Published on September 28, 2015
1. General Description with Breeds and Varieties of Poultry Dr. Alok Bharti S.M.S. (Vety. Sc.) Krishi Vigyan Kendra Bikramganj, Rohtas
2. 1. •CHICKEN 2. •QUAIL 3. •GUINEA FOWL4. •TURKEY
3. (Gallus domesticus)
4. (Anus platyrinchos)
5. (Coturnix coturnix)
6. (Maleagridis gallapova)
7. (Numida meleagris)
8. MAJOR CLASSES OF CHICKEN AMERICAN CLASS ENGLISH CLASS MEDITERRANEAN CLASS ASIATIC CLASS
9. OTHER CLASSES OF CHICKEN Bantams Indian Breeds of Chicken Red Jungle fowls (Ancestral Chicken)
10. American Class Rhode Island Red New Hampshire Wyandotte Plymouth Rock
11. Rhode Island Red
12. Varieties: Single Comb, and Rose Comb Standard Weights: 5 ½ lbs to 8 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Egg production Characteristics: Relatively hardy. The best egg layers of the dual purpose breeds. Reds handle marginal diets and poor housing conditions RHODE ISLAND RED
13. New Hampshire
14. Origin: Massachusetts and New Hampshire Standard Weights: 6 1/2 lbs to 8 1/2 lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Meat production Characteristics: They possess a deep, broad body, grow feathers rapidly. The color is a medium to light red and often fades in the sunshine NEW HAMPSHIRE
16. Origin: America Standard Weights: 6 1/2 lbs to 8 1/2 lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use: Meat /Egg production Characteristics: They are docile; normally will show broodiness; possess a long, broad back; a moderately deep, full breast and a single comb of moderate size. WYANDOTTE
17. Plymouth Rock
18. Origin: America Standard Weights: 7 ½ lbs to 9 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use: Meat /Egg production Characteristics: Relatively hardy. The best egg layers of the dual purpose breeds. Reds handle marginal diets and poor housing conditions Plymouth Rock
19. English Class Australorp Cornish Orphington
21. Origin: Australia Standard Weights: 6 ½ lbs to 8 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use: Egg production Characteristics: Australorps have intense beetle-green sheen on the black birds, dark eyes, deep bodies and are very active. They are one of the best dual-purpose fowls. Australorp
23. Origin: England Standard Weights: 8 lbs to 10 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Meat production Characteristics: Broad, well muscled body. Its legs are of large diameter and widely spaced. The deep set eyes, projecting brows and strong, slightly curved beak give the Cornish a rather cruel expression. Cornish
25. Origin: England Standard Weights: 10 lbs to 8 lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use: Meat /Egg production Characteristics: Heavily but loosely feathered, appearing massive. Their feathering allows them to endure cold temperatures better than some other breeds. Orpington
26. Mediterranean Class Leghorn Minorca Ancona
28. Origin: Italy Standard Weights: 4 ½ lbs to 6 lbs Egg Shell Color: White Use: Meat /Egg production Characteristics: Small & noisy bird with great style, Leghorns like to move about. They are good foragers and can get their diet from ranging over fields. Leghorns are capable of considerable flight and often roost in trees if given the opportunity Leghorn
30. Origin: Spain (Mediterranean) Standard Weights: 7 ½ lbs to 9 lbs Egg Shell Color: White Use: Egg production Characteristics: Largest of the Mediterranean breeds, they are long, angular birds that appear larger than they are. Minorcas are stately, impressive birds and can give a fair return in eggs. Minorca
32. Origin: America Standard Weights: 7 ½ lbs to 9 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: White Use:Egg production Characteristics: Active and busy birds, they are good foragers and said to be indifferent to climate. Ancona
33. Asiatic Class Brahma Cochin Langshan
35. Origin: China Standard Weights: 12 ½ lbs to 9 lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Meat production Characteristics: Beautiful, stately birds, large size and gentle nature. Their small comb and wattles, together with profuse feathering and well feathered shanks. Brahma
