Avoir = To Have

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Information about Avoir = To Have
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Published on October 21, 2014

Author: tbonnar

Source: slideshare.net

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An introduction to the verb avoir.

1. AVOIR TO HAVE

2. PRONOMS (= PRONOUNS) Singulier Pluriel Je = I Nous = We Tu = You Vous = You (pl.) Il/Elle = He/She Ils/Elles = They

3. AVOIR: TO HAVE Singulier Pluriel J’ai Nous avons Tu as Vous avez Il/Elle a Ils/Elles ont

4. A NOTE ABOUT PRONUNCIATION • Liaison between the S and the vowel is pronounced like a Z. Singulier Pluriel J’ai Nous avons Tu as Vous avez Il/Elle a Ils/Elles ont

5. ABOUT AVOIR • Avoir is an irregular verb like être. The conjugations do not follow the same pattern as other verbs. •Avoir is used a lot in the present tense.

6. ABOUT AVOIR • Avoir is also a helping verb in the past tense • (ex. J’ai mangé = I ate). • You MUST memorize it because it will be used OVER & OVER!

7. EXPRESSIONS WITH AVOIR •Used to express ownership • Tu as une pomme. • = You have an apple.

8. EXPRESSIONS WITH AVOIR •Used to express ownership •Nous avons deux chats. • = We have two cats.

9. EXPRESSIONS WITH AVOIR •Used to express age • Il a deux ans. • = He has two years. = (He is two years old).

10. AVOIR ___ ANS J’ai 9 ans.

11. EXPRESSIONS WITH AVOIR Expression Example Translation AVOIR FAIM Il a faim. AVOIR SOIF Le chien a soif AVOIR FROID Il a froid. AVOIR CHAUD Elle a chaud. AVOIR PEUR Il a peur

12. AVOIR FAIM Il a faim.

13. AVOIR SOIF Le chien a soif.

14. AVOIR FROID Il a froid.

15. AVOIR CHAUD Elle a chaud.

16. AVOIR PEUR Il a peur.

17. EXPRESSIONS WITH AVOIR Expression Example Translation AVOIR FAIM Il a faim. He is hungry. AVOIR SOIF Le chien a soif The dog is thirsty. AVOIR FROID Il a froid. He is cold. AVOIR CHAUD Elle a chaud. She is hot. AVOIR PEUR Nous avons peur We are afraid.

18. AVOIR – THE NEGATIVE • To write AVOIR as a negative, use the ne…pas sandwich around the form of AVOIR. Singulier Pluriel Je n’ai pas Nous n’avons pas Tu n’as pas Vous n’avez pas Il/Elle n’a pas Ils/Elles n’ont pas

19. AVOIR – THE NEGATIVE • Most of the time, the ne…pas sandwich can be used with all of the expressions above. • For example, • Je n’ai pas froid. • Il n’a pas peur.

20. AVOIR – THE NEGATIVE • When using the negative of AVOIR for possession of something, an important change is needed. • Tu as un pomme. • Tu n’as pas de pomme. • Notice that “un pomme” changes to “de pomme”.

21. AVOIR – THE NEGATIVE • For the negative of AVOIR for possession of something, the noun becomes singular (as shown below). • Nous avons deux chats. • Nous n’avons pas de chat. • J’ai deux chemises vertes. • Je n’ai pas de chemise verte.

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