BBC - What is IPTV?

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Information about BBC - What is IPTV?

Published on August 16, 2008

Author: internetstreams

Source: slideshare.net

Description

An overview of what IPTV is including the different system architectures and technologies used.

IPTV Overview Presented by Paul Ashun TV Platforms Group © BBC 2008

IPTV Overview Chapters: What is IPTV (as opposed to internet TV) ? What is VOD (as opposed to IPTV) Middleware and Video Common IPTV Models Other factors 6. Questions © BBC 2008

Chapters:

What is IPTV (as opposed to internet TV) ?

What is VOD (as opposed to IPTV)

Middleware and Video

Common IPTV Models

Other factors

6. Questions

What is IPTV (and what is internet TV) © BBC 2008

What is IPTV

(and what is

internet TV)

1a - What is IPTV Still evolving Digital TV delivered using technologies used for computer network. Internet Protocols (http, rtsp, igmp) A TV like ‘quality of service’ (always on, reliable) Can be ‘live’ or pre-recorded (on-demand) Usually over a managed/closed network Eg. Virgin TV, Tiscali TV, BT Vision © BBC 2008

Still evolving

Digital TV delivered using technologies used for computer network. Internet Protocols (http, rtsp, igmp)

A TV like ‘quality of service’ (always on, reliable)

Can be ‘live’ or pre-recorded (on-demand)

Usually over a managed/closed network

Eg. Virgin TV, Tiscali TV, BT Vision

1b - What is Internet TV Digital TV delivered using technologies used for computer network. Internet Protocols (http, rtsp, igcmp) No guaranteed ‘quality of service’ Usually delivered via open-internet / un-managed network Eg. YouTube, BBC iPlayer on browser/PC © BBC 2008

Digital TV delivered using technologies used for computer network. Internet Protocols (http, rtsp, igcmp)

No guaranteed ‘quality of service’

Usually delivered via open-internet / un-managed network

Eg. YouTube, BBC iPlayer on browser/PC

1c – Managed Networks Control over bandwidth allocation contention ratio content } Controlled ‘ quality of service’ © BBC 2008

Control over

bandwidth allocation

contention ratio

content

1d – Open Internet (Unmanaged networks) Variable bandwidth Higher contention ratio (20:1) Less control over content } Little control over ‘ quality of service’ © BBC 2008

Variable bandwidth

Higher contention ratio (20:1)

Less control over content

1e – Open Internet (Unmanaged networks) The BBC is working to ensure quality of service with ISPs. This will possibly change the definition of IPTV through the consensus that the quality of service is good over the open internet © BBC 2008

The BBC is working to ensure quality of service with ISPs. This will possibly change the definition of IPTV through the consensus that the quality of service is good over the open internet

YouTube PC iPlayer FreeSat Virgin VOD Tiscali TV Orange TV BT Vision Open Internet Managed Network TV iPlayer (on Virgin) © BBC 2008

Copper wire / fibre Compression/ Encoding/ Encryption Head end to Capture TV How to capture/create IPTV © BBC 2008

Mobile Device Wifi / wimax Cable Set-top Box Hybrid fibre coax Network ADSL Set-top Box Freesat Tiscali BT Vision [Orange TV] Virgin Computer Protocols - http - rtsp - igmp ADSL IPTV over the network cloud © BBC 2008

Why IPTV and not Broadcast Two-way data flow (video on demand) Greater personalisation / tailored advertising Combined features Voice over IP Messaging/Recommendations Chat around content © BBC 2008

Two-way data flow (video on demand)

Greater personalisation / tailored advertising

Combined features

Voice over IP

Messaging/Recommendations

Chat around content

IPTV- Key Protocols HTTP RTSP IGMP Request Response play pause record Firefox, Internet Explorer Real Player, Windows Media Player (streamed video) (hyoer-text- transfer-protocol) (real time streaming protocol) - connecting to multicast stream (TV channel) - changing from one channel to another (internet group management protocol) © BBC 2008

HTTP

RTSP

IGMP

What is VOD © BBC 2008

What is

VOD

2a - What is VOD Select and watch video content (usually over a network) Either content is streamed or downloaded with/to the application Apps have a subset of VCR functionality including RWD, Pause, FFWD etc. Push VOD – delivered to set top box from broadcaster © BBC 2008

Select and watch video content (usually over a network)

Either content is streamed or downloaded with/to the application

Apps have a subset of VCR functionality including RWD, Pause, FFWD etc.

Push VOD – delivered to set top box from broadcaster

2b - What is VOD Not necessarily over IP. Eg. Push VOD Push VOD – delivered to set top box from broadcaster Eg. BBC iPlayer, YouTube, BBC Archive, Rimokon quiz, Tiscali, BT vision © BBC 2008

Not necessarily over IP. Eg. Push VOD

Push VOD – delivered to set top box from broadcaster

Middleware And Video Codecs © BBC 2008

Middleware

And

Video Codecs

3a – Middleware Set-top box software that allows us to write applications Affect application capabilities © BBC 2008

Set-top box software that allows us to write applications

Affect application capabilities

3b – Middleware Middleware MHEG – (Freeview / Freesat) Liberate – (Virgin) ICTV/other – (once trialled by Tiscali; used by US web sites) HTML/JavaScript (KIT/Proprietary operators) Mediaroom (BT Vision) © BBC 2008

