APUS Master Review Game Taylor to Buchan

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Information about APUS Master Review Game Taylor to Buchan
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Published on March 10, 2009

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Master Review: Taylor to Buchanan : Master Review: Taylor to Buchanan Review Game A.P. U.S. History Party in the 1800s that believed in:Liberty of the individualStates’ rightsfederal restraint in social and economic affairs : 2 Party in the 1800s that believed in:Liberty of the individualStates’ rightsfederal restraint in social and economic affairs DEMOCRATS Party in the mid-1800s that believed in:Liberty important as well Strong federal governmentAmerican System (renewed national bank, protective tariffs, internal improvements)public schoolssocial reforms:temperance, and eventually abolition of slavery : 3 Party in the mid-1800s that believed in:Liberty important as well Strong federal governmentAmerican System (renewed national bank, protective tariffs, internal improvements)public schoolssocial reforms:temperance, and eventually abolition of slavery WHIGS 1848 - Mexico gave up claims to Texas above the Rio Grande River.Mexico gave the U. S. California and New Mexico.U.S. gave Mexico $15,000,000 and agreed to pay the claims of American citizens against Mexico (over $3,500,000). : 4 1848 - Mexico gave up claims to Texas above the Rio Grande River.Mexico gave the U. S. California and New Mexico.U.S. gave Mexico $15,000,000 and agreed to pay the claims of American citizens against Mexico (over $3,500,000). Treaty of Guadalupe-Hidalgo Name given to land acquired as a result of the Mexican-American War? : 5 Name given to land acquired as a result of the Mexican-American War? Mexican Cession WHEN: 1846WHAT:President Polk submitted his Appropriations Bill of 1846 requesting Congress' approval of the $2 million indemnity to be paid to Mexico under the Treaty of Guadalupe-HidalgoA Pennsylvania Representative attached a rider which would have barred slavery from the territory acquiredThe SOUTH HATED THE IT and a new Appropriations Bill was introduced in 1847 without the Proviso. SIGNIFICANCE:It provoked one of the first debates on slavery at the federal levelPrinciples of the it became the core of the Free Soil, and later the Republican, Party. : 6 WHEN: 1846WHAT:President Polk submitted his Appropriations Bill of 1846 requesting Congress' approval of the $2 million indemnity to be paid to Mexico under the Treaty of Guadalupe-HidalgoA Pennsylvania Representative attached a rider which would have barred slavery from the territory acquiredThe SOUTH HATED THE IT and a new Appropriations Bill was introduced in 1847 without the Proviso. SIGNIFICANCE:It provoked one of the first debates on slavery at the federal levelPrinciples of the it became the core of the Free Soil, and later the Republican, Party. Wilmot Proviso WHEN: Election of 1848 WHO: Lewis Cass(Democrat)WHAT: The people of a territory should determine for themselves whether or not to permit slavery. : 7 WHEN: Election of 1848 WHO: Lewis Cass(Democrat)WHAT: The people of a territory should determine for themselves whether or not to permit slavery. Popular Sovereignty WHO: “Hero of Buena Vista” - Ran for Whigs in 1848WHAT: Not committed on slavery issue (owned slaves himself) in the Election of 1848 : 8 WHO: “Hero of Buena Vista” - Ran for Whigs in 1848WHAT: Not committed on slavery issue (owned slaves himself) in the Election of 1848 Zachary Taylor WHEN: 1848 Election – Martin Van BurenWHO:IndustrialistsDemocrats resentful of Polk just taking part of Oregonnortherners that wanted opportunity didn’t want to share western lands with African-Americanssome “conscience Whigs” that were morally against slaveryWHAT:committed against the extension of slavery in the territoriesadvocated federal aid for internal improvementsurged free government homesteads (lands) for settlers : 9 WHEN: 1848 Election – Martin Van BurenWHO:IndustrialistsDemocrats resentful of Polk just taking part of Oregonnortherners that wanted opportunity didn’t want to share western lands with African-Americanssome “conscience Whigs” that were morally against slaveryWHAT:committed against the extension of slavery in the territoriesadvocated federal aid for internal improvementsurged free government homesteads (lands) for settlers Free Soil Party WHO:General Lewis Cass (Democrat)Zachary Taylor (Whig)Martin Van Buren (Free Soil)WHAT:Democrats and Whigs chose not to stir up the issue of slaveryVan Buren’s votes throw the election to Zachary TaylorFACT:Taylor got less than half of the popular vote!WHICH ELECTION? : 10 WHO:General Lewis Cass (Democrat)Zachary Taylor (Whig)Martin Van Buren (Free Soil)WHAT:Democrats and Whigs chose not to stir up the issue of slaveryVan Buren’s votes throw the election to Zachary TaylorFACT:Taylor got less than half of the popular vote!WHICH ELECTION? Election of 1848 “Old Rough and Ready” – became hero in Mexican-American War“No postage on nomination letter!” – WHY?2nd President to die in office! : 11 “Old Rough and Ready” – became hero in Mexican-American War“No postage on nomination letter!” – WHY?2nd President to die in office! Zachary Taylor WHEN: 1848RESULTS:Attracted thousands of settlers (49ers)Created the need for government in CaliforniaSan Francisco turned into a “boom town”!Brought up the issue of slavery in the territoriesNAME FOR THIS EVENT? : 12 WHEN: 1848RESULTS:Attracted thousands of settlers (49ers)Created the need for government in CaliforniaSan Francisco turned into a “boom town”!Brought up the issue of slavery in the territoriesNAME FOR THIS EVENT? California Gold Rush Heated debate over CaliforniaWHAT: California admission as a stateTHESE PEOPLE (3) WERE FOR a compromise w/concessions for the South: : 13 Heated debate over CaliforniaWHAT: California admission as a stateTHESE PEOPLE (3) WERE FOR a compromise w/concessions for the South: Henry Clay, Daniel Webster (Whigs) Stephen Douglas (Democrat – Illinois) Heated debate over CaliforniaWHAT: California admission as a stateTHESE PEOPLE WERE AGAINST (3) a compromise w/concessions for the South: : 14 Heated debate over CaliforniaWHAT: California admission as a stateTHESE PEOPLE WERE AGAINST (3) a compromise w/concessions for the South: John C. Calhoun – supported slavery William “Higher Law” Seward – slavery went against a higher law (God) than the Constitution. Zachary Taylor – said he would not compromise with the South (influenced by Seward) WHO: Whig Senator from New YorkWHAT:A strong anti-slaveryite“Higher Law”Christian legislators must obey God’s moral law as well!Higher law than even the Constitution! : 15 WHO: Whig Senator from New YorkWHAT:A strong anti-slaveryite“Higher Law”Christian legislators must obey God’s moral law as well!Higher law than even the Constitution! William Seward WHAT:California admitted as a free stateNew Mexico and Utah Territories to be decided by popular sovereigntyDisputed territory between New Mexico and Texas goes to New Mexico, Texas gets 10 million for compensationAbolition of slave trade in Washington D.C.Tougher fugitive slave law passed : 16 WHAT:California admitted as a free stateNew Mexico and Utah Territories to be decided by popular sovereigntyDisputed territory between New Mexico and Texas goes to New Mexico, Texas gets 10 million for compensationAbolition of slave trade in Washington D.C.Tougher fugitive slave law passed Compromise of 1850 WHAT:“Bloodhound Bill”slaves couldn’t testifydenied a jury trialEFFECT:Created a firestorm of opposition in the NorthSome northern moderates became abolitionists“personal liberty laws” – states denied local jails to federal officialsExample of northern “nullification” : 17 WHAT:“Bloodhound Bill”slaves couldn’t testifydenied a jury trialEFFECT:Created a firestorm of opposition in the NorthSome northern moderates became abolitionists“personal liberty laws” – states denied local jails to federal officialsExample of northern “nullification” Fugitive Slave Law of 1850 Who had this view on the California situation?:Prepared to veto any compromiseInfluenced by others such as William SewardWas mad at Texans wanting more land in New Mexico : 18 Who had this view on the California situation?:Prepared to veto any compromiseInfluenced by others