Aya Sofya Hagia Sophia

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Information about Aya Sofya Hagia Sophia

Published on February 18, 2009

Author: zcancelik

Source: slideshare.net

Description

A tour in the 1st masterpiece of Byzantine architecture; Aya Sofya/ Hagia Sophia

By Zeynep Cancelik

Architecture

The Great Roman Empire

Art History

Istanbul

The Church of Holly Wisdom God

HAGIA SOPHIA “CHURCH OF THE HOLY WISDOM GOD”

Former church, later a mosque , now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. THE TOUR IS ABOUT…

Former church,

later a mosque ,

now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey.

 

 

Emperor Justinian Desire to be ever lasting Year 532 Architects physicist Isidore of Miletus mathematician Anthemius of Tralles

Desire to be ever lasting

Year 532

Architects

physicist Isidore of Miletus

mathematician Anthemius of Tralles

Interesting Facts About the Construction Material from all over the empire; Hellenistic columns from the temple of Artemis large stones were brought from far-away quarries: porphyry from Egypt, green marble from Thessaly black stone from the Bosporus region yellow stone from Syria 10,000 people Interior height of 55.6 m Completed in 562.

Material from all over the empire;

Hellenistic columns from the temple of Artemis

large stones were brought from far-away quarries: porphyry from Egypt,

green marble from Thessaly

black stone from the Bosporus region

yellow stone from Syria

10,000 people

Interior height of 55.6 m

Completed in 562.

Architecture 1 st masterpiece of Byzantine architecture Remained the largest cathedral for 1,000 years Architectural achievement of late antiquity Influenced; the Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Muslim

1 st masterpiece of Byzantine architecture

Remained the largest cathedral for 1,000 years

Architectural achievement of late antiquity

Influenced; the Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Muslim

The Groundplan

 

The Dome, exterior view

The Dome, interior view

Central Dome Dia: 31.24 m Height from floor level of 55.6 m Seems rendered weightless by the unbroken arcade of 40 arched windows

Dia: 31.24 m

Height from floor level of 55.6 m

Seems rendered weightless by the unbroken arcade of 40 arched windows

56.5 m

Dome Supported by pendentives never been used before aesthetic quality circular base of a dome on a rectangular base allow the weight of the dome to flow downward.

Supported by pendentives

never been used before

aesthetic quality

circular base of a dome on a rectangular base

allow the weight of the dome to flow downward.

Between them the dome seems to float upon four great arches.

Between them the dome seems to float upon four great arches.

Windows: help flood the colorful interior with light.

Windows: help flood the colorful interior with light.

 

 

A Section Of The Architecture extended by half domes carried on smaller semi-domed a hierarchy of unexampled in antiquity

extended by half domes carried on smaller semi-domed

a hierarchy of unexampled in antiquity

 

The largest columns 19 or 20 meters tall Dia:1.5 meters diameter Made out of granite Weighing well over 70 tons

19 or 20 meters tall

Dia:1.5 meters diameter

Made out of granite

Weighing well over 70 tons

One of the mighty stone columns with metal clasps

Imperial Gate

Marble Jar From Pergamon The Reign Of Sultan Murad 3 rd Originally from the Hellenistic period carved from a single block of marble.

19th Century marker of the tomb of Enrico Dandolo, the Doge of Venice who commanded the Sack of Constantinople in 1204

Upper Gallery an area for the empress and her court. laid out in a horseshoe shape encloses the nave until the apse. Several mosaics are preserved

an area for the empress and her court.

laid out in a horseshoe shape

encloses the nave until the apse.

Several mosaics are preserved

Interior view from the upper gallery

 

 

Loge of the Empress Located in centre of the upper gallery The empress and the court-ladies would watch the proceedings down below.

Located in centre of the upper gallery

The empress and the court-ladies would watch the proceedings down below.

