australia sugar

83 %
17 %
Information about australia sugar

Published on December 28, 2007

Author: Churchill


‘ORGANIC’ SUGAR PRODUCTION IN AUSTRALIA:  ‘ORGANIC’ SUGAR PRODUCTION IN AUSTRALIA G Antony, DM Smith, J Biggs, S Park, M Renouf and T Webster Outline:  Outline Sugar-industry situation Organic sugarcane growing in Australian industry reform Challenges and solutions in organic canegrowing Sustainability implications of organic canegrowing The Australian sugar industry:  The Australian sugar industry Sugar production system in Australia:  Sugar production system in Australia Sugar marketing Environmental impact Cane harvesting Cane milling Cane transport Material flow Financial flow Cane growing Sugar marketing The conventional supply chain:  The conventional supply chain Lack of integration along supply chain An industry in crisis – external factors:  An industry in crisis – external factors The most corrupted international commodity - protectionist US farm policy restricts market access - protectionism and predatory dumping by the EU reduces international price Increasing competition - revolutionary changes in Brazil in the 1990s result in increased production and exports Domestic squeeze - pressure over environmental performance by society - declining government sympathy for an industry accustomed to regular financial assistance An industry in crisis – internal factors:  An industry in crisis – internal factors Ossified institutions - ‘socialist’ practices pre-dating the Soviet Union: full regulation of production/prices at every stage of the supply chain plus government subsidies - passive, conformist industry culture in lieu of innovativeness all along the supply chain Unsustainable practices - cane monoculture farming practice results in yield decline - financial losses since the late 1990s (bad weather, but also loss of international competitiveness) The organic value chain:  The organic value chain Farming raw materials financial flows products Harvesting/haulage Cane transport Mill processing Sugar transport Marketing Domestic retail raw sugar by-products Domestic refining Food manufacturing cane A pure farmer initiative The conventional sugar industry is not interested Organic farmers are forced to manage the supply chain Seeking solutions – organic production:  Seeking solutions – organic production Textbook case of induced innovation (Hayami and Ruttan) - to ensure long-term sustainability of farm resources (to avoid declining factor productivity: land resource more highly valued than by conventional cane farms) - expectations of better financial returns A grass-roots initiative - despite general industry indifference and derision - no external support by government or industry - no proven technologies to use (most intensive tropical field-crop enterprise without agrochemicals!) Innovations in organic production:  Innovations in organic production Revolutionary farming systems - agricultural research from first principles (farmer experimentation in situ like the olden days) - the highest-yielding cropping system adapted to organic production in a developed country (90-150 t/ha of cane yield every year) - yield dip during organic conversion (>3 years, using certified organic techniques but crop is not yet sold as organic: a gap between costs and income) Challenges and solutions:  Challenges and solutions The expected - must create new farming system that is suitable for organic certification - new techniques needed for nutrient supply and pest/disease control without agrochemicals The unexpected - having to manage the whole supply chain, including cane processing and sugar marketing - relations with the sugar mills a source of conflict - regional approaches to marketing relate to social differences between the two case-study regions (age, background, farm size, entrepreneurial spirit) Outcomes: financial sustainability:  Outcomes: financial sustainability Better returns not without costs - large marketing effort needed to realize price premium - expensive organic conversion (income gap) - expensive experimentation (failed experiments mean lost cane yield and lost income, but costs still incurred) - increased risk of pests/diseases due to less ability to control them - no outside help to provide financial subsidy or insurance: farmers must pay their own way Outcomes: ecosystem impacts:  Outcomes: ecosystem impacts On farm - analytical method: cropping-system simulation - improved resource sustainability through the build-up of soil organic matter from organic fertilizers - anecdotal evidence of improved soil biological activity (an essential source of positive production feedback) Off farm - analytical method: Life-Cycle Assessment - increased mechanical weed control causes higher CO2 and particulate emissions - better N retention reduces nitrous emissions to air - no data on leaching, but expect reduced water pollution Conclusions:  Conclusions Organic cane - a promising innovation - made possible by motivated, entrepreneurial and polymath farmers - improved sustainability of farm finances and resource base in the long run, at a short-term cost Not quite as expected - off-farm environmental impacts not all positive Further work needed - research of water-borne pollution effects - improvements to farmers’ marketing skills

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

Sugar Australia

Sugar Australia is the leading supplier of quality refined sugar products. We service the industrial and consumer sugar market, and market the CSR Sugar brand.
Read more

AUSTRALIA - Food and Agriculture Organization

INTRODUCTION. Australia's sugar industry is widely acknowledged as one of the lowest-cost in the world. Australia currently ranks seventh among world sugar ...
Read more

Wilmar Sugar Mills - Home

Wilmar Sugar Australia Limited is Australia’s leading sugar and renewable energy company. We are Australia’s largest raw sugar producer and one of the ...
Read more

POPSUGAR Beauty Australia

From how-to guides to reviews of the newest products, POPSUGAR Beauty Australia is the ultimate beauty junkie and go-to expert.
Read more

CSR Sugar - the sugar experts

CSR Products are manufactured and marketed by Sugar Australia
Read more

POPSUGAR Australia (@popsugarau) | Twitter

The latest Tweets from POPSUGAR Australia (@popsugarau). Everything you love, all in one place. Australia
Read more

Australia | POPSUGAR Love & Sex

The latest news on Australia is on POPSUGAR Entertainment. On POPSUGAR Entertainment you will find everything you need on movies, music and Australia.
Read more

CANEGROWERS - peak group for sugarcane growers

Sugarcane | An important rural industry for Australia. 3rd largest raw sugar supplier in world; 7th largest agricultural exporter in Australia; 80% exported
Read more

POPSUGAR Fashion Australia

All the celebrity news, candids, and red carpet photos delivered to your inbox.
Read more

Visit Australia - Travel & Tour Information - Tourism ...

Become inspired to travel to Australia. Discover fantastic things to do, places to go and more. Visit the official site of Tourism Australia here.
Read more