B4 U08 C

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Published on April 24, 2008

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Slide1:  Unit 8: Part C 21st Century College English: Book 4 Slide2:  Assignment Checkup Text B Listening Practice Assignment Unit 8: Part C Slide3:  Assignment Checkup Word Building Ex. VI Word Building Ex. VII Slide4:  Word Building 《读写教程 IV》: Ex. VI, p. 266 Slide5:  VI. Many nouns ending in -age are derived from related verbs or nouns. Examples: pilgrimage dosage leakage pilgrim dose leak Word Building Slide6:  Explain how the following words are formed and then complete the following sentences with some of them. 1. Present-day mechanical watches are made from metals that resist ________ and rust. marriage wreckage assemblage stoppage carriage reportage shrinkage breakage storage package breakage Word Building Slide7:  Explain how the following words are formed and then complete the following sentences with some of them. 2. Aluminium is widely used for containers, flexible ________, and easy-to-open bottles and cans. package Word Building marriage wreckage assemblage stoppage carriage reportage shrinkage breakage storage package Slide8:  Explain how the following words are formed and then complete the following sentences with some of them. 3. In August 1996 an expedition set out to examine the ________ of the Titanic and study the damage to the hull. wreckage Word Building marriage wreckage assemblage stoppage carriage reportage shrinkage breakage storage package Slide9:  Explain how the following words are formed and then complete the following sentences with some of them. 4. As a result of ________, the shirt is now too small to wear. shrinkage Word Building marriage wreckage assemblage stoppage carriage reportage shrinkage breakage storage package Slide10:  Explain how the following words are formed and then complete the following sentences with some of them. 5. Studies with telescopes have revealed the structure of huge distant ________ of stars, called galaxies, and of clusters of galaxies. assemblage Word Building marriage wreckage assemblage stoppage carriage reportage shrinkage breakage storage package Slide11:  Explain how the following words are formed and then complete the following sentences with some of them. 6. Learning is closely related to memory, which is the ________ of information in the brain. storage Word Building marriage wreckage assemblage stoppage carriage reportage shrinkage breakage storage package Slide12:  Word Building 《读写教程 IV》: Ex. VII, p. 266 Slide13:  Word Building Suffix -al to be added to: verbs to form: nouns to mean: the action of or the process of Slide14:  Word Building 1. Frank felt a sense of ________ when his friends refused to support him. betrayal Slide15:  Word Building 2. Dinosaurs were slowly driven to extinction by environmental changes linked to the gradual ________ of seas from the continent. withdrawal Slide16:  Word Building 3. In football, a player’s second yellow card would mean ________ from the game. removal Slide17:  Word Building 4. Buddhism declined in the late Tang Dynasty and consequently there was a ________ of Confucianism. revival Slide18:  Word Building 5. Some scientists have suggested that the extinction of many animals may have been partly due to chance, not just to the ________ of the fittest. survival Slide19:  Word Building 6. Once they get the ________ from the Governor, their plan can be carried out immediately. approval Slide20:  Pre-reading Activity Language Points Comprehension Check Text B Slide22:  Text B: Pre-Reading Activity 《读写教程 IV》: Ex. XIV, p. 270 Slide23:  Text B: Pre-Reading Activity Jesse Owens (1913-1980), the author of An Open Letter to a Young Person with an Enemy, is a very famous American athlete. Have you ever heard of him? If you have, then how much do you know about him? Go over the following statements and put a check on the line before the statement that is true of this legendary athlete. Slide24:  Text B: Pre-Reading Activity ____ 1. He is a native American. ____ 2. He is an Afro-American. ____ 3. He is a descendent of European immigrants. ____ 4. He rose to fame as a basketball player and once won the title of “the most valuable NBA player of the year”. ____ 5. He achieved fame as a track and field athlete. ____ 6. He is widely acclaimed as the greatest all-round male athlete the U.S. has ever produced. √ √ Slide25:  Text B: Pre-Reading Activity ____ 7. He won 4 gold medals at the 1936 Olympic Games, setting new world records in the broad jump and the 200-meter race, equaling the record in 100-meter race, and sharing a new world record in the 400-meter relay. ____ 8. He is regarded as a hero who upset Adolf Hitler’s plans to use the 1936 Games as evidence of Aryan superiority. ____ 9. In 1976, he was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom. ____ 10. In 1979, he was awarded a Living Legends Award. √ √ √ √ Slide26:  Text B: Pre-Reading Activity 《读写教程 IV》: Ex. XV, p. 271 Slide27:  Text B: Pre-Reading Activity XV. Write out Chinese equivalents for the following sports terms. You may refer to your dictionary if necessary. 