Azure Virtual Machines - building up your Infrastructure in the cloud

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Information about Azure Virtual Machines - building up your Infrastructure in the cloud

Published on April 2, 2014

Author: AntonStaykov


WINDOWS AZURE IAAS TIPS & TRICKS • Anton Staykov • @astaykov

ABOUT ME • Windows Azure MVP (3 times now) • With Azure from the beginning   @astaykov

AGENDA  Azure IaaS  Outside-In connection issues  Virtual Networks  IP Addresses  AD/DC – Highway to …  Mail Server on Azure



COMMON ISSUES  VM Disappears or was deleted (MSND /Free Trial)  Blob storage occupied (VHD not deleted)  Temporary Disk (how temporary is it?)  What disk size should I chose?



Virtual Machine (IaaS) Local IP (DIP) LB VIP Windows Azure Cloud Service ( INTERNET NETWORKING PICTURE

OUTSIDE-IN CONNECTIVITY  Endpoint Definition  Windows Firewall Rules  Corporate Firewalls  PING times out


VNET SCENARIOS  Define IP Address space forVMs  IaaS Interconnectivity  Site-to-Site  Point-to-Site  IaaS-to-PaaS and vice-versa

VNET  Address Spaces     Sub Nets  Gateway Sub-Net

ADDRESS ALLOCATION SECRETS  Always and only by DHCP  The first host gets the 4th IP Address  i.e.  Automatic cross-sub-net connectivity  Internal IP Address Reservation!

VNET CROSS-PREMISES  Site-to-Site  Point-to-Site  Express Route

VNET LIMITATIONS  No Cross-Data-Center Connections  No site-to-multiple-sites Connections


NAME RESOLUTION SCENARIOS  When not inVNet  PaaS only (Web/Worker Roles)  IaaS only (Virtual Machines)  When inVnet  Cloud only  Cloud + Site-to- SiteVPN


DNS SERVER SECRETS  Just for the DNS server machine, set DNS to when deploying!  Place the DNS Server on its own subnet  Remember the full format of FQDN   Reserve “Static IP Address” for theVM 

IP ADDRESS ASSIGNMENT SECRETS  IP Address predictability and reservations  Sub-net isolation  Address Space Isolation

AD/DC ON IAAS Highway to Clouds

AC/DC NETWORK LAYOUT VNET-WE-IAASTIPS-PROD DNS/ Address Space Sub-ADDC: Address Space Sub-Clients:


HOSTING OWN MAIL SERVER ISSUES  Public (dynamic) IP Address  Reverse DNS records (PTR Records) 

KEYTAKEAWAYS  Never forget Firewall  Know your IP Addresses  Don’t host Email Server (yet)  Password Expiration

Q&A • Anton Staykov • @astaykov •

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