Published on August 13, 2013
Hi/Hello! ¡Hola! Lesson 1 | Introduction & Greetings
¡Hola! Lesson 1 on Basic Spanish!
1 Introduction & Greetings Lesson objectives
español 500 Million : Second most natively spoken Official language : 21 countries and EU Spanish – the language
Some words are pronounced differently in Spanish as compared to that in English... Let's look at some pronunciation tips to help you get the perfect Spanish accent... Pronunciation guide
Let's look at 'español' The letter 'a' is pronounced as 'aa' as in 'father' Did you notice the letter 'ñ' in español? This letter is peculiar to Spanish It is pronounced as 'ny' like in 'canyon' Pronunciation tip
Spanish speaking countries
Country Nationality Spain / España español, española México mexicano, mexicana Guatemala guatemalteco, guatemalteca Cuba cubano, cubana Nicaragua nicaragüense Costa Rica costarricense Countries and Nationalities
Did you notice that the 'x' in 'mexicano' is pronounced as 'h' While 'x' is usually pronounced as 'x' in 'flexible'; it is pronounced as a throaty 'h' in the words México, mexicano and Oaxaca (a state in Mexico) Pronunciation tip
Did you notice the symbol on 'u' in nicaragüense 'gü' when followed by another vowel like in 'güe', is pronounced like 'Gw' in Gwen (eg: nicaragüense -> nicaragwense) Pronunciation tip
Have you noticed that some nationalities have two different endings? We use different endings for masculine (usually end with - o) and feminine objects (usually ends with –a) argentino = masculine | argentina = feminine argentinos = masculine, pl. | argentinas = feminine, pl. For plural form, we just add an 's' Grammar tip
Did you notice that 'argentino' is pronounced as 'arhentino' In Spanish, 'g' when followed by 'e' or 'i', is pronounced like a throaty 'h' Pronunciation tip
You may have noticed that nationalities are not capitalized in Spanish (eg: argentino)? That´s because in Spanish, although names of countries and cities are capitalized, words derived from them (languages, nationalities) are not So while the 'e' in España will be capitalized, the 'e' in español will not be Grammar tip
Great! so now you know some key pronunciation and grammar peculiarities! Remember these as they will help you understand the Spanish accent and the language Let's now move on to some delightful greetings in Spanish... Moving on...
Hi! ¡Hola! Greetings H is always silent in Spanish (Oh-lah)
Did you notice the invested exclamation points with ¡Hola! ? The upside-down or inverted exclamation ¡! points are unique to Spanish This is to ensure that when you're reading, you can tell long before the end of a sentence whether you're dealing with an exclamation! Grammar Tip : ¡double exclamations!
Now, let's look at Good morning! Good = Buen day = día Although 'día' literally translates to 'day', it is used as 'morning' in the greeting 'good morning' Moving on...
In Spanish, nouns take up either masculine or feminine gender, for example 'Día' is masculine The adjectives describing these nouns therefore also need to reflect the same gender Since 'Día' is masculine we will use the masculine form of 'good' Hence we will add an '-o' at the end and make it 'Bueno' Grammar tip
Día has an 'i' maked with an accent ('í') If a word is marked with an accent, then that syllable receives the stress Did you notice?
Good morning! ¡Buenos días! Greetings Good = Bueno (singular, masculine form)
Greetings such as ‘Good morning’ and ‘Good afternoon’ etc. always take up plural forms in Spanish. Hence we add an 's' after both 'Bueno' and 'Día' : Good morning! = ¡Buenos días! Grammar tip
Good afternoon! Good evening! ¡Buenas tardes! Greetings Good = Buena (singular, feminine) Afternoon = Tarde (singular form)
Good morning! = ¡Buenos días! (masculine) But Good afternoon! = ¡Buenas tardes! (feminine) We learnt that adjectives take male and female forms depending on the gender of the subject Since días is masculine we used Buenos and tardes is feminine hence we use Buenas Grammar Tip
Good morning! = ¡Buenos días! Good afternoon! = ¡Buenas tardes! Both días and tardes are plural hence an 's' is added So remember!
All through your lessons, we will give some key tips to ensure you never make a cultural faux pas! Culturally Speaking
Good afternoon! = ¡Buenas tardes! Is usually used from 3 PM– 7 PM However, it is not really time bound, good afternoon is usually used from lunch time till it gets dark Expect lunch hour to be around 2 or 3 PM! Culturally Speaking
Good night! ¡Buenas noches! Greetings Good = Buena (with singular, feminine subjects) noches is feminine and plural, hence we use Buenas
Good night! = ¡Buenas noches! Just like in English where we often use 'good night' to bid farewell, 'Buenas noches' can also be used to bid farewell Remember! Noches is feminine and plural Culturally Speaking
Informally : just a smile and '¡Hola!', sometimes a handshake if it’s a bit more formal A light hug and a kiss or two are common for friends and family, especially among women Culturally Speaking : Greeting norms
Generally, shaking hands is considered formal and is better suited for business meetings Culturally Speaking : Greeting norms
English Spanish Hello/ Hi! ¡Hola! Good morning! ¡Buenos días! Good afternoon/evening! ¡Buenas tardes! Good night! ¡Buenas noches! Do you remember?
A culture leaf each lesson to give you a taste of the peculiarities, eccentricities and traditions that are the bearers of that culture We hope that you blend in their environment and soak in all their goodness! Happy learning! Culture leaf
Culture leaf : Soccer! Soccer is the most important sport - pretty much like a religion in Spain The two successful football teams from Spain : FC Barcelona and Real Madrid are also fierce competitors http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/FC_Barcelona http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Real_Madrid_C.F. The logos are copyright of Real Madrid (http://www.realmadrid.es) and FC Barcelona
In the next lesson we continue to learn more greetings and build our vocabulary! What’s next?
Content Team CultureAlley, Okairy Zuñiga, Tomasa Merino Martin Voice over Jorge Garcia Ray About Spanish http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spanish_language Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/User:Tot-futbol Credits
See you at the Alley!
Lesson 2 | Greetings & Pleasantries
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