Application Of Hot And Cold

64 %
36 %
Information about Application Of Hot And Cold

Published on December 13, 2007

Author: Bates2ndQuarterLPN

Source: slideshare.net

Description

This is part of the Nursing Skills powerpoints and is supposed to appear on the first test.

Therapeutic Effects of Heat and Cold Applications Facilitates removal of waste & toxins. Produces a local warming effect. Increases absorption of fluid by capillaries & promotes removal of excess fluid from interstitial spaces, Increases capillary permeability Increases delivery of oxygen & nutrients, leukocytes, antibodies to facilitate the inflammatory process. Decreases blood viscosity Increases tissue metabolism Improve blood flow Promote vasodilation Heat Therapy Therapeutic Benefits Physiological Responses

Decreases blood flow to site of injury, thereby decreasing inflammation & edema formation. Decreases blood flow, facilitating clotting & control of bleeding. Reduces oxygen consumption of tissues. Raises pain threshold Promotes vasoconstriction Increases blood viscosity Decreases tissue metabolism has a local anesthetic effect Decreases muscle tension Cold Therapy thereby reducing edema Promotes muscle relaxation & decreases pain from spasm or stiffness. Therapeutic Benefits Physiological Responses

Maximum vasodilation & vasoconstriction occurs in 30 minutes Heat & cold are directly transferred from on substance to another by conduction A poor conductor is called an insulator . Water is a good conductor; air is not --so skin will tolerated higher temperatures if heat is dry rather than moist --ex: moist, hot compresses are applied at a lower temp than hot water bottle covered in a cloth.

A poor conductor is called an insulator .

Water is a good conductor; air is not

The body tolerates greater extremes in temperature when duration of exposure is shorter. The larger the area involved , the less tolerant the skin in to extremes in temperature. Consider the condition of the patient. --unconscious, debilitated, circulatory problems, broken skin have decreased tolerance to extremes in temperature. Selection of temperature depends on: 1. reason used 2. duration 3. method of application 4. condition of patient

The body tolerates greater extremes in temperature when duration of exposure is shorter.

The larger the area involved , the less tolerant the skin in to extremes in temperature.

Consider the condition of the patient.

Legal Aspects 4. Leave on only as ordered. 6. If patient is injured, you can be sued. 1. Always check the order and check hospital or agency's policy. 2. Assess client, especially his/her skin prior to application. 3. Check as frequency as needed depending on type of application, but at least q1h 5. Document: a. treatment used b. how patient tolerated procedure c. how skin looked afterwards

Add a comment

Related pages

When to Use Hot and Cold Therapy - Online Medical ...

When to Use Hot and Cold Therapy. ... thereby reducing pain and swelling. Cold therapy slows circulation, reducing inflammation, muscle spasm, and pain.
Read more

Application of hot and Cold flashcards | Quizlet

Vocabulary words for Application of hot and Cold. Includes studying games and tools such as flashcards.
Read more

Heat and Cold application - Scribd - Read books ...

PHYSIOLOGIC EFFECTS OF HEAT AND COLD APPLICATION aileen s.adrales, rn 11 PHYSIOLOGIC EFFECTS ... Application of Hot and Cold. Immediate Care of the Newborn.
Read more

Nurses World: Hot and Cold Application - blogspot.com

Hot and Cold application is the application of dry, moist or wet form to the body; either hot or cold. Indications: a.) Hot application 1. Relief of swelling.
Read more

Dr. Karima Elshamy

• Define heat and cold application ... Temperature for hot and cold applications Description Temperature Application Very cold Below 15C Ice bag
Read more

Heat and Cold Applications (Client Care) (Nursing) Part 2

Heat and Cold Applications (Client Care) ... Cold application is more effective than heat for ... be frozen or heated and used as either a cold or hot ...
Read more

HEAT & COLD APPLICATIONS - Scribd - Read books, audiobooks ...

HEAT & COLD APPLICATIONS. ... Cold VC VD Occurs at the time the maximum therapeutic effect of the hot or cold application is achieved and the opposite ...
Read more

Lesson 38, CNA Training - Warm and Cold Applications to ...

http://www.freecnatrainingguide.com/ - Lesson 38, Warm and Cold Applications to Skin - Part 1. ... Hot & Cold Compresses - Duration: 4:53.
Read more