Asthma and Outdoor Air Pollution

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Information about Asthma and Outdoor Air Pollution
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Published on February 25, 2008

Author: Manfred

Source: authorstream.com

Asthma & Outdoor Air Pollution:  Asthma & Outdoor Air Pollution Go outside and get some fresh air. Triad Air Awareness:  Triad Air Awareness Triad Air Awareness is committed to providing air quality outreach, education and solutions for the Triad Region of North Carolina. We strive to empower people with the knowledge and tools to improve air quality & protect their health on Air Quality Action Days. www.triadair.org Documented Effects of Outdoor Air Pollution:  Documented Effects of Outdoor Air Pollution Reduced lung function in children & adults Lung airway inflammation Asthma exacerbations More respiratory infections Increased hospital ER visits & admissions Worsens allergy symptoms Greater mortality incidence from heart attack and stroke. (EPA says ~ 15,000 premature deaths nationwide each year due to fine particle pollution) …and Air Pollution linked to..:  …and Air Pollution linked to.. Infant Mortality Development of asthma Impaired fertility Birth defects Increased rate of emphysema, COPD, and lung cancer Decreased immune system response Economic Impacts Slide5:  Ground Level Ozone Formation VOC’s Volatile Organic Compounds Paints, Industry, Vehicles, Nature Anything “smelly” NOX’s Nitrogen Oxides Vehicle Exhaust & Power Plants Who is at Risk?:  Who is at Risk? Children Elderly Prior heart or lung disease patients Diabetics Persons who work or exercise outdoors Otherwise healthy adults and children Slide8:  When ozone is high…….Active children and adults and people with respiratory disease, such as asthma should limit prolonged outdoor exertion. Time shift outdoor activities to early morning or late evening when ozone is low. When PM is high…….People with respiratory or heart disease, the elderly and children should limit prolonged outdoor exertion. Levels typically increase at night and during early morning so caution is advisable throughout the day. Air Facts!:  Air Facts! Nine billion gallons of fuel are wasted in traffic each year - 800 times the amount of oil spilled by the Exxon Valdez Transportation consumes 25% of the energy used in the US 70% of air pollution in NC cities is caused by cars & trucks Forming a car pool saves about 40 lbs of air pollution a year per person Aggressive driving can lower your gas mileage by 33% Under inflated tires can reduce gas mileage by 1 mile per gallon – if all tires were properly inflated we would save 400 million gallons of gas a day in the US At School:  At School County school bus idling policy Buses should not park nose to tail Should not idle while loading and unloading Should not park near school air intake systems or near entrances to school Should not run engine if driver is not in the bus Avoid “caravanning” Do not idle for more than 5 minutes Parent Drop Off & Pick Up zones:  Parent Drop Off & Pick Up zones Consider creating an idle free zone around the school Encourage parents to have their kids ride the bus. It is proven the safest way to school. Seek funding for school bus retrofit or the use of alternative fuels such as bio-diesel. Encourage car or van pooling. Action Tips!:  Action Tips! Drive Less: Share a ride or take public transportation Use vanpools Ride PART (Piedmont Authority for Regional Transportation) Combine many errands into one trip Keep your car tuned & tires properly inflated Avoid using gas powered lawn tools and recreational vehicles Refuel after 7:00 PM Take your lunch or walk to nearby restaurant Conserve electricity Plant trees Take Action! Contact Information:  Contact Information Lorelei Elkins – Triad Air Awareness 537 North Spruce Street, Winston Salem, NC 27101 Email: elkinsLT@forsyth.cc Phone: (336) 703-2449 Web: triadair.org

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