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Information about Assam

Published on January 5, 2008

Author: Abbott


Slide1:  NATIONAL CONFERENCE on AGRICULTURE PRESENTATION RABI CAMPAIGN 2007-08 18th & 19th September, 2007 Slide2:  ASSAM – AGRICULTURE AT A GLANCE Slide3:  ASSAM – THE SCENARIO AT A GLANCE (contd…..) Slide4:  AREA & PRODUCTIVITYOF MAJOR KHARIF CROPS (Area in lakh hectare & Productivity in Kg per hectare) * Due to drought like situation during Kharif, 2006, an area of 2.95 lakh hectares of Winter Rice remain uncovered, which is the major contributor towards total Rice output of the State. REVIEW OF KHARIF Slide5:  AREA, & PRODUCTIVITY OF MAJOR KHARIF CROPS (Area in lakh hectare & Productivity in Kg per hectare) REVIEW OF KHARIF Slide6:  KAHRIF 2007 : THE WEATHER SCENARIO Slide7:  KAHRIF 2007 : AMIDST CLIMATIC ADVERSITIES Slide8:  PROGRAMME PROPOSED TO OVERCOME THE LOSS DUE TO FLOOD Immediate Measure - Coverage of flood damaged area of Sali paddy by paddy seeds (direct seeded under delayed condition) and locally procured Sali paddy seedlings.. Pre Rabi Programme - More coverage with Pulses like Blackgram and Greengram. Rabi Programme - Special programme on Rabi crops viz., Wheat, Rape & Mustard, Pea, Lentil, Summer Rice, Rabi Vegetables, Potato and Onion. Irrigation and mechanization support under various departmental programmes including AACP – a World Bank assisted programme. In order to compensate the loss caused by flood a contingency plan is proposed for implementation in three phases (late Kharif, Pre Rabi & Rabi) for all the affected farm families covering all the affected districts. The proposed programme are as follows : Slide9:  AREA & PRODUCTIVITY OF MAJOR RABI CROPS (Area in lakh hectare & Productivity in Kg per hectare) PREPAREDNESS F OR RABI, 2007-08 SPECIAL RABI PROGRAMME, 2007-08 (For Flood Affected Areas):  SPECIAL RABI PROGRAMME, 2007-08 (For Flood Affected Areas) Slide11:  PREPAREDNESS F OR RABI, 2007-08 Full utilization of 4.02 lakh hectares of command area created by Agriculture Department through installation of 1,94,048 nos. STWs and 6,834 nos. LLPs under various schemes / programmes. In order to bring more areas under assured irrigation system, rapid installation of STWs and LLPs through various central & state government programmes and World Bank funded AACP is proposed. It has been targeted to install 38,000 STWs and 14,992 LLPs during 2007-08. Massive mobilization of tractors and power tillers provided to farmers to catch up timely tillage operation. Already, 1316 nos. of tractors and 4876 nos. of Power Tillers are provided to farmers. Also, introduction of new farm machineries like Rotavator, Reaper/Binder, Zero Tillage Planter & Combined harvester is proposed. To boost up farm mechanization, subsidized distribution of Tractors and Power Tillers under various programmes are proposed. Target to distribute 931 nos. of Tractors and 4959 nos. of Power Tillers have been set for 2007-08. Slide12:  For the ensuing Rabi season, the consumption target of fertilizer has been kept at 102.00 Kg per hectare against consumption of 93.74 Kg per hectare during Rabi 2006-07. Tie up arrangements have been finalized with fertilizer manufacturers both under ECA and decontrolled fertilizers. Necessary schematic supports are being provided from Macro Management Mode of Agriculture, 2006-07. PREPAREDNESS FOR RABI, 2007-08 Slide13:  A. PRODUCTION OF FOUNDATION & CERTIFIED SEEDS INPUT SUPPORT SEED Quantity of seed sold in the State during 2006-07 43,786 quintals Quantity of seed imported into the State during 2006-07 67,540 quintals Slide14:  B. SEED DISTRIBUTION & SEED REPLACEMENT RATE Slide15:  C. SEED TREATMENT (Under 100% Seed Treatment Programme) Slide16:  D. SEED TESTING Assam State Seed Certification Agency (ASSCA) is the nodal agency for seed testing & seed certification in the State. Seed testing & certification guidelines are strictly followed for proper quality control and certification. E. SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME Slide17:  FERTILISER A. REQUIREMENT & AVAILABILITY OF FERTILISER B. QUALITY CONTROL OF FERTILISER Fertilizer