Arc466 Dwelling

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Information about Arc466 Dwelling

Published on November 30, 2008

Author: eeany

Source: slideshare.net

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ARC 466 Presentation - Farmingdale State College

Dwelling A Review Eric Anderson, AIA Farmingdale State College

House dwelling A structure serving as a dwelling for one or more persons, especially for a family. A household or family. Something, such as a burrow or shell, that serves as a shelter or habitation for a wild animal. A dwelling for a group of people, such as students or members of a religious community, who live together as a unit: a sorority house. A building that functions as the primary shelter or location of something: a carriage house; the lion house at the zoo.

dwelling

A structure serving as a dwelling for one or more persons, especially for a family.

A household or family.

Something, such as a burrow or shell, that serves as a shelter or habitation for a wild animal.

A dwelling for a group of people, such as students or members of a religious community, who live together as a unit: a sorority house.

A building that functions as the primary shelter or location of something: a carriage house; the lion house at the zoo.

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE More than 500,000 years ago 500,000 years ago – 5,000 years ago 5,000 year ago – 300 years ago 300 years ago – 20 year ago 20 years ago - now

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History Refuge Mother-child Settlement Orientation PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE 16 meters above the ground a young oranutan builds his nest in the top of a betelpalm. With his feet he holds the stronger materials of the bottom, while with his strong arms he is interweaving twigs to a stable form. It takes him about 5 minutes to build his nest which keeps him protected for one night (acc. to Galdikas-Brindamour/Brindamour 1975).

Refuge

Mother-child

Settlement

Orientation

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Emergence and Climate Cold 72,000 - 12,000 Warm 125,000 - 72,000 Cold 200,000 - 125,000 Warm 250,000 - 200,000 Cold 350,000 - 250,000 Warm 750,000 - 350,000 CLIMATE YEARS AGO

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Emergence and Technology

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE 14,000 years, Australia Entrance to Les Pradières, central Pyrenees, France, a cave occupied by hunters at intervals throughout the last Ice Age Photo: Secrets of the Ice Age by Evan Hadingham, 1980

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE from to Evidence of tents from skins 35,000 years ago

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Tents to Huts

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE Hut site at , on a hillside at Chichibu, north of Tokyo. 500,000 years (approximate) It consists of what appear to be 10 post holes, forming two irregular pentagons which may be the remains of two huts. Thirty stone tools were also found scattered around the site.

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE Hut site at Terra Amata, near Nice in France, was dated to the Mindel Glaciation, 380,000 BCE ; projected shape based on site layout

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE Hut of Toda tribe (Nilgiris, India)

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History Neolithic Site - a dwelling built beside or over a lake in Switzerland. PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Neolithic Site - a dwelling built beside or over a lake in Switzerland.

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History Roman Hut PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Roman Hut

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History Pit House, North America Pit homes, which may have originally been below-ground storage areas, began to appear as climate gets warmer, game availability decreases 10,000 to 12,000 years ago.. PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Pit House, North America

Pit homes, which may have originally been below-ground storage areas, began to appear as climate gets warmer, game availability decreases 10,000 to 12,000 years ago..

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling and Human History PRE-HUMAN EMERGENCE PRE-INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL AGE POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

PRE-HUMAN

EMERGENCE

PRE-INDUSTRIAL

INDUSTRIAL AGE

POST-INDUSTRIAL AGE

Dwelling, Technology, and Climate Fire – Learn to use 400,000 years ago; learn to make 200,000 years ago

Dwelling, Technology, and Climate Food – Agriculture develops 10.000 years ago

Dwelling, Technology, and Climate Food – Agriculture develops 10.000 years ago Metal working – Develops 5,000 - 10.000 years ago Engineered Water Works – Develops 5,000 – 6,000 years ago Cement – Develops 2,000 years ago Paper – Develops 1,000 - 2,000 years ago Industrial Machines and Power Sources – Develops 300 -500 years ago Manufactured Building Components – Develops 100-300 years ago.

INFORMATION AND BIOLOGY BASED SYSTEMS VILLAGES, CITIES, SUBURBS INDUSTRIAL COMPONE-NTS DOMESTICATION & FARMING – INDUSTRIALIZATION 150 –0 years WARM INDUSTRIALIZATION AND ENERGY ADVANCES VILLAGES, CITIES WOOD INFILL HOUSES DOMESTICATION & FARMING 1,500 –150 years COLD ENGINEERING OF SETTLEMENT INFRASTRUCTURE VILLAGES, CITIES BRUSH, MUD, AND STONE HOUSES HUNTING DOMESTICATION & FARMING 12,000 –1,500 years WARM STONE, WOOD, AND METAL TOOLS, ART AND LANGUAGE FAMILY BASED CAVES, TENTS FROM SKINS HUNTING FORAGING 72,000 – 12,000 years COLD STONE TOOLS, CONTROL OF FIRE FAMILY BASED CAVES, BRUSH HUTS HUNTING FORAGING 125,000 - 72,000 years WARM STONE TOOLS, CONTROL OF FIRE FAMILY BASED CAVES, TENTS FROM SKINS HUNTING FORAGING 200,000 – 125,000 years COLD STONE TOOLS, CONTROL OF FIRE FAMILY BASED CAVES, BRUSH HUTS HUNTING FORAGING 250,000 – 200,000 years WARM STONE TOOLS, USE OF FIRE FAMILY BASED CAVES, TENTS FROM SKINS HUNTING FORAGING 350,000 – 250,000 years COLD Technology Settlement Dwelling Food Supply Climate

If House is a noun, then Home is a verb

Dwelling and Phenomenology Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs The four lower levels are grouped together as being associated with physiological needs, The top level is termed growth needs associated with psychological needs . Deficiency needs must be met first. Once these are met, seeking to satisfy growth needs drives personal growth .

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

The four lower levels are grouped together as being associated with physiological needs,

The top level is termed growth needs associated with psychological needs .

Deficiency needs must be met first. Once these are met, seeking to satisfy growth needs drives personal growth .

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