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BK 7210 Design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

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Information about BK 7210 Design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik
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Published on March 7, 2014

Author: jornvorn

Source: slideshare.net

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Bk7210 Urban analysis & design Minor: Green Blue City 2013 Lecture 4 Design principles and Kop van Zuid BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid, Rotterdam, ca.1989

Contents of this lecture 1. Urban plans Kop van Zuid Rotterdam slide 5-20 2. Evaluation urban plan slide 21-43 3. Five themes for high-rise policy slide 44-50 4. Reflection on subjects, comparison R’dam - A’dam slide 51-76 5. Creative commons slide 77 BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Marginal notes Two important differences between urbanism and architecture: 1. Time span Masterplan Kop van Zuid from 1991, now 2013 and halfway (22 years). 2. Design phases A urban plan is developed into several plans for buildings and the public space. It is however never exactly executed as first designed! BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

1. Urban plans Kop van Zuid Rotterdam Design assignment Transformation from "worn-out" harbor area to urban area, positioned opposite to the centre of the city. Design Masterplan of Teun Koolhaas (1987) Definitive Masterplan + Zoningplan (ds+V, 1991) Sub-Designs Wilhelminapier Entrepot-gebied Landtong Stadstuinen Parkstad I en II Entrepot II BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Discription of urban plans BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Maps Rotterdam and Feijenoord

Discription of urban plans BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Maps Rotterdam Zuid

Discription of urban plans BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Maps Rotterdam Zuid

Discription of urban plans Masterplan Kop van Zuid, Teun Koolhaas 1987 and Municipality 1995 BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Zoning plan 1991 BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Mixed program Kop van Zuid / Parkstad Kop van Zuid: - 4.500 dwellings (3.000 realised) - 350.000 m2 offices (180.000 m2 realised) - 80.000 m2 retail / leisure (30.000 m2 realised) - 70.000 m2 non-profit (50.000 m2 realised) Parkstad: - 2.500 dwellings - 65.000 m2 offices - 40.000 m2 commercial - 30.000 m2 non-profit BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Sub-areas Kop van Zuid BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Wilhelminapier BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Zoning plan 1991 section zoning plan BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik plan Teun Koolhaas bird's eye view plan 1987 section zoning plan and bird's eye view plan 1987

Masterplan Wilhelminapier, 1995 section zoning plan BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik bird's eye view plan 1995 section zoning plan and bird's eye view plan 1995

Masterplan Wilhelminapier, 2002 BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik section zoning plan and sketch 2002

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik zoning plan, city of Rotterdam, 2007

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik renderings, 2007

2. Evaluation urban plan Points that can be called succesful and meaningful for the city as a whole 1. The new city axis 2. The new public structures - The Erasmusbrug - New metrostation Wilhelminaplein - The Varkenoords viaduct 3. Three new tramlines 4. The private harbar areas are made public 5. New skyline for the city 6. New residential environments, i.e. Landtong and Stadstuinen 7. Exceptional public spaces BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Infrastructure, the city axis BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Infrastructure, metrostation and tramlines BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

From private zones to public space BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Wilhelminapier and Entrepot area

New residential environments BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Peninsula (landtong) and urban gardens (stadstuinen)

Design public space south side Wilhelminapier BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik designed by Peter Wilson

Wierdsmaplein dS+V BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

New skyline BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Future plans 1. The North-South metroline Coloseumweg - Rosestraat - Willemsbrug 2. The East-West metrolines 3. Connecting Kop van Zuid to 19th c. residential districts Feyenoord - Katendrecht - Afrikaanderwijk - Hillessluis 4. High-rise in relation to area development less ad-hoc BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Parkstad BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Old (poor) vs New (rich) BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Large, hard contrast

Kop van Feijenoord 365 ground-oriented 898 appartements ________________+ 1263 dwellings BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Parkstad 350 ground-oriented 941 appartements ________________+ Northern emplacement 32 ground-oriented 212 appartements "Brabantse" huisjes 79 ground-oriented 104 appartments BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik 1291 dwellings

High-rise BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Deception BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik rendering Maastoren, Rotterdam, 2006

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik rendering Maastoren, Rotterdam, 2006

Shadows BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

High-rise policy 2000-2010 no limit max. 150 m BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik transition zone

Principles new high-rise policy - Wind and sun - Continuity of city structure - Exceptional public space BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

3. Five themes for high-rise policy Peter Bosselman prof. Urban Design Berkely University California 1. Zoning and transformation 2. Maximum GFA (Gross Floor Area) per plot 3. Composition of build mass and plinth 4. Program of plinth 5. Comfort zone BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Zoning Yellow: Central zone (200m) Purple: Transition zone BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Maximum GFA/plot No more than 12-15x m2 area of plot Example: Zalmhaven (10x) - Expieriance of tower wind, shadow, light - Urban plinth - Al parking within building BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Program plinth - The plinth needs an interesting program over multiple layers - Above these layers parking is possible - Urban plinth - Al parking within building BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Montevideo BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

Comfort zone BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Edward Arens, Dept. of Architecture, U.C. Berkeley

The new watercity is formed by high-rise BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

4. Reflection on subjects Comparison Kop van Zuid, Rotterdam Oostelijk Havengebied, Amsterdam 1. Planning 2. Utilising harbor identity with urban development 3. Stratigic position, catalyst effect 4. Urban density Planning - Masterplan - Section plans - Developing section plans - Relation urbanism - architecture BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

Taking the past to the future Harbors - Urban plan city (form) - Detailing (like quays, kranes, etc.) - Reuse of harbors (no "dead" waters) - Keeping harborbuildings that form the iconics of the plan Kop van Zuid, Rotterdam - Hotel New York - Las Palmas - Entrepot Oostelijk Havengebied, Amsterdam - Abbattoir (formar life stock complex) - Gemeentelijk handelsentrepot (formar municipal trade warehouse) - Pakhuis Amsterdam (formar warehouse) BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

Urban density FSI > 100 dwellings/hec. FSI > 2.0 How possible? - Many stacked dwellings (>8 layers) - Use of old quays and harbor basin - Parking in (underground) garages - High dense low-rise BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

Montevideo BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Java-eiland Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik figures R’dam vs A’dam

Stratigic positon of developed area Spatial Joining on city plan (long lines) Functional Public transport (+stations) Infrastructure for moterised transportation Catalyst effect Rotterdam: Kop van Zuid Katendrecht Feyenoord Afrikaanderwijk Parkstad Amsterdam: Oostelijk havengebied Y-burg Almere BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

Area trancending programs 9000 dwellings Catalyst BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Kop van Zuid R’dam vs Oostelijk Havengebied A’dam

BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik Rotterdam, old and new

Creative commons You are free: - to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work - to make derivative works Under the following conditions: - Attribution. You must give the original author credit - Non-Commercial. You may not use this work for commercial purposes - Share Alike. If you alter, transform, or build upon this work, you may distribute the resulting work only under a licence identical to this one BK 7210 design principles urbanism and Kop van Zuid – ir. John Westrik

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