Apdb video conferencing

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Information about Apdb video conferencing

Published on March 10, 2014

Author: anibanister

Source: slideshare.net

By DR. ANIRUDDHA G. BANHATTI Associate Professor T.S.S.M.’s Bhivrabai Sawant College of Engineering and Research VIDEO CONFERENCE on Architectural Planning and Design of Buildings for S.E. Civil 5th March 2014 1

Civil Engineering  It is the oldest branch of Engineering  It came into existence since humans started living in caves.  The first invention in civil engineering was something with which one can see through a wall.  It is called “ a window ” 2

Planning of Buildings  There are 14 principles of planning as listed below:  Aspect  Prospect  Orientation  Privacy  Circulation  Grouping  Roominess 3

Principles of Planning  Furniture Requirements  Sanitation  Elegance  Economy  Access  Architectural composition  Climate and its Effect 4

Aspect:Arrangement of windows in external walls 5

Prospect: Desirable and undesirable views 6

Orientation 7

Privacy  External :  Isolation from surrounding buildings  Avoiding noise, dust and pollution from surroundings  Raised sill height of w.c. and bath  Compound wall  Growing trees around the house 8

Privacy  Internal :  Prevention of direct view of one room from another  Staggering of doors  Use of screens  Proper furniture arrangement 9

Circulation  Horizontal : On the same floor 10

Circulation  Vertical : Between the floors 11

Grouping  Rooms of similar function together  More important in Public Buildings  Staircase or lift approachable from each room  Kitchen w.c. and bath grouped for easy plumbing and watersupply 12

Roominess 13

Roominess : Chimney Effect 14

Roominess :Tunnel Effect 15

Furniture Requirements 16

Sanitation 17

Elegance 18

Economy  Planning should avoid all type of wastage  Wastage of space  Judicious use of space  Architectural aesthetics for space 19

Access 20

Architectural composition : Unity 21

Architectural composition :Contrast 22

Architectural Composition :Scale 23

Architectural composition : Proportion 24

Mass Composition 25

Architectural composition : Form and Function 26

Climate and Its Effect  Window openings  Type of roof  Sunbreakers and chajjas  External finish, paint and color 27

Noise and Acoustics  Qualities of sound  Noise  Comfort level of noise  Intensity and Loudness  Frequency or Pitch  Timbre or Quality 28

Measurement of Sound  L = K log I1 / I0  Measured in decibels (dB)  If L = 1 dB then I1 / I0 = 1.26  Difference in intensities 100 times  Loudness 20dB  Difference in intensities 1000 times  Loudness 30dB  Thus the scale of loudness is built 29

Sound Insulation  For avoiding indoor and outdoor noise  Wall insulation  Floor insulation  Cavity walls  Floating floors  Use of sound absorbing materials  Linoleum, Cork, Carpets etc. 30

Sound Absorbent Materials  Porous absorbents  Resonant panels  Cavity resonators  Composite type absorbents 31

Acoustical Defects  Echoes  Reverberation  Sound foci  Dead spots  Insufficient loudness  Intrusion of noise from outside 32

Reverberation time  Calculated by Sabine’s formula  Excellent : 0.5 to 1.5 sec  Good : 1.5 to 2 sec  Fairly good : 2 to 3 sec  Bad : 3 to 5 sec  Very bad Above 5 sec 33

Theatre : Fan shaped plan 34

Theatre : Splayed Ceiling 35

Sound and Music Studios : Hinged Panels on Shutters 36

Building Services  Electrical services  Telecommunication services  Entertainment services  Ventilation and Lighting  Air-conditioning and heating  Lifts and escalators  Emergency escape stairs  Fire fighting arrangements 37

Rain Water Harvesting 38

Large Scale System 39

New Innovations : Rainpod 40

Building Bye-laws  Definitions  Floor Area Ratio  = Total area on all floors / Plot area  Areas Excluded : projections < 0.75m  Canopies 5x2.5m in cantilever fashion  Balconies with certain specifications  Parking lock up garages or stilt floor parking 41