1. high jump: ________ 2. broad (long) jump: ________ 3. pole-vault: ____________ 4. 100-meter dash: ____________ 5. hurdles: ________ 跳高 跳远 撑竿跳高 100米短跑 跨栏 Slide28:  Text B: Pre-Reading Activity shot put: __________ discus throw: __________ 8. 400-meter relay: _______________ 9. cross-country race: ____________ 10. marathon: __________ 推铅球 掷铁饼 400米接力赛 越野赛跑 马拉松赛 XV. Write out Chinese equivalents for the following sports terms. You may refer to your dictionary if necessary. Slide29:  Language Points Text B An Open Letter to a Young Person with an Enemy Jesse Owens Slide30:  An Open Letter to a Young Person with an Enemy By Jesse Owens 1 Most people have heard about my Olympic success in 1936, when I managed to come out of the Berlin games with four gold medals. In particular, a lot has been written about how I won the medal for the broad jumps. It was during that event that Adolf Hitler walked out on me. It is said that then, in anger, I fouled on my first two jumps. The whole Olympics for me and for my country seemed to rest on that third jump… Text B: Difficult Points Slide31:  2 Yes, a lot of words have been written about that day. And they’ve been almost true. I say “almost true” because unless you know the story I’m about to tell, you know only part of the truth. Now let me tell you how it all happened. 3 The broad jump preliminaries came before the finals of the other three events I was in — the one hundred- and two hundred-meter dash and the relay. How I did in the broad jump would determine how I did in the whole Olympics. For I held a world record in broad jump that only one man had ever come near. That man was Luz Long. Text B: Difficult Points Slide32:  4 Long was a tall, perfectly built fellow. In preparing for the Games, he had been known to jump over twenty-six feet. This man was something! I knew I would have to set a new Olympic record to beat him. 5 Long’s first jump broke the Olympic record — in the trials! Did it worry me a little? More than a little. He was on his home ground and didn’t seem bothered by the pressure. In fact, he’d already done one thing I had always tried to do in every jumping event and race I was in. That was to discourage the competition by getting off to a better start. Text B: Difficult Points Slide33:  6 I felt I had to make a showing right then. I measured off my steps from the foul board and got ready. Suddenly an American news reporter came up to me. “Is it true, Jesse?” he asked. 7 “Is what true?” I answered. 8 “That Hitler walked out on you? That he wouldn’t watch you jump?” 9 I looked over to where the German ruler had been sitting. No one was in his box. A minute ago he had been there. I could add two and two. I was mad, hate-mad, and it made me feel wild. I was going to show him. He’d hear about this jump, even if he wouldn’t see it! Text B: Difficult Points Slide34:  10 I felt the energy coming into my legs and tingling in the muscles of my stomach as it never had before. I began my run, almost in slow motion, then picked up speed. Finally, I ran faster and faster until I was moving almost as fast as I did whenever I ran the hundred yard dash. Suddenly the foul board was in front of me. I hit it, went up, up high — so high I knew I was outdoing Long and every person who had ever jumped. 11 But they didn’t measure it. I had been thinking too hard about setting a record and not enough about form. I’d gone half a foot over the foul board. Text B: Difficult Points Slide35:  12 On my second jump, I played it safe — too safe. I didn’t foul, but I didn’t go far enough to qualify. I had just one jump left. I looked around nervously, panic creeping into every cell of my body. On my right was Hitler’s box. It was empty. This was his way of saying I was a member of an inferior race who would give an inferior performance. The stadium was filled with more than one hundred thousand people — almost all of them Germans. I felt that they all wanted to see me fail. Worst of all, Luz Long was a few feet away laughing with a German friend of his. I saw him as unconcerned, confident. Text B: Difficult Points Slide36:  13 Suddenly I felt a firm hand on my arm. I turned and looked into the sky-blue eyes of my worst enemy. 