BK 7210 Scenario's for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anna Loes Nillesen

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Information about BK 7210 Scenario's for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anna Loes Nillesen
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Published on March 7, 2014

Author: jornvorn

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Bk7210 Urban analysis & design Minor: Green Blue City 2013 Lecture 5 Scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Anne Loes Nillesen

Contents of this lecture 1. Dike typology and flood protection stratagies slide 3-30 2. Case studies and design examples slide 31-59 3. Creative commons slide 60 BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

1. Dike typology and flood protection stratagies - Dike typology - Flood protection stratagies - Open system - Closed system - Current system - Improved barrier system - Balance between city and water BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

The Rotterdam delta 1320 BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Functions outer-dike area BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Dike typology build dike build dike historical 24 mljE/km elevation offices 24 mljE/km elevation build dike build dike dual-sided 36 mljE/km elevation dual-sided 36 mljE/km elevation The length of the primary water barriers (the dike rings) in the Rijnmond and Drechtsteden is 516 km. A rise in mean high water (MHW) necessitates dike reinforcement. To make the effects clear we make first of all a distinction between unbuild and built dikes. The unbuild dikes have a length of 405 km and can be further broken down into grass dikes , park dikes, paved dikes and infra-dikes. The distinction between grass dikes and park dikes is the presence of plants and paths. Infra-dikes can be defined by serving as important regional roads. The built dikes have a length of 111 km and can be broken down into one- and two-sided built dikes, office-dikes and dikes with historically valuable buildings. The latter category is determined by the presence of monuments and protected town- and cityscapes. The qualitative distinction is also relevant for calculating the cost of dike reinforcement and elevation. Unbuild dikes can be more easily raised than built dikes. Raising both sides of built dikes with historic buildings -such as the Voorstraat in Dordrecht- required complex and expensive constructions. The costs shown here are civil charges as indicated in the Annex plus additional costs concerning urban interventions ( as included in the integration report). BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Dike typology open grass dike open paved dike open infra-dike build dike residential 6 mljE/km elevation 12 mljE/km elevation 15 mljE/km elevation 21 mljE/km elevation build dike dual-sided 36 mljE/km elevation BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Current water barrierHuidige waterkeringen Kering 1:100 barrier 1:100 dike Dijken BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

EPK 100 Rotterdam current situation 2010 change of reoccurrence 1:1000 WATER DEPTH [cm] 1 - 50 50 - 100 100 - 150 150 - 200 CONSTRUCTION OUTER DIKE AREA 200 - 250 250 - 300 300 - 350 350 - 400 400 - 450 450 - 500 500 - 550 550 - 600 residential industry offices recreation DIKES dikes that do not comply in hight dike rings grass dike paved dike infradike build dike residential build dike build dike build dike dual sided historical offices Dikes that do not comply in hight and threatend outer-dike areas with enforcing current situation 2010 and execution of the "Hoogwaterbeschermingsprogramma" (high water protection program) and measures from "Ruimte voor de rivier 2015" (Space for the river 2015). BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

EPK 100 Rotterdam KNMI G+ 2100/Veerman 2050 change of reoccurrence 1:1000 WATER DEPTH [cm] 1 - 50 50 - 100 100 - 150 150 - 200 CONSTRUCTION OUTER DIKE AREA 200 - 250 250 - 300 300 - 350 350 - 400 400 - 450 450 - 500 500 - 550 550 - 600 residential industry offices recreation DIKES dikes that do not comply in hight dike rings grass dike paved dike infradike build dike residential build dike build dike build dike dual sided historical offices Dikes that do not comply in hight and threatend outer-dike areas with Veerman 2050 and execution of the "Hoogwaterbeschermingsprogramma" (high water protection program) and measures from "Ruimte voor de rivier 2015" (Space for the river 2015). BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Flood protection strategies regional scale lardge local scale scale local buildingbuilding scale scale letting letting water in + additional flood additional flood proofing proofing elevation elevation dikes or flood dikes or flood walls walls barriers barriers september 15th 2011 - Anne Loes Nillesen BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen 4 flood protection strategies diagrams by D.EFAC.TO

Mogelijke oplossingsrichtingen Potential sollutions Open system - no barrier Open situatie by dikes) open (but protected - geen kering - higher dikes - hogere dijken Closed system Gesloten situatie - barrier river and sea closed - kering rivier - additional higher dikes en zee - aanvullend hogere dijken Current system Huidige situatie - sea barrier 1:100 (chance of breaching) B1 afsluitbaar - kering zee 1:100 - higher dikes - hogere dijken Improved barrier system - sea barrier 1:1000afsluitbaar of breaching) B2 (chance Verbeterde kering - higher dikes - kering zee 1:1000 - hogere dijken BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen diagrams by D.EFAC.TO

