Brandon Basso 3D Robotics on Skolkovo Robotics 2014

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Information about Brandon Basso 3D Robotics on Skolkovo Robotics 2014
Technology

Published on March 3, 2014

Author: igorod2

Source: slideshare.net

The View from Above Often, accurate, and low-cost map making from UAVs Brandon Basso Skolkovo Robotics Conference March 1, 2014

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery what can we see from the air?

3D Robotics o 170 Employees • • • Berkeley – Business, R&D San Diego – Engineering Tijuana – Manufacturing o Leading open universal autopilot o Ready to fly multirotors and fixed wing aircraft  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

The Community: DIY Drones o o o o o 48,000 active users 2 million page views / month 8,000 blog posts 10,000 discussion threads 100,000 comments / year  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

32 bit ARM M4 Redundant sensors Plane, copter, rover, boat Android, Windows, Mac, Linux 100% open source

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Agriculture & Aerial Survey

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Mapping Workflow Mission Definition Aircraft Operation Camera Operation Data Handling o user interface o mission planning o path planning o takeoff/landing o path (re)planning o aircraft control o camera settings o camera triggering o metadata recording o o o o downlink stitching localization post-processing

Long time-scale phenomena Ryan Kunde, DRNK Wines  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

Short time-scale phenomena Airphrame  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

NDVI Health 3DR, Merced, 2013  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

Post flight analysis  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Fly every hour Auto takeoff, auto land Complexity 1-3 hours endurance Disposability 1 centimeter/pixel Utility 1-5km2 area <$1000

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Complexity Tablets, not handsets

Disposability and the “cost spiral” Disposable robots.  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

Utility  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Robot? ...or washing machine?

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Questions? brandon@3dr.com @3Drobotics

Extra  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Economic Potential US Crop Loss: $28 billion Weeds 32% Disease 39% 0.5X x Pest 29% Sharma, Plant Pathology, 2006.

Disposability  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery How Cost

Frequency  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Cost Established Practices Yield Plan Plant Grow Harvest Months Hours/days Months Hours/Days Closed-loop farming.

High Benefit, Low Barrier  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Ardupilot evolution • Arduino • Thermopile • Arduino • IMU • Multicopter • Single board • Sensors • Packaging • ARM Cortex M4 • 32 bit

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Complexity Tractors, not robots.

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Why Agriculture?

Arducopter: 2011-2014  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Landscape Ryan Kunde, DRNK Wines

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Platforms Plane • • • • 3kg airframe + payload + battery Endurance: 30min – 3hrs Coverage: 5km2 Operation • Auto takeoff/land • More susceptible to wind Copter • • • • 2kg airframe + payload + battery Endurance: 10min – 30min Coverage: 1km2 Operation • Auto takeoff/land • More points of failure

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Plane v. Copter Plane – 150m 5cm/pixel Copter – 50m <1cm/pixel

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Aerial mapping today Frequency Cost Resolution Frequency Cost Resolution Frequency Cost Resolution

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery Fly every hour Auto takeoff, auto land 5 pounds payload 1-3 hours endurance 1 centimeter/pixel

Data  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

GIS  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery 3DR, San Diego, 2013

Digital Elevation Model  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

Point Cloud  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

3D Reconstruction  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

 Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery False Color 3DR, Sonoma, 2013 GreenBlue = (G-B)/(G+B)

Advanced Features o o o o Precise georeferencing Real-time path planning Multiple aircraft control Vision-based event detection  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery

Summary  Why Agriculture  Three Messages  Existing Solutions  Aerial Imagery The challenge and the opportunity. x 0.5X

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