Excluded areas from FAR  Electric cabin / sub station, watchman’s cabin of max 1.6 sq.m. pump house, garage shaft, fire hydrants, electrical fittings, water tanks  Staircase room, lift room above top floor, architectural features, chimneys  Well, plant nursery, water pool, uncovered swimming pool. Platform round atree, fountain, bench, ramps, compound wall, overhead tank 42

Individual’s voice is characterized by  Timber  Pitch  Intensity  loudness 43

Individual’s voice is characterized by  Timber  Pitch  Intensity  loudness 44

Find good sound absorber  Metal  Open door  Water body  Carpet 45

Find good sound absorber  Metal  Open door  Water body  Carpet 46

100000 times difference in intensities will create loudness of  30 dB  100 dB  Log 10 dB  50dB 47

100000 times difference in intensities will create loudness of  30 dB  100 dB  Log 10 dB  50 dB 48

Climate of Mumbai is  Hot and arid  Humid and hot  Salty and windy  Coastal and cold 49

Climate of Mumbai is  Hot and arid  Humid and hot  Salty and windy  Coastal and cold 50

Climate of Pune is  Hot and humid  Temperate and arid  Cold and pleasant  Arid and dry 51

Climate of Pune is  Hot and humid  Temperate and arid  Cold and pleasant  Arid and dry 52

A theater should have  Dome shaped ceiling  Hanging ceiling  Rough wooden ceiling  Splayed ceiling 53

A theater should have  Dome shaped ceiling  Hanging ceiling  Rough wooden ceiling  Splayed ceiling 54

Sound foci is a  Desirable feature for music room  Desirable feature for bed room  Desirable feature for auditorium  None of the above 55

Sound foci is a  Desirable feature for music room  Desirable feature for bed room  Desirable feature for auditorium  None of the above 56

Lifts in malls should carry  12 to 20 persons  20 to 30 persons  5 to 8 persons  8 to 10 persons 57

Lifts in malls should carry  12 to 20 persons  20 to 30 persons  5 to 8 persons  8 to 10 persons 58

Car speed of mall lifts should not exceed  5m/s  1m/s  7m/s  2.5m/s 59

Car speed of mall lifts should not exceed  5m/s  1m/s  7m/s  2.5m/s 60

One point perspective is used for  Brochures  Railway lines  Interior decoration  Panoramic view 61

One point perspective is used for  Brochures  Railway lines  Interior decoration  Panoramic view 62

Three point perspective is common for  Axonometric view  Symmetrical view  Detailed terrace view  Exploded view 63

Three point perspective is common for  Axonometric view  Symmetrical view  Detailed terrace view  Exploded view 64

Dead spots are points where  Sound is heard louder  Sound is inaudible  Pitch changes  Wave front of sound faces a barrier 65

Dead spots are points where  Sound is heard louder  Sound is inaudible  Pitch changes  Wave front of sound faces a barrier 66

Sound insulation is important for  Hospital  School  Residential house  Music studio 67

Sound insulation is important for  Hospital  School  Residential house  Music studio 68

Ramp is essential at entrance of  Five star hotel  Kindergarten  School  Hospital 69

Ramp is essential at entrance of  Five star hotel  Kindergarten  School  Hospital 70

Automatic car leveling is must for  Car service centre  Hospital  Poolside  Weigh bridge for vehicles 71

Automatic car leveling is must for  Car service centre  Hospital  Poolside  Weigh bridge for vehicles 72

Additional persons allowed in a stretcher lift are  1  3  2  5 73

Additional persons allowed in a stretcher lift are  1  3  2  5 74

Staircase width for public building is  1.6 to 1.9m  1 to 1.5m  1.2 to 1.5m  None of the above 75

