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Art and Affective Computing: Holistic approach

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Information about Art and Affective Computing: Holistic approach
Technology

Published on November 21, 2008

Author: Womentech

Source: slideshare.net

Description

Women&Technologies: Research and Innovation. Nell'ambito del prestigioso WCC, (World Computer Congress), una conferenza nella conferenza dedicata alle donne e alle tecnologie, con un particolare focus su ricerca e innovazione. Presentazione per l'intervento a distanza di Nik Nailah Binti Abdullah (Information Systems Architecture Research Division, National Institute of Informatics, Tokyo, Japan), intitolato "Art and Affective Computing: Holistic approach"
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Art and Affective Computing: Holistic approach Nik Nailah Binti Abdullah National Institute of Informatics, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo Japan. [email_address]

Content Women in ICT Stereotype gender issues Seek history dichotomy view of technology Invent future Holistic approach to technology, not a new movement Affective computing Several distinguished women as inspiration Perspectives

Women in ICT

Stereotype gender issues

Seek history

dichotomy view of technology

Invent future

Holistic approach to technology, not a new movement

Affective computing

Several distinguished women as inspiration

Perspectives

Women in ICT Stereotype gender issues

Gender issues “The under-representation of women in science and technology adds to the gender differences and inequalities in this field…” Gender equality and empowerment of women through ICT (United Nations, 2005).

“The under-representation of women in science and technology adds to the gender differences and inequalities in this field…”

Gender equality and empowerment of women through ICT (United Nations, 2005).

Stereotypical ideas about women and technologies “ The problem is worse in Africa than in any other region. Many (predominantly male) math and science teachers in Africa hold outmoded views that girls can’t think or work scientifically and that science is too mechanical and technical for girls, thus discouraging female students..” Paving the Way for Girls to Achieve Excellent in Science and Math: science, technology and math education (STME) clinic for girls. (Quaisie, Georgina, 1996)

“ The problem is worse in Africa than in any other region. Many (predominantly male) math and science teachers in Africa hold outmoded views that girls can’t think or work scientifically and that science is too mechanical and technical for girls, thus discouraging female students..”

Paving the Way for Girls to Achieve Excellent in Science and Math: science, technology and math education (STME) clinic for girls. (Quaisie, Georgina, 1996)

Stereotypical ideas about technologies “ We tend to see the ICT sector as a realm of society that is unfriendly and dominated by men. We associate technology with men and assume that its production, application and maintenance are areas that fall more easily into the male domain. In these ways we ourselves sometimes play an unconscious role in reproducing the gendered nature of our society and the ICT sector at large. These internal barriers to participating in the ICT sector must also be overcome” Engendering ICT policy: guidelines for action. (African Information Society-Gender Working Group. 1999)

“ We tend to see the ICT sector as a realm of society that is unfriendly and dominated by men. We associate technology with men and assume that its production, application and maintenance are areas that fall more easily into the male domain. In these ways we ourselves sometimes play an unconscious role in reproducing the gendered nature of our society and the ICT sector at large. These internal barriers to participating in the ICT sector must also be overcome”

Engendering ICT policy: guidelines for action. (African Information Society-Gender Working Group. 1999)

Seek history Technology in its’ traditional sense

Seek history “ Technology is generally ‘black-boxed’ in that the human (or more usually male) work that goes into its production is obscured by technological determinism which separates out technological ‘development’ from the ‘social’ sphere and produces technologies (and their ‘effects’) as ‘inevitable’ and usually desirable (as ‘progress’)…” Moving In, Moving Up Moving Out: A Survey of Women in ICT', Symposium on Gender and ICT: Working for Change (Moore et al, 2005)

“ Technology is generally ‘black-boxed’ in that the human (or more usually male) work that goes into its production is obscured by technological determinism which separates out technological ‘development’ from the ‘social’ sphere and produces technologies (and their ‘effects’) as ‘inevitable’ and usually desirable (as ‘progress’)…”

Moving In, Moving Up Moving Out: A Survey of Women in ICT', Symposium on Gender and ICT: Working for Change (Moore et al, 2005)

Either/or dichotomy idea of technology Knowledge representation of technology as either/or modeled as If..Then (technology then user/social) Knowledge of technology should include user in the loop When user is included, a more holistic approach to technology study is needed. Hence need to be modeled as both/and framework (technology+user/social).

Knowledge representation of technology as either/or

modeled as If..Then (technology then user/social)

Knowledge of technology should include user in the loop

When user is included, a more holistic approach to technology study is needed.

Hence need to be modeled as both/and framework (technology+user/social).

