As Archaeology Stonehenge

47 %
53 %
Information about As Archaeology Stonehenge

Published on March 15, 2008

Author: edskjb

Source: slideshare.net

THE RITUAL MONUMENTS IN WILTSHIRE: A STUDY OF THE BELIEF SYSTEM IN THE NEOLITHIC AND BRONZE AGES

WHAT IS A CEREMONIAL LANDSCAPE? Wiltshire has a ritual landscape is where large numbers of prehistoric monuments cluster together. It is believed that a whole block of land might have been dedicated to gods

Wiltshire has a ritual landscape is where large numbers of prehistoric monuments cluster together.

It is believed that a whole block of land might have been dedicated to gods

THE AVEBURY HENGE Avebury is the site of a large henge and two stone circles. It is one of the largest Neolithic monuments in Europe and dates to around 5,000 years ago. It is older than the megalithic stages of Stonehenge although both monuments date to the Neolithic period.

Avebury is the site of a large henge and two stone circles.

It is one of the largest Neolithic monuments in Europe and dates to around 5,000 years ago.

It is older than the megalithic stages of Stonehenge although both monuments date to the Neolithic period.

Religion and Ritual at Avebury: Student Task Use the internet to explore the evidence that Avebury had a religious and ritual function: 1. Visit the following website and take a panoramic tour of the site: www.stone henge - avebury .net/Photos/gtour/QtvrtourAve.html 2. Research the construction and layout of the site 3. Produce a 3 slide power point presentation in which you present your findings and comment on the ways in which Avebury could be seen to have a religious function

Use the internet to explore the evidence that Avebury had a religious and ritual function:

1. Visit the following website and take a panoramic tour of the site:

www.stone henge - avebury .net/Photos/gtour/QtvrtourAve.html

2. Research the construction and layout of the site

3. Produce a 3 slide power point presentation in which you present your findings and comment on the ways in which Avebury could be seen to have a religious function

WEST KENNET LONG BARROW The West Kennet Long Barrow is a Neolithic tomb situated about one-and-a-half miles south of Avebury. It was built in about 3600 BC, some 400 years before the building of Stonehenge It contains the remains of 46 individuals whose bodies had been exposed before burial Archaeologists believe that the people who built the tomb practised ancestor worship . Student Task: Discussion What is excarnation? How do we know when it has been practiced? What is the evidence for ancestor worship at West Kennet?

The West Kennet Long Barrow is a Neolithic tomb situated about one-and-a-half miles south of Avebury.

It was built in about 3600 BC, some 400 years before the building of Stonehenge

It contains the remains of 46 individuals whose bodies had been exposed before burial

Archaeologists believe that the people who built the tomb practised ancestor worship .

Student Task: Discussion

What is excarnation?

How do we know when it has been practiced?

What is the evidence for ancestor worship at West Kennet?

SILBURY HILL Silbury Hill is the largest man-made structure from the prehistoric period. It was built 4,000 years ago Its purpose remains a mystery even today

Silbury Hill is the largest man-made structure from the prehistoric period.

It was built 4,000 years ago

Its purpose remains a mystery even today

SILBURY HILL: STUDENT TASK Silbury is a grass-covered chalk mound in the shape of a flat-topped cone Click to view the film clip Use the internet to research Silbury Hill and write a commentary for the film clip. You will be presenting this to the class

Silbury is a grass-covered chalk mound in the shape of a flat-topped cone

Click to view the film clip

Use the internet to research Silbury Hill and write a commentary for the film clip. You will be presenting this to the class

STONEHENGE Stonehenge one of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world. Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones Henges have ditches inside their banks; they cannot have been defensive structures Julian Richards regards Stonehenge as a Neolithic temple. The standing stones were probably erected around 2200 BC and the surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC.

Stonehenge one of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world.

Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones

Henges have ditches inside their banks; they cannot have been defensive structures

Julian Richards regards Stonehenge as a Neolithic temple.

The standing stones were probably erected around 2200 BC and the surrounding circular earth bank and ditch, which constitute the earliest phase of the monument, have been dated to about 3100 BC.

How was Stonehenge Built? The first phase of the monument was the digging of a circular bank and ditch enclosure In the second phase a timber structure was built. We know this from the posthole that have been discovered In the third phase timber was abandoned in favour of stone and two concentric crescents of holes were dug in the centre of the site.. The holes held up to 80 standing stones 43 of which were for the bluestones. The Altar Stone, the Heel Stone and the Station Stones were added.

The first phase of the monument was the digging of a circular bank and ditch enclosure

In the second phase a timber structure was built. We know this from the posthole that have been discovered

In the third phase timber was abandoned in favour of stone and two concentric crescents of holes were dug in the centre of the site.. The holes held up to 80 standing stones 43 of which were for the bluestones. The Altar Stone, the Heel Stone and the Station Stones were added.

