B1 U01 A1

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Education

Published on April 24, 2008

Author: Panfilo

Source: authorstream.com

Slide1:  Unit 1 : Text A 21st Century College English: Book 1 Secrets of A Students Slide2:  Unit 1: Text A Lead-in Activities Text Organization Reading & Writing Skills Language Points Guided Practice Assignment Slide3:  Lead-in Activities: Warm-up Questions 1. Based on the title, guess what the text is about. 2. Look at the subheadings, 1-8, in the text. Which of these activities do you already do? In which areas do you feel you need improvement? 3. Are there any “secrets” to your own success as a student? In other words, do you have any special study techniques which have been very successful for you? Slide4:  The structure of Text A I. The importance of the study skills by two specific examples II. Secrets of A students—8 study skills III. Conclusion: Anyone can become A students if you can learn and master these secrets. Para. 1-3 Para. 4-11 Para. 12 Text Organization Slide5:  Exposition. This text is a typical “how-to-do-things essay”. This kind of article is ususlly divided into two parts: first part, the importance of doing this; the second part, the concrete methods or procedure of doing it. And the second part is the main body of the article. General speaking, there’s a topic sentence at the beginning of the text to express the thesis and a conclusion sentence at the end. In this text, after the examples at the beginning, the author tells us the topic sentence “The students at the top of the class get there by mastering a few basic techniques that others can easily learn.”. To match the topic sentence, the author gives us the conclusion sentence “After all, the secrets of A students are not so secret. You can learn and master them and become an A student, too.” Reading & Writing Skills Slide6:  Secrets of A Students By Edwin Kiester & Sally Valentine Kiester 1 Alex, now a first-year student in natural sciences at Cambridge, played football for his school in Manchester and directed the school production of a play. He left school with five A’s. Amanda, reading English at Bristol University, acted in plays at hers, and played tennis regularly. Yet she still managed to get four A’s. Intensive Study Slide7:  2 How do A students like these make it? Brains aren’t the only answer. The most gifted students do not necessarily perform best in exams. Knowing how to make the most of one’s abilities counts for much more. 3 Hard work isn’t the whole story either. Some of these high-achieving students actually put in fewer hours than their lower-scoring classmates. The students at the top of the class get there by mastering a few basic techniques that others can easily learn. Here, according to education experts and students themselves, are the secrets of A students. Intensive Study Slide8:  4 1. Concentrate! Top students allow no interruptions of their study time. Once the books are open, phone calls go unanswered, TV unwatched and newspapers unread. “This doesn’t mean ignoring important things in your life,” Amanda explains. “It means planning your study time so that you can concentrate. If I’m worried about a sick friend, I call her before I start my homework. Then when I sit down to study, I can really focus.”   Intensive Study Slide9:  5 2. Study anywhere — or everywhere. A university professor in Arizona assigned to tutor underachieving college athletes, recalls a runner who exercised daily. He persuaded him to use the time to memorise biology terms. Another student stuck a vocabulary list on his bathroom wall and learned a new word every day while brushing his teeth. Intensive Study Slide10:  6 3. Organize your materials. At school, Tom played basketball. “I was too busy to waste time looking for a pencil or a missing notebook. I kept everything just where I could get my hands on it,” he says. Paul, a student in New Mexico, keeps two folders for each subject — one for the day’s assignments, the other for homework completed and ready to hand in. A drawer keeps essentials together and cuts down on time-wasting searches. Intensive Study Slide11:  7 4. Organize your time. When a teacher set a long essay, Alex would spend a couple of days reading round the subject and making notes, then he’d do a rough draft and write up the essay. He would aim to finish a couple of days before the assignment was due so that if it took longer than expected, he’d still meet the deadline. Amanda stuck to a study schedule that included