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Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 3 | Learn other useful greetings!

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Information about Basic Mandarin Chinese | Lesson 3 | Learn other useful greetings!
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Published on October 23, 2013

Author: CultureAlley

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Learn Mandarin Chinese for free using self-paced audio-visual lessons and interactive practice exercises - CultureAlley - master conversations, grammar, vocabulary and more! This lesson covers some delightful greetings like hello, how are you?, I am fine, I am good etc.
To study this at your own pace, take quizzes and explore more lessons go to www.culturealley.com. See you at the Alley!
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To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Nǐ hǎo Lesson 3 on Basic Mandarin! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Revision - Tones To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Revision-Vocabulary English Mandarin Mother Mā Hemp Má Horse Mǎ Scold Mà You (informal) Nǐ You (formal) Nín Good Hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Revision English Hello (informal) Hello (formal) Mandarin Nǐ hǎo Nín hǎo Tone falling rising, falling rising mid rising, falling rising To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Lesson objectives 1 Basic greetings To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

What's in store today? Alright! So you now know how to say 'hello' in Mandarin! Let's move on and look at some other greetings To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Vocabulary English Mandarin Type Nǐ Pronoun Good Hǎo Adj Question particle Ma Yes/no questions You (singular, informal) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Greetings and pleasantries How are you? 'How are you?' is literally translated as 'you good?' in Mandarin We saw that Nǐ hǎo = You good We just need to convert it to a question now... To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Greetings and pleasantries You good = Nǐ hǎo To convert this into a question (you good?), we only need to add a question particle; ‹ma› To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip As a question particle, 'ma' is pronounced using a neutral tone which carries a soft falling sound, as if the sound is fading away Let’s try and say 'ma' Great! Now let's try it in a question! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Greetings : How are you? How are you? Nǐ hǎo ma? Literally : you good? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Grammar tip Ma is a question particle Adding the particle ‹ma› to the end of a sentence makes a statement into a question To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Grammar tip Ma is usually used for questions which can be answered by a yes/no Eg: Nǐ hǎo ma? = you good? Can be answered by saying 'yes/no' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

So remember! 'Ma' is pronounced using a neutral tone which carries a soft falling sound, as if the sound is fading away To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip Let's try saying Nǐ hǎo ma? It is said using a mid rising tone for Nǐ, a rising falling tone for 'Hǎo'and a neutral tone for the question particle 'ma' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Pick the right option How do we say, 'How are you?' 1 2 3 Nǐ hāo ma? Nǐ hǎo ma? Nǐ háo ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Solution How do we say, 'How are you?' 1 2 3 Nǐ hāo ma? Nǐ hǎo ma? Nǐ háo ma? To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : how are you? Let's see how to answer the question How are you? / you good? = 'Nǐ hǎo ma?' You will say 'I am very good' or 'I am very well' Let’s learn the vocabulary for this! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Vocabulary English Mandarin Type I, Me Wǒ Pronoun Very Hěn Adv. Good Hǎo Adj. Also / too Yě Adv. Shì Verb 'To-be' verb (is, am, are) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Pronunciation tip Before moving on, lets take a look at the pronunciations for the new words we've just learnt! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip I, Me = Wǒ It is pronounced using a 'falling rising' tone (3rd) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip Let's try and say Wǒ It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also known as the third tone, Wǒ To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip Very = Hěn It is also pronounced using a 'falling rising' tone (3rd) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip Let's try and say Hěn It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also known as the third tone, Hěn To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip Good = Hǎo It is also pronounced using a 'falling rising' tone (3rd) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip Let's try and say Hǎo It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also known as the third tone, Hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip 'To-be' verb = Shì ( 'To-be' verbs include : is, am, are, etc...) It is pronounced using a 'falling' tone (4th) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip Let's try and say Shì It is said with a 'falling' tone - also known as the fourth tone, Shì To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Moving on... Great! Now that we know how to pronounce these words, let's use them in a sentence! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : how are you? I am very good ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Wǒ shì hěn hǎo In Chinese, 'am', 'is', 'are' etc. are not used with adjectives To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Grammar tip We noticed that we did not translate 'am' in the last sentence Unlike English, in Chinese, the 'to-be' verb (shì = am, is, are) is not used with adjectives (good, bad etc.) I am very good = Wǒ hěn hǎo = I very good To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : how are you? I am very good / I am very well Wǒ hěn hǎo 'am' is not translated To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