quality control measures aims at analyzing the various samples of urea, DAP, SSP, MOP, NPK Mixture etc. Status of fertilizer testing done in State Fertilizer Control laboratory is as under - INPUT SUPPORT Slide18:  C. BALANCED USE OF FERTILIZER – INM Slide19:  In addition to targeted production of major Rabi crops during 2007-08, additional production targeted from the special programme proposed for flood affected areas are as follows - SPECIAL RABI PROGRAMME, 2007-08 EXPECTED OUTCOME Slide20:  RABI PROGRAMME : 2007-08 EXPECTED OUTCOME (Normal Rabi & Special Rabi) Slide21:  Nos. of ATMA Dist – 12 No. of ATMA registered – 12 Nos. of ATMA dist. – 11 No. of ATMA registered – 11 SREP prepared & finalized in 12 Dist. SEWP, 2007-08 approved by GOI District Agricultural Development Strategy (DADS) prepared for 11 Dist. 74 Block Action Plan, 2006-07 are in action in 6 Dist. Block Action Plan, 2007-08 prepared for 11 Dist. Sites for 123 BRCs identified & sanction accorded for 104 BRCs in 9 Dist. FIAC formed in 12 Dist BTT Registered – 96 nos. CENTRALLY SPONSORED AACP (WORLD BANK AIDED) SPONSORED AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION REFORMS - ATMA Slide22:  AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION REFORMS THROUGH ATMA FUND RECIEVED & UTILISED DURING 2005-06 & 2006-07 AND PROPOSED FOR 2007-08. (Rs. in lakh) Amount earmarked for 3rd party Monitoring & Evaluation. Slide23:  As per GOI’s assessment the 1236 nos. of markets and market yards available in the State/ are not enough. Another 994 markets are needed to be established in the State to meet the recommendation of National Commission on Agriculture. 24 Regulated Market Committees, 20 Primary market Yards and 204 Sub-market yards have been established by Assam State Agricultural Marketing Board (ASAMB). ASAMB developed 2 big Wholesale Market & 25 Small Rural market / Apni Mandis in 19 districts of the State. One Wholesale Market (Vegetable) with a Cold Storage has been established by ASAMB under NEC Sponsorship. Under World Bank assisted AACP 39 Rural Hats and 21 Rural Wholesale Markets against target of 50 Rural Hats and 24 Wholesale Markets. AGRICULTURAL MARKETING Slide24:  Under RGBY, ASAMB has created storage facility of 15,000 MT against target of 19,000 MT. NABARD has refinanced private entrepreneurs for development of 27 Rural Godowns for a capacity of 38,179 MT 23 Regulated Market have been covered under AGMARKNET by ASAMB. The AGRICULTURAL PRODUCE MARKET COMMITTEE (APMC) ACT has been amended in 2006 and adopted. The concept of Contract Farming & Market Boards/ power to levy cess have been incorporated in the Act. AGRICULTURAL MARKETING (contd.) Slide25:  View of the most potential paddy crop – Summer Paddy, 2006-07 Slide26:  LOSS IN KHARIF HARVEST DUE TO DROUGHT WAS COMPENSATED – A VIEW OF RABI MUSTARD FIELD Slide27:  Crop Zones – Thrust Crops vis – a – vis Potential Zones TM-IDH in Assam NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSION Slide28:  Achievements under Area Expansion of Major Thrust Crops TM-IDH in Assam Slide29:  Latest Fund Position under Horticulture Technology Mission in Assam (as on 15th September-07) MM-II (Rs. in lakh) Slide30:  MM-III (Rs. in lakh) Latest Fund Position under Horticulture Technology Mission in Assam (as on 15th September-07) Slide31:  TM-IDH in Assam :Target for 2007-08 Slide32:  ORGANIC FARMING Slide33:  ORGANIC JOHA RICE CULTIVATION : Slide34:  EXPORT OF ORGANIC JOHA TO EUROPE – FIRST CONSIGNMENT FLAGGED OFF BY HON’BLE MINISTER, AGRICULTURE, ASSAM Slide35:  For implementation of NFSM – Rice, only 13 districts out 27 districts of the State are included under the mission by GOI ignoring Rice area of 10.50 lakh hectares in remaining 14 districts. Total area under Rice is around 24 lakh hectares, which is 63% of gross cropped area of the State. All the 27 districts are potential for Rice cultivation and considering this aspect and also to ensure food security in the State all the districts need to be included in NFSM-Rice. National Food Security Mission, a Centrally Sponsored Scheme is proposed to be implemented from 2007-08 with three components – National Food