Back Safety

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Information about Back Safety

Published on January 29, 2008

Author: Beamer

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Presentation explaing the importance of back safety and how to avoid injury

Back Safety

Session Objectives You will be able to: Understand how back injuries occur Prevent back injuries Use proper lifting, load carrying, and unloading techniques Think intelligently about your back

You will be able to:

Understand how back injuries occur

Prevent back injuries

Use proper lifting, load carrying, and unloading techniques

Think intelligently about your back

Back Injury Statistics 80% of Americans will have a back injury that requires medical attention Back injuries are the second most common cause of lost work time, next to the common cold Injured backs are often subject to reinjury In addition to missed work, there may be a lifetime of pain

80% of Americans will have a back injury that requires medical attention

Back injuries are the second most common cause of lost work time, next to the common cold

Injured backs are often subject to reinjury

In addition to missed work, there may be a lifetime of pain

Why Back Injuries Occur The back has many interactive parts Vertebrae, spinal cord, and disks Muscles, ligaments, and tendons Injured when torn, stretched, bruised, or cut

The back has many interactive parts

Vertebrae, spinal cord, and disks

Muscles, ligaments, and tendons

Injured when torn, stretched, bruised, or cut

Types of Back Injuries Strain Sprain Bulging disk Herniated disk

Strain

Sprain

Bulging disk

Herniated disk

General Causes of Back Injury Usually a combination of causes Poor posture Unconditioned back Excess weight and potbellies Bad lifting techniques

Usually a combination of causes

Poor posture

Unconditioned back

Excess weight and potbellies

Bad lifting techniques

Activities That Can Cause Back Injury Reaching Bending over Sitting Poor lifting technique

Reaching

Bending over

Sitting

Poor lifting technique

Back Injury Conditions and Causes Any questions about why back injuries occur? The causes of back injuries?

Any questions about why back injuries occur?

The causes of back injuries?

Injury Prevention— Maintain Posture Maintain the back’s natural curves Stand straight Sit properly Improve your posture Stretch regularly

Maintain the back’s natural curves

Stand straight

Sit properly

Improve your posture

Stretch regularly

Injury Prevention— Condition Your Back Physical conditioning Stay flexible and limber Lose excess weight

Physical conditioning

Stay flexible and limber

Lose excess weight

Injury Prevention—Exercises Walk regularly Stretch and bend Do sit-ups Practice leg lifts Practice squats

Walk regularly

Stretch and bend

Do sit-ups

Practice leg lifts

Practice squats

Safe Practices—Use Lifting Equipment Powered equipment such as forklifts, powered carts, and electric pallet jacks Hand trucks, carts, pallet jacks Cranes and hoists Conveyors

Powered equipment such as forklifts, powered carts, and electric pallet jacks

Hand trucks, carts, pallet jacks

Cranes and hoists

Conveyors

Have a Safe Lifting Plan Size up the load Weight, shape, and size Clear the path Objects Tight doorways or corners Unloading zone

Size up the load

Weight, shape, and size

Clear the path

Objects

Tight doorways or corners

Unloading zone

Lift Properly Stand close with a wide stance Bend at the knees Pull the load close and grip it Tighten stomach, lift your head Rise using your legs

Stand close with a wide stance

Bend at the knees

Pull the load close and grip it

Tighten stomach, lift your head

Rise using your legs

Lift Bags Properly Squat down next to the bag Grab it at opposite corners Lift it up to your thigh or waist Stand up Put the load on your shoulder

Squat down next to the bag

Grab it at opposite corners

Lift it up to your thigh or waist

Stand up

Put the load on your shoulder

Team Lifting Designate a person to lead the lift Lift at the same time Keep the load level Slowly unload together

Designate a person to lead the lift

Lift at the same time

Keep the load level

Slowly unload together

Carry the Load Properly Make sure you can see Take small, stable steps Do not twist your back

Make sure you can see

Take small, stable steps

Do not twist your back

Unload Properly Squat down with the load Do not bend your back over the load Be careful of fingers

Squat down with the load

Do not bend your back over the load

Be careful of fingers

Handling Overhead Loads Shoulders level with the load Slide the load close Use your legs

Shoulders level with the load

Slide the load close

Use your legs

Handling Long Loads Pick up one end Place the balance point on your shoulder Watch the ends

Pick up one end

Place the balance point on your shoulder

Watch the ends

Think About Your Back Don’t be lazy Think long term Don’t try to lift too much Consider your back in all things that you do

Don’t be lazy

Think long term

Don’t try to lift too much

Consider your back in all things that you do

What’s Wrong Here? Moving heavy boxes wearing back belt Trained in lifting techniques Rotates box on bottom edge Box falls as he grabs for it Strains his back

Moving heavy boxes wearing back belt

Trained in lifting techniques

Rotates box on bottom edge

Box falls as he grabs for it

Strains his back

What’s Wrong Here? (cont.) Was the box too heavy? Was the box too big to move alone? Were proper lifting techniques followed? Was the back belt a factor?

Was the box too heavy?

Was the box too big to move alone?

Were proper lifting techniques followed?

Was the back belt a factor?

Injury Prevention and Safe Practices Any questions about lifting techniques? Any questions about carrying loads, unloading, overhead loads, or long loads?

Any questions about lifting techniques?

Any questions about carrying loads, unloading, overhead loads, or long loads?

Key Points to Remember Maintain back posture Exercise regularly Use available lifting equipment, and have a lifting plan Use your legs; bend them when lifting Always think about your back

Maintain back posture

Exercise regularly

Use available lifting equipment, and have a lifting plan

Use your legs; bend them when lifting

Always think about your back

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