such as William SewardWas mad at Texans wanting more land in New Mexico Zachary Taylor Nickname: “Last of the Whigs”Established the first permanent library in the White HouseHe didn’t meet Zachary Taylor until after the Election of 1848!Was hurt by his support of the Compromise of 1850! : 19 Nickname: “Last of the Whigs”Established the first permanent library in the White HouseHe didn’t meet Zachary Taylor until after the Election of 1848!Was hurt by his support of the Compromise of 1850! Millard Fillmore WHAT:Became President in 1850 after the death of Zachary TaylorImpressed with arguments for compromiseHe thought it was the only way to avoid a war!MAJOR EVENTS:Signed the Compromise of 1850Led to a short second “Era of Good Feelings”Sent Commodore Matthew Perry to Japan to open up trade talks!RESULT:Cost him the Whig nomination in 1852 because he signed the Fugitive Slave Act! : 20 WHAT:Became President in 1850 after the death of Zachary TaylorImpressed with arguments for compromiseHe thought it was the only way to avoid a war!MAJOR EVENTS:Signed the Compromise of 1850Led to a short second “Era of Good Feelings”Sent Commodore Matthew Perry to Japan to open up trade talks!RESULT:Cost him the Whig nomination in 1852 because he signed the Fugitive Slave Act! Millard Fillmore 300 “passengers”, “conductors”Escape to CanadaSouthern slave owners loathed it : 21 300 “passengers”, “conductors”Escape to CanadaSouthern slave owners loathed it Underground Railroad WHO: Sometimes called Moses WHAT:Runaway slave from MarylandConductor of Underground RailroadCivil War spy : 22 WHO: Sometimes called Moses WHAT:Runaway slave from MarylandConductor of Underground RailroadCivil War spy Harriet Tubman WHO: Abolitionist and women’s rights speaker who traveled the country during the 1840s-1860s“Ain’t I a woman”? speechIMPACT: She inspired people to support these issues and do something about them!FACT: She’d never heard of Lincoln before his nomination, but he said, “I had heard of you many times before that.” -White House, 1864 : 23 WHO: Abolitionist and women’s rights speaker who traveled the country during the 1840s-1860s“Ain’t I a woman”? speechIMPACT: She inspired people to support these issues and do something about them!FACT: She’d never heard of Lincoln before his nomination, but he said, “I had heard of you many times before that.” -White House, 1864 Sojourner Truth WHEN: 1852WHAT:Wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, portrayed the evils of the institution of slaverysold over a million copies (10,000 in first week) in its first eight years and reached millions more through dramatic adaptations.Lincoln – “So this is the little lady who made this big war”EFFECT:aroused sympathy for runaway slaves hardened many Northerners against the South’s insistence upon continuing slavery : 24 WHEN: 1852WHAT:Wrote Uncle Tom’s Cabin, portrayed the evils of the institution of slaverysold over a million copies (10,000 in first week) in its first eight years and reached millions more through dramatic adaptations.Lincoln – “So this is the little lady who made this big war”EFFECT:aroused sympathy for runaway slaves hardened many Northerners against the South’s insistence upon continuing slavery Harriet Beecher Stowe WHO:Franklin Pierce (Democrat)“We Polked you in 1844; we’ll Pierce you in ________”“Fainting General” – he had passed out at the Battle of ContrerasPro-southern northerner (Dough-Face)Supported the Compromise of 1850Winfield Scott (Whig) – Hero of Mexican-American War“Old Fuss and Feathers”Opposed slaveryRESULTS:WHIG party splits over nomination Fillmore v. ScottAntislavery North vs. Southern Whigs that disliked Winfield ScottDoomed Whig PartyDemocratic party united under Pierce!Leads to formation of sectional parties instead of national partiesVICTOR: Franklin Pierce (Democrat) : 25 WHO:Franklin Pierce (Democrat)“We Polked you in 1844; we’ll Pierce you in ________”“Fainting General” – he had passed out at the Battle of ContrerasPro-southern northerner (Dough-Face)Supported the Compromise of 1850Winfield Scott (Whig) – Hero of Mexican-American War“Old Fuss and Feathers”Opposed slaveryRESULTS:WHIG party