BK 7210 Examples and imagination in Rotterdam Zuid– ir. Els Bet

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Information about BK 7210 Examples and imagination in Rotterdam Zuid– ir. Els Bet
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Published on March 7, 2014

Author: jornvorn

Source: slideshare.net

Bk7210 Urban analysis & design Minor: Green Blue City 2013 Lecture 6 Examples and imagination in Rotterdam Zuid BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Els Bet

Contents of this lecture 1. Introduction slide 2-9 2. Cultural-historic exploration of pre-war neighbourhoods slide 10-56 3. Creative commons slide 57 BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

what do we actually see here? BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

The neighbourhoods in which your project takes place are existing places with existing streets, buildings, fabrics and spaces. The existing space is the basic material in each urban plan. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

How can you read, understand and use the existing fabric and space in designing the plan? BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Leon van Meijel, Heide Hinterthür, Els Bet

This lecture learns you where to begin and how to get a grip on things. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

topography urban concepts time layers cultural themes structure space polders dikes landroads waterstructure villages gelaagdheid polderlandschap verkend 1874, druk 1881 harbourworks De Jongh 1903 havenstad railroads factories and warehouses urbanization main roads and bridges waterworks streetdevelopment building regulations speculatieve woningbouw de archipel van Zuid langgerekte kades gelaagdheid Burgdorffer 1914-1917 weeflijnen en knopen dubbele rand in een handschrift zichtlijnen en blikvangers dubbele rand samengesteld hoogteverschil, knik, tribune lange lijnen silo- en woonbebouwing housing law urban planning woonstad tot ca. 1930 garden villages prefab contructions temperary housing Granpré Molière c.s. 1921 verkend 1919, druk 1920 block Witteveen 1926-1927 opeenvolging van hoekpunten grote maat en schaal verkend 1899, druk 1904 landhoofd woonstad 1940 open block strips Zuiderpark Zuidplein urban renewal transformation upkeep and repair verkend 1935, druk 1938 Witteveen 1937-1938 BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet stad anno 1985 (lappendeken)

Rotterdam-Zuid cultural-historic exploration of pre-war neighbourhoods - Chronolygy - Historic layers in the current city - Polder - Harbour - City BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Chronology BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Map of Rotterdam Zuid, 1874

Chronology BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Map of Rotterdam Zuid, 1899

Chronology 1919 BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Map of Rotterdam Zuid, 1919

Chronology 1935 BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Map of Rotterdam Zuid, 1935

Historic layers in the current city BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Remains of the polder landscape

Historic layers in the current city BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Harbour city - cutting up the landscape

Historic layers in the current city BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Red: 1930 - the invention of housing construction

Historic layers in the current city BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Orange: 1930-1940 - adding

Historic layers in the current city BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Blue: 1950-1960 - post-war districts

Historic layers in the current city BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Green: 1970 - the larger infrastructure

Historic layers in the current city BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Purple: 1970-1980 - urban renewal

Polder BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Dikes and basins Dash-dot line = dike, the basins are in between these. In orange the cavities on the transition of dike to basin are indicated. The differences in height are included into the build fabric. The dikes have become higher placed roads, the basins lay behind that. Typical for Rotterdam Zuid are the accesses and passages from dike to basin: often just a bit kinked, in which a short sequence of sight lines and terracing perspective occurs. The transition is layered, not directly obvious and somewhat relaxing. Like a sheltered cavity at the bottom of the dike. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Cavity at the bottom of the dike The Beijerlandselaan is a good example of a cavity at the bottom of the dike. The difference in height is bridged by a small passage towards the dike, behind that the space gets a exceptional form created by the coming together of different parcel directions. Passage and difference in height from the Beijerlandselaan Dilatation space, exceptional buildings: Dwellings on the other side of the school and church square BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Looking back to Beijerlandselaan

Difference in heigth and anglar rotation The coming together of the orthogonal polder structure with meandering dikes has resulted in a image of many angular rotations. The street lenghts and building rows are short. The streets can not once be overseen, only in parts. The eye falls each time on different ensambles. The kinks also cause corner-buildings and buildings of intersecting streets become prominent. The "terrace effect" is strenghtened further by the difference in height compared with the dike. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Difference in heigth and anglar rotation The Den Hertigstraat, between the Katendrechtse Lagedijk, Wolphaertsbocht and Brielselaan. The street has a kinked course. Therefore the street can not be wholly overseen, causing to show each time a different part of the urban fabric. Den Hertigstraat / Blankenburgstraat Many kinks, short streets, short views, enclosed streetscape Den Hertigstraat / K. Lagedijk Short building rows, heterogene ensambles BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Den Hertigstraat / Wolphaertsbocht Cornerbuildings and intersecting streets come into prominent sight Den Hertigstraat / Brielselaan The high silos on the edge shove into the foreground. The terrace effect is strengtend by the higher dike

