beckwith whois workshop 24jun03

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Information about beckwith whois workshop 24jun03
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Published on October 2, 2007

Author: abdullah

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Whois Workshop Introduction to Registry/Registrar Issues:  Whois Workshop Introduction to Registry/Registrar Issues Presented by Bruce W. Beckwith VP, Operations June 23, 2003 Serving the Public Interest Background:  Background In the “early days”, whois was used by network operators (ISPs, web-hosters, infrastructure providers) to identify domain holders – in case of email problems, DOS attacks, etc. The data collected in whois was rudimentary – registrant, administrative, technical and billing contacts Background (continued):  Background (continued) Data elements historically collected in whois: Registrant (though no telephone number or email address) Administrative Contact (usually web-hoster or ISP) Technical Contact (usually ISP) Billing Contact (sometimes registrant, sometimes web-hoster, depended on retail model used to register domain) Background (continued):  Background (continued) In 1999, ICANN required registrars to provide both web-based and Port 43 access to whois Not all registrars have an operational whois – the requirement is detailed in the RAA Most of top 10 gTLD registrars limit queries per IP address – maintain that this protects customers & system overload Bulk Whois access also required Registrars must make available their list of registrants (who do not “opt-out”) for a fee “not to exceed US $10,000” Of the top 10 TLD registrars, only a fraction offer bulk whois with contracts that conform to the ICANN contractual requirements (most include provisions that are not “in the spirit” of the contracts) Background (continued):  Background (continued) In 2001, ICANN required registries to provide both web-based and Port 43 whois Registries with “thin” data – VCNR and PIR (at start) only show minimal data PIR is converting from “thin” to “thick” throughout 2003 Registries with “thick” data show full registrant record – same as registrars GNR (.name) was able to change ICANN contracts to offer minimal data (to protect their registrants – individuals) The Data:  The Data Registrars manage the registrant (customer) relationship Collect domain name record details at registration Manage the updating of the data Furnish it to “thick” registries Provide access via Whois Registries simply provide access via Whois if .com/.net, then “thin” display if .org (in transition), .info, .biz, new sponsored gTLDs, then “thick” display Issues:  Issues Many interests now want to keep whois status quo: IP community – to protect marks Law Enforcement – to help investigations Network Operators – in case of attacks Many interests want to restrict whois data: Privacy Advocates – protect PII European Union - protect PII and data export Registrars – retain customers/market share Registries – PII concerns, not to violate EU restrictions Some Misconceptions:  Some Misconceptions Spam is only based on domain registrations If you post to public mailing lists, “bots” harvest your email address If you purchase anything on-line and the retailer does not have a policy against spam, your email address will be sold Bulk Whois is the major source of email addresses for spammers Since so few registrars offer Bulk Whois files, spammers use other methods to harvest email addresses Some Realities:  Some Realities The registry zone files are used to identify changes to each TLD The best source for spammers & others Via contractual requirements, registrars and registries must make data freely available to anyone Enables data mining/harvesting of Whois records For Further Discussion:  For Further Discussion Allow zone files to be restricted to legitimate uses Necessary for IP, ISPs, network operators, etc. Today, registries must comply with any request – cannot decline a request for free zone file access Limit whois access for legitimate purposes Most queries can be addressed by “domain available” or “domain not available” response Requires education to community Requires interested parties to define “legitimate purposes” Engage community in refining the purposes for whois in this changed world and environment Much has changed since “the early days”, registrar competition in 1999, registry competition in 2000 Whois Workshop Introduction to Registry/Registrar Issues:  Whois Workshop Introduction to Registry/Registrar Issues Contact: bbeckwith@pir.org June 23, 2003 Serving the Public Interest

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