Basic Searching Skills

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Information about Basic Searching Skills
Education

Published on November 2, 2008

Author: dansich

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Basic Searching Skills Graduate Student Library Instruction session taught by Dan Sich at University of Western Ontario Library, November 3, 2008

Basic Searching Skills Dan Sich Librarian for Earth Sciences, Planetary Science, Physics & Astronomy, Electrical & Computer Engineering University of Western Ontario November 3 rd , 2008

Agenda Identifying keywords Building search strategy Keywords vs. subjects Library catalogue Search limits Choosing journal article databases

Identifying keywords

Building search strategy

Keywords vs. subjects

Library catalogue

Search limits

Choosing journal article databases

Why plan? Save time Focus on what you’re after Shift ‘angle of attack’ in logical fashion Avoid wasted effort & repetition Eliminate ‘garbage’ from results

Save time

Focus on what you’re after

Shift ‘angle of attack’ in logical fashion

Avoid wasted effort & repetition

Eliminate ‘garbage’ from results

How to plan Describe your topic, make it a question Identify and isolate concepts Identify variant spellings, synonyms, abbreviations/acronyms, terminology Research = search, search & search again Try various combinations Try various resources (books, articles)

Describe your topic, make it a question

Identify and isolate concepts

Identify variant spellings, synonyms, abbreviations/acronyms, terminology

Research = search, search & search again

Try various combinations

Try various resources (books, articles)

Concept mapping Visual representation of relationship between concepts Quick & easy way to ‘brainstorm’ Put top in middle Put ideas & concepts around main topic Group similar ideas together Connect ideas with lines, to show relationships

Visual representation of relationship between concepts

Quick & easy way to ‘brainstorm’

Put top in middle

Put ideas & concepts around main topic

Group similar ideas together

Connect ideas with lines, to show relationships

What is the use of hip rotation in Tai Chi Chuan ‘Pushing Hands’ and how can it be applied in Wing Chun Kung Fu?

What is the use of hip rotation in Tai Chi Chuan ‘ Pushing Hands ’ and how can it be applied in Wing Chun Kung Fu ?

Make a chart Hip rotation Tai Chi Chuan Pushing hands Wing Chun Balanc* Root* Force Redirect* Hip* Open* Clos* Tai Chi NOT Taoist Push hands Sticky hands Sticking hands Ving Tsun Wing Tsun Ving Chun Ignore: Kung Fu

Ving Tsun

Wing Tsun

Ving Chun

Ignore:

Kung Fu

Join similar & related terms Hip* AND Rotat* Ignore: Balanc* Root* Force Redirect* Open* Clos* “ Tai Chi” AND Chuan NOT Taoist “ Pushing hands” OR “ Push hands” OR “ Sticky hands” OR “ Sticking hands” “ Wing Chun” OR “ Ving Tsun” OR “ Wing Tsun” OR “ Ving Chun”

Hip*

AND

Rotat*

Ignore:

Balanc*

Root*

Force

Redirect*

Open*

Clos*

AND AND AND Join concepts with AND Hip* AND Rotat* “ Tai Chi” AND Chuan NOT Taoist “ Pushing hands” OR “ Push hands” OR “ Sticky hands” OR “ Sticking hands” “ Wing Chun” OR “ Ving Tsun” OR “ Wing Tsun” OR “ Ving Chun”

( hip* AND rotat* ) AND (“tai chi” AND chuan NOT taoist ) AND (“pushing hands” OR “push hands” OR “sticky hands” OR “sticking hands” ) AND ( “wing chun” OR “ving tsun” OR “wing tsun” OR “ving chun” )

( hip* AND rotat* )

AND

(“tai chi” AND chuan NOT taoist )

AND

(“pushing hands” OR “push hands” OR “sticky hands” OR “sticking hands” )

AND

( “wing chun” OR “ving tsun” OR “wing tsun” OR “ving chun” )

Keep a search log Date (because new articles are published daily) What you want to find (your research question) Where you searched (name of database) You search string (terms, Boolean, etc.) Search limits used (date, language, document type, etc.) Number of hits (too many?), useful *new* terms discovered, etc. Useful results (record details somewhere) ...helps you focus efforts and avoid repetition

Date (because new articles are published daily)

What you want to find (your research question)

Where you searched (name of database)

You search string (terms, Boolean, etc.)

Search limits used (date, language, document type, etc.)

Number of hits (too many?), useful *new* terms discovered, etc.

