Published on March 5, 2014
BRE: The Revolving Green Fund – Case Studies Andrew Thorne Building Futures Group 5th March 2014 Part of the BRE Trust
Contents – About the Revolving Green Fund (RGF) – Carbon emissions in the HE sector – Overview of projects – Case studies
About the scheme
What is the Revolving Green Fund (RGF)? – Initiated by partnership between HEFCE and Salix Finance Ltd – To help HEIs in England reduce their greenhouse gas emissions – Institutions repay funds through savings they make – Universities typically make 25% contribution – £40 million has been made available between 2010 to 2013 in recoverable grants
Purpose – To provide upfront capital costs that will increase the rate of implementation of projects to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, in particular carbon dioxide – To result in long-term cost savings from reduced energy consumption – To promote the sector’s role in leading the way to reduced greenhouse gas emissions through transformational projects
Two Strands of Funding – Transformational one-off projects which significantly reduce carbon emissions – Incremental improvement through implementation of numerous small scale projects (ISP)
Amount of Funding Round Funding Universities Projects Payback Period 30 small 1 £20M 30 < 5 years 3 large 24 small 2 £10.8M 27 < 5 years 4 large 37 small 3 £11.5M 4.63 years 10 large < 5 years 43
RGF ISP Projects Implemented by October 2009 Source: Evaluation of the Revolving Green Fund: a report to HEFCE, July 2010
RGF – Third Round
RGF – Third Round
Transformational Projects – Round 1 • University of East Anglia - energy centre at Norwich campus to be the first plant in England to produce heat and power from biomass. • Harper-Adams University - anaerobic digestion using farm and food waste to generate renewable power. • University of Lancaster – large scale wind turbine to reduce reliance on imported electricity.
Transformational Projects – Round 2 – University of Bradford - transform a library with a DEC 'E' rating an 'A' rating at a lower cost than new build. – University of Derby - Light-Emitting Diode (LED) lighting throughout the campus with automatic controls – University of Exeter – to retrofit 12 energy efficient technologies to a 1960s building to improve its energy rating. – Plymouth University – integrated Information Communication Technology (ICT) and Building Energy Management System (BEMS) to control all energy-consuming devices and systems.
Getting Involved – How participating organisations heard about the scheme: – 73% had heard through informal discussions with sector colleagues. – ~50% through existing networks (e.g. EAUC/AUDE).
Carbon Emissions in the HE Sector
The Facts – ~140 Higher Education Institutes (HEIs) in England – Total emissions ~2,000,000 tonnes CO2 p.a. – Range per HEI: 500 – 90,000 tonnes CO2 p.a. (ratio of 180:1) – Higher Education carbon reduction targets in line with national policy – 34% by 2020 (against 1990 levels) – 80% by 2050 – Diverse sector with range of sites, buildings, priorities, histories, subject mix, infrastructure, research & development plans…
Recent Performance – HEFCE funding linked to carbon management plans – Substantial good practice in tackling carbon emissions – Monitored via Estates Management Statistics which indicate that some institutions are significantly reducing the environmental impact of their operations. – Main barrier is developing business cases against rising energy costs and uncertainty about future utility consumption related legislation
The Case Study Projects
University of Bradford – Transformational project – RGF Round 2 – Refurbishment of 1970s library building – £1,700,000 – £100,000 per annum energy savings – 834 tCO2 saved per year – Payback <5 years
University of Lancaster – Transformational project – RGF Round 1 – 2.35MW Wind Turbine – £2,400,000 – £700,000 per annum savings – 3,900 tCO2 saved per year – Payback <3.5 years
Harper-Adams University – Transformational project – RGF Round 1 – 400kW Anaerobic Digester – £3,600,000 – £209,678 per annum savings – 1,902 tCO2 saved per year – Payback – 6.1 years
University of Chichester – ISP project – RGF Round 3 – LED Lighting and new controls – £500,000 – >400 tCO2 saved per year (predicted)
University of Leicester – ISP project – RGF Round 1 – BMS upgrade and heat recovery, voltage optimisation and boiler decentralisation and control improvements – £1,000,000
Oxford Brookes University – ISP project – RGF Round 1 – LED lighting, Vending Miser controls, data centre upgrade and PC power management – £500,000 – £77,800 per annum savings – 203.5 tCO2 saved per year
Lessons learnt - the RGF process – Staff resource needed to drive application process – Projects need to lead the funding application process – Availability of HEFCE funding is ‘well-timed’ – many HEIs had already started work on developing their own proposals – Difficulty disseminating information – feeling that site visits are the best means of disseminating good practice
Lessons learnt - the projects – Many still in progress – long time spans between agreeing funding and understanding performance – Generally performance appears to be as expected, but teething problems with the more innovative projects – High levels of potential replication – both within the HE sector and beyond
More information Follow the sustainable development link at… https://www.hefce.ac.uk/ or email: firstname.lastname@example.org
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