Afsluitbaar open zee + rivierzijde Verbeterd afsluitbaar Improved barrier system regionaal schaalniveau regional scale aanleggen keringen building barriers additional dikes aanvullend dijken local scale, Locaal niveau buitendijks outer dike area eventueel : possible: aanvullende maatregelen additional measures BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen diagrams by D.EFAC.TO

closed Current system Huidige situatie B1 afsluitbaar - kering zee 1:100 - hogere dijken Huidige situatie B1 afsluitbaar - kering zee 1:100 - hogere dijken - sea barrier 1:100 (chance of breaching) - higher dikes B2 afsluitbaar Haven - scheepvaart vaker barrière gesloten kering B2 afsluitbaar en bij hoog water mogelijk vaarverbod Harbor (betrouwbaarheid haven in geding) - scheepvaart vaker barrière gesloten kering en bij hoog water mogelijk gebied - overstromingsrisico buitendijks vaarverbod - shipping traffic is hindered with closed barrier (betrouwbaarheid (inclusief milieuschade) haven in geding) Haven - possible prohibition to sail during high tides - overstromingsrisico buitendijks gebied (inclusief milieuschade) - reliability harbor in question - flood risk outer dike area including environmental damage BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Flooding risk increases BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Elevating quay: prevention open barrier Rijnmond

Afsluitbaar Open open zee + rivierzijde Open system regionaal schaalniveau regional scale aanleggen keringen aanvullend dijken local scale, Locaal niveau buitendijks outer dike area eventueel : possible: aanvullende maatregelen additional measures BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Open system n(but protected by dikes) situatie n ering dijken Open(but protected by dikes) situatie open - geen kering - no barrier - hogere dijken - higher dikes Harbour closed Haven ed - shipping traffic has free passage - scheepvaart vrije doorgang pvaart vrije doorgangbij extreem hoog water vaarverbod) (maar - possible prohibition to sail during extreme high bij extreem hoog water vaarverbod) en tides - meer overstromingsrisico buitendijks gebied (inclusief milieuschade) overstromingsrisico buitendijks gebied - local dikes in and around harbor area ef milieuschade) - meer lokale dijken rondom haventerreinen B1 afsluitbaar lokale high flood risk outer dike area - dijken rondom haventerreinen sluitbaar including environmental damage B2 afsluitbaar sluitbaar BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Afsluitbaar Geslotenopen zee + rivierzijde Closed system regionaal schaalniveau regional scale aanleggen keringen building barriers additional dikes aanvullend dijken local scale, Buiten de keringen Locaal niveau buitendijks outer dike area eventueel : possible: aanvullende maatregelen additional measures BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

open (but protected by dikes) Closed system Gesloten situatie closed - kering rivier en zee Gesloten situatie - aanvullend hogere dijken closed - kering rivier en zee - barrier river and sea aanvullend hogere dijken - - additional higher dikes B1 afsluitbaar Haven B1 afsluitbaar - scheepvaart krijgt barrière gesloten kering Haven maar alleen binnen de keringen - scheepvaart krijgt barrière gesloten kering maar alleen binnen de keringen Harbour - overstromingsrisico buitendijks gebied (inclusief milieuschade) - overstromingsrisico buitendijks gebied B2 afsluitbaar - shipping traffic is hindered with closed barrier, (inclusief milieuschade) but only between the barriers B2 afsluitbaar - lokale dijken rondom haventerreinen - no prohibition - lokale dijken rondom haventerreinen to sail during high tides - more local dikes in and around harbor area - flood risk outer dike area including environmental damage BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

City also important player Relation harbour and city - spatial and image - protection and control of water system BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Alvast rekening houden met plaatsing havenfuncties Balance between city and water BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen taking into account harbour functions

Bestaande beweegbare kering Existing moveable barrier New movable barrier kering Nieuwe beweegbare Groot-dijkring 14 Groot-dijkring 14 New dikes in outer dike area gebied Nieuwe dijken in buitendijks Open scheepvaartroute Open shipping route System expantion Systeemuitbreiding BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Industry accessible with open shipping route Bedrijven bereikbaar met open scheepvaartroute Outer dike protected area Buitendijks beschermd gebied Outer dike redevelopment Buitendijkse herontwikkeling Nature/recreationbinnen barrier Natuur/recreatie inside de kering Nature/recreationbuiten de kering Natuur/recreatie outside barrier

Bestaande beweegbare kering Existing moveable barrier Nieuwe beweegbare New movable barrier kering Groot-dijkring 14 New dikes in outer dike area gebied Nieuwe dijken in buitendijks Openscheepvaartroute Open shipping route Systeemuitbreiding System expantion BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Bedrijven bereikbaar met open scheepvaartroute Industry accessible with open shipping route Buitendijks beschermd gebied Outer dike protected area Outer dike redevelopment Buitendijkse herontwikkeling Nature/recreation inside de kering Natuur/recreatie binnen barrier Natuur/recreatie buiten de kering Nature/recreation outside barrier

Bestaande beweegbare kering Existing moveable barrier Nieuwe beweegbare New movable barrier kering Groot-dijkring 14 Nieuwe dijken in buitendijks New dikes in outer dike area gebied Open shipping route Openscheepvaartroute Systeemuitbreiding System expantion BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Bedrijven bereikbaar met open scheepvaartroute Industry accessible with open shipping route Buitendijks beschermd gebied Outer dike protected area Buitendijkse herontwikkeling Outer dike redevelopment Natuur/recreatie binnen barrier Nature/recreation inside de kering Natuur/recreatie buiten de kering Nature/recreation outside barrier

