Basic Information about STI

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Information about Basic Information about STI

Published on April 28, 2009

Author: aloksdr


Basic Information about STI:  Basic Information about STI STI = Sexually Transmitted Infection RTI = Reproductive Tract Infection UTI = Urethral Tract Infection What are STIs:  What are STIs Sexually transmitted infections are mainly transmitted through sexual contact (anal, vaginal and oral) Some STIs are transmitted through blood and other body fluids RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HIV/AIDS & STI/RTI:  RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN HIV/AIDS & STI/RTI HIV is also an STI More than 80% of HIV infections have acquired through sexual route A person with RTI/STI is ten times more likely to get HIV There is no cure of HIV, BUT other RTI/STIs can be treated Effective and timely treatment of STD will prevent and reduce HIV transmission When ability to fight against diseases weakened (AIDS) one can get STIs easily and it will be more difficult to treat them STIs – HIDDEN DISEASES:  STIs – HIDDEN DISEASES Asymptomatic specially in women Fear of social rejection Home remedies Discharge considered normal in women Labeled as LOW morals Myths – heat, do not affect high class, use of public toilets, spicy food, sex with virgin or child can cure infection MYTHS AND MISCONCEPTION:  MYTHS AND MISCONCEPTION Bestiality can cure STIs Sex with young girls can cure STIs Condom use against God and Religious belief Tubectomy and Vasectomy check the transmission of STIs Wash private part immediately after sex Keeping sexual relations to avoid Wet Nights Masturbation leads to impotency One drop of semen is equal to hundred drops of Blood Types of STIs:  Types of STIs Bacterial Chlamydia Gonorrhea Syphilis Viral Genital Herpes Hepatitis B HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) HPV (Human Papillomavirus) Parasitic/Fungal Candidiasis (Yeast Infection) Pubic Lice/Scabies Trichomoniasis Symptoms and signs of STIs:  Symptoms and signs of STIs Redness, swelling, and/or discharge from the infected area Burning during urination Itching in the genital area Sores, rashes and/or bumps Swollen glands in the groin Pain during intercourse Symptoms in The Female:  Symptoms in The Female Any abnormal type of discharge from the vagina. It may be pus-like, yellow or green or smelly. Lower abdominal pain (sometimes accompanied with fever and chills) Vaginal bleeding between periods Vaginal bleeding after intercourse Slide9:  Female Reproductive System Female Anatomy Fallopian tube Ovaries Uterus Cervix Vagina Fallopian tube Ovary Uterus Cervix Rectum Vagina Urethra Clitoris Bladder ?Illustrations: © 2007 GCT II Solutions and Enterprises Ltd. Symptoms in the Male:  Symptoms in the Male Any discharge from the penis (watery / milky / thick yellow / green) Pain or swelling in the testicles An itchy feeling inside the penis Slide11:  Male Reproductive System Male Anatomy ?Illustrations: © 2007 GCT II Solutions and Enterprises Ltd. Seminal vesicles Vas deferens Prostate gland Penis Epididymis Testicle Every Case is Different :  Every Case is Different Many STIs are asymptomatic. Often, the only way to detect an infection is through screening. Individuals who suspect they may have been infected should be encouraged to seek medical attention immediately, rather than waiting for the onset of visible symptoms. Slide13:  Pubic lice Scabies Scabies Pubic lice Pubic lice SECONDARY SYPHILIS Pink, Red Rashes, PRIMARY SYPHILIS Single, Painless Ulcer Chancroid Multiple, Soft, Painful, Ulcers, Bleeds on Touch GONORRHOEA Burning, Pus Discharge, Pain in Lower Abdomen and Backache Genital WartRed Cauliflower/lesions Vaginal Discharge Neonatal Conjunctivitis Precautions:  Precautions Once an infection is detected, it is recommended that infected individuals and their sexual partner(s) abstain from sexual activity until treatment is complete (for treatable STIs), symptoms have subsided, and the infection is cured (for curable STIs, confirmed through follow-up testing, as appropriate). Partners should consult a health professional for direction on when sexual relations can be resumed. In the case of viral STIs, a health care provider can offer safer-sex and risk-reduction tips to prevent transmission. Condoms are important to reduce the risk of transmission, even if other methods of birth control are being used to prevent pregnancy. Slide15:  Diagnosing Sexually Transmitted Infections Testing Methods ?* Individuals infected with high-risk HPV types usually have no noticeable symptoms even though the virus may be causing changes at a cellular level. Currently, cervical cancer screening (primarily the Pap smear) is used to detect cellular changes in the cervix that may progress to cancer if not found early and treated if necessary. In some regions, HPV DNA testing is available and used in conjunction with the Pap test in cervical cancer screening. STI Diagnostic Method Bacterial Chlamydia Swab from the infected area. Urine sample for men; urine sample for women where available, when a pelvic exam is not done or indicated Gonorrhea Swab from the infected area or a urine sample in cases where a swab is not an option Syphilis Blood sample and/or swab from the sore Viral Genital Herpes Swab from sore(s) and/or a blood test (currently not widely available) HPV* Physical exam for visible warts Pap test to detect abnormal cells in the cervix Hepatitis B Blood test HIV Blood test Parasitic/Fungal Trichomoniasis Physical examination and vaginal swab Lice/Crabs/Scabies Examination of skin and hair Yeast Infection Physical examination and vaginal swab Consequences of Untreated STIs:  Consequences of Untreated STIs Untreated STIs have serious consequences, such as sterility or infertility, pelvic inflammatory disease, and cancer , blindness and even death Having an STI increases your risk of acquiring HIV due to the presence of open ulcers or sores which allows viral entry Building Awareness:  Building Awareness One of the primary defenses in the fight against STIs is awareness. With the right information, individuals can make informed choices and better protect themselves and their partners. Thank You:  Thank You

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