Invent the future

The ‘holistic’ study of technology In real world practice , building and understanding technology is a connection between the two: Hard approach (logics, mathematics) and ‘holistic’ approach. Holistic approach as a course subject in technologies is lacking. E.g.,Social science, anthropology, arts, psychology, literature.

In real world practice , building and understanding technology is a connection between the two:

Hard approach (logics, mathematics) and ‘holistic’ approach.

Holistic approach as a course subject in technologies is lacking.

E.g.,Social science, anthropology, arts, psychology, literature.

An example of a holistic study of technology "Plans and Situated Actions: The Problem of Human-machine Communication" (1987) by Lucy Suchman , an anthropologist and winner of 2002 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science Major contribution to the foundation of Human-Computer Interaction includes situated cognition, ethnographic analysis, conversational analysis and Participatory Design techniques for the development of interactive computer systems.

"Plans and Situated Actions: The Problem of Human-machine Communication" (1987) by Lucy Suchman , an anthropologist and winner of 2002 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Computer and Cognitive Science

Major contribution to the foundation of Human-Computer Interaction

includes situated cognition, ethnographic analysis, conversational analysis and Participatory Design techniques for the development of interactive computer systems.

The ‘holistic’ study of technology By meaning of ‘holistic’ the idea that all the properties of a given system (e.g., biological, chemical, social, mental, linguistic) cannot be determined or explained by its component parts alone. Instead, the system as a whole determines in an important way how the parts behave. ( Wikipedia )

By meaning of ‘holistic’

the idea that all the properties of a given system (e.g., biological, chemical, social, mental, linguistic) cannot be determined or explained by its component parts alone. Instead, the system as a whole determines in an important way how the parts behave. ( Wikipedia )

Affective computing Branch of AI that deals with the design of systems and devices that can recognize, interpret, and process human emotions ( Wikipedia ) Is a computing that relates to, arises from, or deliberately influences emotion or other affective phenomena ( MIT media lab: Affective Computing Group ). Becomes more complex when it is build as a technology for the Web!

Branch of AI that

deals with the design of systems and devices that can recognize, interpret, and process human emotions ( Wikipedia )

Is a

computing that relates to, arises from, or deliberately influences emotion or other affective phenomena ( MIT media lab: Affective Computing Group ).

Affective computing A study that combines: engineering and computer science with psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, sociology, education, psychophysiology, value-centered design, ethics, arts….or even anthropology! When combining all the disciplines above then one needs to view the technology with a holistic approach!

A study that combines:

engineering and computer science with psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, sociology, education, psychophysiology, value-centered design, ethics, arts….or even anthropology!

Where women come in Recent statistics (2004-2005) by Women in Science indicates high number of women graduates (Bachelor/Masters) in the following studies: Psychology Anthropology Arts (visual arts, design/applied arts)

Recent statistics (2004-2005) by Women in Science indicates high number of women graduates (Bachelor/Masters) in the following studies:

Psychology

Anthropology

Arts (visual arts, design/applied arts)

Where women come in Some broad generalization that women are simultaneous holistic imaginative intuitive holistical But it doesn’t matter even if they generalize about us! These are good qualities for the future technologies!

Some broad generalization that women are

simultaneous

holistic

imaginative

intuitive

holistical

But it doesn’t matter even if they generalize about us! These are good qualities for the future technologies!

Invent the future For example, studies in anthropology, ethnography, arts, and psychology require one to be-intuitive ( e.g., doing anthropology ), observant ( e.g., doing anthropology, and psychology ) imaginative ( e.g., doing arts ), tolerance to ambiguity (e.g., anthropology, psychology of emotions ), holistic…

For example, studies in anthropology, ethnography, arts, and psychology

require one to be-intuitive ( e.g., doing anthropology ), observant ( e.g., doing anthropology, and psychology ) imaginative ( e.g., doing arts ), tolerance to ambiguity (e.g., anthropology, psychology of emotions ), holistic…

Invent the future Reversing stereotypes about gender. Also need to reverse stereotypes about technologies and the approach to studying technologies (new ideas combine with traditional ones).

Reversing stereotypes about gender.

Also need to reverse stereotypes about technologies and the approach to studying technologies (new ideas combine with traditional ones).

Invent the future: The Web is my world Communities In Africa Communities In Asia Communities In Europe Communities In North America Communities in South America A field of application for affective computing Is HCI e.g.,emotion monitoring agents Notes of observations: 1.What is the community of housewives using blog in Asia like? 2. What is the community of housewives using blog in Europe like? 3. What kind of other tools do they do use to organize their activities? 4. What is the common problem/needs exhibited? What sort of affective design can we build to improve their activities? 5. How do we design that the tool is equally ‘aesthetic ’?

