Bangladesh - Identification

55 %
45 %
Information about Bangladesh - Identification

Published on September 30, 2016

Author: ExternalEvents

Source: slideshare.net

1. Roundtable on World Programme for the Census of Agriculture 2020 Bangkok, Thailand 19-23 September 2016 Name of presenter and/or contact person : Jafor Ahmed Khan Title : Director Name of agency : Bangladeh Bureau of statistics E-mail address: jaforbbs@yahoo.com “Identification and general characteristics collected in Bangladesh Agriculture Censu s 2008” Technical Session 4: Census Theme 1 1

2. 2  Background of Agriculture Census  Agriculture Census 2008  Agriculture Census 2018 Outline

3. 3 Background of Agriculture Census Name of Agriculture Census Duration Legal Basis Coverage Agriculture Census- 1960 1 Feb. to 21 March 1960 Agricultural Census Act NO. XLI of 1958 5773 sample mauzas Randomly selected (mainly crops, livestock, fishery partly) Agriculture Census- 1977 14 April to 31 May 1977 Agricultural Census Act NO. XLI of 1958 14% rural mauza and hill tracts was done special arrangement Agriculture Census- 1983-84 20 days in both years Agricultural Census Act NO. XLI of 1958 (Amended in 1983) 50% mauza covered with urban rural Agriculture Census- 1996 25 Dec. 1996 to 25 Jan. 1997 Agricultural Census Act NO. XLI of 1958 (Amended in 1983) Full count of urban and rural holdings Agriculture Census- 2008 11-25 May 2008 Agricultural Census Act NO. XLI of 1958 (Amended in 1983) Full count of urban and rural area Agriculture (Crops, Fisheries and Livestock) Census- 2018 (Proposed) 16-30 April 2018 Statistics Act, 2013 Full count of urban and rural (agri. HH in 4 major City Corporations) (Crops, Fisheries and Livestock details for the first time)

4. 4 The 2008 Agriculture Census captured data on following areas: • The number and distribution of households engaged in agriculture; • The number of agricultural holdings, area of holdings, average size of holdin g etc.; • The employment size of the agriculture sector; • The number of wage labour by gender employed in agriculture sector. • The acreage and production of selected crops during the reference year. • The stock of livestock and poultry; • The state and changes in attributes relating to the structure of agriculture suc h as the size and distribution of holding, tenancy, size and type of farming, ext ent of agriculture resources etc. 1.Agriculture Census 2008

5. 5 a) To determine the number of agricultural holdings, area of holdings, average size of holding e tc.; b) To determine the number and distribution of households engaged in agriculture; c) To determine the economic and employment size of the agriculture sector; d) To determine the number of wage labour by gender employed in agriculture sector. e) To determine the irrigated area under different crops; f) To determine the stock of livestock and poultry; g) To measures of the state and changes in attributes relating to the structure of agriculture such as the size and distribution of holding, tenure ship, size and type of farming, extent of agricultu re resources etc; h) To provide benchmark data for improving current estimates of crop acreage, production and livestock resources. i) To form a basis for the formulation, development and implementation of the programme and policies for agricultural development of the country. j) To provide fisheries statistics related to household, areas, etc 1.1 Objectives

6. 6 Agriculture Census, 2008 was a household based and stand - alone country-wide census. Under the purview of this census, the target population was all dwelling households of the country. The Agriculture Census, 2008 was a complete count o f all agricultural holdings managed by dwelling households. 1.2 Scope and Coverage

7. 7 a) The findings available from Agriculture Census, 2008 allowed us to make statistical infe rence about the structure, nature and performance of agriculture sector; b) The findings available from this census was used for monitoring the progress towards th e Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) including poverty analysis and food security; c) Agriculture Census provided current and comprehensive data relating to crop and livesto ck production for the census year, and this can be useful as a benchmark for improving cur rent crop and livestock statistics. d) The findings available from this survey was used by the policy-makers and planners wh o have reason to be concerned about the snapshot of the structure and performance of the a griculture sector. e) The findings available from this census provided benchmark on the change of various p arameters relating to agriculture sector which have been occurred between Agriculture Cen sus, 2008 and Agriculture Census 1996. 1.3 Use of Agriculture Census Data

