Asian Civilization- The New Babylon

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Information about Asian Civilization- The New Babylon
Education

Published on December 26, 2008

Author: notmyrealusername

Source: slideshare.net

Description

a brief background on the history of the cradle of civilization of the world (mesopotamia) during the rise of the New Babylon

Prepared by: Ma. Bernadette S. Viado BSN 4L

The city of Babylon was rebuilt by Nebuchadnezzar II (605-562) 13 ft thick with a circumference of 11 mi

The city of Babylon

was rebuilt by Nebuchadnezzar II (605-562)

13 ft thick with a circumference of 11 mi

The Kingdom Of Babylon

HANGING GARDEN OF BABYLON

 

Primary goods

Primary

goods

Babyl onian astronomers studied the skies and drew up a st ar map gave nam e t o discovered planets; calculated solar and lunar eclipses.

Babyl onian astronomers studied the skies and drew up a st ar map

gave nam e t o discovered planets; calculated solar and lunar eclipses.

Nebuchadnezzar continued Assyrian conquest, invading Judah and seized Jerusalem in 586 B.C.

Nebuchadnezzar continued Assyrian conquest, invading Judah and seized Jerusalem in 586 B.C.

October 562 Nebuchadnezzar’s death Succession by Amel- Marduk (his son)

October 562

Nebuchadnezzar’s death

Succession by Amel- Marduk (his son)

MESOPOTAMIA GOVERNEMENT The leader is “favored” by gods The authority of a state is vested in a KING Property included the CITY , the INHABITANTS, FARMS, ORCHARDS, and outlying TOWNS

The leader is “favored” by gods

The authority of a state is vested in a KING

Property included the CITY , the INHABITANTS, FARMS, ORCHARDS, and outlying TOWNS

Duties: Defend the city and his lands from enemy attacks, extend its territory, domination and influence Build and repair temples Oversees public works Promote and preserve law and justice

Defend the city and his lands from enemy attacks, extend its territory, domination and influence

Build and repair temples

Oversees public works

Promote and preserve law and justice

SOCIAL STRATIFICATION The 3 classes: The aristocrats Commoners slaves

The 3 classes:

The aristocrats

Commoners

slaves

Aristocrats The rich and powerful families Important priests Counselors Ambassadors Generals Other high ranking officials

The rich and powerful families

Important priests

Counselors

Ambassadors

Generals

Other high ranking officials

Commoners “ backbone of the society” Productive workers Architects Scribes Merchants Cattle breeders, fishermen, potters, brick makers

“ backbone of the society”

Productive workers

Architects

Scribes

Merchants

Cattle breeders, fishermen,

potters, brick makers

Slaves Property of the temple, the palace or the wealthy estates

Property of the temple, the palace or the wealthy estates

RELIGIOUS BELIEFS Gods Ranked according to their importance, influence and power

Gods

Ranked according to their

importance, influence

and power

An- god of Heaven Enlil- god of air Enki- god of water Ninhursag- great mother-earth goddess

An- god of Heaven

Enlil- god of air

Enki- god of water

Ninhursag- great mother-earth goddess

CONTRIBUTION of OTHER CULTURES Absolute monarchy Cosmopolitanism Trade and commerce Techniques of iron working Concept of human life and religious traditions

Absolute monarchy

Cosmopolitanism

Trade and commerce

Techniques of iron working

Concept of human life and religious traditions

 

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