EO Weijers competition 2008 BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen 1st prize, 2008 “Blue Blood”, Kuiper Compagnons

Turning tide BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Hoog water High water level protection bescherming Flood proof building Flood Proof gebouw - limiting damage to buildings beperken schade gebouwen risico mileuschade - risk environmental damage bereikbaarheid verminderd bij hoog water - accessibility decreases with high tides indrijven houtblokken - driving in wood blocks Elevating area Verhogen gebied - high and dry "island" hoog en droog ‘eiland’ vooral bijwith (re)development nieuwbouw / herstructurering - mainly Encircling with dikes Omdijken -kleine havens somssometimes unreachable small harbors niet bereikbaar ivm sluizen due to locks Placing barrier Plaatsen kering - limiting shipping verkeersdoorvoer beperking traffic BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Quantification study regionaal niveau niveau kade / havens niveau bebouwing water binnenlaten Rotterdam, City harbors, Mercuriusweg gebied ophogen grepen Kering Barrier dijken plaatsen / versterken ade / havens Dam / sluis Outer dike industrial area and part of city harbors, is being transformed into residential area. niveau bebouwing keringen plaasten / versterken Beweegbare kering regionaal niveau niveau kade / havens niveau bebouwing water binnenlaten Dijk / Rand Dike/edge gebied ophogen Dijk plaatsen dijken plaatsen / versterken Deltadijk keringen plaasten / versterken Dijk verhogen Dijkhelling verlagen Plaatsen rand Flexibele rand regionaal niveau water binnenlaten niveau kade / havens niveau bebouwing Terrein ophogen Elevating terrain Terrein verhogen gebied ophogen dijken plaatsen / versterken regionaal niveau keringen plaasten / versterken niveau kade niveau Water / havens Lettingbinnen laten in water bebouwing Water binnen laten + eventueel aanvullende maatregelen water binnenlaten gebied ophogen dijken plaatsen / versterken keringen plaasten / versterken BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen september 15th 2011 - Anne Loes Nillesen Quantification study

woningtype Varialbles of the situation are important diep ondiep drassig droog weids breed smal Kust Rivieren Buitendijkse plassen Meren Oude zeearm (estuaria) Plassen Sloten Vaarten en grachten Inundatiegebieden BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen vaarwegennet vaarwegennet via sluis fluctuatie waterpeil inundatie gecontroleerde fluctuatie gradiënt talud kade dijk vlonder drijvend amfibisch paalwoningen september 15th dijkwoningen terpwoningen woningen aan het water

2. Case studies and design examples - Case study: Hamburg - Case study: Olympic Games London - Case study: Rijnmond Region - Design examples BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Case study: Hamburg BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Flood protection strategy Hamburg lardge scale regional scale local local scale scale buildingbuilding scale scale letting water in + letting water in + additional flood additional flood proofing proofing elevation elevation dikes or flood dikes or flood walls walls barriers barriers september 15th 2011 - Anne Loes Nillesen BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen 4 flood protection strategies

New city district in outer-dike area BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen New city part in an outer dike area

What can and cannot flood BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Water proof base BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Bridges for evacuation BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Construction of the quay not allways sufficient construction of the quay not alway sufficient BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Why not build higher? BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Relation with the water is concidered a quality BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Layered landscapes (with slope) BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Differentiation in watersides BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Differentiating dikes spatially protection Protection Nature nature Recreation recreation BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Differentiating dikes spatially

Case Study: Olympic Games London BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Part of regional planning september 15th 2011 - Anne Loes Nillesen BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Part of regional planning

Current site - infrastructure functions as a barrier - nature is neglected - flood risk is high - complex planning and politics - infrastructure functiona as a barrier - nature is neglected - flood risk - complex planning and politics september 15th 2011 - Anne Loes Nillesen BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Current site

Ambitious program BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Tidal Flood Risk Fluvial Flood Risk september 15th 2011 - Anne Loes Nillesen BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Flood risks Flood basin

But imagine this to be the Muese river... BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Case study: Rijnmond Region BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Design example: De Urbanisten BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Design example: Claudia Heimensen september 15th 2011 - Anne Loes Nillesen BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen examples of designs: Claudia Heimensen

How examples deal with seasonal change BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Design example: Wolbert Dijk BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

in flood risk s The integration of urban designers in flood risk stratgies BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

Expert versus all-rounder An engineer knows a lot little Anengineer knows a lot about aabout a little An architect knows little about a lotabout An architect knows a little lot expert versus mediator september 15th 2011 - Anne Loes Nillesen BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

The field expands Specialisation is needed to the field expands deal with complex tasks Specialisation is needed to deal with complex assignments BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen september 15th 2011 - Anne Loes Nillesen

Integration of research is essential BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen Integration of reseach is essential

Creative commons You are free: - to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work - to make derivative works Under the following conditions: - Attribution. You must give the original author credit - Non-Commercial. You may not use this work for commercial purposes - Share Alike. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a licence identical to this one BK 7210 scenario’s for the Rotterdam delta – ir. Anne Loes Nillesen

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