37. Origin: China Standard Weights: 11 lbs to 8 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Ornamental/ Game Characteristics: Literally big, fluffy balls of feathers. They are mainly kept as an ornamental fowl and are well suited to close confinement Cochin
39. Origin: China Standard Weights: 9 ½ lbs to 7 ½ lbs Egg Shell Color: Brown Use:Meat/Egg production Characteristics: They are active and quick. The black variety has.a deep greenish sheen when viewed in the proper light. Their feet and legs are feathered but not as fully as the Cochins or Brahmas. Langshan
42. Other Standard Breeds • Araucana • Ameraucana • Cubalaya • Malay • Modern Game • Old English Game • Phoenix • Sultan • Turken • Yokohama
44. Ameraucana Blue Green Eggs
46. Modern Game
47. Old English Game
50. Bantam Chicken (Fancy breeds) • Booted Bantam • Japanese • Sebright • Silkie
51. Booted Bantam
56. Indian Chicken Breeds •Kadaknath •Aseel •Naked Neck •Punjab Brown •Ankaleswar •Chittagong
57. Kadaknath (Kalamasi)
59. Naked Neck
60. Punjab Brown
62. Junglefowls (Ancestors) Red Junglefowl Grey Junglefowl Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Junglefowl Javan (Green) Junglefowl
63. Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus)
64. Grey Junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii)
65. Ceylon Junglefowl (Gallus lafayetii)
66. Javan Junglefowl (Green Junglefowl) (Gallus varius)
67. Facts Like pheasants Quails have the ability to fly well over a short distance But unlike pheasants they nest on the ground. Quail often sit on large numbers of eggs. When breeding, the female will lay around 6-12 eggs then sit on them. If she cannot cover all the eggs often the male will join her on the nest. The chicks are precocial - meaning that they are able to walk and feed themselves almost immediately after hatching.
68. Lightweight Breeds Campbell Welsh Harlequin Runner ◦ High egg production ◦ Excellent foragers ◦ Poor to Fair mothers ◦ Flightier & Fliers
69. Campbell 250 – 340 eggs per year White eggs Campbells weigh 4 – 4 ½ Adaptable to a range of climates
70. Welsh Harlequin 250 – 340 eggs per year White eggs Campbells weigh 5 – 5 ½ Very adaptable to a range of climates
71. Indian Runner Comes in many colors Most active foragers 150 – 300 eggs per year Adapted to harse conditions
72. Medium-weight Breeds Ancona Cayuga Orpington Swedish ◦ Dual purpose – eggs & meat ◦ Moderately fast growth rate ◦ Good foragers ◦ Fair to Good mothers
73. Ancona 210 – 290 eggs per year Eggs white, tinted, blue, green or spotted Magpie weighs 6 – 7 pounds Best foragers and best layers of this group
74. Cayuga American breed Dual purpose farm duck 100 – 150 eggs per year Eggs light grey, blue, green, or white Weighs 7 – 8 pounds
75. Orpington a.k.a “Buff” Excellent dual purpose bird 150 – 220 eggs per year Eggs white or tinted Weighs 7 – 8 pounds
76. Swedish 100 – 150 eggs per year Eggs white, tinted, blue, or green Weighs 7 – 8 pounds
77. Heavy-weight Breeds Appleyard Aylesbury Muscovy Pekin Rouen Saxony – Meat production – Rapid weight gain – Moderate layers – Calm temperaments – Home bodies if well fed – Variable mothering ability
78. Silver Appleyard Most active foragers and best layers of the Heavyweight breeds Produce more flavored meat with less fat 200 – 270 eggs per year Eggs white Weighs 8 – 9 pounds
79. Aylesbury 35 – 125 eggs per year Eggs white, tinted, or green 9 – 10 pounds White skinned
80. Muscovy 50 – 125 eggs per year Weight: 7 – 12 Fly and roost Quiet breed – don’t quack Broody Aggressive in crowded conditions; claws. Meat is lean; can resemble beef or ham Living wild relatives, native to Mexico, Central & South America.
81. Pekin 125 – 225 eggs per year 9 – 10 pounds Popular market duck since arriving from China Hardy, rapid growth rate, high feed efficiency Calm temperament
82. Rouen 35 – 125 eggs per year 9 – 10 pounds Excellent roaster Production & exhibition strains
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