breaks every two hours. “Trying to study when you’re overtired isn’t smart,” she advises. “Even a short break to stretch or get some fresh air can work wonders.” Intensive Study Slide12:  8 5. Learn how to read. “I used to spend hours going through irrelevant material,” Amanda remembers. “But then I got used to reading quickly; if the first sentence of a paragraph wasn’t relevant, I’d move on to the next paragraph.” “The best course I ever took,” says an Oklahoma student, “was speed-reading. I not only increased my words per minute but also learned to look at a book’s table of contents and pictures first. Then, when I began to read, I had a sense of the material and I retained a lot more.” To such students, the secret of good reading is to be an active reader — one who keeps asking questions that lead to a full understanding of the material being read. Intensive Study Slide13:  9 6. Take good notes. “Before writing anything, I divide my page into two parts,” says Amanda, “the left part is about one third of the page wide; the right, two-thirds. I write my notes in the wider part, and put down the main ideas on the left. During revision, this is very useful because you can see immediately why the material is relevant, rather than being worried by a great mass of information.” Just before the end-of-lesson bell rings, most students close their books, put away papers, talk to friends and get ready to leave. But a smart student uses those few minutes to write two or three sentences about the lesson’s main points, which he scans before the next class. Intensive Study Slide14:  10 7. Ask questions. “If you ask questions, you know at once whether you have got the point or not,” says Alex. Class participation is a matter of showing intellectual curiosity. In a lecture on economics, for example, curious students would ask how the Chinese economy could be both socialist and market-driven, thus interesting themselves not only in whats, but also in whys and hows. Intensive Study Slide15:  11 8. Study together. The value of working together was shown in an experiment at the University of California at Berkeley. A graduate student there who observed a first-year calculus course found that Asian-American students discussed homework, tried different approaches and explained their solutions to one another while the others studied alone, spent most of their time reading and rereading the text, and tried the same approach time after time even if it was unsuccessful. Intensive Study Slide16:  12 After all, the secrets of A students are not so secret. You can learn and master them and become an A student, too. Intensive Study Slide17:  Text-related Information More to learn Slide18:  Text-related Information Slide19:  make the most of — to use or enjoy to the greatest advantage; to use in the best way e.g. The local government is determined to make the most of the region’s natural resources to further promote economic and social progress. Translate 汤姆打算充分利用学校图书馆完成他的学期论文。 Key Tom intends to make the most of the university library for his term paper. Slide20:  count for much/little/nothing — to be of much/little/no worth or importance e.g. Knowledge without common sense counts for little. Translate A man with no sense of responsibility does not count for anything. Key 没有责任心的人起不了什么作用。 Slide21:  e.g. He worked like a slave putting in fifteen hours of work daily. put in — to spend, pass (a specified amount of time, etc.) Cf. put across — to state so as to be understood clearly or accepted readily e.g. She tried to put across her views during the discussion. Cf. put forward — to propose for consideration e.g. The engineer has put forward a plan to improve the quality of the products. Cf. put down — to record or enter in writing, write down, make a note of e.g. I write my notes in the wider part, and put down the main ideas on the left. (Line 66, Para. 9) The secretary quickly put down some notes in her notebook while her manager was talking to her. Cf. put away — to put in the usual place of storage, put or store (sth.) in its proper place e.g. … most students close their books, put away papers, talk to friends and get ready to leave. (Line 71, Para. 9) It’s going to rain: we’d better put away our picnic things and go indoors. Slide22:  athlete — sb. who is good at sports, esp. those for competition Cf. athlete: a person who is skilled in bodily exercises and who competes in games that need strength and speed, such as running and jumping sportsman/sportswoman: a person who is keen on, or good at, sports. player: sb. who plays in a ballgame, often professionally. Drill 1. Michael Jordan is believed to be the best basketball _____. 