14 “Hello, Jesse Owens,” he said. “I am Luz Long.” I nodded. I couldn’ t speak. 15 “Look,” he said. “There is no time to waste with manners. What has taken your goat?” 16 I had to smile a little in spite of myself as I heard his mixed-up American phrase. 17 But I couldn’t tell him, him of all people. I glanced over at the broad-jump pit. I was about to be called. Text B: Difficult Points Slide37:  18 Luz didn’t waste words, even if he wasn’t sure which ones to use. “Is it what Hitler did?” he asked. 19 I was thunderstruck that he’d said it. “I —” I started to answer. But I didn’t know what to say. 20 “I see,” he said. “Look, we talk about that later. Now you must jump. And you must qualify.” 21 “But how?” I shot back. 22 “I have thought,” he said. “You are like I am. You must do it one hundred percent. Correct?” I nodded. “Yet, you must be sure not to foul.” I nodded again, this time a little discouraged. And as I did, I heard the loudspeaker call my name. Text B: Difficult Points Slide38:  23 Luz talked quickly. “Then you do both things, Jesse. You remeasure your steps. You take off six inches behind the foul board. You jump as hard as you can. But you need not fear to foul.” 24 All at once, the panic emptied out of me like a cloudburst. Of course! 25 I jogged over to the runway. I measured my steps again. Then I put a towel beside the place I wanted to jump from. That place was half a foot behind the foul board. 26 I walked back to the starting line. I began my run, hit the place beside the towel, shot up into the air like a bird, and qualified by more than a foot. Text B: Difficult Points Slide39:  27 The next day I went into the finals of the broad jump. Luz broke his own personal record and the Olympic record, too. Then I — thanks to the talk we had had — flew up into the air to top that. Hours before, I had won the hundred meters in 10.3 seconds. Then afterward, I won the 200 meters in 20.7 seconds and helped our team to another gold medal and record in the relay. 28 During the evenings that followed, I sat with Luz in his place or mine in the Olympic village, and we formed a strong friendship. We were sometimes as different on the inside as we looked on the outside. But the things that were the same were much more important to us. Text B: Difficult Points Slide40:  29 We talked about everything from athletics to art, but mostly we talked about the future. He didn’t say it in so many words, but Luz seemed to know that war was coming and that he would have to be in it. I didn’t know then whether or not the United States would be involved. But I did realize that this earth was getting to be a dangerous place for a young person. After the Games, Luz and I wrote regularly, though the letters weren’t always as happy as our talks at the Olympics had been. Times were hard for me and harder for Luz. He had had to go into the German army, away from his wife and son. Each letter expressed more and more doubt about what he was doing. But he felt he had no other choice. He was afraid for his family if he left the army. Text B: Difficult Points Slide41:  30 The last letter I got from him was in 1939. “Things become more difficult,” he said, “and I am afraid, Jesse. It is not just the thought of dying. It is that I may die for the wrong thing. But whatever might become of me, I hope only that my wife and son will stay alive. I am asking you, my only friend outside of Germany, to someday visit them if you are able. Tell them why I had to do this and how the good times between us were.” 31 I answered right away, but my letter came back. So did the nest and the one after. I tried to find out about Luz in a dozen ways. There was nothing. A war was on. Finally, when it was over, I was able to get in touch with Luz’s wife. I found that he was buried somewhere in the African desert. Text B: Difficult Points Slide42:  32 Luz Long had been my competition in the Olympics. He was a white man — a Nazi white man who fought to destroy my country. But I loved Luz Long, as much as my own brothers. I still love Luz Long. 33 I went back to Berlin a few years ago and met his son. And I told Karl about his father. I told him that though fate may have thrown us against one another, Luz rose above it. Luz rose so high above it that I was left not only with the medals that his advice helped me to get, but with priceless knowledge that the only bond worth anything between human beings is their humanness. (1517 words) Text B: Difficult Points Slide43:  when I managed to come out of the Berlin games