Published on March 5, 2014
BAPTISM BY Fr. Cornelius T. (Neil) Mc Quillan, C.S.Sp., Psy.D. Pastor Our Lady of the Valley Parish Hemet, CA
Prologue This presentation is offered to help divide prebaptism classes into three sessions. It is a work in progress and your constructive criticisms are welcome. Three sessions are believed necessary so as to have time for the participants to get to know one another and to build a sense of community between them.
Introduction First Class: Church is the sacrament of Christ Class Two: Benefits of Baptism Third Class: Baptism is Commitment.
The Church is the sacrament of Christ Difference between symbol and sign Definition of Sacramento: Instituted by Christ Given to communicate divine life (grace) Does what it signifies
Part I Jesus the center and foundation of all
Jesus is the mirror image of the Father has two nature, Divine and Human In his person unites us to God Founded a Church which has a mission Instituted the Sacraments Is our teacher, Model, Intercessor, Savior, Redeemer, Brother, King and Lord
Church • Is the Body of Christ. made up of each member • Was given a mission by Christ • Was given the magisterial authority to preach His Gospel • Each member has the same mission • Jesus called Apostles and gave them the ministry of governing the Church.
Definition of Sacrament: Instituted by Christ Given to communicate divine life (grace) Does what it signifies
Seven Sacraments Three of Initiation (Baptism of Adults in receiving all three at once): Baptism – reborn in Christ Confirmation – Sent by the Church Eucharist - Sustained by Christ
Seven Sacraments Two Sick: Penance – through which we are reconciled to God and the Church Anointing of the Sick - Prayer of the Church for those physically ill as well as forgiveness of sin.
Seven Sacraments Two of Vocation: Marriage – by which the couple give witness to the fidelity of God to his people Holy Orders – by which a minister is consecrated to God as a Deacon, Presbyter or Bishop.
Sacraments have A Minister Form (or prescribed words) Matter
Minister The Bishop who has the plenitude of the Priesthood of Christ, is a successor of the apostles and therefore can administer any of the Sacraments.
Minister Any baptized person can administer the Sacrament of Baptism, but must use the Form given my Christ Himself: “I baptize you in the name of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.” said while washing the candidate with Water which is the matter or sign of baptism.
Minister • The ordinary minister of Baptism is a Deacon or Priest. • The ministers of Marriage are the couple themselves. • Only a Bishop can ordain a Deacon or a priest. • A Bishop is ordained usually by three bishops • The Bishop is the ordinary minister of Confirmation. A pastor may confirm in special cases and any priest in an Emergency.
Minister • A priest is the ordinary minister of the Eucharist, Penance, and Anointing of the Sick. • A priest or Deacon are the ordinary official witnesses of the Sacrament of Marriage. • The ordinary minister of Baptism is a Priest or Deacon.
Matter or Sign • Baptism - Water & Holy Chrism (oil) • Confirmation – Laying on of hands & Oil • Eucharist – Bread & Wine • Penance – Sin to be forgiven & Repentance • Anointing of the Sick – Oil & Laying on of Hands • Marriage – The Exchange of Vows • Ordination – Laying on of Hands & Oil (for priests)
Form or Prescribed words • Baptism: “N. I baptize you in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Spirit.” • Eucharist: “This is my Body which is given up for you,” & “This is the Chalice of my Blood of the New and Eternal Covenant poured out for you and for many. Do this in memory of me.” • Confirmation: The Bishop prays a prayer of Consacration over the candidates.
Form • Anointing of Sick: (While anointing the head) “Through this holy anointing may the Lord in his Love and mercy help you with the grace of the Holy Spirit.” (While anointing the hands) “May the Lord who frees you from sin save you and raise you up.”
Form Penance: (While making the sign of the Cross) “God the Father of mercies, through the death and resurrection of His Son has reconciled the world to Himself and sent the Holy Spirit among us for the forgiveness of sins; through the ministry of the Church may God give you pardon and peace, and I absolve you from your sins in the name of the Father, and the Son and the Holy Spirit. Amen”
Form Marriage: (While holding hands,) I, N, take you N. to be my wife (husband), I promise to be true to you, in good times and in bad, in sickness and health. I will love you and honor you all the days of my life. Or Words they themselves compose that include the promise of fidelity, love and respect until death.
