BeautifulLawn

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Published on October 3, 2007

Author: Jancis

Source: authorstream.com

Steps to a Beautiful Lawn:  Steps to a Beautiful Lawn Ron Smith, Ph.D. NDSU Turfgrass Specialist 9/10/06 Slide2:  A beautiful lawn adds value to property plus cools, cleans, and protects the environment. 5 Common Causes of Poor Lawns:  5 Common Causes of Poor Lawns Poor SEED or Variety Choice Improper FERTILIZATION Improper WATERING Methods Lack of WEED Control Improper MOWING Procedures You Can Have A Good Lawn if You::  You Can Have A Good Lawn if You: Select the Right Grass Slide6:  Perennial Ryegrass Slide7:  Buffalograss plugs getting established on a slope Slide8:  Blue Grama Blue Grama & Buffalograss Are “xeric” turfgrasses Slide9:  Bismarck-origin Buffalograss Slide10:  Bluegrass Variation Slide11:  ‘Park’, along with other common Kentucky Bluegrasses, are low-maintenance requiring grasses. Excellent for home lawns and park environments. Good seedling vigor. You Can Have A Good Lawn if You::  You Can Have A Good Lawn if You: Select the Right Grass Seed Properly Slide13:  Rough Grade Establishment – Very important first step in establishing and maintaining a beautiful lawn Slide14:  Hand sowing and finish grading of seed is least expensive method; most laborious. Jeanne is using a landscape rake for grading; better than a common garden rake. Slide15:  Broadcast seeding is good for covering large areas. Jeanne is using a cyclone spreader for this task. Slide16:  Mulching a seeded area will lead to faster and better establishment; straw mulch shown here, will also contribute weed seed Slide17:  Hydro-mulching is a weed-free process, and usually results in quick turfgrass establishment Slide18:  Sodding provides instant turfgrass coverage; this washed sod is used only on golf course greens and tees You Can Have A Good Lawn if You::  You Can Have A Good Lawn if You: Select the Right Grass Seed Properly Fertilize Properly TYPE of Fertilizer RATE of Application TIME of Application METHOD of Application FOLLOW-UP Tasks :  TYPE of Fertilizer RATE of Application TIME of Application METHOD of Application FOLLOW-UP Tasks Slide21:  Effect of fertilizer on weed control: Just 1 pound of N/1000 SF made grass more competitive Slide22:  Fertilizer Mistakes! Skips – Top dumps Slide23:  Organic fertilizers have very low to no burn potential, and aid microorganism populations; typically low nutrient analysis Calculate Fertilizer Needs Correctly!:  Calculate Fertilizer Needs Correctly! Analysis: N= 21%; P=0%; K=10%; Needed, 1 lb/actual N/1000 SF 1 lb/21% N= 4.76 lbs/MSF 4.76 lbs/M x 43.56/M/acre = 207 lbs/acre 207 lbs/acre/50 lb bags = 4 bags/acre You Can Have A Good Lawn if You::  You Can Have A Good Lawn if You: Select the Right Grass Seed Properly Fertilize Properly Mow Properly Slide26:  Mower Types : Reel – Top Rotary Slide27:  Dull mower blade damage – Tall Fescue Slide28:  Betsey on Triplex Reel Mower, commonly used on baseball fields and golf courses. For fine, close cutting, high maintenance requirement. You Can Have A Good Lawn if You::  Select the Right Grass Seed Properly Fertilize Properly Mow Properly Control Weeds You Can Have A Good Lawn if You: Slide30:  Weed Control Study at Ohio State With Proper Fertilization: Bottom: 0# N; Middle: 1# N; Top: 2# N You Can Have A Good Lawn if You::  Select the Right Grass Seed Properly Fertilize Properly Mow Properly Control Weeds Control Diseases and Insects You Can Have A Good Lawn if You: Slide32:  Julie is pulling plugs for analysis using a cup-cutter, commonly used on golf course greens Slide33:  Pitfall traps made with golf course cup- cutter. Use 3 different sized Solo cups to monitor and collect turf insect activity. Slide34:  A plug pulled from this residence reveals 2+ inches of thatch! Too much for a healthy lawn!! Slide35:  De-thatching during active growth in late spring or fall will not damage grass Core Cultivation:  Core Cultivation Reduces compaction and thatch problems in turf Core plugs & holes from aeration Soil Compaction:  Soil Compaction Pressure applied to the soil that compacts the soil into a more dense mass. Destroys “macropores” that are essential for: Root growth Air (O2) exchange Water movement –infiltration, percolation, drainage. Soil compaction creates soils with High soil strength Low soil O2 – micropores increase Soil Pores :  Soil Pores Macropores. Larger than 0.10 mm diameter. Also called aeration pores or non-capillary pores. Micropores. Smaller than 0.10 mm diameter. Also called capillary pores. Total Porosity = macropores + micropores. The distribution is important. Factors Enhancing Soil Compaction:  Factors Enhancing Soil Compaction Compaction forces---high pressure, concentrated, repeated traffic. Fine-textured soils (high silt/clay content) 2:1 clays - Smectite Soil moisture conditions---traffic when soil is between field capacity and near saturation. Sodic conditions Slide42:  Soils with excessive silt/clay and 2:1 clays are especially prone to soil compaction. Kaolinitic, 1:1 clay. Less prone to soil compaction Slide43:  Betsey is running a power rake over Roundup killed turf in a renovation project. This helps create a better surface for seed germination. Slide44:  White Grub Life Cycle (3rd Year) Turfgrass; left, Sod webworm Common Insect Problems in Adult; below, typical grub Beetle cycle Conditions that Promote Diseases:  Conditions that Promote Diseases 32-45 F Cold, wet weather High humidity Snow cover Neutral to alkaline soils To Identify Turf Disease:  To Identify Turf Disease Know the diseases that occur at your place & time Be familiar with the primary & secondary symptoms of those diseases Be able to recognize the symptoms that are unique to each disease Be alert for disease problems when temperature and RH = 150 + degrees or higher – ie – patch disease complex You Can Have A Good Lawn if You::  Select the Right Grass Seed Properly Fertilize Properly Mow Properly Control Weeds Control Diseases and Insects Water Properly You Can Have A Good Lawn if You: Slide48:  Creating proper coverage by overlapping sprinkler distribution areas; water from one sprinkler should impact another; head-to-head Slide50:  Athletic turf needs a different maintenance regime, including irrigation scheduling, than do home lawns Slide51:  NDSU/RedHawks baseball field was sodded in early June; soccer field was seeded 30 days later. Photo was taken 45 days after seeding Slide52:  Compare color of natural turf (top) with artificial turf (lower right) which can have surface temps >130 degrees F! Slide53:  Clipping removal is practiced only when excess growth has taken place. Staci is using a SmithCo 60” sweeper to allow for better aeration of grass. Slide54:  Attractive striping of NDSU football practice fields from using SmithCo sweeper. Questions?:  Questions?

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