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Published on February 28, 2014

Author: vannessangel24

Source: slideshare.net

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES By: MARIA KRISIA FAE DELOS REYES DE ASIS, BSN-RN

SCIENCE - systematic study of anything that can be examined, tested, and verified - Derived from Latin word SCIRE meaning “to know”

BRANCHES OF SCIENCE A. MATHEMATICAL SCIENCES B. PHYSICAL SCIENCES C. EARTH SCIENCES D. LIFE SCIENCES E. SOCIAL SCIENCES F. TECHNOLOGY

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES - include all those areas of study that deal with living things

IDENTIFY: The study of plants? Answer: BOTANY

IDENTIFY: The study of animals? Answer: ZOOLOGY

IDENTIFY: The branch of biology that studies the way in which characteristics are transmitted from an organism to its offspring? Answer: GENETICS

IDENTIFY: The study of plant and animal structures? Answer: ANATOMY

IDENTIFY: The study of the physical and chemical processes that take place in living organisms during the performance of life functions? Answer: PHYSIOLOGY

IDENTIFY: The study of the relationship of plants and animals to their physical and biological environment? Answer: ECOLOGY

IDENTIFY: The general study of the origin, development, structure, functi on, evolution, and distribution of living things? Answer: BIOLOGY

IDENTIFY: The study of the classifications of living organisms into specific groups? Answer: TAXONOMY

KARL VON LINNE - CAROLUS LINNAEUS - “father of taxonomy” - Developed a system of classification to organize species into categories

CLASSIFICATION - KINGDOM - PHYLUM KING PHILIP’S - CLASS CLASS - ORDER ORDERED A - FAMILY FAMILY-SIZED - GENUS GERRY’S GRILL - SPECIES SPECIAL

KINGDOM MONERA -Bacteria -Prokaryotes -Ex. Bacillus, cocci Examples: Bacillus anthracis Mycobacterium tuberculosis Salmonella typhosa Staphylococcus aureus

KINGDOM PROTISTA -Eukaryotes, usually unicellular -Ex. Algae, amoeba, seaweeds Examples: Plasmodium falcifarum Entamoeba histolytica Chlorophyta (green algae) Rhodophyta (red algae) Dinoflagellata

KINGDOM FUNGI -Multicellular, filamentous organisms that absorb food -Eukaryotes -Ex. mushrooms, lichens, yeast Examples: Ascomycota (sac fungi) Basidiomycota (club fungi) Zygomycota (ex. Bread mold)

KINGDOM PLANTAE -Multicellular organisms that obtain food through photosynthesis -Ex. plants, trees, shrubs, etc. Examples: Pterophyta (ferns) Coniferophyta (conifers) Anthophyta (flowering plants) = Class Magnoliopsida (dicots) = Class Liliopsida (monocots)

KINGDOM ANIMALIA -Multicellular organisms that ingest food -Ex. Vertebrates (Phylum Chordata – presence of notochord) & invertebrates (Porifera, Cnidaria, Anthropoda , Annelida etc.)

CLASSIFY! TIGER KINGDOM: Animalia PHYLUM: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Genus: Panthera Species: tigris

CLASSIFY! CHEETAH KINGDOM: Animalia PHYLUM: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Genus: Acinonyx Species: jubatus

ASSIGNMENT: - To be submitted next meeting on a short coupon bond. CLASSIFY THE FOLLOWING: - Wolf - Lion - Walrus - Blue Whale - Polar Bear

PLEASE PREPARE FOR A SHORT QUIZ … 

question: 1-5. What are the 5 Kingdoms? Enumerate. (In any order) Answer:

question: 6. What is the study of animals? Answer:

question: 7-13. What are the levels of classification of organisms? Enumerate IN ORDER. Answer:

question: 14. Who is the Father of Taxonomy? Answer:

question: 15. What bacteria causes anthrax? Answer:

BONUS question: What is my full name?  Answer:

ANSWER: -MONERA -PROTISTA -FUNGI -PLANTAE -ANIMALIA

ANSWER: -ZOOLOGY

ANSWER: - CAROLUS LINNEAUS or KARL VON LINNE

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