with four gold medals Paraphrase: — when I successfully won four gold medals at the Olympic Games held in Berlin More to learn Slide44:  the Olympics The Olympics (or the Olympic Games) consist of international athletic and sporting contests held every four years at a different site, in which athletes from different nations compete against each other in a variety of sports. There are two types of Olympics, the Summer Olympics and the Winter Olympics. Text-related information More to learn Slide45:  Jesse Owens (1913 —1980) and the Berlin games Jesse Owens was a black American who won four gold medals in track and field events at the Olympic Games of 1936. The games were held in Berlin, Germany, under the auspices of the new Nazi regime. It was Adolf Hitler’s intent to use the games to demonstrate what he believed to be the superiority of the Aryan, or white, race. This aim was seriously undermined when Jesse Owen won four gold medals. Hitler stormed out of the stadium rather than present the awards. Text-related information Slide46:  Adolf Hitler (1889 — 1945) Adolf Hitler was the founder of the German Nazi Party and chancellor of the Third Reich, of which he became Fuhrer in 1934. His regime was infamous for the establishment of concentration camps to exterminate the Jews. He invaded Poland in 1939, which precipitated World War II. He committed suicide on April 30, 1945, when Berlin was almost occupied by the Soviet army. Text-related information Slide47:  walk out on someone — leave sb. suddenly, often as a signal of disapproval; abandon sb. Examples: You can't just walk out on your wife like that! After all, you've got four children with her! A friend is one who walks in when the rest of the world walks out on you. Slide48:  Text-related information Slide49:  perfectly built fellow — person with a perfect body type Note: If you say that someone is heavily built, slightly built, etc. you mean that their body is of that particular type. Slide50:  This man was something! — This man was special! Note: If a person or thing is (really/quite) something, then they are remarkable, important or special, often in a stated way, but for reasons which it is difficult to explain. Examples: As a violinist she’s really something. He thinks he is something in that uniform. Slide51:  He was on his home ground… — He was on his own playing field… Note: A sports team’s home ground is their own playing field as opposed to that of other teams. Slide52:  That was to discourage the competition by getting off to a better start. Paraphrase the sentence. ? Key: That was to make the competitors lose confidence by successfully making a better start. Slide53:  I could add two and two. — I could see what that meant. Note: If you add two and two or put two and two together, you work out for yourself the real meaning of something from the things that you see and hear, esp. when other people don’t want you to find out. Example: I began to think. I began, as they say, to put two and two together. Slide54:  I had been thinking too hard about setting a record and not enough about form. Translate the sentence. ? Key: 我对破纪录想的太多,而对技术动作却考虑的太少。 Slide55:  qualify vi. — reach the later stages of a selection process or contest by competing successfully in earlier rounds Examples: In the World Cup, England tries to beat all the rivals and qualify from the "Group of Death". If our footballers fail to keep up vigorous training, they will be in a bad state during the World Cup qualifying competitions. Slide56:  There is no time to waste with manners. What has taken your goat? Paraphrase: — We have no time for polite words. What has made you so annoyed? take sb.’s goat = get sb.’s goat — make sb. very annoyed. Slide57:  I had to smile a little in spite of myself… Paraphrase the sentence. ? Key: — I had to pretend to smile though I was not in such a mood… Slide58:  But I couldn’t tell him, him of all people. Paraphrase: — But I couldn’t tell him, especially not him. Question: Why does the author say “I couldn’t tell him, him of all people”? Slide59:  Luz didn’t waste words, even if he wasn’t sure which ones to use. Paraphrase the sentence. ? Key: — Luz said something straightforwardly, though he wasn’t sure how to say it. Slide60:  Paraphrase the sentence. ? Key: — Suddenly the feeling of great anxiety left me. All at once, the panic emptied out of me like a cloudburst. Slide61:  Then I … flew up into the air to top that. Translate: 接着我腾空而起超越了他的成绩。 More to learn Slide62:  top v. — surpass; be taller or higher than Examples: It took more than twenty years for sales to top one million dollars. He tops his father by half a head. Slide63:  I … helped our team to another gold medal and record in the relay. Translate the sentence. ? Key: 我帮助我们队在接力赛中赢得了又一枚金牌,并创造了新的记录。 