2. It was quite a view when the _____ from all over the world marched onto the sports ground. 3. Mr. Smith is a keen _____ and enjoys all kinds of outdoor activities. player athlete sportsman Slide23:  while conj. — during the time that Usage while + doing = while + clause e.g. … while brushing his teeth = … while he was brushing his teeth Similar pattern Before writing anything, I divide my page into two parts. (Line 65) Cf. 1. during the time that e.g. Strike while the iron is hot. 2. although e.g. While the grandpa loves the children, he is strict with them 3. whereas; and e.g. Web companies are hot, while most of them are in red. Slide24:  get one’s hand on — to get hold of (sth. or sb.); to seize Translate 1. 在那些年月里,她读了所有能够到手的书。 In those years, she read everything she could get her hands on. 2. The hungry boy ate up everything he could get his hands on from the refrigerator. 饥饿的男孩把从冰箱里拿到的所有东西都吃光了。 Slide25:  e.g. The skinny girl declared she would cut down on food so as to lose weight. Translate 医生敦促病人减少抽烟和饮酒。 Key The doctor urged the patient to cut down on smoking and drinking. cut down on — to reduce Slide26:  e.g. set a task set an alarm clock set a table set June 6 as the day of invasion The manager set his secretary various tasks when he was away on a business trip. set v. — to assign, put forward or arrange as (material to be dealt with) Cf. — adj. fixed or established by agreement e.g. The order to cancel launching the space shuttle came only 5 seconds before the set time. Please follow the set procedures for the application of the scholarship. Slide27:  e.g. The results of the experiment were written up into a report. write up — write (again) in a neat and complete form Cf. write out — to express or compose in writing e.g. She wrote out a request for a salary raise. Cf. write off — to cancel from accounts as a loss e.g. The industrial nations are reluctant to write off the debts of the underdeveloped countries. Slide28:  e.g. Do we have to stick rightly to the rules? stick to — keep to, refuse to leave or change Translate 作出了许诺,你就应该信守。 Key If you make a promise, you should stick to it. Slide29:  e.g. A few words of encouragement can work wonders in her when she is not very confident. The scientist tried the new approach in the experiment, and to his amazement, it worked wonders! Doctors have discovered that keeping a pet can do wonders for one’s health. work/do wonders — bring unexpectedly good results Slide30:  e.g. The argument will certainly lead to still greater differences between the two countries. Translate Active reading, according to education experts, will lead to a better understanding of what is being read. Key 教育专家认为积极阅读会导致对阅读材料更好的理解。 lead to — have as a result, cause something to happen or exist Slide31:  e.g. The new approach for learning English has done wonders in the 3rd grade pupils. approach n. — method of doing something or dealing with a problem Cf. v. 1) to come or go near or nearer (to), as in space or time e.g. As graduation day approached, excitement increased. 2. to come close to, as in quality, appearance, or condition e.g. The performance approaches perfection. Slide32:  e.g. Why is he not allowed to make the decision on his own? After all, he’s over 18. Without enough blood supply, the doctor decided to do the operation after all. after all — 1) it should be remembered that(要知道) 2) in spite of everything(毕竟,终究,还是) Translate A chain is no stronger than its weakest link, and life is after all a chain. – William James (1842-1910) U.S. psychologist Key 一根链条最脆弱的连接处就是这根链条的结实程度,要知道生命就像一根链条。 Translate 我知道工作很辛苦,不过你的报酬毕竟也不低。 Key I know the work is hard, but you are highly paid after all. Slide33:  Guided Practice Vocabulary Cloze Translation Structure Writing Slide34:  IV. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. 1. There are no simple _____ to the problem of overpopulation.  solutions 2. We often _____ advice which we do not wish to hear.  ignore Vocabulary 《读写教程 I》: Ex. IV, p. 10 Slide35:  3. Even the doctor couldn’t _____ Tom to give up smoking.  persuade 4. The evening newspaper is going to _____ a couple of reporters to cover(报道) the Olympic Games in Sydney.  assign Vocabulary IV. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Slide36:  5. “Next Monday is the _____ for handing in this essay,” said the professor to his class. “Be sure to meet it.”  deadline 6. I don’t think we can solve the problem this way. We should try a different _____.  