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Barbara Kruger

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Information about Barbara Kruger
Education

Published on October 16, 2008

Author: mjarry

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide 1: One of the most significant figures in Feminist Art. Starting in the 70’s, her work explores fundamental social and political questions. This is done through: punchy slogans bold combinations of image and text. Innovative editing techniques and photographic appropriation. Began her career as a graphic designer, art director and photo editor for magazines and other publications. Background in design is evident in her work. Barbara Kruger (born 1945) Slide 2: (these works are supported by patriarchal discourses) First Lets look at work by KRUGER that is a critique or challenge of MALE power. Slide 3: Untitled 1981 Slide 4: Untitled 1981 Slide 6: Untitled 1981 Slide 7: Untitled 1980/  40.75 x 50.75 (Day 66) Slide 8: Untitled 1986 Slide 9: Untitled 1982 Slide 10: Layers found photographs from existing sources. The black and white photographs are overlaid with captions set in white-on-red -&-black. Font: Futura Bold Oblique. Aggressive text involves the viewer in the struggle for power and control that is instigated by her captions. In these works juxtaposes imagery with text containing criticism of sexism, misogyny and the circulation of power in Western society. Slide 11: Now, Lets look at work by KRUGER that is a critique or challenge To the objectification of WOMEN. Slide 12: Untitled 1982 Slide 13: Untitled, 1981  Photograph by Barbara Kruger Slide 14: Barbara KrugerUntitled (Your Gaze Hits the Side of My Face)1981-83 Slide 15: Untitled 1981 Slide 16: Untitled 1981 Slide 17: Untitled 1982 Slide 18: Short statements packed with meaning. –Scattered over fragmented and enlarged photos/images. Usually declarative or accusatory tone. Phrases state an opposition between “you” and “we” which satirically refer to “men” and “women”. You don’t know about Kruger’s use of words Berger on Kruger: “These humorous works suspend the viewer between the fascination of the image and the indictment of the text reminding us that language and its use within culture to construct and maintain proverbs, jobs, jokes, myths, and history reinforce the interests and perspectives of those who control it.” Kruger on Kruger: Most of the things we see as representations in film and TV and most art are really undifferentiated addresses to a male audience, a male spectator…we as women, are spoken of but never addressed. We are never a subject, we are always an object. Slide 19: Now, Lets look at work by KRUGER that addresses WOMEN About issues affecting WOMEN. Slide 21: Reflects Kruger’s desire to ‘welcome the female spectator into the audience of men.’ Originally designed as a poster for a massive pro-choice march that took place in 1989. Additional text; support abortion, birth control and women’s rights. ------------------------------------ Central image; a silk screened frontal photograph of a model’s face. Right and left the image reverses from positive to negative. This critiques the emphasis perpetuated through the media and advertising on feminine beauty. Your body is a battle ground: A call to arms Slide 22: You Are Not Yourself Medium: Photo collage Size: 182 x 121cm Slide 24: What issue does this work address? ………………………………………………….. ………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………… IT’S A SMALL WORLD (but not if you have to clean it) A concern with the domestic emphasis placed on women’s role in society. Slide 25: Kruger, Untitled (I shop therefore I am), 1987. Photographic silkscreen on vinyl. 111 x 113”. Slide 26: “Untitled (When I hear the world culture, I take out my checkbook)”1985Gelatin silver print 138 x 60 inches Slide 28: In looking at artists such as Andy Warhol, Kruger realized that contemporary artists weren’t so much selling paintings as they were selling representations of culture, artistic enterprise and therefore class distinction. In signs like "Buy me, I'll change your life" and "I shop therefore I am" Kruger works these theories through real world scenarios. The advertisements are not really selling us real-world products but asking us to buy into societies construct of a happy life. Buy me I’ll change your life! Slide 29: For your interest! Slide 30: In Kruger’s installation, the floor now has a voice, the walls can hear you, and the architecture is manipulating the way you speak. The all-seeing, all knowing surveillance is heightened by the way in which text appears not only on the walls but on the floor and ceiling –enveloping the viewer. All that seemed beneath you is speaking to you now. All that seemed deaf hears you. All that seemed dumb knows what’s on your mind. All that seemed blind is seeing through you now. All that seemed silent is putting words right into your mouth. Slide 31: October 28 - December 18Mary Boone Gallery. Slide 32: Strategies employed by Kruger to challenge the patriarchy. Consciousness raising Way women are treated by the media. How social and political power structures of the West are patriarchical and misogynistic. Confronts arts tendency to address a male audience and Welcomes the female spectator into the audience Both through direct address. Slide 33: What meanings are conveyed by the motifs and text used in this work? Explain how photographed motifs and/or text are used to convey feminist meaning in this and ONE other feminist art work. Evaluate the success of Kruger’s use of iconography in achieving her aims as a feminist artist. Essay question: Interpret Iconography in Art. Barbara Kruger –Untitled, (it’s a small world but not if you have to clean it), photo-text, 1990.

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