Slide64:  We were sometimes as different on the inside as we looked on the outside. Paraphrase the sentence. ? Key: — Sometimes our characters were as different as our appearances. Slide65:  He was afraid for his family if he left the army. Translate: 他担心如果离开军队,他的家人就会遭殃。 Slide66:  whatever might become of me — no matter what might happen to me Note: If you wonder what becomes of someone or something, you wonder what happens to them. Examples: What will become of the children if their father dies? What will become of the mischievous boy if he keeps behaving like that? Slide67:  I told him that though fate may have thrown us against one another, Luz rose above it. Translate: 我告诉他虽然命运可能让我们成为敌人,但卢斯超越了这一点。 Slide68:  Text B: Comprehension Check 《读写教程 IV》: Ex. XVI, p. 278 Slide69:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 1. In the first two paragraphs the author intends to tell us that ________. A) it was under great pressure that he managed to win the medal for the broad jump B) what has been written about his success at the 1936 Olympics has failed to make up a true story C) he is going to reveal what was behind his success story as a qualifier for the broad jump final D) no one knows better than he does about what really happened during that eventful day 1. In the first two paragraphs the author intends to tell us that ________. A) it was under great pressure that he managed to win the medal for the broad jump B) what has been written about his success at the 1936 Olympics has failed to make up a true story C) he is going to reveal what was behind his success story as a qualifier for the broad jump final D) no one knows better than he does about what really happened during that eventful day Slide70:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 2. The broad jump preliminaries were very important to Owens in that ________. A) they came before the finals of the other three events he was in and the result would affect his performance in the whole Olympics B) he had got a strong challenger in that field event and would have to make a good showing to offset his influence C) his chief opponent had made an excellent start and Jesse wanted to beat him D) all of the above 2. The broad jump preliminaries were very important to Owens in that ________. A) they came before the finals of the other three events he was in and the result would affect his performance in the whole Olympics B) he had got a strong challenger in that field event and would have to make a good showing to offset his influence C) his chief opponent had made an excellent start and Jesse wanted to beat him D) all of the above Slide71:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 3. The expression “to discourage the competition by getting off to a better start” can best be interpreted as ________. A) “to dishearten all the other competitors with a better show of strength or skills at the very start” B) “to take the initiative and maintain an aggressive game throughout” C) “to keep an upper hand over the rivals through the whole game” D) “to get into an advantageous position as early as possible” 3. The expression “to discourage the competition by getting off to a better start” can best be interpreted as ________. A) “to dishearten all the other competitors with a better show of strength or skills at the very start” B) “to take the initiative and maintain an aggressive game throughout” C) “to keep an upper hand over the rivals through the whole game” D) “to get into an advantageous position as early as possible” Slide72:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 4. During the broad jumping event Adolf Hitler suddenly left his box ________. A) for he was cocksure that Jesse Owens was no match for Luz Long, his prize athlete, who had broken the Olympic record B) because he would not deign to watch the performance given by a member of an inferior race C) as he hated to see Jesse Owens, a black American, challenge his symbol of Aryan superiority D) both B) and C) 4. During the broad jumping event Adolf Hitler suddenly left his box ________. A) for he was cocksure that Jesse Owens was no match for Luz Long, his prize athlete, who had broken the Olympic record B) because he would not deign to watch the performance given by a member of an inferior race C) as he hated to see Jesse Owens, a black American, challenge his symbol of Aryan superiority D) both B) and C) Slide73:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 5. According to the passage which of the following is NOT true? A) Owens fouled on the first jump because he was only too anxious to set a new record. B) What Hitler had done enraged him and made him all the more determined to give a perfect performance in the competition. C) He could feel the pressure of the German spectators in the stadium and the uncomfortable atmosphere there greatly affected his proper performance in the broad jump. D) He failed to qualify on the second jump for he was so careful not to foul that he didn’t go far enough. 