Borchers

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Published on January 15, 2009

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The Information Technology R&D Initiative : Computer and Information Science and Engineering Robert R. Borchers Division Director Advanced Computational Infrastructure and Research ORAP, March 21, 2000 The Information Technology R&D Initiative Overview : 2 Overview ITR agenda maps PITAC into ITR and beyond Fundamental, long-term thematic IT research Advanced computing for science, engineering, and the Nation Ethical, social, and economic implications of Information Revolution Education and training of America’s IT workforce Five teraflop computing capability for S&E research FY 2000 Current Plan Information technology research - $90 million Terascale acquisition - $36 million ITR Research Agenda : 3 ITR Research Agenda Increase fundamental, long-term, high risk basic research Software – security, reliability, scalability, ease of reuse Human-Computer Interface and Information Management High-End Computing Scalable Information Infrastructure Socioeconomic, Ethical, Legal & Workforce Implications A Vision of the World in 2010 : 4 A Vision of the World in 2010 2010 Social , Behavioral, Economic Sciences Information Sciences Life Sciences PhysicalSciences,Engineering 2000 Social , Behavioral, Economic Sciences IT2 Research IT2 Research Software : 5 Software Goals Increase productivity Reduce fragility Strengthen security Manifest adaptiveness and flexibility Methods Seek revolutionary ideas and validate on realistic problems Increase science base underlying software development Bring greater engineering discipline to development process Incorporate self-stability to achieve fault-tolerance, load-balancing, etc. High-End Computing Pyramid : 6 High-End Computing Pyramid “Familiar problems are made more acute by greater scale, diversity, and performance requirements” – Herb Schorr High-End Computing Research : 7 High-End Computing Research Goals Develop enabling computational science technologies for all disciplines Advance the fundamental high-end computing state of the art Methods Encourage exploration of new ideas in scalable software and scientific visualization Launch a major program for scientific applications Establish cross-directorate activity Scalable Information Infrastructure:Ubiquitous Connectivity : 8 Scalable Information Infrastructure:Ubiquitous Connectivity Satellite Global Suburban& rural Urban Pico-Cell Micro-Cell Macro-Cell In-building Pico-Cell Adapted from Tim Hewitt, “UMTS Overview,” TIA inf. Session, ITU Comf., Mpls, MN, Oct. 17-18, 1998 Socioeconomic, Ethical, Legal & Workforce Implications : 9 Socioeconomic, Ethical, Legal & Workforce Implications Economic and social implications of IT Interaction between social and computer scientists Workforce Understanding the pipeline Technology for learning Innovation in education Mentoring Slide 10: 10 The Presidential Information Technology Advisory Committee (PITAC) recommended: Major new investments in long-term computing research, including high-end computation, and Providing a terascale computing system to support future computational and computer science research. NSF’s implementation of a terascale system, following a full and open competition, would augment the resources available to the Science and Engineering computation community through the Partnerships for Advanced Computational Infrastructure (PACI) program. High End Computing in IT2 Presidential Advisory Commission on Information Technology : 11 Presidential Advisory Commission on Information Technology High-end needs highlighted by PITAC Long-term research in innovative computing technologies & software Funding leading-edge computing facilities for research High-end recommendations by PITAC Major new investments in long-term research enabling high-end computation Terascale equipment acquisition supporting current computational and computer science research Integrated research and development plan to create balanced petaflop systems by 2010 Addressing these will require coordinated efforts with other IT2 thrusts HPCC Workshops Background : 12 HPCC Workshops Background NSF hosted 3 workshops in 1998 to identify HPC challenges Science workshop findings Important applications need large scale computing, large memories, high bandwidth networking and I/O Algorithms workshop findings Algorithm development requires teams with representation of applications and computer science Algorithms must demonstrate usefulness for applications on BIG systems Software workshop findings HPCC potential of large parallel systems can only be partially fulfilled due to limited programmability, limited understanding of end to end behavior, inadequate data management, … Software research is necessary in all of these areas Slide 13: 850 Projects in 280 Universities Universities With Projects Using the PACI Supercomputers Computational Science Terascale Examples : 14 Computational Science Terascale Examples Weather and Climate Prediction Protein Folding Cosmology Chemical Kinetics Gravitational Waveforms Seismology Combustion Systems Large Scale Economic Systems Analyses Materials Sciences Slide 15: Capability Computing - Numerical Prediction of Thunderstorms Central Oklahoma, May 3 1999, 7:00 pm CDT Slide 16: Five years ago, this sort of prediction was deemed theoretically impossible. Now it’s being done in real time! With terascale systems it will be routine. NSF Science and Technology Center for Analysis and Prediction of Storms University of Oklahoma Review and Selection Criteria : 17 Review and Selection Criteria The normal NSF review criteria will be used, plus examination of: Delivery schedules, costs, and system performance Evidence that the institution can mount and sustain the system Construction and operations budgets, and sources of funds Quality and credibility of the following plans: Physical Facility, Computer Acquisition and System Integration, Staffing & Management, Computing Resource Management, Network Connectivity, and Education. Human-Computer Interaction & Information Management : 18 Goals To use information technology effectively and efficiently To make computers do what we want To find out what we wish to know Research Themes Active Knowledge Computer Human Boundary Human Support and Augmentation Human-Computer Interaction & Information Management Scalable Information Infrastructure:Central Research Issues : 19 Scalability Heterogeneity Self-management Adaptability Security/privacy Reliability Dynamic Networks Scalable Information Infrastructure:Central Research Issues ITR Multidisciplinarity : 20 ITR Multidisciplinarity Multidisciplinary research stressed Encourages projects simultaneously contributing to IT and other disciplines Cross-directorate collaboration and involvement Extensive consultation in planning process Multi-directorate ITR Coordinating Committee Advises CISE AD NSF-wide contact point Responsible for preproposal and full proposal reviews Status of ITR Research Competition : 21 Status of ITR Research Competition Solicitation released Sept. 28, 1999 Project Budgets over $500K Letters of intent due Nov. 15, 1999 Preproposals due Jan. 5, 2000 (Panel review early Feb. 2000) Full proposals due Apr. 17, 2000 (Panel review mid May 2000) Project Budgets under $500K Letters of intent due Jan. 5, 2000 Full proposals due Feb. 14, 2000 (Panel review mid Mar. 2000) ITR Management : 22 ITR Management Impact Assessment Annual awardee progress and final reports Midterm external reviews, site visits, and/or PI meetings for research project awards with budgets above $500K Internal tracking of all awards Reporting to external groups, e.g., PITAC, OSTP, OMB, and interagency ITR working group External Program Evaluation planned in FY2003 Challenges and Opportunities : 23 Challenges and Opportunities Involving teaching faculty Role of research institutes Support for research/engineering staff Changing Federal IT support picture, e.g., Possible change in DARPA research emphases Possible increase NIH participation No FY 2000 Terascale hardware funding for DOE Challenges/Opportunities : 24 Challenges/Opportunities Forging collaborative interdisciplinary environments, e.g., IT and Biology in bioinformatics IT and Physics in quantum computing IT and Chemistry in molecular switching Computer Science and Computational Sciences... ITR Management : 25 ITR Management Review Process CISE and other directorates participate, as relevant Multi-level Pre-proposal, full-proposal, site-visit (as necessary) Final award decision by AD/CISE in consultation with other ADs Awards 30% of program funding in ~ $2M-$4M/year awards 40% of program funding in ~$1M/year awards 30% of program funding in ~$150K/year awards

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