Background to Mary Tudor

50 %
50 %
Information about Background to Mary Tudor
Education

Published on February 21, 2014

Author: crtfinnie

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A background to Mary I and how she came to be the person she was. This investigates why she was evil.

Background to Mary Tudor

Her Father Henry VIII • When Henry VII died in 1509, this popular eighteen-year-old prince became King Henry VIII. • Soon after he obtained the papal dispensation required to allow him to marry his brother's widow, Catherine of Aragon. • In the first years of his reign Henry VIII effectively relied on Thomas Wolsey to rule for him, and by 1515 Henry had elevated him to the highest role in government: Lord Chancellor.

Henry VIII • In 1521 Pope Leo X conferred the title of Defender of the Faith on Henry for his book 'Assertio Septem Sacramentorum', which affirmed the supremacy of the Pope in the face of the reforming ideals of the German theologian, Martin Luther. • Henry VIII's early military campaigns began when he joined Pope Julius II's Holy League against France in 1511. • Wolsey proved himself to be an outstanding minister in his organisation of the first French campaign and while the Scots saw this war as an opportunity to invade England, they were defeated at Flodden in 1513. • However war with France ultimately proved expensive and unsuccessful.

A Male Heir • Henry was acutely aware of the importance of securing a male heir during his reign. He was worried that he had only one surviving child, Mary, to show for his marriage to Catherine, who was now in her 40s. • So the king asked Cardinal Wolsey to appeal to Pope Clement VII for an annulment and it soon became clear he wanted to marry Anne Boleyn, who had been a lady-in-waiting to his first wife. • But, unwilling to anger Catherine of Aragon's nephew – the most powerful ruler in Europe, the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V – the Pope refused. • In 1533, Henry VIII broke with the church and married the now pregnant Anne Boleyn in a secret ceremony. • Henry was excommunicated by the Pope. The English reformation had begun.

After Catherine • Anne gave birth to Elizabeth (later to become Elizabeth I) • Anne had two other miscarriages, Henry charged her with adultery and beheaded her • Married Jane Seymour, had a son, Edward, but died in labour • Then married the daughter of a German prince, Anne, divorced her a few months later • Then married Catherine Howard, short lived, she was executed for adultery (had affairs with people in Henry’s court) • Final marriage was to Catherine Parr who outlived him

Where does this leave Mary? • Mary was a devout Catholic • Henry separated from the Catholic church to divorce Mary’s mother and she was raised outside of Hampton Court • Henry created the Church of England, which was founded in the ideas of the Reformation and Protestantism • Catholic monasteries were shut down and their land and riches taken away from them • Mary had a lot of hatred towards Henry and refused to acknowledge him as head of the Church • Eventually he reconciled with him and was brought back to court. • She was named 2nd in line to the throne after Edward

Edward’s Death, Mary the Queen • Edward VI succeeded his father in 1547 and, under the protectorate of the Duke of Northumberland, zealously promoted Protestantism. • Mary, however, remained a devout Catholic. When it became clear that Edward was dying, Northumberland made plans for his daughter-in-law, Lady Jane Grey, to take the throne in Mary's place. • On Edward's death in 1553, Jane was briefly acclaimed queen. But Mary had widespread popular support and within days made a triumphal entry into London. • Once queen, she was determined to re-impose Catholicism and marry Philip II of Spain.

‘Bloody Mary’ • Watch ‘Killer Queens’ and take notes on Mary’s evil deeds as Mary I Queen of England • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Liv6LvMu3Mw

Mary I • Why do you think Mary was so evil? • Can she be blamed for how she acted?

Sources • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/people/henry_viii • http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/mary_i_queen. shtml

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Background to Mary Tudor - Education

1. Background to Mary Tudor. 2. Her Father Henry VIII • When Henry VII died in 1509, this popular eighteen-year-old prince became King Henry VIII.
Read more

Mary I - Tudor History

MARY IN HENRY VIII'S REIGN. Mary Tudor was the only child born to Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon to survive childhood. Had she been born a boy, it is ...
Read more

About Mary Tudor - Mary's Background

Princess Mary Tudor was born to Henry VII and Elizabeth of York on March 18, 1496. She was considered to be one of the most attractive women alive.
Read more

Queen Mary I - Facts, Information, Biography & Portraits

Queen Mary I: Facts, Information ... Poor Mary Tudor, destined – like her half-brother and predecessor – to languish between those two giants of ...
Read more

Mary Tudor - Queen - Biography.com

On Biography.com, learn more about the reign of Mary Tudor, the queen of England who became known as 'Bloody Mary' for her persecution of the Protestants.
Read more

List of The Tudors characters - Wikipedia, the free ...

List of The Tudors characters ... and she is loved by the English people despite her Spanish background. ... Princess/Lady Mary Tudor: Blathnaid McKeown (2007)
Read more

Queen "Bloody" Mary I Tudor of England - King's College ...

Queen "Bloody" Mary I Tudor of England: Queen Mary I of England reigned as Queen of England for a short five years (r.1553-1558), ...
Read more

Mary I of England - Wikiquote

Mary I of England. From Wikiquote. Jump to: navigation, search. ... ↑ "Mary, I (Mary Tudor)" The Oxford Dictionary of Quotations. Ed. Elizabeth Knowles.
Read more

THE EDUCATION OF PRINCESS MARY TUDOR A Thesis

THE EDUCATION OF PRINCESS MARY TUDOR A Thesis Submitted to the Graduate Faculty of Louisiana State University and Agricultural and Mechanical College
Read more