Published on December 30, 2008
The Bhopal Disaster : The Bhopal Disaster Group 1 Rachel Calloway Hitaa Gandhi Le Huynh Hina Rehmani Background on the Bhopal Disaster : Background on the Bhopal Disaster What happened at the Bhopal Disaster? 45 tons of Methyl Isocyanate (MIC) gas escaped from two underground storage tanks at a Union Carbide pesticide plant When did it occur? December 3, 1984 Where did it occur? Bhopal, India Map of India : Map of India How did this incident occur? : How did this incident occur? What is Methyl Isocyanate? : What is Methyl Isocyanate? Clear, colorless, sharp smelling liquid Highly flammable Extremely toxic Volatile reaction with water in about 10 minutes Chemical Reactions : Chemical Reactions Effective methods of obtaining Methyl Isocyanate: Using a distillation column which uses a series of filtering devices Treatment of MCC with a tertiary amine What is MIC used for? : What is MIC used for? Union Carbide used MIC to produce a insecticide called Carbaryl MIC reacts with 1-naphthol in a hydrolysis process to produce Carbaryl Side Effects of Inhaling Methyl Isocyanate : Side Effects of Inhaling Methyl Isocyanate Effects at 0.4ppm Breathlessness Choking Asthma Throat Irritation Eye Irritation Skin Damage Vomiting Muscular Weakness Altered Consciousness Effects at 21ppm Pulmonary Edema Emphysema Hemorrhages Bronchial Pneumonia Death Repercussions of the disaster? : Repercussions of the disaster? Among the 500,000 people exposed to the gas: 20,000 have died till date 120,000 continue to suffer Out of every 3 children born after the Bhopal disaster, only 1 survived. What happened to Union Carbide? : What happened to Union Carbide? After the Bhopal Disaster, the company went out of business. They were bought by Dow Chemical in 1999. Remediation Process : Remediation Process Bhopal continues to suffer the environmental contamination produced by the release of MIC Donations and medical/volunteer assistance has been provided Union Carbide accepted responsibility and agreed to a $470 million settlement What’s the situation now? : What’s the situation now? To this day, the Union Carbide location in Bhopal is not remediated. The plant still leaks toxic chemicals such as: Mercury Trichloroethane Chlorinated organics Lead The Bhopal Disaster : The Bhopal Disaster Works Cited : Works Cited Banerjee, Brojendra. Bhopal Gas Tragedy. 1. New Delhi, India: Paribus Publishers and Distributors, 1986. Bhargava, Ashok. "The Bhopal Incident and Union Carbide: Ramifications of an Industrial Accident." Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars 18(1986): 2-19. Fortun, Kim. "The Bhopal Disaster: Advocacy and Expertise." Science as culture 7(1998): 193-EOA. Jasanoff, Sheila. "Bhopal's Trial of Knowledge and Ignorance." Journal of the History of Science in Society 98(2007): 344-350. Lederman, Peter. "Bhopal Plus One: A Chemical Engineer's Watershed." Enronmental progress 5(1986): F2-3. Mackenzie, Debora. "Fresh evidence on Bhopal disaster." New Scientist 176(2002): 6-EOA. Varma, Roli, and Daya Varma. "The Bhopal Disaster of 1984." Bulletin of science, technology & water 25(2005): 37-45. Websites: http://www.chemicalindustryarchives.org/dirtysecrets/bhopal/index.asp http://www.greenpeace.org/international/news/nightmare-in-bhopal http://www.unu.edu/unupress/unupbooks/uu21le/uu21le0c.htm http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2004/12/305084.shtml http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Methyl_isocyanate
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