Published on March 12, 2014
The Berlin Blockade & Airlift The First Showdown
The Partition of Germany The lack of cooperation between Stalin and the west contributed to severe economic hardship in Germany Economic reform and rebuilding was greatly needed By 1948 it looked as though the East-West division of Germany would be permanent The three western powers prepared for the creation of West Germany
Currency Reform The western powers initiated economic cooperation and a new currency, the Deutschmark, in their sectors The Soviets responded with their own new currency in their sector, including Berlin So the west brought the Deutschmark into west Berlin Economic disparity within Berlin the west began to improve, the east did not
The Blockade The Soviets announced that the west had no business interfering in the east, and they closed the roads, railways, and waterways that linked West Berlin to western zones But the Americans cannot abandon Berlin – CONTAINMENT If the Truman Doctrine was to be applied seriously, they must keep Berlin The Domino Theory – if Berlin falls, what will be next?
The Airlift The USA decided, instead, to begin a massive airlift to supply West Berlin with everything that it needed – food, fuel, medicine, necessities The only way the Soviets could stop it would be to shoot down one of the aircraft – an act of war For 15 months, the planes supplied 2.5 million Berliners with all necessities A plane landed in Berlin every 2 minutes Stalin concluded the blockade was not working and backed down
1960s East German Poster about the 1948 Western airlift. The text reads: "Air bridge to West Berlin--a peace-endangering provocation of the imperialist Western powers."
The Formation of NATO April 1949 The North Atlantic Treaty Organization The Product of the Berlin Blockade and Airlift The Blockade told the Americans that they had to be at the ready in case of further military showdown with the Soviets Americans stationed over a million men overseas and occupied 675 overseas bases
Original Members Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Italy, Portugal, Norway, Denmark, Iceland, Canada, and the USA.
Berlin Blockade (1948–49) Berlin Crisis of 1961 "Ich bin ein Berliner" (1963) ... The short film BERLIN AIR LIFT (OUTTAKES FROM "OPERATIONS VITTLES") ...
MLA style: "Berlin blockade and airlift". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2016. Web. 19 Feb. 2016 ...
Find out more about the history of Berlin Airlift, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more. Get all the facts on ...
The Berlin Blockade and airlift. Page: 1; 2; 3; Next; ... The next day, Stalin cut off all rail and road links to west Berlin - the Berlin Blockade.
Berlin Blockade and Airlift 1948 (5m) - Duration: 4:35. mrkhistory 12,668 views. 4:35 BBC History File: Post-war Berlin 1945-9 (inc. Airlift ...
Berlin Blockade The blockade of Berlin was the first ... They also imposed a blockade on West Berlin, ... became dependent on reserve stocks and airlift ...
The Berlin Airlift, 1948–1949. At the end of the Second World War, U.S., British, and Soviet military forces divided and occupied Germany.
The Berlin Blockade. ... the Americans orchestrated a monumental airlift which flew necessities such as coal and food into ... The Cold War Museum. P.O ...
The Berlin Blockade was from 24 June 1948 to 11 May 1949. It began when the Soviet Union blocked railway and road access by the three Western powers (the ...
Berlin Airlift Primary Sources ... the Soviet military government in Berlin began to a land blockade of the allied areas of the city by refusing to permit ...