Security Mission – Rice (NFSM-Rice) National Food Security Mission – Wheat (NFSM-Wheat) National Food Security Mission – Pulses (NFSM-Pulses) NFSM-Rice : NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION Slide36:  NFSM-Pulses : Under NFSM-Pulses, no district of the State has been included. There is vast potential of expansion of area under Pulses in all the districts of the State including the riverine areas spreading over 14 districts and occupying around 10% of Net Cropped Area of the State. Present area coverage under Pulses is only 3% of Gross Cropped Area of the State. Total Rice fallow area of around 12 lakh hectares can be brought under Pulse cultivation. Slide37:  AGRICULTURAL GROWTH TREND In Assam growth of Agriculture at the end of 8th Plan was 1.13% which decreased to 0.39% at the end of 9th plan and registered further decline to -0.27% (anticipated) at the end of 10th plan. Against the National Growth Target of 4% in Agriculture during 11th Plan, considering the present status of Agriculture in the State it is targeted to achieve 2% growth during 11th five year plan. ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEME Slide38:  YIELD GAP – ASSAM vs INDIA Slide39:  CROPWISE PRODUCTION DURING 10TH PLAN & ESTIMATED PRODUCTION AT THE END OF 11TH PLAN TO ACHIEVE 2% GROWTH. In case of Rice 3%, Fruits 1.5% and Vegetables 4% of annual growth have been taken to project production at the end of 11th plan. In other cases 2% annual growth have been taken. Slide40:  ACHIEVING 2% ANNUAL GROWTH IN 11TH PLAN - THE STRATEGIES Slide41:  ADDITIONAL CENTRAL ASSISTANCE SCHEME An analysis of the growth rate of Agriculture sector reveals that Assam has suffered a deceleration to the tune of (-)0.27% during 10th Plan period. It has become essential for the State to be district oriented and strike upon hurdles faced at grass root level by farmers to bring an improvement in growth in Agriculture Sector. Target of at least 2% growth in Agriculture Sector to be achieved during 11th Plan Period has been set. Taking into account all the contributing factors that affect agricultural growth, Assam Agricultural Plan has been formulatedt to achieve a growth rate of 2% plus during 11th Plan Period. Vertical and horizontal analysis of factors associated to achieve the desired growth is imperative and thus the District Plan for each of 27 districts of the State has been prepared. Focus sectors are – Irrigation Farm Mechanization. Quality seed and planting materials Technology Dissemination Fertiliser Flow of credit Marketing strategies. Slide42:  ESTIMATED REQUIREMENT OF FUND DURING 2007-08 TO ACHIEVE AT LEAST 2% GROWTH. Slide44:  AREA UNDER RICE IN ASSAM Slide45:  REASONS FOR SLOW AGRICULTURAL GROWTH IN ASSAM Natural calamity - regular flood and occasional drought like situation. Problems associated with small holdings. Lack of assured irrigation and dependency on rainfall. Non availability of quality planting material within easy reach of farmers. Inadequate mechanization. Deteriorating soil conditions and soil acidity. Lack of adequate credit support. Lack of infrastructural and market support. Slide46:  TM-IDH in Assam : Impact Analysis Slide47:  Nos. of farmers associated directly so far under the Mission (upto 2005) - TM-IDH in Assam : An analysis of the Target Group Slide48:  Projection Pattern Thrust Crops vs Zonal Planning Physical achievement Impact analysis in terms of growth rate Projection on Target Group Financial achievement Target for 2007-08 Some success stories Slide50:  Achievement under MM-II & III The Scenario of Post Harvest Management Facilities Created under TMIDH so far in Assam Slide52:  Growth of Black pepper during Mission period * Annual production growth rate – 4.56% Slide56:  THE LATEST STORY : Farmers, women SHGs of Kokrajhar & Kamrup districts supported under Floriculture component of TM-IDH has successfully displayed their products in 3rd International Flora Expo, 2007 (12-14 Sept, 07) held at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi and bagged 2nd Prize. View of the Assam Stall at Pragati Maidan, New Delhi

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