Published on March 3, 2014
INTRODUCTION Brain fingerprinting is a controversial proposed investigative technique that measures recognition of familiar stimuli by measurintg electrical brain wave responses to words, phrases of pictures that are presented on a computer screen. Brain fingerprinting is a technology that is invented for use by investigation purpose.
DEVELOPMENT Brain fingerprinting is one of the efficient investigative technology, developed in the United States of America. It was invented by Dr. Lawrence A. Farwall.
WHAT IS BRAIN FINGERPRINTING ? . . Brain fingerprinting is based on finding that the brain generates a unique brain wave pattern when a person encounters a familiar stimulus. Use of functional magnetic resonance imaging in lie detection derives from studies suggesting that persons asked to lie show different patterns of brain activity than they do when truthful.
BRAIN FINGERPRINTING Brain fingerprinting is designed to determine whether an individual recognizes specific information related to an event or activity by measuring brain wave responses to words, phrases, or pictures.
TECHNIQUE The person to be tested wears a special headband with electronic sensors that measure the Electro Encephalo Graphic (EEG) signals from several locations on the scalp. The testee is presented with a series of relevant and irrelevant words & pictures. The brain responses to these two types of stimuli allow the testor to determine if the measured brain response.
USING BRAIN WAVES
PHASES OF BRAIN FINGERPRINTING There are four stages to Farwell Brain fingerprinting, which are similar to steps in fingerprinting and DNA fingerprinting. I. II. III. IV. Brain fingerprinting Crime Scene Evidence Collection. Brain fingerprinting Brain Evidence Collection. Brain fingerprinting Computer Evidence Analysis, and Brain fingerprinting Scientific Result.
APPLICATIONS - Counter Terrorism - Criminal Justice & - Medical Applications
COMPARISON WITH OTHER TECHNOLOGIES Brain fingerprinting matches informational evidence from the crime scene with evidence stored in the brain rather then physical. Fingerprints and DNA are not available in all occasions. The brain is always there, planning, executing and recording the suspect’s actions.
ADVANTAGE It is fundamentally different from polygraph test, it doesn’t needs any verbal response.
DISADVANTAGE This technology can be applied only in places where the investigators have sufficient amount of specific information about an event or activity.
ADMISSIBILITY IN COURT The following established features of Brain fingerprinting will be relevant when the question of admissibility is tested in court. Brain fingerprinting has been thoroughly and scientifically tested. The rate of error is extremely low. The theory and practice of brain fingerprinting have gained general acceptance in the relevant scientific community.
ACCURACY Brain fingerprinting has proven 100% accurate in over 120 tests, including tests on FBI agents, tests for a US intelligence agency and for the US Navy, and tests on real life situation including actual crimes.
CONCLUSION The technology fulfills an urgent need for governments, law enforcement agencies, investigators, crime victims, and falsely accused innocent suspects with a record of 100% accuracy.
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