Published on March 12, 2014
BENNETT’S HIERARCHY OF OUTCOMES Bennett & Rockwell (1995)
WHAT Seven sequential steps First four steps focus around process evaluation Last three steps focus on outcome evaluation
WHAT LEVEL STEP DESCRIPTION 7 End Results Social, Economic, Environmental 6 Practice Change Behavioural changes in target group (direct/proxy evidence) 5 KASA Change Knowledge, Attitude, Skills, Aspirations 4 Reactions Reaction to involvement 3 Involvement Involvement of different stakeholders (participation monitoring) 2 Activities Implementation of activities (activities monitoring) 1 Input Programming resources to support program activities (input monitoring)
HOW Working from level 1 to 7 for planning Working from level 7 to 1 for evaluation
WHAT How well the program is working? Is it reaching the intended people? WHY Tells how well the plans developed are working Identifies early problems that occur in reaching the target Allows adjustments to be made before problem worsens METHODS Quantitative, Qualitative, Combination EVALUATING PROCESS HOW
WHAT Helps to measure immediate changes brought about by the problem Helps assess changes in KASA WHY Allows for program modification in terms of materials, resource shifting etc Tells whether or not programs are moving in the right direction METHODS Quantitative, Qualitative, Combination EVALUATING OUTCOME HOW
LADDER OF OUTCOMES STEP MEASURES Actions Changes in behaviours and practices Learning Changes in knowledge, attitudes, skills, aspirations Reactions Degree of satisfaction with program; level of interest; feelings towards activities, educational methods Participation Number and characteristics of people reached; frequency and intensity of contact HOW
REFERENCE Bennett C. & Rockwell K. (1995) Targeting outcomes to program outcomes (TOP)L An integrated approach to planning and evaluation University of Nebraska Radhakrishna R.B. & Relado R.Z. (2009) Viewing Bennett’s Hierarchy from a Different Lens: Implications for Extension Program Evaluation Journal of Extention http://www.joe.org/joe/2010december/tt1.php Radhakrishna R.B. & Relado R.Z. (2009) A framework to link evaluation questions to program outcomes Journal of Extention http://www.joe.org/joe/2009june/tt2.php
Linking Bennett's Hierarchy to Program Outcomes and Costs. Based on the information presented in Figure 3, ...
Targeting Outcomes of Programs (Bennett’s hierarchy) Targeting Outcomes of Programs (TOP) focuses on outcomes in planning, implementing, and evaluating ...
Targeting Outcomes of Programs: A Hierarchy for ... After two decades of using Bennett’s hierarchy and four years of testing TOP, we affirm TOP's
... Using Bennett's Hierarchy to implement change in the Victorian viticultural industry. ... Targeting Outcomes of Programs ...
Using the TOP Model to Measure Program Performance: ... Model is Bennett’s (1975) hierarchy, ... Targeting outcomes of programs: A hierarchy for ...
In Bennett's Hierarchy of Evidence, ... , similar to level 7 of Bennett's Hierarchy, long-term outcomes in the logic model contribute to the ...
Additional Resources ... Bennett's hierarchy, ... A Practitioner's Guide to Achieving Outcomes at http://www.samhsa.gov/centers/csap/modelprograms.
A program logic is another formative evaluation tool. ... including the outcomes hierarchy. ... Bennett’s Hierarchy.
Readbag users suggest that Viewing Bennett's Hierarchy from a Different Lens: Implications for Extension ... outcomes. Examining Bennett's hierarchy ...