5. According to the passage which of the following is NOT true? A) Owens fouled on the first jump because he was only too anxious to set a new record. B) What Hitler had done enraged him and made him all the more determined to give a perfect performance in the competition. C) He could feel the pressure of the German spectators in the stadium and the uncomfortable atmosphere there greatly affected his proper performance in the broad jump. D) He failed to qualify on the second jump for he was so careful not to foul that he didn’t go far enough. Slide74:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 6. “What has taken (the right word being “got”) your goat?” is closest in meaning to ________. A) “What has happened to you?” B) “What has annoyed you?” C) “What has gone wrong with you?” D) “What has caused your failure?” 6. “What has taken (the right word being “got”) your goat?” is closest in meaning to ________. A) “What has happened to you?” B) “What has annoyed you?” C) “What has gone wrong with you?” D) “What has caused your failure?” Slide75:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 7. Why did Luz Long go out of his way to talk to Jesse Owens? A) To show his sympathy as a fellow sportsman. B) To make known his belief in sportsmanship and fair play. C) To demonstrate his disapproval of what Hitler had done. D) To encourage the American athlete to give his best performance. 7. Why did Luz Long go out of his way to talk to Jesse Owens? A) To show his sympathy as a fellow sportsman. B) To make known his belief in sportsmanship and fair play. C) To demonstrate his disapproval of what Hitler had done. D) To encourage the American athlete to give his best performance. Slide76:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 8. Which of the following can be said about Owens’ friendship with Luz Long? A) Their friendship was a strong one because it was based on mutual understanding and shared beliefs. B) Their friendship was a unique one as it was forged on what they had in common, regardless of their exterior difference in skin color. C) Their friendship was a lasting one, for it extended beyond the distance of time and space. D) All of the above. 8. Which of the following can be said about Owens’ friendship with Luz Long? A) Their friendship was a strong one because it was based on mutual understanding and shared beliefs. B) Their friendship was a unique one as it was forged on what they had in common, regardless of their exterior difference in skin color. C) Their friendship was a lasting one, for it extended beyond the distance of time and space. D) All of the above. Slide77:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 9. In the concluding paragraph Jesse Owens emphasizes that ________. A) he was most appreciative of Long’s unselfish, timely advice that helped him win the gold medals at the Olympics in Berlin B) he was very grateful to Long, who had helped him to win the medals at the Olympics, and more importantly, had helped him to learn that love, kindness, and compassion are the most precious things that unite human beings C) he really appreciated his friendship with Long, though he was a Nazi white man and had died for the wrong thing D) as a black athlete from another country, he had admired Long particularly for his sportsmanship and compassion 9. In the concluding paragraph Jesse Owens emphasizes that ________. A) he was most appreciative of Long’s unselfish, timely advice that helped him win the gold medals at the Olympics in Berlin B) he was very grateful to Long, who had helped him to win the medals at the Olympics, and more importantly, had helped him to learn that love, kindness, and compassion are the most precious things that unite human beings C) he really appreciated his friendship with Long, though he was a Nazi white man and had died for the wrong thing D) as a black athlete from another country, he had admired Long particularly for his sportsmanship and compassion Slide78:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 10. By the title “An Open Letter to a Young Person with an