splits over nomination Fillmore v. ScottAntislavery North vs. Southern Whigs that disliked Winfield ScottDoomed Whig PartyDemocratic party united under Pierce!Leads to formation of sectional parties instead of national partiesVICTOR: Franklin Pierce (Democrat) Election of 1852 Under MANIFEST DESTINY, these events occurred during this presidents term: William Walker Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850)Commodore Mathew Perry:Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) Ostend Manifesto ? : 26 Under MANIFEST DESTINY, these events occurred during this presidents term: William Walker Clayton-Bulwer Treaty (1850)Commodore Mathew Perry:Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) Ostend Manifesto ? Franklin Pierce In Nicaragua (1856), he led an expedition to conquer it and appointed himself president! He was later executed by the Honduran government! : 27 In Nicaragua (1856), he led an expedition to conquer it and appointed himself president! He was later executed by the Honduran government! William Walker This was an agreement in which neither America or Britain would fortify or secure any canal in Central America (1850)? : 28 This was an agreement in which neither America or Britain would fortify or secure any canal in Central America (1850)? Clayton-Bulwer Treaty After arriving with a fleet of warships, he gets Japan to sign the Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) opening some ports to AmericaHelps to end Japanese isolation : 29 After arriving with a fleet of warships, he gets Japan to sign the Treaty of Kanagawa (1854) opening some ports to AmericaHelps to end Japanese isolation Commodore Mathew Perry Cuba was coveted by the SouthIt was attacked by private southern adventurersThis was a top secret dispatch (1854) which urged Peirce’s administration to offer $120 million for Cuba or to take it by force if Spain resistedIt angered people in the north! : 30 Cuba was coveted by the SouthIt was attacked by private southern adventurersThis was a top secret dispatch (1854) which urged Peirce’s administration to offer $120 million for Cuba or to take it by force if Spain resistedIt angered people in the north! Ostend Manifesto WHEN: 1853WHAT:U.S. purchased this for $10 millionWHY:It was part of the proposed southern transcontinental railroad route! : 31 WHEN: 1853WHAT:U.S. purchased this for $10 millionWHY:It was part of the proposed southern transcontinental railroad route! Gadsen Purchase The desire for this led to the Gadsen Purchase, Kansas-Nebraska Act, and “Bleeding Kansas” : 32 The desire for this led to the Gadsen Purchase, Kansas-Nebraska Act, and “Bleeding Kansas” Transcontinental Railroad (1854) Stephen Douglas proposed this in order hel get a transcontinental railroad in the north. It included:The remaining portion of the Louisiana Territory was divided into 2 territories (where slavery was to be decided by popular sovereignty)It invalidated the Missouri Compromise line of 36’30 (made abolitionists upset) : 33 (1854) Stephen Douglas proposed this in order hel get a transcontinental railroad in the north. It included:The remaining portion of the Louisiana Territory was divided into 2 territories (where slavery was to be decided by popular sovereignty)It invalidated the Missouri Compromise line of 36’30 (made abolitionists upset) Kansas Nebraska Act WHEN: 1854-1860WHO: proslavery forces v. antislavery forcesWHAT:Kansas-Nebraska Act led to a fight to get to Kansas and set up a government to decide the issue of slaveryViolence between both sides : 34 WHEN: 1854-1860WHO: proslavery forces v. antislavery forcesWHAT:Kansas-Nebraska Act led to a fight to get to Kansas and set up a government to decide the issue of slaveryViolence between both sides Bleeding Kansas WHO: antislavery organizationWHAT:Sent 2,000 people to populate Kansas to help vote against slaveryMany carried “Beecher’s Bibles” (new breech-loading rifles) : 35 WHO: antislavery organizationWHAT:Sent 2,000 people to populate Kansas to help vote against slaveryMany carried “Beecher’s Bibles” (new breech-loading rifles) New England Emigrant Aid Company WHAT:Proslavery people from Missouri