Attachment Theory.ppt

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Information about Attachment Theory.ppt
Education

Published on November 27, 2008

Author: aSGuest4081

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Slide 2: Maureen Mack, Ph.D. Curriculum & Instruction University of Wisconsin – Eau Claire Overview : Overview Definitions of Secure/Insecure Attachment Types of Disordered Attachment Effects of Attachment Quality & Trauma on the Developing Brain Treatment and Strategies Definition of Secure Attachment : Definition of Secure Attachment Characteristics of Secure Attachment : Characteristics of Secure Attachment Deep, long lasting, emotional attachment Influences mind, body, emotions, relationships, and values (Levy) Positive affect on self-esteem, independence, enduring relationships, empathy, compassion, and resiliency Critical Aspect of Attachment : Critical Aspect of Attachment Emotional Sensitivity—appropriate parental emotional expression and reception. EA qualities can be observed in parents of children of any age. Secure Attachment : Secure Attachment Instinctual urge to attach rooted in evolution Definition of Attachment Disorder : Definition of Attachment Disorder Characteristics of Attachment Disorder : Characteristics of Attachment Disorder Lack of reciprocal behavior Rights violations Frequent aggressive and destructive acts Lack of remorse Examples of Secure-Insecure Attachment : Examples of Secure-Insecure Attachment Homer View Movie Clip from website (9,507 kb .wmv) Examples of Secure-Insecure Attachment : Examples of Secure-Insecure Attachment Bedtime at the Orphanage View Movie Clip from website (4,131 kb .wmv) Small Group Exercise 1 : Small Group Exercise 1 Overview : Overview Definitions of Secure/Insecure Attachment Types of Disordered Attachment Effects of Attachment Quality & Trauma on the Developing Brain Treatment and Strategies Types of Insecure Attachment : Types of Insecure Attachment Ambivalent Avoidant Disorganized Ambivalent : Ambivalent Cling, withdraw in unfamiliar environment Separation anxiety Rejects efforts tocomfort, sooth Avoidant : Avoidant Pseudo independence and self-sufficiency Rejects or avoids comforting Unaffected by close,intimate contacts Disorganized : Most serious form No consistent strategy for comfort-seeking Depression, motor-freezing, anddisassociation Disorganized Insecure Attachment Continuum : Insecure Attachment Continuum Severe Mild Common Causes of Disorder Attachment : Common Causes of Disorder Attachment Abuse Neglect Addiction Multiple out of home placements Parental death/loss Hard Being An Orphan : Hard Being An Orphan View Movie Clip from website (5,530 kb .wmv) Characteristics : Characteristics Behavioral Emotional Characteristics : Characteristics Thought Relational Characteristics : Characteristics Physical Moral/Spiritual Small Group Exercise 2 : Small Group Exercise 2 Overview : Overview Definitions of Secure/Insecure Attachment Types of Disordered Attachment Effects of Attachment Quality & Trauma on the Developing Brain Treatment and Strategies Brain Development : Brain Development Altered Normal Brain Development : Brain Development Altered Normal Fetal—first 2 years—most rapid growth; quality of caretaking impacts brain Attachment Disorder and ADHD : Attachment Disorder and ADHD Bonding Breaks Attachment Deficits Symptoms of ADHD Small Group Exercise 3 : Small Group Exercise 3 Homer Returns : Homer Returns View Movie Clip from website (19,304 kb .wmv) Overview : Overview Definitions of Secure/Insecure Attachment Types of Disordered Attachment Effects of Attachment Quality & Trauma on the Developing Brain Treatment and Strategies Treatment : Treatment Create attachment patterns Systemic approach to ward against triangulation Holistic-integrative approaches Revisit, revise, revitalize Relationship healing Strategies for Developing Secure Attachments : Strategies for Developing Secure Attachments Reciprocal behaviors between child and adult Respectful eye contact, body language Respectful verbal language Calming, soothing, nurturing responses Claiming behaviors Physical proximity and touching Careful, deliberate listening Accepting limits - boundaries Strategies for Developing Secure Attachments : Strategies for Developing Secure Attachments Climate and Relational Ease and spontaneity in words and movements Comfort in compliments, affection, appreciation Harmony in words and actions Preserve harmony and dignity under stress Strategies for Developing Secure Attachments : Strategies for Developing Secure Attachments Classroom Environment/Structure Rationality Realism Intuitiveness Creativity Admit and correct mistakes Benevolence and cooperativeness Strategies for Developing Secure Attachments : Strategies for Developing Secure Attachments Specific Instruction and Intervention Approaches Family Bereavement Program Character trait assessment through literature Integration of Search Institute External/Internal Asset Checklist into curriculum, lessons activities Role model unit Share personal feelings and stories Create and maintain safe, non-judgmental instructional environment Teacher Assistance Programs Small Group Exercise 4 : Small Group Exercise 4 References : References Ainsworth, M. D. S., & Wittig, B. A. (1969). Attachment and the exploratory behavior of one year olds in a strange situation. In B. M. Foss (Ed.), Determinants of infant behavior (Vol. 4, pp. 113-136). London: Metheun. Gallup, G. H., Moore, D. W., & Schussel, R. (1995). Disciplining children in America: A Gallup Poll Report. Princeton, NJ: The Gallup Organization. Irving, John. (1999). The Cider House Rules. Modern Library: ISBN: 0679603352  Lach, J. (1997). Facilitating developmental attachment: The road to emotional recover and behavioral change in foster and adopted children. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.  Levy, Terry, M. (editor). (2000). Handbook of Attachment Interventions. San Diego: California.  Lyons-Ruth, K., Alpern, L., & Repacholi, B. (1993). Disorganized infant attachment classification and maternal psychosocial problems as predictors of hostile-aggressive behavior in the preschool classroom. Child Development, 64, 572-585.  Main, M., & Solomon, J. (1990). Procedures for identifying infants as disorganized/disoriented during the Ainsworth Strange Situation. In M. Greenberg, D. Cicchetti, & E. M. Cummings (Eds.), Attachment in the preschool years: Theory, research, and intervention (pp. 121-160). Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Perry, B. D., Pollard, R., Blakely, T., Baker, W., & Vigilante, D. (1995). Childhood trauma, the neurobiology of adaptation and “use-dependent” development of the brain: How “states” become “traits”. Infant Mental Health Journal, 16(4), 271-291. Terr, L. A. (1991). Chihood traumas: An outline and overview. American Journal of Psychiatry, 148, 1-20. The Cider House Rules. (1999). Miramax Films. Questions : Questions ? Thanks for Coming! : Thanks for Coming! Maureen Mack, Ph.D. mackmd@uwec.edu University of Wisconsin – Eau Claire

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