, etc) ● Promotion of “ICT secure and safety 21” strategy ● Constituting Ubiquitous social right ● Measuring important issues Development of seamless ubiquitous networks:  100% of nation can use ultra-high speed Network in 2010 Development of seamless ubiquitous networks Sensor/tag/appliance network Fixed Mobile Convergence Nationwide broadband platform Network collaboration ● Improving radio spectrum use ● Fixed Mobile Convergence ● Convergence of communications and broadcasting ● IP infrastructure ● Overcoming digital divide ● Achieving e-local governments ● Promotion of digital broadcasting ● Competition incentive system ● Technologies for tag, sensor,... ● Home appliance network ● Creative usage of ITS/GIS ● R&D for ubiquitous terminal ● Development of ubiquitous platform ● Interoperability b/w different industries ● Network high-reliability ● eCommerce infrastructure Upgrading Network Infrastructure led by Government:  Upgrading Network Infrastructure led by Government Development of advanced infrastructure (full-scale spread of IPv6 as NG broadband infrastructure) Management of IP addresses and domain names Study on mobile phone number portability Efforts toward upgrading mobile communication systems Promoting Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) Promoting digitization of terrestrial broadcasting Upgrading satellite broadcasting Upgrading cable television Convergence of communications and broadcasting Communications Broadcasting Backbone circuit in broadband:  Backbone circuit in broadband Source: MIC document 1) LINX : The London Internet Exchange 2) Monthly average on peak traffic a day UK’s IX traffic Main IXs’ traffic (JPIX, JPNAP, NSPIXP) Surging in IX traffic in backbone network at accelerated pace Surge in Internet Traffic:  Surge in Internet Traffic Traffic by type of subscribers (transition in the average monthly traffic from Sep. to Nov. 2004; Gbps) The premises that users generally use downloading services is not more valid Total traffic of broadband subscribers is estimated to be over 300Gbps (133Gbps/41%, total market share of the seven ISP) Source: MIC survey The Study Group on NG IP infrastructure under the MIC are promoting R&D on NG Backbone network: The R&D and commercialization of reinforcing network (photonic network) Technology development on traffic control and Quality assurance (traffic engineering) Technology development on decentralizing traffic centralized in Tokyo Promoting of the Policies Concerning Effective Use of Radio Spectrum:  Promoting of the Policies Concerning Effective Use of Radio Spectrum Radio spectrum allocation in Japan is decided by MIC including public input thru open submission and advisory committee of experts. At present, 3 frequency bands are allocated for mobile communications: around 800MHz, around 1.5GHz and around 2GHz Reallocation of radio spectrum for improving broadband environment of mobile system and wireless LAN “Guidelines for radio Spectrum Reallocation” was released in Oct. 2003 The MIC set forth the basic concept to reallocate the spectrum of about 330 to 340 MHz bandwidth, mainly in 1.7GHz and 2.5GHz band within 5 years. Promotion of effective use of radio spectrum by deregulations for high-output outdoor wireless LAN Post-check registration system available against existing pre-check licensing system Radio stations with same mode of use can be registered in a batch Individual radio station can be freely established based on the registration (reporting the detail ex post fact) Development of Advanced Infrastructure (For full-scale spread of IPv6):  Development of Advanced Infrastructure (For full-scale spread of IPv6) Management of IP Addresses & Domain Names:  Management of IP Addresses & Domain Names Managed by Japan Registry Services (JPRS) Japanese government (MIC) proactively participating in international meeting WGIG Source: JPRS Study on Mobile Phone Number Portability:  Study on Mobile Phone Number Portability - One year later, NMP is to be introduced - NTT DoCoMo before: 49.78 M (56.1%) after: 49.39 M (55.6%) Vodafone before: 14.99 M (16.9%) after: 13.09 M (14.7%) au (KDDI) before: 24.07 M (27.1%) after: 26.36 M (29.7%) 0.96 M 1.71 M 1.98 M 3.12 M 1.48 M 0.33 M unit: number of subscribers “before” is # of subscribers at Sep 2005.    “after” is estimation by questionnaire source: Shunichi Kita, NRI in CIAJ JOURNAL, Nov 2005 Survey of changing current carrier to other (Sep 2005) Growth of Data Access Speed in Fixed and Mobile Communications:  ISDN FTTH VDSL CATV xDSL PHS Growth of Data Access Speed in Fixed and Mobile Communications 1990 100K 1M 10M 100M 1G 1995 2010 Data speed 1K 10K Voice band modem 2005 2000 ● W-CDMA (384K) cdma200 ● cdma2000 EV-DO (2.4M) ● W-CDMA HSDPA (14M) ● (30M) Systems beyond IMT-2000 IMT-2000 802.16 family 802.11 family Fixed Communications The Direction of 4G - Target 2010 and after - :  The Direction of 4G - Target 2010 and after - 1000 Communication speed (Mbps)  Mobility  Low speed IMT-2000 Advanced IMT-2000 advanced New mobile access 1 10 100 Medium speed ITU-R Rec.M.1645 