BookII Unit1

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Information about BookII Unit1

Published on April 30, 2008

Author: Renato


Unit One Book II:  Unit One Book II 郧阳师专英语系综合英语教研室 Contents of Unit 1:  Contents of Unit 1 1 Language Structures: the tense of verb 2 Dialogue I: A Time of Change 3 Dialogue II: Requests and Offers 4 Reading I : Two Kinds of Football 5 Reading II: The Olympics language structures:  language structures 1.Present perfective progressive 2.Past progressive 3.Past perfective progressive Present perfective progressive:  Present perfective progressive The use of the present perfective progressive has much in common with the “unfinished” use of the present perfective (which denotes that an action or state extends over a period lasting up to the present moment, possibly extending into the future as well and is commonly accomplished by an adverbial expressing duration). Past progressive :  Past progressive 1). To denote an action in progress at a definite point or period of past time 2). To make polite requests relating to the present Past perfective progressive :  Past perfective progressive The past perfective progressive is basically similar in use to the present perfective progressive, only with time reference back-shifted to a specified past. The chief use of the past perfective progressive has also something in common with the “unfinished” use of the past perfective, and, therefore, in many cases Dialogue I :  Dialogue I 1). How does grandpa feel after watching the Olympic Games on TV? Why? 2). Why did the Chinese athletes fail in the Olympic Games in 1932, 1936 and 1948? 3). How do you feel after you have watched the Olympic Games or any other international sports competition on TV? Retelling :  Retelling 1). The reason why he was so emotional after watching the Olympic Games on TV 2). What happened to the Chinese athletes when he was young 3). China’s participation in the 1932, 1936 and 1948 e Olympic Games Language points :  Language points 1). hold back: =hold in, keep back, prevent the expression of (feelings, tears, etc.); control e.g. I could hardly hold back my tears. The boss was unable to hold back his anger any longer. (喻) b. = keep back e.g. The villagers built banks of earth to hold back the floodwaters. No one can hold back the wheel of history. c. = hang back, hang behind退缩不前 e.g. She held back from telling him what she thought of him.她要把自己对他的看法告诉她,但又觉得难以启齿。 2). count :  2). count count it an honor (to do sth.) He was found guilty on two counts.罪状。 count down 倒数计时 count on (= count upon) 指望,依靠 count out 〈拳击〉宣告失败 3). can’t help doing sth :  3). can’t help doing sth e.g. I can’t stop feeling sorry for her. can’t (help) but do sth e.g. I can’t (help) but feel sorry for her. 4). patriotic :  4). patriotic have the feeling of loving one’s country e.g. Hong Kong compatriots have a glorious patriotic tradition. Patriotism n. 爱国心, 爱国精神 5). drop out (of) :  5). drop out (of) stop attending or taking part e.g. drop out of the course dropout: n. 辍学学生 6). every time:  6). every time …every time I watch our athletes…, I get very emotional. The adverbial phrase every time is used here as a connective, introducing an adverbial clause of time, meaning whenever. Similar words are: the minute , every time, the day, the first time, etc. 7). It was not until :  7). It was not until It was not until the last minute that…: It was only at the last minute that… 8). whatsoever:  8). whatsoever For no reason whatsoever: for no reason at all. Whatsoever is an adjective placed after a noun to strongly emphasize a negative statement. Similar connectives are: wheresoever, whensoever, whosoever, howsoever, etc. 9). due to :  9). due to is used after the verb (to be) His absence was due to the storm. Also due to and owing to are used similarly He arrived late due to/owing to the storm. 10). qualify for (as) :  10). qualify for (as) to cause to reach a necessary standard, knowledge, ability or performance. Her teaching experience qualified her for the job. Will our team qualify for the second round of the competition? She qualified as a doctor this year. Spending a week here doesn’t qualify you to talk it as an expert. Dialogue II :  Dialogue II How to make a request Ask Ss to read the dialogues in advance and make dialogues in pairs and perform in the class. Reading I :  Reading I 1.Questions for general understanding 1). How is American football different from soccer? 2). Where else is American football played in the world other than in the United States? 3). Cite an example to show Americans’ enthusiasm for their football. 4). How do American football player score points? 5). What do people usually think about American football? 6). In what way is soccer gaining in popularity on sports such as baseball? 7). What have Americans done to make the soccer game more exciting? 8). What are some of the crazes that Americans are addicted to? Language points: :  Language points: 1). it excites tremendous enthusiasm: arouse (an emotion) in sb; cause (a response or recreation) in sb e.g. The King's cruelty excited a rising of the people. The court case has excited a lot of public interest. Don't excite! 别激动! 2). addicted :  2). addicted be addicted (to sth): a. strongly interested in sth as a hobby or pastime e.g. be ~ to smoking / TV soap operas b. unable to stop taking or using sth as a habit e.g. He became ~ to drugs / alcohol / tobacco / computer games. addict: n. e.g. a chess/film/TV/football addict, a heroin addict 有海洛因毒瘾的人 addiction: n. e.g. heroin ~, overcome one’s ~ to alcohol addictive: causing addiction e.g. Coffee is ~ in a mild way 3). craze:  3). craze ~ (for sth): enthusiastic, usu brief, interest in sth e.g. the current punk-hairstyle craze时下对鲜艳彩色发式的狂热 object of such an interest e.g. skateboards are the latest craze.滑板运动是目前最时新的玩意儿 4). The offside rules 越位规则 :  4). The offside rules 越位规则 home/away game主/客场 semi-final半决赛 final 总决赛 Super Bowl 美国职业橄榄球超级杯赛 tie 平局 college final: 大学足球决赛 league grounds: 足球联合会的场地 5). by comparison :  5). by comparison By comparison, this machine is cheaper, that one is easier to operate. By comparison this house has the advantage of low price and that one has the advantage of convenient transportation 6). crowd into :  6). crowd into enter The eager students crowded into the lecture hall to hear the famous professor from Cambridge University. 7). be addicted to :  7). be addicted to dependent on something esp. a drug; unable to stop having, taking e.g. The children are addicted to the cartoon films. 8). tackle :  8). tackle seize, lay hold of sb e.g. a thief, a player who, in Rugby, has the ball e.g. He tackled his opponent. Group work :  Group work Talk about the Olympics an international sports competition the biggest sports competition athletes from all over the world badge: five-ring design slogan: higher, faster, stronger held every four years Summer/Winter Olympics various kinds of events cultural exchange and mutual understanding IOC: the International Olympic Committee Individual/group/team competition 2008 Olympics in Beijing—Green Beijing, Green Olympics Reading II:  Reading II 1.Questions for general understanding 1). Why do we say that the Olympic Games have a very long history? 2). Why are rules made for athletes in the Olympics? 3). What are the three different types of events and games in the Olympics? Give examples to illustrate. Exercise:  Exercise Finish your homework of the student book

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