Affective computing in HCI When one crosses over to HCI, studying people and technology on the Web crosses boundaries to Communities of practice, cultures, and understanding how tools are used as part of the community/culture. Example: Intel people and practices research group

When one crosses over to HCI, studying people and technology on the Web crosses boundaries to

Communities of practice, cultures, and understanding how tools are used as part of the community/culture.

Example: Intel people and practices research group

Invent the future Anthropology the study of humanity. origins in the natural sciences, the humanities, and the social sciences Arts creations, and expressions appealing or attractive to the mind of an individual. "art" may be used to cover all or any of the arts, e.g, painting, music, literature Psychology of emotions Study of emotion from a mental and physiological state associated with feelings, thoughts, and behaviours. Holistic approach, not a new movement

Invent the future Women is privileged for the next generation of ICT A more “systematic” approach to studying technologies on the Web is needed where holistic approach combines with traditional approach. This is when we need women in arts, in psychology, and in anthropology to create the next generation for ICT.

Women is privileged for the next generation of ICT

A more “systematic” approach to studying technologies on the Web is needed where holistic approach combines with traditional approach.

This is when we need women in arts, in psychology, and in anthropology to create the next generation for ICT.

Several distinguished women as inspiration

Women in Anthropology Ruth Benedict “ her view of human cultures as 'personality writ large’” (Wikipedia) Patterns of culture, 1934.

Ruth Benedict

“ her view of human cultures as 'personality writ large’” (Wikipedia) Patterns of culture, 1934.

Women in Anthropology Margaret Mead Her use of cross-cultural comparison to highlight issues within Western society contributed greatly to the heightened awareness of Anthropology and Ethnographic study in the USA (Wikipedia) Coming of Age in Samoa, 1928.

Margaret Mead

Her use of cross-cultural comparison to highlight issues within Western society contributed greatly to the heightened awareness of Anthropology and Ethnographic study in the USA (Wikipedia) Coming of Age in Samoa, 1928.

Women in Anthropology Niara Sudarkasa First Africanist anthropologists. Exploring the African- American experience. (1995)

Niara Sudarkasa

First Africanist anthropologists.

Exploring the African- American experience. (1995)

Women in Arts Frieda Kahlo (July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954) Mexican painter influenced by indigenous cultures of Mexico as well as by European influences that include Realism, Symbolism, and Surrealism. Frida Kahlo, Self-portrait ( Wikipedia )

Frieda Kahlo (July 6, 1907 – July 13, 1954)

Mexican painter

influenced by indigenous cultures of Mexico as well as by European influences that include Realism, Symbolism, and Surrealism.

Women in Arts Mary Stevenson Cassatt (May 22, 1844 – June 14, 1926) was an American painter and printmaker. Impressionism movement Tea, 1880 ( Wkipedia )

Mary Stevenson Cassatt (May 22, 1844 – June 14, 1926)

was an American painter and printmaker.

Impressionism movement

Women in Arts Tamara de Lempicka (May 16, 1898 - March 18, 1980), born Maria Górska in Warsaw, Poland was a Polish Art Deco painter The Musician, 1929 ( Wikipedia )

Tamara de Lempicka (May 16, 1898 - March 18, 1980),

born Maria Górska in Warsaw, Poland

was a Polish Art Deco painter

Women in Psychology of Emotions Magda B. Arnold (1903-2002) psychologist first contemporary theorist to develop appraisal theory of emotions Lisa Feldman Barrett social psychologist and researcher specializing in affective science and human emotion. Phoebe Ellsworth professor in social psychology emotion, psychology and law, person perception, cross-cultural psychology, and research methods.

Magda B. Arnold (1903-2002)

psychologist

first contemporary theorist to develop appraisal theory of emotions

Lisa Feldman Barrett

social psychologist and researcher

specializing in affective science and human emotion.

Phoebe Ellsworth

professor in social psychology

emotion, psychology and law, person perception, cross-cultural psychology, and research methods.

Perspectives

Women and technologies We need a different perspectives into studying technologies It’s not just technical- it’s revolving around people. We need a systematic approach to introduce technology from ‘user’s perspective’ to engage more women in the field.

We need a different perspectives into studying technologies

It’s not just technical- it’s revolving around people.

We need a systematic approach to introduce technology from ‘user’s perspective’ to engage more women in the field.

Women and technologies We need more women! And Women can have ICT as an exciting study of people and tools! (and in some form as an expression to support people and tools)

We need more women!

And Women can have ICT as an exciting study of people and tools! (and in some form as an expression to support people and tools)

Thank you!

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