High speed New Nomadic/ Local area wireless access Ability available in 4G mobile system Seamless interconnection Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) (1/2) :  Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) (1/2) Leading car Milli-wave Ubiquitous ITS (2/2):  Ubiquitous ITS (2/2) Slide108:  Trend of R&D Policy for ICT Source: 2005 ICT White Paper by MIC ● R&D policy for ICT ● R&D Test Bed Network (JGN II) ● R&D on Basic Technology for Ubiquitous Networks ● R&D on Ubiquitous Sensor Network ● R&D on Next-Generation High-function Network Infrastructure ● Connecting robots with ubiquitous networks ● Study of Network Human Interface ● Advances in Space Communications R&D Policy for ICT:  R&D Policy for ICT The Second-Term Science & Technology Basic Plan approved by the Cabinet in 2001 placed the special priority and allocated the resources to science & technology in ICT R&D Strategic Committee in Telecommunications Council set up by MIC for examining strategies on the priority R&D fields and the method of strengthening the international competitiveness Transition of National Universities to independent administrative corporations and recovery of business profitability in public sector NICT as independent administrative corporation was established in 2004 (National Institute of Information & Communications Technology) R&D for information & communications field Observing and forecasting of electric wave Supporting of ICT R&D in public sector Supporting of sophisticated communications and broadcasting in public sector by fund SCOPE (Strategic Information and Communications R&D promotion programme) by MIC for funding system to research projects from among applications (43 research projects were adapted out of 405 candidates in 2005) R&D Test Bed Network (JGN II):  R&D Test Bed Network (JGN II) Sapporo Sendai USA Kanazawa Nagano NICT Koganei HQ Tokyo Okinawa Fukuoka Kouchi Okayama Osaka Nagoya NICT Keihanna Converging R&D Centre NICT Tsukuba research Centre NICT Kita-Kyusyu R&D Centre The R&D test-bed network (JGN II) run by the NICT governed by the MIC supports R&D at the light wavelength level by introducing advanced optical switching, and provides access points in all prefectures nationwide. It is used as the infrastructure for industry-university-government collaboration and regional collaboration around the nation by universities, research institutes, private companies, and local governments. R&D on Basic Technology for Ubiquitous Networks :  R&D on Basic Technology for Ubiquitous Networks The MIC has been implementing R&D on three technologies since 2003 under an industry-university-government collaboration framework, aiming to establish elemental technologies Ultra small chip networking technology Ubiquitous network authen-tication & agent technology Ubiquitous network control & management technology Ultra small chip books documents parcels welfare clothes brandname goods security Basic technology connecting 10 billion of various kinds of things eMoney IC card Ubiquitous Network Ubiquitous Network connecting anywhere and anytime thru any terminals Confirm for server Identified Technology to identify instantly person from any terminals speedy Technology to connect seamlessly to network anywhere a lot of information in company various information outside same as being in company R&D on Ubiquitous Sensor Network:  R&D on Ubiquitous Sensor Network The MIC has been tackling the R&D on ubiquitous sensor network proactively since 2005 - Ultra small chips are embedded in many sensors, and realizing autonomous wireless communication among sensors - Situation awareness by sensors, and emerging of real-time process applications Disperse sensors! Though networks are destroyed, hey are self-healed Sensors for temperature, gas detection, chemical materials, images collect information at site of disaster Dispersed sensors establish network autonomously Gas is detected at ABC district, be careful! I am left under wreckage, help me! R&D on Next Generation Ultra High-function Network Infrastructure:  Converge to 0 or 1 R&D on Next Generation Ultra High-function Network Infrastructure The MIC has started strategic and comprehensive R&D on quantum technology and nanotech based network technology Network banking Quantum information network R&D of Quantum information technology strong weak Existing optic communication Info are sent on photonic aggregation Quantum info-communication Info are sent on each photon Achieving world record in quantum cryptography key (100Kbps, 96km) (receiver) (eavesdropper) (sender) Wiretap detectable cipher communication Converging to “0” or “1” (1) Nano transmission Technology wiretapped Not wiretapped Aware if wiretapped R&D of ultra high function network using Nanotech (2) Nano Node Technology (3) Nano Interface Technology Small and effective power saving transmission Optic node equipment integrating ultra high-speed switch Small, power saving and ultra high-speed optic/electric interface technology Nano scale wiring Photoelectric conversion element In (WDM