Published on December 16, 2012
S & P,CNX,NIFTY And BSE by: NIKHIL MALI OMKAR MORE RAKESH NAIK PRIYANKA VERMA
What is a Stock Exchange?Stock exchange is that place where trading ofshares is done in terms of sale and purchase.
BSE: The Bombay Stock Exchange• There are 23 stock exchanges in the India. Bombay Stock Exchange is the largest, with over 6,000 stocks listed. The BSE accounts for over two thirds of the total trading volume in the country.• Established in 1875, the exchange is also the oldest in Asia. Among the twenty-two Stock Exchanges recognized by the Government of India under the Securities Contracts (Regulation) Act, 1956, it was the first one to be recognized and it is the only one that had the privilege of getting permanent recognition. - Ashish Chauhan (CEO)
Scrip’s at BSE • ACC • MARUTI • AIRTEL • MAHINDRA & MAHINDRA • BHEL • NTPC • DLF • ONGC • GRASIM • RANBAXY • GUJRAT AMBUJA • RELIANCE COMMUNICATION • HDFC • RELIANCE INFRASTRUCTURE • RIL • HDFC BANK • STERLITE INDUSTIES LTD • HINDALCO • SBI • HUL • TCS • ICICI BANK • TATA MOTERS • INFOSYS • TATA STEEL • SUN Pharma IND. LTD • TATA POWER COMPANY LTD • ITC • WIPRO • L&T
• It happens to be the first stock exchange in Asia.• BSE possess the maximum number of listed organizations in the world.• Nifty is the index of National Stock Exchange (NSE). Both NSE and BSE are the most popular stock exchanges in India.
Vision and Mission of BSE• Vision Our vision is to be the most sought after learning provider in the world in areas of financial and leadership learning, by pioneering the generation and dissemination of knowledge for the enhancement of skills and capabilities of professionals and aspiring professionals.• Mission As a centre of learning, our mission is to promote an open learning environment that brings together people, cultures and ideas from around the world, changing lives and helping transform organizations through innovative learning programs. Through our learning programs, we develop responsible, thoughtful leaders and entrepreneurs who create value for their organizations and their communities.
Indices: SENSEX & NIFTY Stock Market performance is quantified by calculating an index using the benchmark scrip’s and as known to allSENSEX (Sensitive Index) is associated with Bombay Stock Exchange and S&P CNX NIFTY is associated with National Stock Exchange
HOW ARE INDICES OF SENSEX AND NIFTYCALCULATED???
How are the SENSEX 30 Stocks are selected?• Listing History• Trading Frequency• Rank based on the Market Cap (Should be Among top 100)• Market Capitalization weight• Industry / sector they belong• Historical Record
SENSEX• SENSEX has been calculated since 1986 and initially it was calculated based on the Total Market Capitalization methodology and the methodology was changed in 2003 to Free Float Market Capitalization.• Hence, these days, the SENSEX is based on the Free Floating Market cap of 30 SENSEX Stocks traded on the BSE relative to the base value which is 100(1978-79) and it is calculated for every 15 seconds.
SENSEX CALCULATION METHODOLOGY
• SENSEX is calculated using the "Free-float Market Capitalization" methodology, wherein, the level of index at any point of time reflects the free-float market• It reflects value of 30 component stocks relative to a base period.• The market capitalization of a company is determined by multiplying the price of its stock by the number of shares issued by the company.• This market capitalization is further multiplied by the free-float factor to determine the free-float market capitalization.
How SENSEX is calculated?The formula for calculating the SENSEX = (Sum of free flowmarket cap of 30 benchmark stocks)*Index Factorwhere,Index Factor = 100/Market Cap Value in 1978-79. 100 is the Index value during 1978-79.
Example:Assume SENSEX has only 2 stocks namely SBI and RELIANCE.Total shares in SBI are 500 out of which 200 are held byGovernment and only 300 are available for public trading.RELIANCE has 1000 shares out of which 500 are held bypromoters and 500 are available for trading. Assume price ofSBI Stock is Rs.100 and Reliance is Rs.200. Then "free-FloatingMarket Cap" of these 2 companies =
(300*100+500*200) = 30000+100000 = Rs. 130000Assume Market Cap during the year 1978-79 was Rs.25000Then SENSEX = 130000*100/25000 = 520.The methodology in the example is exactly followed to calculatethe SENSEX, only difference being the inclusion of 30 stocks.
Full form of S & P CNX NIFTY?• CNX stands for CRISIL NSE Indices.• CNX ensures common branding of indices, to reflect theidentities of both the promoters, i.e. NSE and CRISIL.• Thus, C stands for CRISIL, N stands for NSE and X standsfor Exchange or Index.• The S&P prefix belongs to the US-based Standard & PoorsFinancial Information Services.
NIFTYThe National Stock Exchange (NSE) is associated with NIFTY andit is also calculated by the same methodology but with two keydifferences.1. Base year is 1995 and base value is 1000.2. NIFTY is calculated based on 50 stocks.Everything else remains the same in NIFTY Index calculation aswell.
Benefits to Investor1. Liquidity of the investment is increased2. The securities dealt on a stock exchange are good collateral security for loans.3. The stock exchange safeguards interests of investors through strict enforcement of rules and regulations.
Benefits to the company1. A company whose shares quoted on stock exchange they enjoy better reputation and credit.2. The market for the shares of such a company is naturally widened.3. The market price of securities is likely to be higher in relation to its earnings, dividends and property values. This raises the bargaining power of the company in the event of a takeover, merger or amalgamation.
Risk Factors• Risk factors are the same associated with any of the stock exchange in the world. Markets can turn volatile at any point of time
ADJUSTMENTS FOR BONUS, RIGHTS AND NEWLY ISSUED CAPITALReliance Power OKs bonus share issue
Adjustment for Bonus, Rights and Newly Issued Capital• SENSEX calculation needs to be adjusted for issue of Bonus or Rights shares, If no adjustments are made, a discontinuity would arise between the current value of the index and its previous value despite the non-occurrence of any economic activity of substance• At the BSE Index Cell , the base value is adjusted, which is used to alter market capitalization of the component stocks to arrive at the SENSEX value.
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