8. 8  The 2008 Agriculture Census was carried out in accordance with the broad guidelines pr ovided by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).  This census reflected the recommendations of FAO and other international organizations as this was vital for proper quality and objectiveness of statistical information on agricultur e.  The 2008 Agriculture Census was carried out on a full count basis throughout the countr y from 11th May, 2008 to 25th May, 2008. 1.4 Methodology

9. 9  Questionnaire  Training manual for enumerator and supervisor  Training of Census Personnel  Data Collection at Field Level  Post Enumeration Check (PEC) 1.5 Survey Instruments

10. 10  According to Agriculture Census, 2008, the total number of households (dwelling house holds) in the country stands at 28.67 million. Of which 11.56% is in the urban areas and 88 .44% is in the rural areas. In Population Census 2001, the total number of dwelling househ olds was recorded at 24.85 million and thus the compound growth rate of dwelling househ olds has been estimated at 2% per annum.  As per Agriculture Census, 2008, the total number of agriculture farm households is 14.7 2 million which accounts for 51.33% of the total households. Data available from Agricult ure Censuses conducted in 1983-84, 1996 and 2008 reveal that though the absolute number of farm households in rural areas is gradually increasing, yet the percent (as percent of tota l rural households) of agriculture farm households is gradually decreasing. 1.6 Key findings

11. 11  According to Agriculture Census, 2008, the total number of agriculture labour househol ds has been recorded at 8.93 million which accounts for 31.13% of total households. Out o f the total agriculture labour households, only 0.27% is in urban areas and 30.86% is in rur al areas. Data available from previous agriculture censuses indicate that the percentage of a griculture labour households is gradually decreasing.  Agriculture Census, 2008 discloses the fact that there are 4.48 million landless househo lds in the country of which 1.22 million are in urban areas while 3.26 million are in rural ar eas. Data available from previous agriculture censuses reveal that the percent of landless h ouseholds is steadily increasing in rural areas.  Agriculture Census, 2008 suggests that there are 8.42 million tenant households in the c ountry of which 0.46 million is in urban areas and 7.96 million is in rural areas.  Agriculture Census, 2008 discloses that there are 2.77 million households engaged in h ybrid Boro cultivation of which only 0.34% households are in urban areas while 18.51% h ouseholds are in rural areas. 1.6 Key findings (Contd.)

12. 12 2.Agriculture Census 2018 Mandate for Agriculture Census Statistics Act, 2013 Clause-6(Ga), BBS is mandated to conduct Agriculture (Crops) Cen sus, Fisheries and Livestock Census NSDS Mentioned Agriculture Census as one of the core activity (Core acti vity:2.3.1) of BBS.

13.  To identify the structural changes of agriculture sector over time  To provide basic data of agriculture sector for policy making  To prepare sampling frame for agricultural surveys  To provide detailed information on livestock subsector 2.1 Main objectives

14. 2.2 Specific Objectives  To conduct the agriculture (crops, fisheries and livestock) census (a large scale periodic statistical operation, based on which the comprehensive reports wi ll be made available to the users in shortest possible time)  To determine the structure and related characteristics of agriculture sector (by providing statistical data on land utilization, tenancy in terms of leasing, cropping pattern, irrigation status, livestock population with other characteristics, area under fish cultivation and other related information, agricultural machineries and transports, use of fertilizers and other agricultural inputs etc.) 14

15. 2.2 Specific Objectives(Contd.)  To provide bench mark data (needed for formulating agricultural development program for agriculture sector and for ev aluating progress)  To provide basic frames of households and operational holdings (for carrying out future surveys on crops, Poultry-livestock and fisheries subsector)  To find basis for developing an integrated program (for current agricultural statistics)  To provide statistics for observing the structural changes (in agriculture sector (crops, Poultry-livestock and fisheries) over the years) 15

16. 2.2 Specific Objectives(Contd.)  To facilitate formulation of the government policies and programs (for the benefit of the rural poor, small and marginal agricultural households and rural d evelopment)  To generate disaggregated agriculture statistics (by administrative and geographic are as, such as division, district, upazila (sub district), union, mouza and rural, urban etc.) 16

17.  Number of farm household  Gross Cropped area  Net cropped area  Propensity of cropping  Arable land  Area under each crop  Homestead land  Area under permanent crop  Area under temporary crop 2.3 Major areas to be Covered