Signal) Photon delay device Label identifier Add Drop Optic switch Optical amplifier Wave pattern fairing tuning Connecting robots with ubiquitous networks:  Connecting robots with ubiquitous networks Single-function robot Multi-function & advanced robot Security robot Livelihood support robot Detect! Help! Capture! (1) Linkage tech of networked robot (2) Collaboration control tech of robots (3) People friendly communication tech Establishing real-time control and advanced sensing technology from remote, making collaboration and linking of various robots Establishing common technology for interconnection among robots and change/enhancement of software using network Internet Establishing behavior awareness & advanced dialogue technology for watching, housesitter, etc Detect! Survivor confirmed! Give her water & medicine Since 2004, the MIC has been implementing R&D on networked robot linkage and people friendly communication technology Study of Network Human Interface:  Study of Network Human Interface Multilingual voice translation portable system linking with network Technology preventing light stimulation of movie contents from living body Technology that can process multilingual voice and conversation sentence via network Terve Development of advanced user-oriented terminal Terve Influencing movie Safe & secure movie conversion present target To realize environment using contents at ease on network, by avoiding contents ill effect to human body ill effect to body Deliver contents as they are The MIC started the study of network human interface to develop the elemental technologies since 2003 Advances in space communications - Research of Quasi-Zenith and Ultra high-speed Satellite -:  Advances in space communications - Research of Quasi-Zenith and Ultra high-speed Satellite - Ka-band multi-beam antenna to Japan and neighbor Ka-band multi-beam antenna to Southeast Asia High efficiency solar paddle Ka-band Active Phased Array Antenna Overview of WINDS on Orbit ● QZSS (Quasi-Zenith Satellite System) is a constellation of several identical satellites. Users can receive communications and positioning signals from zenith direction with no interference and improved accuracy of positioning ● WINDS (Wideband InterNetworking engineering test and Demonstration Satellite) has been developed to demonstrate technologies necessary to construct the future satellite-based communications architectures where users will benefit from advanced information services, such as high-speed Internet access, information distribution, and disaster prevention with 1.2 Gbps QZSS Launch in 2008 Launch in 2007 Slide117:  e-Government Policy Promoting ICT in local area (1/2) :  Promoting ICT in local area (1/2) The study group compiled a report in March 2005. The report included proposals on the following in order to further promote ICT use in local areas in the future based (i) implement public applications on the national public network (ii) develop next generation local information platforms; (iii) reform legacy systems in local governments (iv) develop frameworks for promoting ICT in local areas including resident participation programs. The MIC intends to continue studies toward achieving an introduction of ICT in local areas to suit a ubiquitous network society, based on the proposals in this report. Public applications: - image info of disaster site - advance announcement of disaster - information about the well-being - multiple addressing of disaster info, etc Promoting ICT in local area (2/2) - image of nationwide public broadband network -:  Promoting ICT in local area (2/2) - image of nationwide public broadband network - internet Various data Backup data centre Nationwide network Primary data centre prefectural data centre prefectural Info highway municipal network Fire house municipal network prefectural Info highway A B a b Share of disaster prevention info Share of educational content Realization of remote care school hospital Accomplishing e-Government:  Accomplishing e-Government About 13,000 administrative procedures conducted by march 2004 Providing secure one-stop services thru a single gateway on the Internet Establishment of plan how to promote the procedures (by the end of fiscal 2006) Improving MMI Commonizing functions over Ministries Promotion plan Public Certification Service for Individuals (JPKI):  Public Certification Service for Individuals (JPKI) Basic Resident Register Card (since January 2004) Private key Trial as of April 2005 - National Government Office: 8 - Prefectural government: 29 for visa application, pension procedure... Progress Status on e-Local Government:  Progress Status on e-Local Government e-Payment system (commission, etc) General Information desk system e-tender system e-Reservation system (public facilities) As of Apr 2004, source: MIC Promoting ICT in private Companies - e-Document & venture company -:  Promoting ICT in private Companies - e-Document & venture company - Digitization of documents obliged by statute to be stored e-Document law was established in November 