Layering Layered spatial structure on the south side of the Maashaven. In the first row (dark dots) there are silos and large buildings on the harbor quay. The second row (intermittent line) is formed by the Wolphaertsbocht with urban street walls. The third row (dashed line) consists of the Katendrechtse Lagedijk, an old dike that has a rural and loose appearance. The metrostation Maashaven and the Maashavensilo (the fish head) are on the east-side. The Charloisse Hoofd (the tail) is on the west side. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Harbour BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Zoning of the harbor city The city plan from 1907. Quays, warehouses and railways are becoming clear as a logistic system. On the Noordereiland and the Feijenoordkade were no near railway tracks and loading was done on the quays itself. These are the quays which still have trees. On the Binnenhaven and the Spoorweghaven the railway was laying directly on the waterfront, allowing many ships to dock. Elongated basins and treeless quays are the result. On the Rijnhaven and the Maashaven the railway tracks ran on both sides of the warehouses. Here was also loaded by use of electricity. We can see large harbor basins and wide treeless quays. The characteristics are still very visible. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Zoning of the harbor city The logistic combination of quay, warehouse and railway have led to characteristic cross sections that are still traceable on Katendrecht, the Wilhelminapier and Feijenoord. In Feijenoord and on Katendrecht residential areas are residual spaces amidst the harbor infrastructure. The Afrikaanderwijk and the streetplans of Charlois, Carnisse and Hillesluis lay on the edge of the harbors. The Noordereiland, lacking a harbor railway, is developed far more like a traditional residential area with loading quays. harbor area residential area amidst the harbors reisdentail area on the edge of the harbors BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

The river and the harbors BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Northern bank BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

The archipel of south In comparison to the continuing bankline of north, the bank of the south is more than four times as long. This results in an enormous diversity of waterfronts, harbor basins and rich amount of perspectives. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Abutments stone head pier green head innerhead headscape stone head pier BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet green head innerhead headscape

Elongated quays facing north - against light BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet facing south - lit

Long lines Burgemeester Hoffmanplein BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Oranjeboomstraat Wilhelminakade

Intersecting lines Cornelis Trompstraat heading Boompjes BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Waterpasstraat heading Persoonshaven Edam heading Erasmusbrug

Layering Contrasts in use, atmosphere, construction period, scale, skyline, colour. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Large dimention and scale BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Characteristic for the harbor city: Large scale and robust industrial landscape defines the edges of Oud Zuid. - Broad views on harbor basins and the river. - Large buildings (silos, warehouses, ships and cranes) stand on the edge and not in the neighbourhoods. - As only neighbourhood, Katendrecht lays not behind the harbors but amidst them. Not behind the dike, but with views on the harbor from almost every street. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Sight lines and eye-catchers BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

The large buildings on the edge of the harbor are visible from various positions in Zuid. They are eyecatchers and points of orientation at the end of many long lines in this part of the city, but sometimes very surprising at the end of a short residential street. The harbors are therefore very present. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

City BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Inner structure BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Weave lines and knots

Inner structure BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Fabric and islands

Knots in the structure On the knots (meaning irregular composed intersections in the road pattern of the western part of Zuid) the corners of super blocks come together. There almost always occurs a sequence of gatherings of intersections and corner buildings. Different directions, different scales and different layers. Of big importance is the unraveling of hierarchy in the intersection. Which line is leading? Which heads belong together? Which corner is in which sight line? Which spatial sequences can be differentiated? Which ensembles can be named? This counts for the buildings conjunction with the arrangement of the public green and planting. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Polderlaan Sequence of different street spaces and the marking of these by exceptional corner buildings. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Layer upon layer upon layer Interlacing of sequential knots, differing in scale and order. Putselaan / Laan op Zuid upon Beijerlandselaan / Hilledijk upon Polderlaan / Slaghekstraat BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Long lines BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Inner structure BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Inner structure, internal consistency and public space Each neighbourhood has its own internal structure and spatial character. Over the years this character is renovated, adjusted, worn out. With the further renewal of the inner structure it is of importance to respect and (re)clarify the unique identity (hierarchy in streets, sequence of squares, exceptional public spaces and buildings) of the neighbourhood. What are the architectonic and scenic elements that can work binding on the larger urban level? What are the architectonic and scenic elements that can create variation? What determines the new spatial character in physical terms? It is of importance that the architectonic units are tuned in their appearance and form a more diverse, but still coherent set or bouquet. BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

The patchwork Structure? BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet Patchwork! 3 generations of urban renewal

T arwewijk Bloemhof (southern part) Bloemhof (middle part) Headers and strechers BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

topography urban concepts time layers cultural themes structure space polders dikes landroads waterstructure villages gelaagdheid polderlandschap verkend 1874, druk 1881 harbourworks De Jongh 1903 havenstad railroads factories and warehouses urbanization main roads and bridges waterworks streetdevelopment building regulations speculatieve woningbouw de archipel van Zuid langgerekte kades gelaagdheid Burgdorffer 1914-1917 weeflijnen en knopen dubbele rand in een handschrift zichtlijnen en blikvangers dubbele rand samengesteld hoogteverschil, knik, tribune lange lijnen silo- en woonbebouwing housing law urban planning woonstad tot ca. 1930 garden villages prefab contructions temperary housing Granpré Molière c.s. 1921 verkend 1919, druk 1920 block Witteveen 1926-1927 opeenvolging van hoekpunten grote maat en schaal verkend 1899, druk 1904 landhoofd woonstad 1940 open block strips Zuiderpark Zuidplein urban renewal transformation upkeep and repair verkend 1935, druk 1938 Witteveen 1937-1938 BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet stad anno 1985 (lappendeken)

BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

Creative commons You are free: - to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work - to make derivative works Under the following conditions: - Attribution. You must give the original author credit - Non-Commercial. You may not use this work for commercial purposes - Share Alike. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a licence identical to this one BK 7210 examples and imagination in Rotterdam-Zuid - ir. Els Bet

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