approach Vocabulary IV. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Slide37:  7. Alex bought a map of the world and _____ it on his bedroom wall.  stuck 8. He earns $ 200 a week and has little money for anything except the _____ of life.  essentials Vocabulary IV. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Slide38:  9. Though she was very busy with her studies, Amanda _____ to find time to play tennis regularly.  managed 10. He is very rich, but that does not _____ mean that he is happy.  necessarily Vocabulary IV. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Slide39:  11. Short-term memories are those which are _____ only for a few minutes.  retained 12. The essay is _____ next Monday. I have done a rough _____ but haven’t written it up yet.  due, draft Vocabulary IV. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary. Slide40:  Cloze 《读写教程 I》: Ex. XI, p. 13 In order to get good grades in college, studying the right way is even more important than working hard or being smart. One key to studying effectively is to allow no _____ of your study time so that you can _____ fully on your lessons. Additionally, it is essential to _____ your time and materials. When you read, it's alright to skip over passages which are _____ to your study. The way you behave in class is also important. _____ good notes will help you _____ the information which is presented and asking questions will let you know _____ you have got the point or not. Finally, if you study with a group, you can learn more from the different _____ and solutions of the other students. College life is very demanding. But these study habits will help you _____ well in exams. And once you are doing well in your studies, you will be able to have more time in your _____ for fun. interruption/waste concentrate organize/make the most of irrelevant retain/digest/absorb whether Taking approaches do/perform schedule/search Slide41:  1. 汤姆是个非常好奇的男孩,他不仅对“是什么”感兴趣,而且也对“为什么”和“怎么会”感兴趣。 whys hows whats A very curious boy, Tom is interested not only in whats but also in whys and hows. 《读写教程 I》: Ex. XII, p. 14 Translation Slide42:  2. 据史密斯教授说,幸福就是你能充分利用你所有的一切。 make the most of according to Prof. Smith Happiness, according to Prof. Smith, is the ability to make the most of what you have. Translation Slide43:  3. 你最好把这本书放在你15岁的儿子找不到的地方。 your son can’t get his hands on keep the book where … You’d better keep the book where your 15-year-old son can’t get his hands on. Translation Slide44:  4. 这故事非常滑稽,比尔一边读一边不停地笑。 kept laughing … while … Happiness, according to Prof. Smith, is the ability to make the most of what you have. Translation Slide45:  5. 成绩优秀的学生未必比他们得分较低的同学在学习上花费更多的时间。 not necessarily high-achieving High-achieving students do not necessarily put in more time at their studies than their lower-scoring classmates. lower-scoring put in time Translation Slide46:  6. 你是怎样设法说服这些学生修读快速阅读课的。 take … course manage to persuade How did you manage to persuade these students to take the speed-reading course? Translation Slide47:  7. 用功是重要的,但知道如何充分利用自己的才能更重要得多。 counts for much more make the most of one’s abilities Working hard is important, but knowing how to make the most of one's abilities counts for much more. Translation Slide48:  8. 她要求学生独立思考,而不是告诉他们该思考什么。 rather than think for themselves She asked her students to think for themselves rather than telling them what to think. Translation Slide49:  Concentrate 1) Not to answer the phone or watch TV or read the newspaper while you study; 2) Plan your study time Structured Writing From General Advice to Specific Examples Slide50:  Preview lessons ? ? ? ? 1) Skim the text; Practice 1 2) Learn the new words; 3) Mark the difficult points; Get the general ideas. … … Structured Writing Slide51:  Keep fit ? ? ? ? 1) Take part in physical activities; 2) Choose healthy food; 3) Have enough sleep; 4) Stay away from unhealthy hobbies. … … Structured Writing Practice 2 Slide52:  After-class Activity Write a short paragraph in the way demonstrated above to introduce a secret used by one of your classmates or friends to be successful in study. General advices suggested Do more than you’re asked. Turn to teacher for help when there’s a need. Make the most of library. Structured Writing Slide53:  Assignment Revision of Text A: Structure Ex. VII ~ X p.12 Cloze Ex. XI p.13 Translation Ex. XII p.14 Preview of Text B: Comprehension Check p. 2

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