apclc 20140307

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Information about apclc 20140307

Published on March 10, 2014

Author: myam

Source: slideshare.net

Out of “house-made learners’ corpus” L1-influenced errors made by Japanese university students Mitsumi Uchida, Mari Yamauchi and Atsuhiro Kojima (Kwansei Gakuin University, Chiba University of Commerce and Osaka Prefecture Unviersity, Japan) The Second Asia Pacific Corpus Linguistics Conference (APCLC 2014) 07 March 2014 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University Supported by Japan Society for the Promotion of Science Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (22520573) 14年3月10日月曜日

TOC Objectives Data collection L1-influenced errors Suggestions 14年3月10日月曜日

A piece of reality 1st-year students at KGU 20.0%$ 18.0%$ 16.0%$ 14.0%$ 12.0%$ 2009$ 10.0%$ 2010$ 8.0%$ 2011$ 2012$ 6.0%$ 2013$ 4.0%$ 2.0%$ 14年3月10日月曜日 B2 900+$ 850+899$ 800+849$ 750+799$ B1 700+749$ 650+699$ 600+649$ 550+599$ 500+549$ A2 450+499$ 400+449$ 350+399$ 300+349$ 250+299$ A1 200+249$ 150+199$ 100+149$ CEFR 50+99$ 0.0%$

Objectives of the project To build “house-made learners’ corpus” To identify and describe major features of Japanese EFL learners’ interlanguage grammar at an earlier stage in development focusing on errors influenced by the L1 syntax 14年3月10日月曜日

Data collection “House-made learners’ corpus” for home use only 14年3月10日月曜日

“House-made learners’ corpus” Size Collected by Where Interface CUC Moodle & Blogs 55,300 MY OPU Moodle 114,300 MU KGU Moodle 9,200 MU Total -- (words) 178,800 -- CUC: Chiba University of Commerce, Chiba, Japan OPU: Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka, Japan KGU: Kwansei Gakuin University, Hyogo, Japan 14年3月10日月曜日

“House-made learners’ corpus” Size Collected by Where Interface CUC Moodle & Blogs 55,300 MY OPU Moodle 114,300 MU KGU Moodle 9,200 MU Total -- (words) 178,800 -- CUC: Chiba University of Commerce, Chiba, Japan OPU: Osaka Prefecture University, Osaka, Japan KGU: Kwansei Gakuin University, Hyogo, Japan 14年3月10日月曜日

Data collection on Moodle at OPU and KGU 14年3月10日月曜日

Writing activities outside the classroom 14年3月10日月曜日

Writing activities outside the classroom Forums 14年3月10日月曜日

Forums 14年3月10日月曜日

Forums 14年3月10日月曜日

Topics self-introduction my favourite things if I had 10 million yen. . . plans for the summer/winter break what I did during the summer break the most impressive event school festival my favourite films (artworks) customs and habits for the year-end & new year holiday overseas travels books I have read new year’s resolution if there were no mobile phones. . . 14年3月10日月曜日

Creation of ‘Backup’ XML files 14年3月10日月曜日

Creation of ‘Backup’ XML files Backup 14年3月10日月曜日

‘Backup’ XML file <MOODLE_BACKUP> <INFO> <DETAILS> <MOD> <NAME>forum</NAME> ... forum data ... <USER> ... user data ... </USER> <DISCUSSIONS> <DISCUSSION> ... discussion topic ... <DISCUSSION> <POST> ... discussion post ... </POST> 14年3月10日月曜日

Text extraction tool: MooX 14年3月10日月曜日

Error analysis on spreadsheet and/or database 14年3月10日月曜日

Data collection from Blogger at CUC 14年3月10日月曜日

Text extraction: Blogger 14年3月10日月曜日

Error analysis on spreadsheet 14年3月10日月曜日

L1-influenced errors Findings at CUC 14年3月10日月曜日

Collected Data & Analyzed Data Words Posts Sentences Sentences / Posts 2010 / Y1 5,694 140 724 5.2 40.7 2011/ Y2 8,570 176 1195 6.8 48.7 2012/ Y1 9,060 175 1,087 6.2 51.8 2012/ Y2 13,890 205 1,518 7.4 67.8 2013/ Y1 8,574 124 1,068 8.6 69.1 2013/ Y2 9,485 114 1,217 10.7 83.2 Total 55,279 Total 934 Total 6,809 14年3月10日月曜日 Ave. 7.3 Words / Posts Ave. 59.2

Collected Data & Analyzed Data Posts Sentences Sentences / Posts 2010 Y1 TOPICS /(2013 Fall) 5,694 140 724 5.2 40.7 About Me 2011/ Y2 8,570 On Sharing Food Photos What I Usually Do in My Free Time GW Holidays 2012/ Y1 9,060 My Favorite … Summer Vacation 2012/ Y2 13,890 Introducing a World Heritage Site Winter Break 2013/ Y1 8,574 176 1195 6.8 48.7 175 1,087 6.2 51.8 205 1,518 7.4 67.8 124 1,068 8.6 69.1 9,485 114 1,217 10.7 83.2 Total 55,279 Total 934 Total 6,809 Words 2013/ Y2 14年3月10日月曜日 Ave. 7.3 Words / Posts Ave. 59.2

Wrong P-A Str (322) Wrong Topic-toSubject (73) With Be (50) Wrong Zero anaphora (94) Subj (63) All sentences (1,217) 14年3月10日月曜日