that flooded into Kansas in order to help vote for slavery : 36 WHAT:Proslavery people from Missouri that flooded into Kansas in order to help vote for slavery “Border Ruffians” WHEN: 1856WHAT:Charles Sumner (Mass.)denounced the South for crimes against Kansas and singled out South Carolina for extra abuse. He beat Sumner over the head with his cane, severely crippling him. Sumner was the first Republican martyr.SIGNIFICANCE:Showed that tension was becoming very serious : 37 WHEN: 1856WHAT:Charles Sumner (Mass.)denounced the South for crimes against Kansas and singled out South Carolina for extra abuse. He beat Sumner over the head with his cane, severely crippling him. Sumner was the first Republican martyr.SIGNIFICANCE:Showed that tension was becoming very serious Preston “bully” Brooks (South Carolina) He was a German immigrant who went on the gold rush in 1850He turned denim (he was going to sell it for tents) into sturdy work clothes (Blue Jeans). : 38 He was a German immigrant who went on the gold rush in 1850He turned denim (he was going to sell it for tents) into sturdy work clothes (Blue Jeans). Levi Strauss Slave owners pretended they were happy??These helped start both jazz and the blues! : 39 Slave owners pretended they were happy??These helped start both jazz and the blues! Slave songs He wrote Moby Dick (1851), which was famous for it’s story about whaling (whale by-products were used for many things)“Nantucket Sleigh Ride” : 40 He wrote Moby Dick (1851), which was famous for it’s story about whaling (whale by-products were used for many things)“Nantucket Sleigh Ride” Herman Melville’s WHAT:Sprung up in the Midwest as a moral protest against slaveryContained disgruntled:WhigsDemocratsFree-SoilersKnow-NothingsPeople mad at the Kansas-Nebraska Act : 41 WHAT:Sprung up in the Midwest as a moral protest against slaveryContained disgruntled:WhigsDemocratsFree-SoilersKnow-NothingsPeople mad at the Kansas-Nebraska Act Republican Party WHO:Started by the Order of the Star Spangled Banner in NY City, 1849WHAT:Political Party that saw immigration and Catholic influence as threats.They answered questions from outsiders about their party by saying “I know nothing”!PROBLEM:First wave of immigration (tons of Germans and Irish)Millard Fillmore ran for this party in the Election of 1856 : 42 WHO:Started by the Order of the Star Spangled Banner in NY City, 1849WHAT:Political Party that saw immigration and Catholic influence as threats.They answered questions from outsiders about their party by saying “I know nothing”!PROBLEM:First wave of immigration (tons of Germans and Irish)Millard Fillmore ran for this party in the Election of 1856 “Know Nothing” Party WHO:James Buchanan (Democrats)John C. Fremont – The Pathfinder (Republicans)Millard Fillmore (“Know-Nothing” American Party)WHAT:Democrats wanted popular sovereigntyRepublicans wanted “free-soil”SIGNIFICANCE:Many northerners voted for Buchanan because they were afraid the South would secede and they would lose moneyRepublican party doesn’t win but is strongHelped put off the Civil War and strengthen the North : 43 WHO:James Buchanan (Democrats)John C. Fremont – The Pathfinder (Republicans)Millard Fillmore (“Know-Nothing” American Party)WHAT:Democrats wanted popular sovereigntyRepublicans wanted “free-soil”SIGNIFICANCE:Many northerners voted for Buchanan because they were afraid the South would secede and they would lose moneyRepublican party doesn’t win but is strongHelped put off the Civil War and strengthen the North Election of 1856 WHEN: 1857WHAT:People voted for Kansas statehood Devised by the proslavery forcesYou voted for the constitution with or without slavery IT WAS REJECTED!PROBLEM:if you voted against slavery the constitution allowed slave owners already there to keep their slavesSIGNIFICANCE:New Democratic President James Buchanan was for itStephen Douglas (powerful northern Democrat) was against it and favored “popular sovereignty” Democratic party starting to split between North and South! : 44 WHEN: 1857WHAT:People voted for Kansas statehood Devised by the proslavery forcesYou voted for the constitution with or without slavery IT WAS