Staircase width for public building is  1.8 to 2m  1 to 1.5m  1.2 to 1.5m  None of the above 76

Winders should be  Avoided on staircase  Provided on pipes  Provided at corners  Provided for curved roof gutters 77

Winders should be  Avoided on staircase  Provided on pipes  Provided at corners  Provided for curved roof gutters 78

Two point perspective is similar to  A photograph  Isometric view  Axonometric view  None of the above 79

Two point perspective is similar to  A photograph  Isometric view  Axonometric view  None of the above 80

Tunel effect is due to  Lack of ventilation  Too much length of a room  Defect in vision  None of the above 81

Tunel effect is due to  Lack of ventilation  Too much length of a room  Defect in vision  None of the above 82

Chimney effect relates to  A factory building  Roominess  Insufficient ventilation  None of the above 83

Chimney effect relates to  A factory building  Roominess  Insufficient ventilation  None of the above 84

North on a drawing is shown for  Feng shui considerations  Good vastu  Plane table alignment  Correct orientation during line out 85

North on a drawing is shown for  Feng shui considerations  Good vastu  Plane table alignment  Correct orientation during line out 86

Theatre olan should be  Circular  Fern shaped  Rectangular  None of these 87

Theatre olan should be  Circular  Fern shaped  Rectangular  None of these 88

Surfaces near sound source in a theatre should be  Rough and absorbent  Clad with cork  Having grooves  Smooth, hard and polished 89

Surfaces near sound source in a theatre should be  Rough and absorbent  Clad with cork  Having grooves  Smooth, hard and polished 90

To increase sound absorption  Windows should be open  Heavy curtains should be provided  Walls should be smooth  None of the above 91

To increase sound absorption  Windows should be open  Heavy curtains should be provided  Walls should be smooth  None of the above 92

Perforated boards covering walls  Increase sound absorption  Provide scattered light  Increase echoes  Make interference in sound 93

Perforated boards covering walls  Increase sound absorption  Provide scattered light  Increase echoes  Make interference in sound 94

Riser in stairs shall be  150 to 300 mm  200 to 300 mm  300 to 450 mm  None of the above 95

Riser in stairs shall be  150 to 300 mm  200 to 300 mm  300 to 450 mm  None of the above 96

In public building riser is  > in residential building  Twice high than in residential building  Equal to tread  < in residential building 97

In public building riser is  > in residential building  Twice high than in residential building  Equal to tread  < in residential building 98

Tread dimension in staircase is at least  300 mm  400 mm  450 mm  500 mm 99

Tread dimension in staircase is at least  300 mm  400 mm  450 mm  500 mm 100

Tread wider than minimum dimension is  Not allowed  Allowed with some fine paid  Allowed  Must be covered with carpet 101

Tread wider than minimum dimension is  Not allowed  Allowed with some fine paid  Allowed  Must be covered with carpet 102

Angle of inclination for escalators is  30 degrees  40 degrees  10 degrees  Depends on height between floors 103

Angle of inclination for escalators is  30 degrees  40 degrees  10 degrees  Depends on height between floors 104

Escalators can bbe stopped in case of emergency  By the control room operator  From main switch board  With a lever at the top  By pressing a button near the bottom 105

Escalators can bbe stopped in case of emergency  By the control room operator  From main switch board  With a lever at the top  By pressing a button near the bottom 106

In escalators rise is not more than  30 cm  20 cm  40 cm  25 cm 107

In escalators rise is not more than  30 cm  20 cm  40 cm  25 cm 108

Coming Challenges  Design of Green buildings  Ecosystem preservation  Renewable energy  Self sufficient homes from garbage disposal to water supply and all such facilities 109

In case of problems  Contact me at anibanister@gmail.com  This presentation shall be viewable at www.slideshare.net Type Aniruddha Banhatti and search Upload your own presentations by registering at slide share 110

THANKYOU  ANY QUESTIONS? 111

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