Useful results (record details somewhere)

...helps you focus efforts and avoid repetition

Keyword searching Different from Title and Author searching Use it when you don’t know title or author

Different from Title and Author searching

Use it when you don’t know title or author

Books Advantages: Introduction to unfamiliar topics Basic information Data, numbers References to further reading Disadvantages: Not as specific as your topic Not all online or keyword searchable

Advantages:

Introduction to unfamiliar topics

Basic information

Data, numbers

References to further reading

Disadvantages:

Not as specific as your topic

Not all online or keyword searchable

Library Catalogue contains: Books Encyclopedias Dissertaions Journals (no journal articles!) Conference proceedings (no articles!) … and more

Books

Encyclopedias

Dissertaions

Journals (no journal articles!)

Conference proceedings (no articles!)

… and more

Keyword searching in Library Catalogue Advantages: Easy Flexible Looks at chapters, title, author, subjects Useful when you’re missing information Disadvantages: You guess at terms Words are scattered No chapter info for older books Many irrelevant hits

Advantages:

Easy

Flexible

Looks at chapters, title, author, subjects

Useful when you’re missing information

Disadvantages:

You guess at terms

Words are scattered

No chapter info for older books

Many irrelevant hits

Subject Heading searching in Catalogue ‘ Preferred terms’ or ‘controlled vocabulary’ Specific, pre-determined, difficult to guess Try Title, Author or Keyword search first Identify relevant results Look at their Subect Headings Click Subject Headings to search Write useful Subject Headings in search log

‘ Preferred terms’ or ‘controlled vocabulary’

Specific, pre-determined, difficult to guess

Try Title, Author or Keyword search first

Identify relevant results

Look at their Subect Headings

Click Subject Headings to search

Write useful Subject Headings in search log

Subject Heading searching Advantages: Your results are more relevant Find ‘hidden’ gems Disadvantages: You need to know the right terms Only searches in subject headings

Advantages:

Your results are more relevant

Find ‘hidden’ gems

Disadvantages:

You need to know the right terms

Only searches in subject headings

Finding Article Databases Browse by Program Databases by Title NOT E-Journals (only useful when you know what article you’re after)

Browse by Program

Databases by Title

NOT E-Journals (only useful when you know what article you’re after)

Criteria for choosing Article Databases Subject coverage? Date coverage? Abstracts? Full text? Update frequency? Search limits? Controlled vocabulary (subject headings)? Search history? Search more than one database! Why?

Subject coverage?

Date coverage?

Abstracts?

Full text?

Update frequency?

Search limits?

Controlled vocabulary (subject headings)?

Search history?

Search more than one database! Why?

Keyword and Subject searching in Article Databases Keyword Try 1 st usually default search Article title Abstract? Author? Subjects? Journal title? Full text? Helps you find subjects Subject Try 2 nd aka descriptor aka controlled vocabulary aka classification code Differ between databases Maybe difficult to guess Help you redefine your research topic

Keyword

Try 1 st

usually default search

Article title

Abstract?

Author?

Subjects?

Journal title?

Full text?

Helps you find subjects

Subject

Try 2 nd

aka descriptor

aka controlled vocabulary

aka classification code

Differ between databases

Maybe difficult to guess

Help you redefine your research topic

Searching Article Databases Search one concept at a time Join concepts with AND (using Search History) Gives you flexibility

Search one concept at a time

Join concepts with AND (using Search History)

Gives you flexibility

Going through search results Sort order? Relevance? Publication date? Journal title? (scholarly?) Number of pages? Language?

Sort order?

Relevance?

Publication date?

Journal title? (scholarly?)

Number of pages?

Language?

Going through search results Not finding enough Remove non-crucial AND’d terms Add more OR’d synonyms (e.g., OR taiji, tai ji, quan) Remove NOT’d terms (e.g., NOT taoist) Your results may be too general, or off-topic, but they may lead you to something useful Finding too much garbage Add more AND’d terms Remove irrelevant OR’d terms Add NOT’d terms Add search limits (date, language, publication type, etc.)

Not finding enough

Remove non-crucial AND’d terms

Add more OR’d synonyms (e.g., OR taiji, tai ji, quan)

Remove NOT’d terms (e.g., NOT taoist)

Your results may be too general, or off-topic, but they may lead you to something useful

Finding too much garbage

Add more AND’d terms

Remove irrelevant OR’d terms

Add NOT’d terms

Add search limits (date, language, publication type, etc.)

Getting articles Get it @ Western Try to get full text version Search Catalogue by ISSN or Journal Title (not abbreviation) Search Catalogue by Conference Proceeding information Don’t give up too easily We don’t have everything Order through Interlibrary Loan for $5

Get it @ Western

Try to get full text version

Search Catalogue by ISSN or Journal Title (not abbreviation)

Search Catalogue by Conference Proceeding information

Don’t give up too easily

We don’t have everything

Order through Interlibrary Loan for $5

Questions?

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