Enemy”, the author suggests that ________. A) we should not take everything for granted, for example, sometimes we may find a true friend in an enemy B) young people tend to take it for granted that an enemy is nothing but an enemy C) should we rise above all human prejudices and conflicts, we might be able to turn an enemy into a friend D) we should always bear it in mind that people are often not what they appear to be 10. By the title “An Open Letter to a Young Person with an Enemy”, the author suggests that ________. A) we should not take everything for granted, for example, sometimes we may find a true friend in an enemy B) young people tend to take it for granted that an enemy is nothing but an enemy C) should we rise above all human prejudices and conflicts, we might be able to turn an enemy into a friend D) we should always bear it in mind that people are often not what they appear to be Slide79:  Text B: Comprehension Check Choose the best answer to each of the following questions. 11. The author writes the article with a(n) ________ tone. A) affectionate B) sentimental C) indifferent D) exaggerated 11. The author writes the article with a(n) ________ tone. A) affectionate B) sentimental C) indifferent D) exaggerated Slide80:  Listening Practice Passage 2 Passage 3 Listening & Speaking IV Slide81:  Questions Listening Practice 《听说教程 IV》 Part 4.3, pp. 94-95 Slide82:  3. A) The older people wanted it. B) The voters decided on it. C) It was decided that speeds above that were not safe. D) The US had a fuel crisis. Listening Practice Slide83:  4. A) Drivers with turbo-charged vehicles. B) Professional truck drivers. C) Older people. D) People from the Southern US. Listening Practice Slide84:  5. A) More than half the people. B) Less than half the people. C) Half the people. D) Some of the people. Listening Practice Slide85:  6. A) The long roads between the cities. B) The modern turbo-charged engine. C) The economic advantage. D) The current policies of Germany and Australia. Listening Practice Check-up Slide86:  3. Why was the speed limit first reduced to 55 miles per hour? A) The older people wanted it. B) The voters decided on it. C) It was decided that speeds above that were not safe. D) The US had a fuel crisis. Listening Practice 3. Why was the speed limit first reduced to 55 miles per hour? A) The older people wanted it. B) The voters decided on it. C) It was decided that speeds above that were not safe. D) The US had a fuel crisis. Slide87:  4. Who is most likely to want a higher speed limit? A) Drivers with turbo-charged vehicles. B) Professional truck drivers. C) Older people. D) People from the Southern US. Listening Practice 4. Who is most likely to want a higher speed limit? A) Drivers with turbo-charged vehicles. B) Professional truck drivers. C) Older people. D) People from the Southern US. Slide88:  5. According to the survey, how many people felt the law was out of date? A) More than half the people. B) Less than half the people. C) Half the people. D) Some of the people. Listening Practice 5. According to the survey, how many people felt the law was out of date? A) More than half the people. B) Less than half the people. C) Half the people. D) Some of the people. Slide89:  6. What evidence do people from the west give to show that a higher speed limit is safe? A) The long roads between the cities. B) The modern turbo-charged engine. C) The economic advantage. D) The current policies of Germany and Australia. Listening Practice 6. What evidence do people from the west give to show that a higher speed limit is safe? A) The long roads between the cities. B) The modern turbo-charged engine. C) The economic advantage. D) The current policies of Germany and Australia. Script Slide90:  Listening Practice According to recent surveys, a large number of Americans favor increasing the present 55-mile-an-hour speed limit. The current speed limit was set in the early 1970’s when the US faced its first crucial oil shortage. Sixty-five percent of the persons surveyed said that the law was out of date. They pointed to the relative safety of the American high way system and to the efficiency of modern vehicles to support their beliefs. Westerners and younger people, rather than older adults, are more likely to argue against retention of the legislation. The debate is particularly important for those who live in the western states. Many of the large cities in the western part of the country are separated by thirty or forty hours of long, empty, straight roads. People from this area argue that the examples of countries like Australia and Germany should demonstrate