So do you remember? Very good = Hěn hǎo I am very good = Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Pick the right option 'How are you?' translates as? 1 2 3 Nǐ hǎo ma? Nǐ hǎo Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Solution 'How are you?' translates as? 1 2 3 Nǐ hǎo ma? Nǐ hǎo Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Pick the right option 'I am very good' translates as? 1 2 3 Nǐ hǎo Wǒ shì hěn hǎo Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Solution 'I am very good' translates as? 1 2 3 Nǐ hǎo Wǒ shì hěn hǎo Wǒ hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Moving on… While responding to 'how are you?' you would often say : 'I am very good, and you?' Let's see how we say this in Mandarin… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : how are you? Now you know I am very good = Wǒ hěn hǎo To additionally ask 'and you?' we need to learn one new question particle, 'ne' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip 'Ne' is spoken in a neutral tone It is pronounced using a soft falling sound, as if the sound is fading away Let’s try and pronounce 'Ne' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Grammar tip Ne is also a particle used to convert statements to questions Ending with 'ne' makes a question when the context is already known nǐ ne? = and you? A common circumstance is when you wish to repeat a question that was just asked To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : how are you? I am very good, and you? ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne? Remember! In Mandarin, 'am', 'is', 'are' etc. are not used with adjectives To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : how are you? nǐ ne? = and you? We used 'ne' here as we were answering to 'how are you?' by saying 'I am good, and you? ' hence we were repeating the question To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : how are you? I am very good, and you? Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne? 'am' is not translated To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : I am good, and you? You can also reply to 'I am good, and you?' by saying 'I am also very good' For this we will need to learn how to say 'also' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip Also = Yě It is pronounced using a 'falling rising' tone (3rd) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Tonal tip Let's try and say Yě It is said with a 'falling rising' tone - also known as the third tone, Yě To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : I am good, and you? I am also very good ↓ ↓ ↓ ↓ Wǒ yě hěn hǎo Remember!In Mandarin, 'am', 'is', 'are' etc. are not used with adjectives To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Grammar tip We can just say 'also very good' instead of saying 'I am also very good' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Responding to : how are you? Also very good Yě hěn hǎo Literally : also very good To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Let's see if you remember… To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Pick the right option How do we say 'I am also very good' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Nǐ hěn hǎo ma Nǐ yě hěn hǎo Wǒ yě hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Solution How do we say 'I am also very good' in Mandarin? 1 2 3 Nǐ hěn hǎo ma Nǐ yě hěn hǎo Wǒ yě hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Pick the right option What tone does 'yě' carry? 1 2 3 High level Falling rising Mid rising To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Solution What tone does 'yě' carry? 1 2 3 High level Falling rising Mid rising To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Pick the right option What tone does 'ne' carry? 1 2 3 Neutral Falling High level To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Solution What tone does 'ne' carry? 1 2 3 Neutral Falling High level To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Vocabulary for today English Mandarin Type I, Me Wǒ Pronoun Nǐ Pronoun Very Hěn Adv Good Hǎo Adj Also / too Yě Adv Ne Question particle You (singular, informal) Ma Question particle (yes/no questions) To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Let's practice English Mandarin Lisa Hello! Nǐ hǎo Mark Hello! Nǐ hǎo Lisa How are you? Nǐ hǎo ma? Mark I am very good, and you? Wǒ hěn hǎo, nǐ ne? Lisa I am also very good Yě hěn hǎo To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Culture Leaf To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Culture leaf : Yin and yang The concept of yin and yang (Pinyin: yīnyáng)originates in ancient Chinese philosophy, which describes two opposing but complementary forces found in all things in the universe Literally meaning 'shadow and light' To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Culture leaf : Yin and yang Many natural dualities — e.g., dark and light,female and male, low and high, cold and hot, water and fire, earth and air — are thought of as manifestations of yin and yang (respectively) Everything has both Yin and Yang aspects - E.g. We could not have appreciated 'Light' had there been no 'Darkness' and 'Shadow (a form of darkness)' could not have To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin existed without there being 'Light'!

What's next? In the next lesson, we will learn more greetings and pleasantries and common phrases like 'thank you'! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

Credits Content Team Culture Alley, Sunny Dang http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Yin_and_yang Images http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Guanhua.png User: Raghith http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pinyin_Tone_Char User : Wereon To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

See you at the Alley! To view this with Audio and practice games, visit www.CultureAlley.com/Mandarin

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