REJECTED!PROBLEM:if you voted against slavery the constitution allowed slave owners already there to keep their slavesSIGNIFICANCE:New Democratic President James Buchanan was for itStephen Douglas (powerful northern Democrat) was against it and favored “popular sovereignty” Democratic party starting to split between North and South! Lecompton Constitution WHEN: 1857WHAT:He was a slave that sued for his freedom on the basis that he had been with his master in free territory for 5 yearsVERDICT:Slaves weren’t citizens, they were property so they didn’t have rightsDecision invalidated the Missouri CompromiseEFFECT:Caused tension between North and SouthCaused tension between northern and southern DemocratsMany in North didn’t go along with the decision making the South mad : 45 WHEN: 1857WHAT:He was a slave that sued for his freedom on the basis that he had been with his master in free territory for 5 yearsVERDICT:Slaves weren’t citizens, they were property so they didn’t have rightsDecision invalidated the Missouri CompromiseEFFECT:Caused tension between North and SouthCaused tension between northern and southern DemocratsMany in North didn’t go along with the decision making the South mad Dred Scott WHEN: 1857WHAT:He wrote The Impending Crisis of the SouthBanned in the SouthIt stated that non-slaveholding whites were the hurt most by slavery : 46 WHEN: 1857WHAT:He wrote The Impending Crisis of the SouthBanned in the SouthIt stated that non-slaveholding whites were the hurt most by slavery Hinton R. Helper WHAT:Economic crash caused by:inflation from the Gold Rushand overproduction to help countries in EuropeHurt the North especiallyBrought out tariff argument again : 47 WHAT:Economic crash caused by:inflation from the Gold Rushand overproduction to help countries in EuropeHurt the North especiallyBrought out tariff argument again Panic of 1857 WHO:Born in a log cabin in KentuckyWHAT:Great story tellerMarried above himself (Todd Family)Became a trial lawyerLater was elected as a Whig politician to the Illinois legislatureThe Kansas-Nebraska Act caused him to join the Republican PartyNEXT:He decided to run against Stephen Douglas for the Senate… : 48 WHO:Born in a log cabin in KentuckyWHAT:Great story tellerMarried above himself (Todd Family)Became a trial lawyerLater was elected as a Whig politician to the Illinois legislatureThe Kansas-Nebraska Act caused him to join the Republican PartyNEXT:He decided to run against Stephen Douglas for the Senate… Abraham Lincoln WHEN: 1858WHAT IS THIS?SIGNIFICANCE:Lincoln gained fameHurt Douglas later (because of his support for “popular sovereignty” – Freeport Doctrine) in his bid for president by splitting the Democratic Party even more : 49 WHEN: 1858WHAT IS THIS?SIGNIFICANCE:Lincoln gained fameHurt Douglas later (because of his support for “popular sovereignty” – Freeport Doctrine) in his bid for president by splitting the Democratic Party even more Lincoln-Douglas Debates WHO: Stephen DouglasWHEN:During the Lincoln-Douglas debates WHAT WAS THIS CALLED?:Lincoln asked him what would happen if people didn’t follow the Supreme Court’s Dred Scott decision:Congress couldn't force a territory to become a slave state against its will (popular sovereignty). : 50 WHO: Stephen DouglasWHEN:During the Lincoln-Douglas debates WHAT WAS THIS CALLED?:Lincoln asked him what would happen if people didn’t follow the Supreme Court’s Dred Scott decision:Congress couldn't force a territory to become a slave state against its will (popular sovereignty). Freeport Doctrine WHEN: 1859WHAT:Raided Harper’s Ferry federal arsenal in VirginiaWanted to get weapons to start a slave rebellion in the SouthHe was captured and put to deathSIGNIFICANCE:He was hung and became a martyr for the cause abolitionThe South was mad and thought that everyone in the North was like him!“This is a beautiful country.” : 51 WHEN: 1859WHAT:Raided Harper’s Ferry federal arsenal in VirginiaWanted to get weapons to start a slave rebellion in the SouthHe was captured and put to deathSIGNIFICANCE:He was hung and became a martyr for the cause abolitionThe South was mad and thought that everyone in the North was like him!