Middleware

MHEG – (Freeview / Freesat)

Liberate – (Virgin)

ICTV/other – (once trialled by Tiscali; used by US web sites)

HTML/JavaScript (KIT/Proprietary operators)

Mediaroom (BT Vision)

3c – Codecs Compression/Decompression File extension specifies codec used to compress/decompress Lossy/Lossless © BBC 2008

Compression/Decompression

File extension specifies codec used to compress/decompress

Lossy/Lossless

3d – Codecs Codecs H.264 MPEG4 MPEG2 WMV9 © BBC 2008

Codecs

H.264

MPEG4

MPEG2

WMV9

H.264 1. Up to 50% in bit rate savings: Compared to H.263v2 (H.263+) or MPEG-4 Simple Profile, H.264 permits a reduction in bit rate by up to 50% for a similar degree of encoder optimization at most bit rates. 2. High quality video: H.264 offers consistently good video quality at high and low bit rates. 3. Error resilience: H.264 provides the tools necessary to deal with packet loss in packet networks and bit errors in error-prone wireless networks. 4. Network friendliness: Through the Network Adaptation Layer, H.264 bit streams can be easily transported over different networks. © BBC 2008

1. Up to 50% in bit rate savings: Compared to H.263v2 (H.263+) or MPEG-4 Simple Profile, H.264 permits a reduction in bit rate by up to 50% for a similar degree of encoder optimization at most bit rates.

2. High quality video: H.264 offers consistently good video quality at high and low bit rates.

3. Error resilience: H.264 provides the tools necessary to deal with packet loss in packet networks and bit errors in error-prone wireless networks.

4. Network friendliness: Through the Network Adaptation Layer, H.264 bit streams can be easily transported over different networks.

IPTV/Internet TV Platforms/Operators © BBC 2008 MHEG MHEG 1.06 turbo Liberate (Seac-change) Mediaroom (client-side Java) MIDDLEWARE NO Any – dependent on isp Dependant on ISP Freeview (other than BT vision) NO Any – dependent on isp Not implemented Freesat YES Hybrid fibre co-ax Mpeg 2 Virgin YES ADSL h.264 BT Vision YES ADSL h.264 Tiscali MANAGED NETWORK DELIVERY NETWORK CODEC OPERATOR

Common IPTV/VOD models © BBC 2008

Common

IPTV/VOD

models

4a – Common models Server (contains video) Server Side Video / Client Side Application Streamed Video Contains: - application code previously downloaded Set Top Box Instructions for video (play, ff, rw, pause) are sent to server Disadvantages Slower to load video Longer round trip to server battling against bandwidth Advantages Greater capacity for video on servers than set-top/pc © BBC 2008

Disadvantages

Slower to load video

Longer round trip to server

battling against bandwidth

Advantages

Greater capacity for video

on servers than set-top/pc

4b – Common models Server (contains video and app) Server Side Video / Server Side App Streamed Video AND Streamed Application contains: - no storage in the box Set Top Box Instructions for video (play, ff, rw, pause) AND to navigate the app are sent to server Disadvantages Slower to load video/app Longer round trip to server battling against bandwidth /contention ratio Advantages Greater capacity for video Larger app size for more functionality © BBC 2008

Disadvantages

Slower to load video/app

Longer round trip to server

battling against bandwidth

/contention ratio

Advantages

Greater capacity for video

Larger app size for

more functionality

4c – Common models Set Top Box/PVR Client Side App / Client Side Video contains: application code previously downloaded video previously downloaded Disadvantages Inability to leverage server for capacity. Advantages Quick seamless transitions between video and scenes. Store app locally and take box from a to b (i.e. to a friends house) © BBC 2008

contains:

application code previously downloaded

video previously downloaded

Disadvantages

Inability to leverage server

for capacity.

Advantages

Quick seamless transitions

between video and scenes.

Store app locally and take

box from a to b (i.e. to

a friends house)

4d – Common models Set Top Box/PVR Peer-to- Peer Video / Client Side Application contains: application code previously downloaded video streamed from other pcs/boxes video video video video Disadvantages Longer round trip to through network Advantages Leverage other PC/set-tops with the same video for speedy download © BBC 2008

contains:

application code previously downloaded

video streamed from other pcs/boxes

Disadvantages

Longer round trip to through network

Advantages

Leverage other PC/set-tops with the same video

for speedy download

IPTV PC MOBILE STB BROWSER APP MHEG 1.06 MHEG Turbo ICTV MEDIA ROOM Mozilla IE Windows Media Player Real Player Flash Liberate Middlewares on devices Joost Bablegum © BBC 2008

Other Factors © BBC 2008

Other

Factors

5 – Other Factors Digital Rights Management (DRM) Security (logging in / privacy) Messaging Mobile Devices Authoring Video Delivery Games consoles User experience & design © BBC 2008

Digital Rights Management (DRM)

Security (logging in / privacy)

Messaging

Mobile Devices

Authoring

Video Delivery

Games consoles

User experience & design

IPTV Overview Thanks for your time A n y Q u e s t i o n s ? © BBC 2008

Thanks for your time

A n y Q u e s t i o n s ?

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