Wrong “Topic to Subject” Be as topic marker This year I’m very hard. (This year my schedule is very tight.) kotoshi watashi wa haad da I was berbecue after a long time. (I had a barbecue after a long time.) wahashi wa hisasiburino baabekyuu datta. GW is [I had a great time]. (I had a great GW.) Gooruden Wiiku wa (watashi-wa) tanoshikatta I was saw a my friend had nails, ... (I saw a friend of mine wear nail polish,...) watashi-wa tomodachi ga neiru-o siteru no o mite... 14年3月10日月曜日 N+be+Adj N+be+N N+be+[SV] N+be+V

Wrong “Topic to Subject” Be as topic marker [I like song] is Wish You. watashi ga suki na uta wa Wish You da (The song I like is Wish You.) SV+be+N [It’s a time to work] is 3 hours, ... shigoto o suru jikan wa 3 jikan de ... (Working hours are 3 hours,...) SV+be+N [Taro coming my home] is 2011 January first. Taro ga uchi ni kita no wa 2011 nen 1 gatsu tsuitachi da. (Taro came to my house on January 1st, 2011.) V-ing+be +N 14年3月10日月曜日

Wrong “Topic to Subject” The next day became myalgia needless to say. Yokujitsu wa mochiron kinnikutsuu ni natta (The next day I had sore muscles, needless to say. ) + Wrong Zero anaphor But I like Amazon better. Because Amazon can buy easily more than Rakuten. Demo watashi wa Amazon no hou ga sukida. Nazenara Amazon wa Rakuten yori kantanni kaeru kara. + Wrong (But I like Amazon better, because I can buy items more easily Zero anaphor (shopping is easier) at Amazon than at Rakuten. ) I did a barbecue for Golden Week. The barbecue went in all of the committee. Watashi wa Golden Week ni barbecue o shita. Barbecue wa iinkai no minna de itta. + Wrong (I had a barbecue during Golden Week. All the committee Zero anaphor members went to the barbecue party. ) 14年3月10日月曜日

Wrong Zero anaphor English pro-forms are equivalent to Japanese zero-anaphors This year GW holiday I was busy. Because φ almost work part time job. (During the GW holidays this year I was busy, because I mostly worked part time.) I usually practice baseball on week ends. However, when I have time to spare, φ paint one's nails. (I usually practice baseball on weekends. However, when I have time to spare, I paint my nails. ) ... and, I will study hard too, read a lot of books for graduation report, and get some qualifying examinations. for this activity, φ need some money. (... and, I will study hard too, read a lot of books for my graduation thesis, and get some qualifications. To this end, I need some money. The next day φ became myalgia needless to say. (The next day I had sore muscles, needless to say.) 14年3月10日月曜日 + Wrong Topic to Subject

Confusion of POSs / P-A structures lexical level ... so it is very safety. ( safe) ... dakara sore wa totemo anzen da It's too danger (  na-adjectives dangerous) and unhealthy. Dore wa kiken sugiru shi hukenkou da ※ Most na-adjectives are composed of < a noun plus -na >, and appear as < a noun plus -da > when used as the predicate. e.g. anzen (安全)-na/da (safe), kiken (危険)-na/da (dangerous) benri (便利)-na/da (convenient), juuyoo(重要)-na/da (important) 14年3月10日月曜日

Confusion of POSs / P-A structures lexical level It’s very excited ( I'm exiting ( exiting) to play music. exited) to work there.!  emotion/feelings It (=Getting ready for the ceremony) was very hard and tired ( tiring). *It was very hard and I was tired. But we are enjoyed. I'm enjoyed! But I'm very enjoyed. But a coming of age is very enjoy! It’s very enjoy sports. 14年3月10日月曜日

Confusion of POSs / P-A structures lexical level NG: X ni naru (ku naru) => become X became myalgia "" kinnikutsuu ni naru " become muscularity" " takumashi-ku naru false friends (have sore muscles) (build a strong body)" become stress relief" " (relieve stress, be stress-relieving) sutoresu kaisho ni naru became a stage of the movie "(is where the movie was shot) eiga no butai ni natta ※ Other false friends: sugosu => spend, suru => do, tanoshii => enjoy 14年3月10日月曜日

L1-influenced errors Confirmed with KGU data 3rd and 4th-year Sociology students 20.0%$ 18.0%$ 16.0%$ 14.0%$ 12.0%$ 2009$ 10.0%$ 2010$ They made such errors. 8.0%$ 2011$ 2012$ 6.0%$ 2013$ 4.0%$ 2.0%$ 14年3月10日月曜日 900+$ 850+899$ 800+849$ 750+799$ 700+749$ 650+699$ 600+649$ 550+599$ 500+549$ 450+499$ 400+449$ 350+399$ 300+349$ 250+299$ 200+249$ 150+199$ 100+149$ 50+99$ 0.0%$ . . . and they did not.

Future .... 14年3月10日月曜日

Exercises for improved awareness http://www.lextutor.ca/concordancers/text_concord/ 14年3月10日月曜日

Exercises for improved awareness concordance lines for the keyword “free” 14年3月10日月曜日

Exercises for improved awareness 14年3月10日月曜日

Most influential L1factors behind the scene Direct application of L1 structures Topic–subject Absence/misuse of pro-forms Argument structures Apparent lack of structure, esp. over the boundaries of clauses 14年3月10日月曜日

Conclusion & Suggestion Their interlanguage has its own structures. Cross-linguistic awareness —both students’ and teachers’ —can be the key. 14年3月10日月曜日

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