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Published on January 17, 2008

Author: Savin

Source: authorstream.com

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Slide1:  NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE KHARIF 2005 (22nd , 23rd March 2005) ANDHRA PRADESH Slide2:  5th Largest in India both in terms of geographical area and population Close to 19 % of the State’s GDP is from Agriculture & Horticulture Agriculture provides employment to 65% of the State population STATE – BACKGROUND Slide3:  NORMAL AREA UNDER DIFFERENT CROPS IN THE STATE Major crops : Paddy, Oilseeds (Groundnut & Sunflower),Cotton Slide5:  Source wise Irrigation (Lakh ha.) Slide6:  RAINFALL - 2004-05 Slide7:  Moisture Stress from week 10 to 13(August & September) Slide8:  CROPWISE, YIELD AND PRODUCTION FOR KHARIF 2004 Slide9:  AREA AND PRODUCTION FOR KHARIF 2004 Slide10:  Productivity trends in Kharif 2004 Adequate supply of credit enabling farmers to apply recommended dosage of inputs Timely supply of seeds Frequent checks on quality of inputs(seeds, fertilizers& pesticides) Timely advise on plant protection measures Low humidity climate. Slide11:  CROP MOVEMENT TRENDS IN KHARIF 2004 COMPARED TO KHARIF 2003 Increase in cotton areas from 8.37 lakh ha to 11.44 lakh ha Increase in Groundnut areas from 12.58 lakh ha to 15.95 lakh ha Increase in Sesamum (Gingelly) areas from1.14 lakh ha to 1.72 lakh ha. Increase in Soybean area from 0.68 lakh ha to 0.91 lakh ha Increase in castor area from 2.91 lakh ha 3.19 lakh ha Decrease in paddy area Slide12:  CROPWISE, YIELD AND PRODUCTION FOR RABI 2004 Slide13:  AREA AND PRODUCTION FOR RABI 2004 - 05 Slide14:  Food grains decrease from 25.76 to22.04 lakh ha Oilseeds increase from 5.59 to7.17 lakh ha Commercial crops increase from 1.81 to2.12 lakh ha Decrease in paddy area CROP MOVEMENT TRENDS IN RABI 2004-05 COMPARED TO RABI 2003 -04 Slide15:  Rabi 2004- 05 Strategies for Crop Diversification from Rice to ID Crops Campaign from 1st November 2004 to 15th November 2004 Districts focused 1.Nalgonda ,Chittoor, Mahabubnagar - 2.5 lakh Pump Sets 2.Warangal Karimnagar,Nizmabad- 2 lakh pump sets 3.Medak Anantapur,kadapa Khammam Rangareddy (South) < 40,000 to 80,000 pump sets B. Joint action teams of TRANSCO engineers Agricultural Department & Revenue department at mandal level. C. Villages with Highest number of pump sets identified and village level meetings conducted D. Involved NGOs ,Rythu Sangams etc. E. Campaign through electronic media , print media 50% seed subsidy given 2.27 lakh has diversified’ Slide16:  INPUT CONSUMPTION TRENDS Slide17:  SEEDS SUPPLY DURING 2004 -05 AND SEED SUPPLY PLAN FOR KHARIF 2005 KHARIF 2004 Qty of seed distributed -12.44 lakh Qtls Average Seed Replacement rate -32 RABI 2004 -05 Qty of seed distributed -5.78 lakh Qtls Average Seed Replacement rate -40 KHARIF 2005 Total seed requirement -38.92 lakh Qtls Seed supply plan -13.05 lakh Qtls Average Seed Replacement rate -33.53 Slide18:  CONSUMPTION OF PESTICIDES IN AP DECREASING TRENDS Slide19:  BALANCED AND INTEGRATED USE OF FERTILISERS TOWARDS RIGHT N:P:K RATIO Year Consumption (in lakh MT) N:P:K ratio 1999-2000 21.19 7:3:1 2000-2001 21.74 7:3:1 2001-2002 19.57 5:2:1 2002-2003 16.26 5:2:1 2003-2004 18.30 5:2:1 2004-2005 20.64 4:2:1 66% of cultivated area in A.P is red soil.Higher emphasis on micro nutrient management. Gypsum,ZnSO4, supplied on subsidy increased area under green manure For scientific usage soil testing is must. Bank credit delivery on increase but not enough:  Bank credit delivery on increase but not enough AGRICULTURE CREDIT-2004-2005:  AGRICULTURE CREDIT-2004-2005 10319 crores against 8768 in 2003-2004 7.87 lakh new farmers covered 31.76 crores given to 2590 RMGs CREDIT PLAN OF Rs 15079 CRORES FOR CROP LOANS DURING 2005 -06 PROJECTED BY NABARD MORE EMPHASIS ON TIMELY&ADEQUATE CREDIT WIDE PUBLICITY PLANNED ON SCALE OF FINANCE Slide22:  Problems faced – 2004-05 -23% deviation in SW Monsoon 2004; 11.25 lakh ha crops damaged > 50 %; 20.16 lakh MT production loss; 7.5 lakh ha planned for resowing Rs.20.60 crores worth seed distributed on subsidy in drought affected mandals Untimely rainfall (Dry spell for more than 30 days)in July-Aug- Sep.2004 Failure of BT Cotton seed in Warangal and other districts Ground nut – Peanut Stem Necrosis Disease(PSND): in Ananthapur district Insufficient Single Super Phosphate supply Late release of water under major commands in Krishna basin due to SW monsoon deviation Non receipt of water in SRSP and Nizam sagar projects Incidence of hail storms causing severe crop damages in the months of January and February Slide23:  TARGETED AREA, PRODUCTIVITY AND PRODUCTION DURING KHARIF 2005 Slide24:  TARGETTED AREA AND PRODUCTION FOR KHARIF 2004 NEED TO INCREASE SEED SRR - A CRITICAL INPUT TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY STRENGHTENING OF STATE SEED FARMS AND SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME:  NEED TO INCREASE SEED SRR - A CRITICAL INPUT TO INCREASE PRODUCTIVITY STRENGHTENING OF STATE SEED FARMS AND SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME 27 state seed farms strengthened to produce foundation seed to meet seed village programme requirements. 