Building Stonehenge (Contd) Next the great sarsen stones were erected into a circle and lintels were fitted on top. Within this circle five trilithons of dressed sarsen stone were arranged in a horseshoe shape In the final stages the bluestones were re-erected so that in the end they created a horseshoe-shaped setting

Next the great sarsen stones were erected into a circle and lintels were fitted on top.

Within this circle five trilithons of dressed sarsen stone were arranged in a horseshoe shape

In the final stages the bluestones were re-erected so that in the end they created a horseshoe-shaped setting

BUILDING STONEHENGE: STUDENT TASK Use the internet to research further the building of Stonehenge and put together a presentation that explores the building phases in detail: Use the following websites: www.english-heritage.org.uk/ stonehenge / en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Stonehenge

Use the internet to research further the building of Stonehenge and put together a presentation that explores the building phases in detail:

Use the following websites:

www.english-heritage.org.uk/ stonehenge /

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Stonehenge

STONEHENGE IN THE CEREMONIAL LANDSCAPE

STONEHENGE IN THE CEREMONIAL LANDSCAPE (contd) Archaeologists have used the term ceremonial or ritual landscape where large numbers of monuments cluster together. Stonehenge is linked to a number of other important monuments in the area which all appear to have a ritual function Explore the interactive map on the English Heritage website.

Archaeologists have used the term ceremonial or ritual landscape where large numbers of monuments cluster together.

Stonehenge is linked to a number of other important monuments in the area which all appear to have a ritual function

Explore the interactive map on the English Heritage website.

RELIGIOUS AND RITUAL ACTIVITIES AT STONEHENGE The layout of Stonehenge reveals that the entrance is aligned on the mid-summer sunrise The mid-winter sun sets between the two great uprights of the trilithon Archaeologists believe that ceremonies on the longest and the shortest days played an important role in Neolithic and early Bronze Age religion when the gods were called upon during key points in the agricultural calendar

The layout of Stonehenge reveals that the entrance is aligned on the mid-summer sunrise

The mid-winter sun sets between the two great uprights of the trilithon

Archaeologists believe that ceremonies on the longest and the shortest days played an important role in Neolithic and early Bronze Age religion when the gods were called upon during key points in the agricultural calendar

WHAT HAVE THE DRUIDS GOT TO DO WITH STONE HENGE? Click to view the film clip People associate Stonehenge with the religion practised by the druids Druids are associated with religion in the Iron Age It is a common misconception that the druids worshipped at Stonehenge Druids have nothing to do with Stonehenge!

Click to view the film clip

People associate Stonehenge with the religion practised by the druids

Druids are associated with religion in the Iron Age

It is a common misconception that the druids worshipped at Stonehenge

Druids have nothing to do with Stonehenge!

Religion at Stonehenge: Student Task Draw the table opposite in your notes Use the evidence you have gathered from this study package to help you complete the table Present your ideas to the class Size: Community Gatherings     Role of a Priesthood or Shamen   Role of Processions   Orientation of the Feature  

Draw the table opposite in your notes

Use the evidence you have gathered from this study package to help you complete the table

Present your ideas to the class

Add a comment

Related presentations

Related pages

archaeology.ws/stonehenge

Latest archaeological news on Stonehenge, provided by BBC Radio 5 Live archaeologist Win Scutt.
Read more

Scientists Try to Crack Stonehenge's Prehistoric Puzzles ...

Stonehenge in southern England ranks among the world's most iconic archaeological sites and one of its greatest enigmas. The megalithic circle on Salisbury ...
Read more

Stonehenge | Day of Archaeology

A Digital Day of Archaeology A day of spatial semantics, digital excavation data and other things Archaeology + spatial geekery = archaeogeomancy The Big ...
Read more

Under Stonehenge - Archaeology Magazine

Remote-sensing surveys have revealed a vast array of archaeological features in the vicinity of Stonehenge, making clear that it was part of a much broader ...
Read more

'Archaeology on steroids': huge ritual arena discovered ...

Archaeologists have discovered the remains of a massive stone monument buried under a thick, grassy bank only two miles from Stonehenge. The hidden ...
Read more

Stonehenge | Wessex Archaeology

Wessex Archaeology have offices in Salisbury, Sheffield, Rochester and Edinburgh. We are one of the UK's leading heritage practices.
Read more

From Stonehenge to Las Vegas: Archaeology As Popular ...

Cornelius - From Stonehenge to Las Vegas: Archaeology As Popular Culture jetzt kaufen. ISBN: 9780759102675, Fremdsprachige Bücher - Archäologie
Read more

Archaeology - Archaeology Magazine

Connect with Archaeology Connect. Sign Up for e-Updates; RENEW; GIVE A GIFT; DIGITAL EDITION; BACK ISSUES; E-UPDATE; CUSTOMER SERVICE; ARCHAEOLOGICAL ...
Read more

Stonehenge – Wikipedia

Stonehenge ist ein in der Jungsteinzeit errichtetes und mindestens bis in die Bronzezeit genutztes Bauwerk in der Nähe von Amesbury in Wiltshire, England ...
Read more