Part II Benefits of Baptism
Benefits of Baptism Cleanses us of Original Sin Gives us a share in God’s life: Grace Makes us adopted Children of God and therefore heirs of his Kingdom Makes us Temples of the Holy Spirit Makes us members of the Church, Christ’s body, with the right of full participation. Gives us a share in Christ’s life as a King, Prophet and Priest.
Cleanses us of Original Sin Our ancestors (Adam & Eve) lost Original Grace that God gave them and therefore could not pass it on to us. One cannot give what one doesn’t have. We are made to love, serve and adore God for all eternity, but our rebellion against God’s Supreme authority caused us to lose his divine life within us. We are reconciled with God and made His Friend.
Cleanses us of Original Sin • At the Incarnation God’s Son, the Eternal Word, took on our human nature and therefore rejoined divine nature with human nature making salvation possible for us by joining oneself to Christ.
Gives us a share in God’s life: Grace All creatures are temporal God is by nature eternal and timeless. Grace, or God’s life enables us to live for eternity. Grace is a Gift of God to those He loves. Gifts have to be accepted and cared for. We accept God’s Grace in Baptism which comes to us through the Church.
Children of God and therefore heirs of His Kingdom Our human nature is created and therefore limited. By Baptism we are adopted by God and given the life of our Father which is Grace. His divine life, which we receive, capacitates us to live eternally. By Adoption we are made a part of the Family of God, the Holy Trinity, as well as the Saints, that is the community of believers.
Gift of the Holy Spirit At Baptism the Holy Spirit makes his abode within us making us His Temple The Holy Spirit seals and consecrates (marks) us illuminates and councils us Teaches us Guides Us Makes us Holy and transforms us Gives us His Seven Gifts Gives us His Fruits.
Seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit Fortitude Patience Wisdom Knowledge Counsel Piety Fear of the Lord
12 Fruits of the Holy Spirit charity, joy, peace patience, kindness, goodness, generosity, gentleness, faithfulness, modesty, self-control, chastity.
Makes us members of His Church Through the Church we find Salvation We are perfected by means of the Sacraments We have the rights of members In the Church we learn to live in Community The others are strong where we are weak The Church coaches us on the way to sanctity. The Church guards and protects our faith In unity we are strong
Part III Baptism is Commitment
Baptism of Jesus Jesus is Sent by the Father, to Proclaim the Good News of Salvation. Jesus accepted his mission at his Baptism where he was anointed by the Holy Spirit and declared loved by the Father who said we should listen to him.
The Mission Jesus Mission is to save the world by trying to convince us of God’s Love and Forgiveness. He knew that He and his message would be rejected by the majority and He himself Crucified And yet he accepted to give up his life for us.
Like Jesus we commit ourselves As Jesus was sent, He sends us. In Baptism we promise to live as Jesus taught knowing that a truly Christian Life we lead to our being rejected by the majority. In Baptism we accept to be modern day prophets who announce God’s will for them and denounce all injustice,
Priest Jesus prayed for mankind, that we all may be one, as He and His Father are one. The Church is a prayer community which prays that God’s will be done here on earth. When we pray or offer sacrifice for the salvation of others we exercise our common priesthood.
Kingship Jesus said that he is the way, the truth and life. When we defend the truth of Christ we do so with his authority, because we are sent to Evangelize the world. By Baptism and Confirmation we are authorized to speak in the name of the truth.
Members have obligations Members commit themselves to Christ Law of Love. The commit themselves to forgive their enemies. The renounce evil and put their trust in God. They are faithful to the Church By fulfilling its precepts.
Precepts of the Church Members: Participate fully in the Mass on the Lord’s Day and Holy Days. Confess their sins Receive the Eucharist frequently Support the Church by tithing Fast on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday and abstain from eating meat on those days and Fridays throughout Lent. Marry only in the Church.
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