10,000 Qtls of foundation seed produced during this Rabi 16,600 Qtls of Foundation seed production planned during Kharif 2005 SEED VILLAGE PROGRAMME 65000 qtls of certified seed production is expected during Rabi 2004-05 in seed village programme in322 villages 250000 Qtls of certified seed production is planned during Kharif 2005 to increase SRR by 6 % additionally through SVP in 1100 villages ISSUE:NSC should supply Foundation seed at subsidised rates to SVP and not at the same cost as they supply to pvt. Seed producers. Slide26:  MAXIMIZATION OF RESEARCH BENEFITS TO FARMERS Formation of Crop Resource Groups for Paddy, groundnut, Cotton and crop diversification consisting of scientists,extension staff,farmers. DAATTC in each district to extend extension support to field staff 3 Scientists from ANGRAU at each ADA level to involve in planning, implementation and monitoring of schemes Annual training calendar for all extension staff 347 farming situation wise cropping pattern worked out in 7 agroclimatic zones of the state. Slide27:  PLANNING PROCESS : KHARIF-2005 Capacity Enhancement to all extension officers numbering 3482 from Agril. Extn Officer to Joint Director of Agriculture through interactive workshop conducted from 31st January to 13th March on a. Integrated Nutrient Management b. Integrated Pest Management c. Quality Control of Inputs d. On Farm Extension Demonstration e. Credit and Rythu Mitra Groups f. Stress and Change Management Preparation of village action plans is in process from 15th March and plans will be ready by 15th April with main focus on transfer of new technology on important crops, credit mobilization and farm mechanization Village level training to farmers are planned from 15th April to 15th May Input positioning and credit mobilization from 15th May to 10th June Slide28:  CONTINGENCY PLAN-Kharif-2005 In consultation with Acharya N.G.Ranga Agricultural University contingency plan prepared about possible measures to be taken in case of contingencies of Delayed monsoon Late release of canal water Early withdrawal of monsoon Month wise action plans in case of failure of southwest monsoon in uplands, delta regions , NSP area and tank fed areas Slide29:  NEW INITIATIVES PLANNED FOR KHARIF 2005 Seed village programme(SVP) in 1100 villages covering all mandals in the state Production of hybrid seeds of Maize , Cotton and sunflower with the guidance of ANGRAU in SVP Bio villages promoting IPM and INM in 1100 villages To promote organic farming 6000 vermicompost units planned Increased acreage under green manure crops Implementing village as unit in 5 districts under NAIS Crop diversification under major commands to overcome uncertainty in releases and discouraging paddy under wells Combined testing facility for fertilizers and seeds in all the districts for better quality control of inputs NEED TO SHIFT TO WATER CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGIES:  NEED TO SHIFT TO WATER CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGIES Advocating I.D and rain fed crops under major commands keeping water inflows in view Water minimization practices like SRI cultivation Promoting paddy cultivation under optimal moisture conditions and diversification under wells and bore wells Measures for sustainability in dryland agriculture through NWDPRA & RVP Slide31:  ISSUES – SUPPORT REQUIRED A.P. State Seed Bill 2004 proposed for effective regulation of all kinds and varieties of seeds and submitted to GOI for concurrence may be cleared Seed village programme to be made as separate programme to provide foundation seed with subsidy, payment of rouging and certification charges, promoting small processing units as group activity etc. An amount of Rs. -----Lakhs required to support SVP during Kharif 2005 Biofertilizers and bioagents to be promoted under separate programme of biovillages and establishment and strengthening of biofertilizer and biopesticides labs to be promoted The operational charges for implementation of NAIS with village as insurance unit need to be borne by GOI and sharing of financial risk in the ratio of 80:20 between GOI and State Govt. instead of present 50:50 Cont.. Slide32:  Subsidy on farm mechanization need to be increased to 50% from existing 25 % under macro management plan and allocation to be increased Rs. 30 Crores SSP shortages to be addressed Support for crop diversification to supply seeds on 50 % & an amount of Rs 5 crores may be provided Timely and adequate market intervention for cotton, chillies and maize crops through NAFED & CCI Capacity building of farmers with special focus on gender issues and an amount of Rs 10 crores may be provided ISSUES – SUPPORT REQUIRED

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