Published on August 18, 2009
THE FOLLOWING IS REQUIRED READING REGARDING BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS . INFORMATIONAL READING FOR •DIABETES •ASTHMA •EPILEPSY ADDITIONAL RESOURCES SUCH AS DVDs AND PAMPHLETS ARE AVAILABLE IN THE NURSES CLINIC
Bloodborne Pathogens - What you don’t know could hurt you.
Today’s teachers and education workers need to be aware of their risks of exposure to bloodborne pathogens (BBP). BBPs are disease causing organisms found in the blood and certain body fluids of infected people. It is important that you understand the safety issues pertaining to BBPs. You should treat all blood and body fluids as infected and take steps to protect yourself. Three serious BBPs are: 1. HIV – Attacks a person’s immune system and their ability to fight infection. A person carrying this virus can live a normal and healthy life for years. But some people with HIV go on to develop AIDS. There is no vaccine or cure as of yet. 2. Hepatitis B (HBV) – A virus that infects the liver. There is currently a vaccine available to protect against HBV. 3. Hepatitis C (HCV) – Infects the liver and can lead to liver disease, cancer and even death. There is no vaccine currently available.
HIV, HBV and HCV are all transmitted the same way. To actually contract any of these viruses, you need a portal of entry such as; •Sexual contact – unprotected sex. •Not airborne – Must have contact with infected blood or body fluids through your eyes, nose, mouth, cut, scratch, acne or abrasion. •Unclean or sharing needles. •It is important to know that dried blood containing a virus can survive on surfaces at room temperature for up to a week.
Bleeding Emergency – Steps to take. •Depending on the severity of the situation, call 911 or school nurse (ext.5500 or 5525) or both. Call extension 5515 and that person will inform the appropriate individuals. •Protect yourself! Put on gloves! Always! •NEVER reuse disposable gloves. •Encouraged injured person to apply pressure to bleeding site. •After incident, remove gloves by pulling from the wrist down to the fingertips then pull the second glove off using the exposed hand putting the first glove inside the second. Dispose of immediately and wash hands with warm soapy water or alcohol based hand sanitizer.
Concerns About Exposure •Don’t Panic. •Exposures rarely results in infection. •Wash affected area. •Quickly report potential exposure to school nurse. •You will be advised on the correct follow-up steps. ***Exposure does NOT mean infection.
CLEAN-UP PROCEDURE •DO NOT clean up if it is not your job. •If involved in clean up process, always wear gloves. •As much as possible, use disposable clean up materials; paper towels, etc. •You must call maintenance to handle the entire clean up process.
TIPS & SUMMARY •Keep soiled hands away from eyes, nose and mouth. •Always wash your hands before eating, drinking, smoking, handling contact lenses or applying cosmetics or lip balm. •Wear gloves whenever you maybe exposed to bloodborne pathogens. •When assisting someone who is bleeding, try to get that person to stop the bleeding by applying direct pressure. •Don’t clean potential BBPs if you are not trained or authorized to do so. •Even though we are in a school setting we have no choice but to learn and apply these tips about BBPs. By following these guidelines, you will keep yourself safe and healthy. Bloodborne Pathogen training, as you know, is an annual requirement. Information for this presentation was obtained from Coastal Training Center
The Many Faces of Diabetes
Facts and questions you need to know and answer . Diabetes occurs when the body does not provide enough insulin in the blood to maintain the correct amounts of sugar in the blood for proper function. Even with a good diet and/or medication, a diabetic may still have too high or low blood sugar. Low blood sugar can be remedied by; •Use of glucose tablets. •Fruit juice. •Sugared soft drink. •Never allow an individual with low blood sugar to be alone or Universal Symbol for Diabetes seek help on their own. High blood sugar requires an insulin injection and/or consuming water or diet soda. Student or faculty with diabetes usually know they Never allow an individual with high blood sugar to have high or low blood sugar. Always allow the be alone or seek help on their own. individual to test frequently. Allow water bottles in the classroom for frequent consumption. Again, NEVER send a student alone to the clinic if high or low blood sugar is suspected. Students with diabetes carry fanny packs/purse with diabetes supplies at all times. Call for assistance if an individual; •Cannot consume a simple sugar. (low blood sugar) •Cannot consume significant water or diet soda. (high blood sugar) •Is in a diabetic coma.
A seizure is usually defined as a sudden alteration of behavior due to the electrical functioning of the brain. Seizures can take on many different forms and affect different people in different ways. Sometimes there is a warning (aura) followed by other symptoms. Abnormal electrical discharges create a “storm” of electrical activity in the brain and this is considered a seizure.
If a seizure occurs: •Remain calm. •Make note of the time because the length of the seizure is extremely important. •Prevent a crowd from gathering to provide the individual with privacy and dignity. •Protect the person from hitting hard or sharp objects. •Cushion their head. •Do not move unless the environment is unsafe. •Do not put anything is the person’s mouth. •Do not leave alone until there is complete recovery. •Should the individual lose bladder or bowel control, cover them up to Call for emergency help if; prevent public embarrassment. •A seizure lasts for more than 5 minutes. •The individual is pregnant. •A head injury preceded the seizure. •That person has no history of seizures.
Students who have asthma often learn to identify their early warning signs – the physical changes that occur in the early stage of airway obstruction,. These early warning signs usually happen long before more serious symptoms occur. Being aware of these early warning signs allows the student to take medication at a time when asthma is easiest to control. Teachers should encourage students to be a ware of these early symptoms and to take the proper action immediately. Knowing the signs of a breathing episode will help you and other staff take appropriate measures to avoid a more serious medical emergency. There should be no delay once a student has notified the teacher of a possible problem. A student may exhibit one or more of these signs during the initial phase of an asthma episode. 1. Changes in breathing may include: Coughing , wheezing, breathing through the mouth, shortness of breath and/or rapid breathing. 2. Verbal complaints: Often a student who is familiar with asthma will know that an episode is about to happen. The student might tell the teacher that; the chest is tight, the chest hurts, cannot catch a breath, the mouth is dry, the neck feels funny and/or a more general , “I don’t feel well.” 3. Other signs may be: an itchy chin or neck _ some people may rub their chin or neck in response to this feeling or clipped speech, i.e., the student may speak in very short, choppy sentences. Tips: Encourage a student with asthma to fully participate in physical activity. Allow a student to engage in quiet activity if recovery from an acute episode precludes full participation. Inform coach, trainer or nurse of any episodes. Students will have prescribed inhalers with them, in the clinic or trainer’s office.
Now that you are done… •Go to http://tinyurl.com/greenhillbbp •Take the Quiz (18 questions) •70% is passing score •Review and retake if not passing •Print certificate to keep for your records
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