2004 and entered into force in April 2005 Establishment of environment for promoting the creation and growth of ICT venture companies Governmental support of fund supply, human resources and know-how in cooperation with related ministries and agencies Regional information exchange (Venture Forum) Opening of Information about ICT venture companies (http://www.venture.nict.go.jp/directory) Slide124:  Promoting International Collaborations International strategies:  International strategies Promoting International policies Asia Broadband Program Bilateral and multilateral efforts Cooperation and collaboration by Japan, China, and the Republic of Korea World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) Promoting International cooperation Promoting international standardization activities Promoting the Asia Broadband Program:  Promoting the Asia Broadband Program Aims at transforming Asia into a leading information hub (2010) Ensuring broadband access for all people in Asia Equilibrating information flow of Asia with one of NA & EU Facilitation of transition to IPv6 networks Development of environment that people can use safely ICT Digitalization and archiving of cultural assets Development of machine translation among main languages Increasing of ICT engineers and researchers Examples Bilateral efforts: Indonesia, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia, .... Multilateral efforts: China+Korea+Japan on ICT 8 fields Projects example based on the Asia Broadband Program Marine cable project (Vietnam) Optic fiber network development project (Cambodia) Development of Asia broadband platform (application development & testing) Establishment of ICT system for disaster prevention Dispatching Specialists (Indonesia, Thailand, Philippine, Malaysia, APT, UNESCAP) Bilateral and multilateral efforts:  Bilateral and multilateral efforts Multi-faceted discussions are held every year with the US including vice-ministerial-level dialogues, public-private meetings, regulatory reforms “Joint Statement on Cooperation on Information and Communication Technology” on 13th Japan-EU summit meeting in June 2004 Joint statement with India on the future promotion of bilateral cooperation in the ICT field including promotion of the Asia Broadband Program. (January 2005) Collaboration by China, Korea and Japan Agreement on #3 China-Korea-Japan ICT Ministerial Meeting in July 2004 in Sapporo:  Collaboration by China, Korea and Japan Agreement on #3 China-Korea-Japan ICT Ministerial Meeting in July 2004 in Sapporo Forming following WGs to facilitate the cooperation 3G and next generation mobile communication wireless internet service, international roaming for mobile Next generation internet (IPv6) and IC tag/sensor network promotion of IPv6, information exchange for ubiquitous Digital TV and digital broadcasting information exchange of digital broadcasting policy/technologies Network and information security policy and system for security and joint handling against cybertero Open Source Software joint evaluation, establishment of OSS North East Asia Forum Electric communication service policy study of TELECOM policy and interconnection policy and disputing Beijing Olympic game 2008 Promoting International cooperation (1/2):  Promoting International cooperation (1/2) ● Financial aid for developing region in past 5 years (2000 – 2004) ● ICT as priority area: backbone network, broadcasting system, marine cable, etc Promoting International cooperation (2/2):  Promoting International cooperation (2/2) Result on technology cooperation thru JICA in 2004 source: MIC Documents JICA: Japan International Cooperation Agency Slide131:  Japan’s Potential Japan’s Advantage in ICT Equipment :  Japan’s Advantage in ICT Equipment Japan’s world market shares for main ICT equipment (2004) Source: MIC, “Survey on trends concerning a Ubiquitous network society” Japan’s Advantage in ICT Components:  Japan’s Advantage in ICT Components Japan’s world market shares for main ICT components (2004) Digital camera DVD TV Mobile phone Source: MIC, by material of Kimera RI Japan’s Advantage in Broadband Networks:  Japan’s Advantage in Broadband Networks Source: MIC, “Survey on trends concerning a Ubiquitous network society” In which areas are Japan superior? Japan’s Potential :  Japan’s Potential Currently Japan offers: ● Rapidly growing market linking with u-Japan - 3G, 3.5G, 4G - Basic R&D for high speed wireless communication - Converging communication and broadcasting - Sensor or Sensor network ● New services, business models - Felica based new services (e-Wallet, e-Travel,...) - RFID technology and its utilization ● Broadband (= ubiquitous) network - FTTH, Next Generation mobile phone, network robot, Home network, High resolution imaging technology, etc ● possible channel to other Asian countries - utilizing collaboration b/w Japan and other Asian countries Slide136:  Shigetoshi Kudoh Tekes, the Finnish Funding Agency for Technology and Innovation email: shigetoshi.kudoh@tekes.fi

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