18.  Number of livestock HH (number of cows, buffaloes, goats, sheep, pigs, poultry birds, ducks, pigeons and other relevant information)  Number of fisheries HH  Area under pisciculture  Area under pond and so on  Detail information on fishery sub-sector 2.3 Major areas to be Covered

19. Sl Previous Agriculture Censuses Agriculture Census 2018 01. A core module, along with a long questionnaire (supplementary modules) was used for most of the parameters of crop and land use statistics and few parameters of fishery and livestock sub-sectors were estimated/obtained from Previous ACs. A core module will be used to obtain major parameters of three sub-sectors ( c r o p , livestock & fishery) and three long questionnaires will be used for collecting detail information for each sub-sector. 02. Sampling frame for conducting different surveys, was not prepared from Previous ACs . One of the prime objectives of AC 2018 is to prepare a sampling frame for conducting different surveys of each sub-sector. 2.4 Previous ACs vs AC 2018

20.  Literature review (national, international);  Appropriate designing of the Census;  “World Programme of the Census of Agriculture 2020 (WCA 2020)” the Guidelines of FAO;  Identification of questions for core module;  Identification of questions for long questionnaires;  Preparation of draft tabulations and manuals  Determination of degree of undercount;  Level of disaggregation of data;  Integration with other surveys and sampling frame; 2.5 Major issues for considerations (Precensu s Activities)

21.  First zonal operation for identifying enumeration areas using GIS maps and up dating number of hh in computer sheet  Second zonal operation for updating maps and computer sheet, selecting enum erators, supervisors, training centers, banks etc.  To conduct Final Census using Core Module and identify agriculture hh  To conduct Post Enumeration Check  To conduct Sample Census using long questionnaire for crops, fisheries and li vestock sub-sectors 2.6 Census Phases

22.  Full enumeration of general households and agricultural farm will be conducted;  Approximately 150 thousand enumeration areas will be formed across the country;  GIS maps will be used for the formation of the enumeration area; 2.7 Census Methodology

23.  Final operation of AC 2018 will be carried out using a core module;  Under counting of AC 2018 (If something is found) will be adjusted following Post Enume ration Check (PEC);  Sample Census will be conducted using long questionnaire for crops, fisheries and livestoc k;  Data will be inferred and/or extrapolated to the national or subnational level;  ICR technology will be used for data capturing; 2.7 Census Methodology (Cont.)

24. 2.8 Training in agriculture census Stage-1: Training of master trainers ; Stage-2: Training of Zonal officers ; Stage-3: Training of enumerators and supervisors . 24

25. 2.9 Human Resource for Agriculture Census •Enumerator : 1,50,000 (per Enu=200HH) •Supervisor : 24,700 (Per Sup=6Enu) •Zonal Officer :2600 •District Census Coordinator :150 •Divisional Census Coordinator : 8 •Additional National Census Coordinator :4 •National Census Coordinator (DG) :1 •Chief Census Coordinator (Secretary) :1 25

26. 2.10 Output of Agriculture Census 2018  Preliminary report  Report on basic statistics of agricultural holdings (Vol-1);  Report on cropping pattern (Vol-II);  Reports on sample census (Vol-III);  Analytical report (Vol-IV);  PEC report (Vol-V);  Administrative report (Vol-VI);  Zila Series -64 reports for 64 Zilas; 26

27. Sub-sector Existing System Expected Improvements after AC 2018 Crops Annual production estimates generated by BBS sampling frame based on AC will be used by BBS for providing annual crop production estimates which will be used for GDP calculation Fisheries Annual administrative production data generated by DoF sampling frame based on AC will be used by DoF for providing annual fish production estimates which will be used for GDP calculation Livestock Extrapolated data used, based on mainly inter-censal growth rate (BBS) and partially data from DLS It has to be decided; IMF strongly recommends to use data obtained from annual surveys 2.11 Expected improvements in annual estimates

28.  Preparation of census tabulations for crop, fisheries and livestock census  Preparing questionnaire and training manual  Data capturing  Preparing and finalizing census reports  Developing sampling frame for annual surveys for crops, fisheries and livestock and o ther related surveys 2.12 Tentative areas for support

29. THANK YOU 29

Add a comment