BIOMETRICS

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Published on October 1, 2008

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BIOMETRICS: Libraries have begun to see the value of biometrics.M.G. SELVITechnical OfficerCenter of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics,University of Madras. : BIOMETRICS: Libraries have begun to see the value of biometrics.M.G. SELVITechnical OfficerCenter of Advanced Study in Crystallography and Biophysics,University of Madras. INTRODUCTION : INTRODUCTION Biometrics is the Science and Technology of Measuring and Analyzing Biological data. It is an Automated Method of recognizing a person based on a Physiological or Behavioral characteristicsThe Features measured are, face finger print hand geometry hand writing iris voice blood vessels in the retina coloration in the cornea of the eye DNA from tissue samples : It is an Automated Method of recognizing a person based on a Physiological or Behavioral characteristicsThe Features measured are, face finger print hand geometry hand writing iris voice blood vessels in the retina coloration in the cornea of the eye DNA from tissue samples Biometric-Based Authentication : Biometric-Based Authentication Dr. S.R. RANGANATHAN, Father of Library Science said, “ The Right Book to the Right Reader at the Right Time ” At present distinguishing “The Right Person” from an imposter is the key to security and trust. Biometric based solution provide Personal data privacy Confidential financial transaction Biometric-base authentication applications include : Biometric-base authentication applications include Workstation Network and Domain access Single Sign-on Application logon Data Protection Remote access to resources Transaction security and Web security. Biometric Device – Fingerprint : Biometric Device – Fingerprint Finger Print is not easily borrowed, lost stolen forgotten falsified or guessed. Biometrics and Libraries : Biometrics and Libraries In libraries, finger print identification has the additional benefits of Convenience Customer confidence Prevent theft and vandalism Prevent unauthorized & fraudulent use Improves safety Accuracy and Security Biometric Finger Scanners : Biometric Finger Scanners It consists of A reader or scanning device Software that converts the scanned information into Digital form and compares match points A Database that stores the Biometric data for comparison Biometric System : Biometric System Finger print identification process consists of two essential procedures Enrollment Authentication No person’s finger prints are identical to those of another individual! Comparison for identification : Comparison for identification A Verification System It conducts a one-to-one comparison (1:1) to determine whether the identity is true. eg. Accessing an online secure data source. An Identification System It conducts a one-to-many (1:N) comparison to establish a subject’s identity. eg.Front counter check-in Benefits of Biometrics in Libraries : Benefits of Biometrics in Libraries From LIBRARY POINT OF VIEW Recurring cost for Library card eliminated Easy and foolproof verification of end user Rack management for book retrieval Dynamic & easy searching of books Online budget and account maintenance Instant reports No misuse of authority Full inventory control From Student/ Member point of view : From Student/ Member point of view Problems due to library card will be eliminated.          No misuse of library card is possible due to fingerprint.          Searching of complete library on a fingertip without scanning whole manual register.          No time wastage in issuing/returning of books        Control in Library Internet Access, Self check out systems and Electronic media control (DVDs, CDs). Diagram explaining biometric needs for employees & members in libraries : Diagram explaining biometric needs for employees & members in libraries Slide 14: CENTRAL SERVER AND MANAGER EMPLOYEES MEMBERS NON-MEMBERS PASSWORD – Password management & Control for Computers,Websites, Application & Corporate Networks TELLER – File Cabinet and Drawer Access TIME – Employee Time and Attendance MEMBER – I.D. Theft Prevention for Employees and Members ACCESS – Interior and/or Exterior Door Access BIOMETRICS IN PC ACCESS, NETWORK ACCESS, PASSWORD ELIMINATION IN LIBRARIES : BIOMETRICS IN PC ACCESS, NETWORK ACCESS, PASSWORD ELIMINATION IN LIBRARIES ·        Protects individual PCs and Network Access. ·        Reduce IT helpdesks calls for password resets. ·        Authenticate who is accessing what PC, Network, and application with exceptional accuracy. ·        Associate a single fingerprint with as many or as few passwords or PINs on a system. Single sign or convenience for application and websites. ·        Logon automatically without having to type in another password. Slide 16: ·        Eliminate the security risks of written down passwords. ·        Protects passwords from most key logging viruses. ·        Prevent stolen or Borrowed passwords. ·        Easy to use and enroll fingerprint profiles. ·        Easy installation. Web-Based Biometric Authentication System (WBAS) : Web-Based Biometric Authentication System (WBAS) The authentication can be done by: : The authentication can be done by: · Fingerprint only (needs a fingerprint reader) · Face only (needs a webcam/camera) · Fingerprint and Face (needs a fingerprint reader and a webcam/camera) Biometrics and smart card system : Biometrics and smart card system Biometrics add an additional layer of security to a smart card system Smart cards provide the “something you have”factor. The “Something you know”is usually a PIN Integrating a finger print scanner into a smart card reader increases security by adding “something you are” Biometrics in INDIA : Biometrics in INDIA India which is perpetually under the threat of terrorism and security breach, is gearing up to adopt various biometric methods. It is used in Defense and Security Industry Police Administration Finance Ministry (PANs) Home Affairs (IDs) Libraries BIOMETRICS INDIA EXPO 2007: : BIOMETRICS INDIA EXPO 2007: The First International Conference and Exhibition of Biometric Technologies and Applications will be held at PRAGATI MAIDAN, NEW DELHI, September 13-15, 2007. CONCLUSION : CONCLUSION Technology is growing rapidly, but at the   same time security breaches and transaction frauds are also in the increase world over. All agencies including Libraries who are in need of security, surveillance and safety have to adopt biometrics. “THE FUTURE DEPENDS ON WHAT WE DO IN THE PRESENT” -MAHATMA GANDHI Let us hope for a safe and secure future! Thank you, : Thank you,

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