Art History Survey II: 16th century Italian Art

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Information about Art History Survey II: 16th century Italian Art
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Published on March 1, 2014

Author: PaigePrater

Source: slideshare.net

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A brief overview of sixteenth-century art in Italy with an emphasis on Florence, Venice, and Mannerism.

th Century Italian 16 Art T, R, 12PM-1:20PM Professor Paige Prater

“High Renaissance” • Rome • Fuses REAL and IDEAL • Vs. Mannerism

Three Key Artists • Michelangelo • Raphael • Leonardo da Vinci

Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) • Mini-Bio: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nrV91kOn-ao

Leonardo da Vinci - The Virgin of the Rocks –c. 1485 • Oil on wood panel, 6’ 6” x 4’. Musée du Louvre, Paris.

Leonardo da Vinci – The Last Supper – 1495-1498 • Refectory of the monastery of Santa Maria delle Grazie, Milan, Italy. Tempera and oil on plaster. 15’ 2” x 28’ 10” • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iV6_wTrkd70

Leonardo da Vinci – Mona Lisa – c. 1503-1506 • Oil on wood panel, 30 ¼” x 21”. Musée du Louvre, Paris. • http://smarthistory.khanacade my.org/leonardo-monalisa.html

Leonardo da Vinci – Vitruvian Man, c. 1490 • Ink, 13 ½” x 9 5/8” . Galleria dell’ Accademia, Venice.

Raphael – The Small Cowper Madonna – c. 1505 • Oil on wood panel, 23 3/8” x 17 3/8”. National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Raphael – Agnelo Doni and Maddalena Strozzi, c. 1506 • Oil on wood panel, each 24 ½” x 17 ¼” . Palazzo Pitti, Florence.

Raphael – The School of Athens – c. 1510-1511 • Fresco in the Stanza della Segnatura, Vatican, Rome. 19’ x 27’.

Michelangelo – Pietà – c. 1500 • Marble, height 5’ 8 ½”. St. Peter’s, Vatican, Rome.

Michelangelo – David – c. 1501-1504. • Marble, height 17’ without pedestal. Galleria dell’Accadmia, Florence.

Michelangelo – Interior, Sistine Chapel • Built 1475-1481 • Ceiling painted 1508-1512; end wall, 1536-1541. 45’ x 128’ ceiling. Vatican, Rome. • http://smarthistory.khanacademy.org/sistine-chapel-ceiling.html

• http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2561205/Itsmarshmallow-Michelangelo-Artist-creates-life-size-replica-SistineChapel-ceiling-using-10-000-marshmallows.html

Michelangelo – The Creation of Adam

http://www.youtube.com/watch ?v=vX7iuSkz3qc Michelangelo – Tomb of Giuliano de’ Medici with Allegorical Figures of Night and Day, 1519-1534. • Marble, height of seated figure approx., 5’ 10” • New Sacristy of Church of San Lorenzo (vs. Old Sacristy)

Michelangelo – The Last Judgment, 15361541. Fresco, 48’ x 44’.

Michelangelo – St. Peter’s Basilica

Venice • • • • Giorgione Titian Veronese Church of San Giorgio Maggiore • Tintoretto

Georgione – The Tempest, c. 1506 • Oil on canvas, 32” x 28 ¾”. Galleria dell’ Accademia, Venice. • http://www.youtube.co m/watch?v=LFA_qmGuY 2A

Titian – Isabella D’Este -1534-1536 • Oil on canvas, 40 1/8” x 25 3/16”. Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna

Veronese – Feast in the House of Levi, 1573 • Oil on canvas. 18’ 3” x 42’. From the refectory of the monastery of SS. Giovanni e Paolo. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9gr2007Y8c&list=PLhgXkvFni0eJMx93GWncpmkezj58TplfE

Church of San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice Plan: 1565 Construction: 1565-1580 Façade: 1597-1610 Campanile 1791.

Church of San Giorgio Maggiore, Venice • Tintoretto’s Last Supper (1592-1594) hangs to left of altar. Oil on canvas, 12’ x 18’8”. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YhsjS5CtCTE&list=PLpCSWZaDzB6Zvjwjo4H8xZ54MQCNERV1n

Mannerism • Maniera (Italian for “style”) • Anti-Classical • Valued artificiality, grace and elegance vs. reality, balance, and order • • • • • Bronzino Pontormo Sofonisba Anguissola Giambologna Cellini

Bronzino – Allegory with Venus and Cupid – Mid 1540s • Oil on panel, 57 ½’ x 46”. National Gallery, London. • http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=6w2E8G0sEPc

PontormoDeposition – 15251528 • Florence, altarpiece in Capponi Chapel, church of Sant Felicità. Oil and tempera on wood panel, 10’ 3” x 6’ 4”. • Selfie! • http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=ABhqENOxSrU

Sofonisba AnguissolaSelf-Portrait – c. 1552 • Oil on parchment on cardboard, 3 ¼” x 2 ½”. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.

Giambologna – The Capture of a Sabine Woman – 1581-1582 • Marble, height 13’ 6”. Loggia dei Lanzi, Florence.

Benvenuto Cellini – Saltcellar of King Francis I of France - 1540-1543 • Gold and enamel, 10 ½” x 13 1/8” . Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.

Counter-Reformation • The Council of Trent: meets three times between 1545-1563 • Affirmation of doctrine • Reformation of practice • The Society of Jesus (Jesuits) and other orders • The revival of spirituality • Tom Richey sums it up: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hcveOq9ce1c

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