that higher speeds are still safe and that speed is disproportionately blamed for traffic problems. Most professional truck drivers favor a higher speed limit. They argue that they can get their goods to the marketplace faster if the speed limit is higher, and that is good for the economy. Since the successful implementation of the turbo-charged engine in modern trucks, it is quite possible for trucks to reach speeds twice the legal limit which they are currently allowed to travel. In the end, economic issues may help make the final decision. Slide91:  Questions Listening Practice 《听说教程 IV》 Part 4.3, pp. 95 Slide92:  7. A) To make recommendations on sensible dieting. B) To report the latest advances in physical therapy. C) To relate an experiment combining sleep and exercise. D) To offer advice about the sleeping problem. Listening Practice Slide93:  8. A) You heart rate is lowered. B) It becomes harder to relax. C) You become too tired to sleep. D) Sleep rhythms are disrupted. Listening Practice Slide94:  9. A) Failure to rest during the day. B) Lack of sleep on weekends. C) Vigorous exercise in the evening. D) Eating cheese before going to bed. Listening Practice Slide95:  10. A) They might eventually cause you to lose sleep. B) They help produce a neurotransmitter in the brain. C) You must not drink milk if you take them. D) They make it unnecessary to take naps. Listening Practice Check-up Slide96:  7. What is the purpose of the broadcast? A) To make recommendations on sensible dieting. B) To report the latest advances in physical therapy. C) To relate an experiment combining sleep and exercise. D) To offer advice about the sleeping problem. Listening Practice 7. What is the purpose of the broadcast? A) To make recommendations on sensible dieting. B) To report the latest advances in physical therapy. C) To relate an experiment combining sleep and exercise. D) To offer advice about the sleeping problem. Slide97:  8. According to the speaker, what happens when you toss and turn to get comfortable? A) You heart rate is lowered. B) It becomes harder to relax. C) You become too tired to sleep. D) Sleep rhythms are disrupted. Listening Practice 8. According to the speaker, what happens when you toss and turn to get comfortable? A) You heart rate is lowered. B) It becomes harder to relax. C) You become too tired to sleep. D) Sleep rhythms are disrupted. Slide98:  9. According to the speaker, what sometimes causes people to have trouble sleeping? A) Failure to rest during the day. B) Lack of sleep on weekends. C) Vigorous exercise in the evening. D) Eating cheese before going to bed. Listening Practice 9. According to the speaker, what sometimes causes people to have trouble sleeping? A) Failure to rest during the day. B) Lack of sleep on weekends. C) Vigorous exercise in the evening. D) Eating cheese before going to bed. Slide99:  10. What does the speaker say about the sleeping pills? A) They might eventually cause you to lose sleep. B) They help produce a neurotransmitter in the brain. C) You must not drink milk if you take them. D) They make it unnecessary to take naps. Listening Practice 10. What does the speaker say about the sleeping pills? A) They might eventually cause you to lose sleep. B) They help produce a neurotransmitter in the brain. C) You must not drink milk if you take them. D) They make it unnecessary to take naps. Script Slide100:  Listening Practice Do you have trouble sleeping at night? Then maybe this is for you. When you worry about needing sleep and toss and turn trying to find a comfortable position, you’re probably only making matters worse. What happens when you do that, is that your heart rate actually increases, making it more difficult to relax. You may also have some bad habits that contribute to the problem. Do you rest frequently during the day? Do you get virtually no exercise, or do you exercise strenuously late in the day? Are you preoccupied with sleep, or do you sleep late on weekends? Any or all of these factors might be leading to your insomnia by disrupting your body’s natural rhythm. What should you do, then, on those sleepless nights? Don’t bother with sleeping pills. They can actually cause worse insomnia later. The best thing to do is to drink milk or eat cheese or tuna fish. These are all rich in amino acids and help produce a neurotransmitter in the brain that induces sleep. This neurotransmitter will help you relax, and you’ll be on your way to getting a good night’s sleep. Until tomorrow’s broadcast, this has been another in the series “Hits for Good Health”.

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