“This is a beautiful country.” John Brown’s Raid WHO:Abraham Lincoln (Republican)Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrats)John Breckinridge (Southern Democrats)John Bell (Constitutional Union Party)WHAT:Democratic Party splitConstitutional Union Party formed to try to be conservative and keep the Union together “Do Nothings”SIGNIFICANCE:Lincoln wonHe would probably have won even if the Democratic Party hadn’t splitSouth secedes from the Union leading to the Civil War : 52 WHO:Abraham Lincoln (Republican)Stephen Douglas (Northern Democrats)John Breckinridge (Southern Democrats)John Bell (Constitutional Union Party)WHAT:Democratic Party splitConstitutional Union Party formed to try to be conservative and keep the Union together “Do Nothings”SIGNIFICANCE:Lincoln wonHe would probably have won even if the Democratic Party hadn’t splitSouth secedes from the Union leading to the Civil War Election of 1860 Why did Lincoln win the 1860 Election? : 53 Why did Lincoln win the 1860 Election? The Republican Party platform appealed to a lot of people:Free-Soilers (opposed extension of slavery)Northern Manufacturers (supported a high tariff)Immigrants (got to keep their rights)The Northwest (a Pacific railroad)The West (federally funded internal improvements)Farmers (free homesteads from federal land) LOTS OF SUPPORT! Between April, 1860 and Nov., 1861. Delivered news and mail between St. Louis, MO and San Francisco, CA. Took 10 days. Replaced by the completion of the trans-continental telegraph line. : 54 Between April, 1860 and Nov., 1861. Delivered news and mail between St. Louis, MO and San Francisco, CA. Took 10 days. Replaced by the completion of the trans-continental telegraph line. The Pony Express WHAT:Manual for the design of a “modern kitchen” to help women in the home.Built-in cabinets, ventilation, separate areas for sinks and stoveWHO:Catharine Esther BeecherHarriet Beecher Stowe : 55 WHAT:Manual for the design of a “modern kitchen” to help women in the home.Built-in cabinets, ventilation, separate areas for sinks and stoveWHO:Catharine Esther BeecherHarriet Beecher Stowe The American Women’s Home 5 proslavery members killed by John Brown and company in response to a raid on the Free-Soil city of Lawerence (part of “Bleeding Kansas”). : 56 5 proslavery members killed by John Brown and company in response to a raid on the Free-Soil city of Lawerence (part of “Bleeding Kansas”). “Pottawattamie Creek Massacre” Democrat in the Election of 1848 Believed in popular sovereignty in regards to slavery in new territories? : 57 Democrat in the Election of 1848 Believed in popular sovereignty in regards to slavery in new territories? Lewis Cass He brought up the issue of slavery by trying to get a bill passed that would’ve outlawed slavery in all territory acquired from the Mexican-American War (it was defeated)? : 58 He brought up the issue of slavery by trying to get a bill passed that would’ve outlawed slavery in all territory acquired from the Mexican-American War (it was defeated)? David Wilmot After the controversial Fugitive Act of 1850 was many states passed these in order to deny local jails to federal officials?Example of northern “nullification” : 59 After the controversial Fugitive Act of 1850 was many states passed these in order to deny local jails to federal officials?Example of northern “nullification” “personal liberty laws” WHO:Started by the Order of the Star Spangled Banner in NY City, 1849WHAT:Political Party that saw immigration and Catholic influence as threats.They answered questions from outsiders about their party by saying “I know nothing”!PROBLEM:First wave of immigration (tons of Germans and Irish)Millard Fillmore ran for this party in the Election of 1856 : 60 WHO:Started by the Order of the Star Spangled Banner in NY City, 1849WHAT:Political Party that saw immigration and Catholic influence as threats.They answered questions from outsiders about their party by saying “I know nothing”!PROBLEM:First wave of immigration (tons of Germans and Irish)Millard Fillmore ran for this party in the Election of 1856 “Know Nothing” Party

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