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Bites And Stings 10

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Information about Bites And Stings 10
Education

Published on February 29, 2008

Author: Stella

Source: authorstream.com

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Bites And Stings:  Bites And Stings Rinse all bites 5 minutes with water (except severe bites) Clean with soap and water Dog Bites:  Dog Bites If approached: Stop/ Stand still Talk softly Move slowly Never turn your back on a dog Use: stick, mace, pepper spray Concern for rabies Rabies: Be Concerned If Skin Is Penetrated By::  Rabies: Be Concerned If Skin Is Penetrated By: Unprovoked animal (squirrel) Strange acting dog or other animal Animal of high risk species Raccoons Bats Foxes Skunks Bites and Rabies:  Bites and Rabies An acute virus disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals, usually transmitted through the bite of a rabid animal Results in hydrophobia: throat muscles go into spasm if they try to drink and they choke No cure once symptoms develop Rabies: What To Do:  Rabies: What To Do If bitten by a wild animal - suspect rabies Clean wound with soap and water (under pressure) Seek medical attention Tetanus shot may be required Start rabies treatment immediately (5 arm injections over one month) Rabies: What To Do With The Animal:  Rabies: What To Do With The Animal Kill animal and transport entire body to a vet Wear gloves to avoid infected saliva Vet will decapitate and submit the head for rabies testing Snakebites:  Snakebites Poisonous snakes in the U.S. Rattlesnake Copperhead Water moccasin Coral snake Pit Vipers :  Pit Vipers Rattlesnake Copperhead Water moccasin Characteristics: Flat heads that are wider than their necks (triangular) “Cat eyes” (elliptical) Heat sensitive “pit” between the eye and nostril on each side of the head Pit Viper Bites: Signs and Symptoms (refer to p. 309):  Pit Viper Bites: Signs and Symptoms (refer to p. 309) Severe burning/ fang marks Swelling (occurs in 5 minutes and can involve entire extremity Mark extent of swelling on body 6-10 hours later: potential discoloration and blood filled blisters Coral Snake Bites:  Coral Snake Bites Most venomous, but rarely bites Red, yellow and black bands Every other band is yellow Red on yellow, kill a fellow. Red on black, venom lack. Chews venom into the body Snake Bites: What To Do (controversial but generally recommended):  Snake Bites: What To Do (controversial but generally recommended) Pit Viper Get away from snake / may re-strike Can strike ½ the length of their body A decapitated head can react for 20 more minutes Have victim lie down and stay calm Do not move victim unless absolutely necessary Keep bitten area immobile and below the level of the heart Call 911 Wash area with soap and water Snake Bites: What To Do #2:  Snake Bites: What To Do #2 If more than 1 hour from medical facility, use “extractor” within 3 minutes and left on for 30 minutes (pit vipers only) (up to 30% of venom may be removed) Seek medical attention immediately Anti-venom available only at hospitals Same anti-venom used no matter type of snake Must be given within 4 hours of the bite Snake Bites: What To Do:  Snake Bites: What To Do Do Not’s Icing is not helpful “Cut and suck method” Avoid mouth suction No constriction bands (bite on local woman) Coral Snake Bites: What To Do:  Coral Snake Bites: What To Do Coral Snake Use same methods except: Do not use “extractor” Apply mild pressure over the bite site and wrap entire limb with an ace bandage No ice is necessary Non-Poisonous Bites:  Non-Poisonous Bites Horseshoe shaped tooth marks May be painful but no systemic reactions What To Do? Minor wound treatment If in doubt, go to hospital or call Dr. Snake Bite Prevention :  Snake Bite Prevention Use caution around wood piles, rock crevices etc. Watch where you step Do not reach into holes or hidden ledges Wear boots, long pants, long sleeved shirts Don’t sit or step over logs without checking it out Use a walking stick When camping, keep tent zipped at all times (float trip)(child sat on snake) Take a friend along Snakes: Additional Information:  Snakes: Additional Information Poor vision, especially when shedding Prime time for crawling snakes in this area: August Baby snakes have stronger venom Snakes just out of hibernation have stronger venom Spider Bites:  Spider Bites Tarantula Black Widow Brown Recluse Tarantula:  Tarantula Not life threatening Treatment Cortisone cream Antihistamines (benadryl) Black Widow Bites :  Black Widow Bites Bite: Pin-prick or no “bite” sensation Immediate pain, swelling, redness Headache, chills, fever, heavy sweating, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, severe abdominal pain Faint red bite marks appear Severe muscle pain, cramps, and stiffness Severe pain peaks in 2-3 hours but can last up to 48 hours Brown Recluse:  Brown Recluse Found in dark, dry places Violin shapes on backs Slight initial pain Severe pain in 2 to 8 to 12 hours Brown Recluse #2:  Brown Recluse #2 Redness, swelling, itching Volcano lesions result Possible consequences: Skin grafting gangrene Spider Bites: What To Do:  Spider Bites: What To Do Save spider for identification Keep bite area below the heart Clean bite site Ice Monitor ABC,s Seek medical attention immediately Ticks :  Ticks Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever Colorado Tick Fever Lyme Disease Lyme Disease:  Lyme Disease Spread by animals that carry deer ticks: White tailed deer/ White footed mice found primarily in the Northeastern U.S. Signs and symptoms: 3 to 30 days post bite Is difficult to diagnose: Flu-like, fever, chills, headache, joint stiffness, fatigue May be diagnosed initially as arthritis May come and go for years Rash: white center with redness all around (hot to touch but without pain) Treat with proper antibiotics Prevention for Tick Bites:  Prevention for Tick Bites Insect repellent (DEET) Check for ticks frequently and remove Stay on path when hiking Tape jeans to boots Wear long sleeved shirts, long pants 7 dust for yards (controls fleas as well) Tick Removal:  Tick Removal Check hairy parts of the body (student) Remove as soon as possible with tweezers (pull slowly and gently) Do not use nail polish, hot match etc. If head or mouthparts remain, remove as if a splinter Tick Bites: First Aid:  Tick Bites: First Aid Clean wound site Watch for infection and other symptoms See physician if: Rash Fever, muscle aches, sensitivity to bright light, weakness in limb, paralysis Insect Stings:  Insect Stings Worrisome Reactions: Normally, the sooner the symptoms develop, the more serious Flushed skin /blue skin Hives Swelling of lips, tongue, throat Wheezing, “tickle in throat” Abdominal cramps, diarrhea Trouble breathing Seizures Stings: First Aid:  Stings: First Aid Remove stinger by scraping with a credit card or like item (back out the stinger) Stinger injects poison for 2-3 minutes up to 20 minutes after sting Stung in the throat? Suck on ice or flush with cold water, hold baking soda water in the mouth Stings: First Aid #2:  Stings: First Aid #2 Cleanse site Use extractor if available Use a commercial “sting stick” Apply ice (slows absorption, relieves pain) Baking soda paste Meat tenderizer Tobacco Vinegar or lemon juice suggested for wasp sting Aspirin, Tylenol, hydrocortisone cream Benedryl (or other antihistamine) if given early may prove helpful Stings: First Aid #3:  Stings: First Aid #3 Observe for 30 minutes Keep anaphylaxis in mind Epinephrine Re-inject after 15 minutes if necessary Watch for delayed allergic reaction (possibly the next day) What Would You Do?:  What Would You Do? 18 months old First time to be stung by a bee Allergies in family Killer Bees and Fire Ants:  Killer Bees and Fire Ants Other Bites and Stings:  Other Bites and Stings Sharks:  Sharks Attacks are within 100 feet of shore Attacks in early morning, late evening (at feeding times)

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