ATS14- Parking, parking everywhere: What better management could mean for active transportation- Magnus Barber

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Information about ATS14- Parking, parking everywhere: What better management could mean...
Government & Nonprofit

Published on May 6, 2014

Author: BTAOregon

Source: slideshare.net

Description

From urban neighborhoods to suburbs to small-city Main Streets, parking is often a hotly debated topic. This is especially true in neighborhoods experiencing new infill. As cities around the country experiment with new ways to manage parking, how can we serve neighborhoods’ needs while accounting for the costs and impacts of parking? How do parking management strategies – from market-based to regulatory – affect active transportation and land use? Is there a potential to meet multiple goals for housing affordability, active transportation and land use through smarter parking policy? This panel will consider lessons from Northwest cities and around the nation.

Parking vs. Active Transportation April 21, 2014 Magnus Barber

Parking vs. Active Transportation ■ (Over) supply ■ Land use ■ Cruising for parking ■ Case study Sacramento Parking Code Update: – Infill & reuse – Bike/ped/carsharing substitutions – Simpler for developers ■ Case study Seattle Children’s Hospital – TDM program greatly reduced parking demand NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

The Sacramento Zoning Code Parking Update

Project Timeline ■ September 29, 2011 – Project Begins ■ October 30, 2012 – Ordinance Adopted NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Prior to Update ■ One of the most common entitlements was to waive or modify parking standards. – In past 10 years almost all were approved ■ Minimum parking requirements were inaccurate and overly specific. NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

2030 General Plan Adopted in March 2009 Priority Implementation: ■ Update the Zoning Code to better facilitate urban infill development. NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Process ■ Fall ’11- Stakeholder Interviews and Analysis Begins ■ Spring ’12- Outreach to Stakeholders and Planning Commission – Key Points of Analysis and Initial Recommendations Presented ■ Summer ‘12 – Outreach to Stakeholders, Planning Commission, Council – Confirmation of Key Recommendations – Draft Consultant Report NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Communication ■ Stakeholder Interviews ■ Neighborhood Association Meetings ■ Focus Groups (PBIDs, Architects, Developers, TMA’s, Advocates) ■ ULI Think Tank ■ Project Website ■ Email Blasts to all Stakeholders NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Outreach ■ Stakeholder Interviews ■ Property Based Business Improvement District Directors and Boards ■ Community Partnership Meetings ■ Neighborhood Advisory Group Meetings ■ Transportation Management Association Directors ■ Sacramento Old City Associations ■ Urban Land Institute Roundtable ■ AIACV Public Policy Committee ■ WalkSacramento ■ Sacramento Housing Alliance ■ Sacramento Area Bicycle Advocates ■ Breathe California ■ Sacramento Area Council of Governments ■ Sacramento Metro Air Quality Management District ■ State Department of General Services ■ Capitol Area Development Authority ■ Sacramento Bicycle Advisory Committee ■ Planning & Design Commission Workshops NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

■ On-street parking is congested while… NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

■ Off-street is largely vacant ■ ~46,000 total spaces empty at peak hour NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Key Findings ■ More off-street parking will not relieve on-street parking congestion ■ Current parking requirements for storefront commercial uses: – onerous for in-fill projects – overly specific ■ Parking entitlement process creates uncertainty, and is costly in time and resources NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Key Recommendations Adjusted requirements to be context-sensitive: ■ CBD ■ Urban ■ Traditional ■ Suburban NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Key Recommendations ■ Exempted nonresidential uses from minimum parking requirements: – On small lots no more than 6,400 square feet – Within vertical mixed-use developments ■ Permitted shared parking NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Key Recommendations ■ Simplify parking requirements across categories: ■ No minimum requirement for residential or mixed use reuse of listed historic structures NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc. Office? Cafe? Gallery? Bookstore?

Key Recommendations ■ Allow alternatives to on-site parking that reduce or manage parking demand NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Key Recommendations ■ Bicycle parking facilities tailored to specific land uses ■ Allow greater flexibility in parking dimensions NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Factors For Why The Project Went So Smoothly (In The End) ■ Good Analysis ■ Economy ■ Broken System ■ New Council and Planning Commission ■ Meetings and Workshops ■ Diversity of supporters NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc. ■ 2009 General Plan Update ■ Planning Academy ■ Central City Parking Master Plan ■ Parking Manager ■ Recent urban development

The Seattle Children’s Hospital TDM Program

Seattle Children’s Hospital TDM Strategies Price & Cash-Out Parking ■ Start with full cash benefit and deduct (no penalty to existing employees) ■ Potential to save employers money and reduce SOV trips Develop Personalized Commute Program ■ Personalized to soften change ■ Can range from a simple information tool to a fully integrated web tool ■ Helps communicate the health and financial benefits of using alternative transportation ■ Gives users a calendar to track commute modes ■ Verifies use with data tie-in to parking lots and shuttles ■ Calculates reductions in VMT, Trips Reduced, CO2, Vehicle Costs, Fuel Use NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Seattle Children’s Hospital NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Seattle Children’s Hospital NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Seattle Children’s Hospital NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

Seattle Children’s Hospital NelsonNygaard Consulting Associates, Inc.

NELSONNYGAARD CONSULTING ASSOCIATES © 2014 Magnus Barber 116 New Montgomery Street San Francisco, CA 94114 (415) 235-2731 mbarber@nelsonnygaard.com

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