 

Decorations the interior decorations consisted of abstract designs of the marble slabs on the walls mosaics on the curving vaults. Crosses,angels, saints, patriarchs

the interior decorations consisted of

abstract designs of the marble slabs on the walls

mosaics on the curving vaults.

Crosses,angels, saints, patriarchs

Marble Door Used by the participants in synods Entered & left the meeting chamber through this door

Used by the participants in synods

Entered & left the meeting chamber through this door

Capital with monogramm

Mosaics Close-up view of a mosaic Mosaic cubes

Close-up view of a mosaic

Mosaics Depicted : Virgin Mother, Jesus, Saints, or emperors and empresses. Sack of Constantinople 1204 Latin Crusaders vandalization

Depicted :

Virgin Mother, Jesus, Saints, or emperors and empresses.

Sack of Constantinople 1204

Latin Crusaders vandalization

 

 

The Virgin and Child 1 st post-iconoclastic mosaics.

1 st post-iconoclastic mosaics.

 

" Peace be with you. I am the light of the world". Archangel Gabriel (founder of the church and Mother Mary. Express the timeless power bestowed by Christ on the Byzantine emperors.

" Peace be with you. I am the light of the world".

Archangel Gabriel (founder of the church and Mother Mary.

Express the timeless power bestowed by Christ on the Byzantine emperors.

Emperor Constantine: a model of the city "Great emperor Constantine of the Saints". Emperor Justinian I, offering a model of the Hagia Sophia. " Mētēr " and " Theou ", meaning "Mother of God".

Emperor Constantine: a model of the city

"Great emperor Constantine of the Saints".

Emperor Justinian I, offering a model of the Hagia Sophia.

" Mētēr " and " Theou ", meaning "Mother of God".

Constantine IX Monomachus and Empress Zoe offering a purse/scroll, as symbol of the donation "Constantine, pious emperor in Christ the God, king of the Romans, Monomachus".

Constantine IX Monomachus and Empress Zoe

offering a purse/scroll, as symbol of the donation

"Constantine, pious emperor in Christ the God, king of the Romans, Monomachus".

 

Conversion to the a Mosque Conquered in 1453 Strengthened with structural supports by the great Ottoman architect Sinan one of the world's first earthquake engineer

Conquered in 1453

Strengthened with structural supports by the great Ottoman architect Sinan

one of the world's first earthquake engineer

Names of Allah& Prophet Muhammed

Built a new Minaret

The Mihrab located in the apse where the altar used to stand, pointing towards Mecca

 

Loggia for a muezzin

A Minbar Decorated With Marble

Transformation into a kullive: a social complex added a medrese (Koranic school) a soup kitchen (for the poor) and a library a fountain for ritual ablutions ( Şadirvan)

added a medrese (Koranic school)

a soup kitchen (for the poor) and a library

a fountain for ritual ablutions ( Şadirvan)

Museum (1935) Mustafa Kemal Ataturk transformation The carpets were removed; The marble floor decorations reappeared The white plaster covering the mosaics removed by expert restorers.

(1935) Mustafa Kemal Ataturk transformation

The carpets were removed;

The marble floor decorations reappeared

The white plaster covering the mosaics

removed by expert restorers.

20th-century Restoration The interior of the dome BALANCE between Christian iconographic mosaics Islamic calligraphy

The interior of the dome

BALANCE between

Christian iconographic mosaics

Islamic calligraphy

SINAN Süleymaniye Istanbul, 1550-1557

SINAN

Süleymaniye

Istanbul, 1550-1557

Resources Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia

Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hagia_Sophia

Suggestions http://mosaicartsource.wordpress.com/category/mosaic/mosaic-resources/mosaic-travel/hagia-sophia http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GILOelsqghg&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_Mp6cxkCwo&feature=related

http://mosaicartsource.wordpress.com/category/mosaic/mosaic-resources/mosaic-travel/hagia-sophia

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GILOelsqghg&feature=related

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=F_Mp6cxkCwo&feature=related

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